Abstract

We discuss the design of a complete, compact holographic storage demonstrator based on a combination of spatial and angular multiplexing and using acousto-optic deflectors for rapid nonmechanical access. We also describe the implementation of this design and preliminary results of both the analog storage and the retrieval of 20,000 holograms in twenty 1-mm-thick layers of a lithium niobate crystal and of the digital storage and error-free retrieval of color images by using error-correcting techniques.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. d’Auria, J. Huignard, C. Slezak, E. Spitz, “Experimental holographic read-write memory using 3-D storage,” Appl. Opt. 13, 808–818 (1974).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. Heanue, M. Bashaw, L. Hesselink, “Volume holographic storage and retrieval of digital data,” Science 265, 749–752 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. F. Mok, “Angle-multiplexed storage of 5000 holograms in lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 18, 915–917 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Burr, F. Mok, D. Psaltis, “Storage of 10,000 holograms in LiNbO3:Fe,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 9.
  5. M. Bashaw, J. Heanue, A. Aharoni, J. Walkup, L. Hesselink, “Cross-talk considerations for angular and phase-encoded multiplexing in volume holography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1820–1836 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Mok, M. Tackitt, H. Stoll, “Storage of 500 high-resolution holograms in a LiNbO3 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 16, 605–607 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. Chang, J. Hong, F. Vachss, R. McGraw, “Studies of the dynamic range of photorefractive gratings in ferroelectric crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1744–1751 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. J. Amodei, D. L. Staebler, “Holographic pattern fixing in electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540–542 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, “Electrical control of fixation and erasure of holographic patterns in ferroelectric materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 79–81 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Kewitsch, M. Segev, A. Yariv, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Selective page-addressable fixing of volume holograms in Sr0.75Ba0.25Nb2O6 crystals,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1262–1264 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Qiao, S. Orlov, D. Psaltis, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Electrical fixing of photorefractive holograms in Sr0.75Ba0.25Nb2O6,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1004–1006 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. G. Barbastathis, J. Ma, D. Psaltis, T. Y. Chang, J. Hong, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Electrical fixing of angularly multiplexed holograms in SBN:75,” presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Portland, Oregon, September 1995.

1994 (2)

1993 (3)

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

1974 (1)

1972 (1)

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, “Electrical control of fixation and erasure of holographic patterns in ferroelectric materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 79–81 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

J. J. Amodei, D. L. Staebler, “Holographic pattern fixing in electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540–542 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Aharoni, A.

Amodei, J. J.

J. J. Amodei, D. L. Staebler, “Holographic pattern fixing in electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540–542 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Barbastathis, G.

G. Barbastathis, J. Ma, D. Psaltis, T. Y. Chang, J. Hong, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Electrical fixing of angularly multiplexed holograms in SBN:75,” presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Portland, Oregon, September 1995.

Bashaw, M.

Bismuth, G.

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, “Electrical control of fixation and erasure of holographic patterns in ferroelectric materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 79–81 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Burr, G.

G. Burr, F. Mok, D. Psaltis, “Storage of 10,000 holograms in LiNbO3:Fe,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 9.

Chang, T.

Chang, T. Y.

G. Barbastathis, J. Ma, D. Psaltis, T. Y. Chang, J. Hong, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Electrical fixing of angularly multiplexed holograms in SBN:75,” presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Portland, Oregon, September 1995.

d’Auria, L.

Heanue, J.

Hesselink, L.

Hong, J.

T. Chang, J. Hong, F. Vachss, R. McGraw, “Studies of the dynamic range of photorefractive gratings in ferroelectric crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1744–1751 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. Barbastathis, J. Ma, D. Psaltis, T. Y. Chang, J. Hong, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Electrical fixing of angularly multiplexed holograms in SBN:75,” presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Portland, Oregon, September 1995.

Huignard, J.

Kewitsch, A.

Ma, J.

G. Barbastathis, J. Ma, D. Psaltis, T. Y. Chang, J. Hong, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Electrical fixing of angularly multiplexed holograms in SBN:75,” presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Portland, Oregon, September 1995.

McGraw, R.

Micheron, F.

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, “Electrical control of fixation and erasure of holographic patterns in ferroelectric materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 79–81 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Mok, F.

F. Mok, “Angle-multiplexed storage of 5000 holograms in lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 18, 915–917 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Mok, M. Tackitt, H. Stoll, “Storage of 500 high-resolution holograms in a LiNbO3 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 16, 605–607 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Burr, F. Mok, D. Psaltis, “Storage of 10,000 holograms in LiNbO3:Fe,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 9.

Neurgaonkar, R. R.

Orlov, S.

Psaltis, D.

Y. Qiao, S. Orlov, D. Psaltis, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Electrical fixing of photorefractive holograms in Sr0.75Ba0.25Nb2O6,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1004–1006 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Burr, F. Mok, D. Psaltis, “Storage of 10,000 holograms in LiNbO3:Fe,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 9.

G. Barbastathis, J. Ma, D. Psaltis, T. Y. Chang, J. Hong, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Electrical fixing of angularly multiplexed holograms in SBN:75,” presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Portland, Oregon, September 1995.

Qiao, Y.

Segev, M.

Slezak, C.

Spitz, E.

Staebler, D. L.

J. J. Amodei, D. L. Staebler, “Holographic pattern fixing in electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540–542 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Stoll, H.

Tackitt, M.

Vachss, F.

Walkup, J.

Yariv, A.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. J. Amodei, D. L. Staebler, “Holographic pattern fixing in electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540–542 (1971).
[CrossRef]

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, “Electrical control of fixation and erasure of holographic patterns in ferroelectric materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 79–81 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Science (1)

J. Heanue, M. Bashaw, L. Hesselink, “Volume holographic storage and retrieval of digital data,” Science 265, 749–752 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

G. Burr, F. Mok, D. Psaltis, “Storage of 10,000 holograms in LiNbO3:Fe,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 9.

G. Barbastathis, J. Ma, D. Psaltis, T. Y. Chang, J. Hong, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Electrical fixing of angularly multiplexed holograms in SBN:75,” presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Portland, Oregon, September 1995.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Basic architecture used in the demonstrator for spatial and angular multiplexing by AOD’s.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the optical elements used in the demonstrator. MUX, multiplexed; BS, beam splitter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Photo of the holographic storage demonstrator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Map that was stored and retrieved as an analog image by the demonstrator.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Reconstruction of a page of digital data from one of the holograms that was used to store the color image, shown in black and white, of Fig. 6.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Error-free reconstruction of a color image based on digital data stored and retrieved by the holographic storage demonstrator.

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