Abstract

The irradiances of 37 spectral lines emitted by mercury pencil-type lamps were measured by comparison with calibrated continuum sources. The lines span the region 230–590 nm. For the 14 most prominent lines the absolute irradiances should be useful for radiometric calibrations at an uncertainty level of ∼15% (95% confidence). The ratios of the irradiances for this same group of lines are significantly more reproducible; they should be useful at an uncertainty level of ∼10%.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. J. Sansonetti, M. Salit, J. Reader, “Wavelengths of spectral lines in mercury pencil lamps,” Appl. Opt. 35, 74–77 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. B. Childs, “Low pressure mercury arc for ultraviolet calibration,” Appl. Opt. 6, 711–716 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Certain commercial products are identified in this paper to specify adequately the experimental procedure. Such identification does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
  4. J. H. Walker, R. D. Saunders, J. K. Jackson, D. A. McSparron, “Spectral irradiance calibrations,” Natl. Bur. Stand. Spec. Publ. 250-20 (1987).
  5. J. Z. Klose, J. M. Bridges, W. R. Ott, “Radiometric calibrations of portable sources in the vacuum ultraviolet,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 93, 21–39 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Reader, C. H. Corliss, W. L. Wiese, G. A. Martin, “Wavelengths and transition probabilities for atoms and atomic ions,” Natl. Stand. Ref. Data Ser., Natl. Bur. Stand. 68 (1980).
  7. C. E. Moore, Atomic Energy Levels, Vol. III, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Circ.467 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1958).

1996 (1)

1988 (1)

J. Z. Klose, J. M. Bridges, W. R. Ott, “Radiometric calibrations of portable sources in the vacuum ultraviolet,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 93, 21–39 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

J. H. Walker, R. D. Saunders, J. K. Jackson, D. A. McSparron, “Spectral irradiance calibrations,” Natl. Bur. Stand. Spec. Publ. 250-20 (1987).

1980 (1)

J. Reader, C. H. Corliss, W. L. Wiese, G. A. Martin, “Wavelengths and transition probabilities for atoms and atomic ions,” Natl. Stand. Ref. Data Ser., Natl. Bur. Stand. 68 (1980).

1962 (1)

C. B. Childs, “Low pressure mercury arc for ultraviolet calibration,” Appl. Opt. 6, 711–716 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bridges, J. M.

J. Z. Klose, J. M. Bridges, W. R. Ott, “Radiometric calibrations of portable sources in the vacuum ultraviolet,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 93, 21–39 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Childs, C. B.

C. B. Childs, “Low pressure mercury arc for ultraviolet calibration,” Appl. Opt. 6, 711–716 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Corliss, C. H.

J. Reader, C. H. Corliss, W. L. Wiese, G. A. Martin, “Wavelengths and transition probabilities for atoms and atomic ions,” Natl. Stand. Ref. Data Ser., Natl. Bur. Stand. 68 (1980).

Jackson, J. K.

J. H. Walker, R. D. Saunders, J. K. Jackson, D. A. McSparron, “Spectral irradiance calibrations,” Natl. Bur. Stand. Spec. Publ. 250-20 (1987).

Klose, J. Z.

J. Z. Klose, J. M. Bridges, W. R. Ott, “Radiometric calibrations of portable sources in the vacuum ultraviolet,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 93, 21–39 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Martin, G. A.

J. Reader, C. H. Corliss, W. L. Wiese, G. A. Martin, “Wavelengths and transition probabilities for atoms and atomic ions,” Natl. Stand. Ref. Data Ser., Natl. Bur. Stand. 68 (1980).

McSparron, D. A.

J. H. Walker, R. D. Saunders, J. K. Jackson, D. A. McSparron, “Spectral irradiance calibrations,” Natl. Bur. Stand. Spec. Publ. 250-20 (1987).

Moore, C. E.

C. E. Moore, Atomic Energy Levels, Vol. III, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Circ.467 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1958).

Ott, W. R.

J. Z. Klose, J. M. Bridges, W. R. Ott, “Radiometric calibrations of portable sources in the vacuum ultraviolet,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 93, 21–39 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Reader, J.

C. J. Sansonetti, M. Salit, J. Reader, “Wavelengths of spectral lines in mercury pencil lamps,” Appl. Opt. 35, 74–77 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reader, C. H. Corliss, W. L. Wiese, G. A. Martin, “Wavelengths and transition probabilities for atoms and atomic ions,” Natl. Stand. Ref. Data Ser., Natl. Bur. Stand. 68 (1980).

Salit, M.

Sansonetti, C. J.

Saunders, R. D.

J. H. Walker, R. D. Saunders, J. K. Jackson, D. A. McSparron, “Spectral irradiance calibrations,” Natl. Bur. Stand. Spec. Publ. 250-20 (1987).

Walker, J. H.

J. H. Walker, R. D. Saunders, J. K. Jackson, D. A. McSparron, “Spectral irradiance calibrations,” Natl. Bur. Stand. Spec. Publ. 250-20 (1987).

Wiese, W. L.

J. Reader, C. H. Corliss, W. L. Wiese, G. A. Martin, “Wavelengths and transition probabilities for atoms and atomic ions,” Natl. Stand. Ref. Data Ser., Natl. Bur. Stand. 68 (1980).

Appl. Opt. (2)

C. J. Sansonetti, M. Salit, J. Reader, “Wavelengths of spectral lines in mercury pencil lamps,” Appl. Opt. 35, 74–77 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. B. Childs, “Low pressure mercury arc for ultraviolet calibration,” Appl. Opt. 6, 711–716 (1962).
[CrossRef]

J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (1)

J. Z. Klose, J. M. Bridges, W. R. Ott, “Radiometric calibrations of portable sources in the vacuum ultraviolet,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 93, 21–39 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Natl. Bur. Stand. Spec. Publ. 250-20 (1)

J. H. Walker, R. D. Saunders, J. K. Jackson, D. A. McSparron, “Spectral irradiance calibrations,” Natl. Bur. Stand. Spec. Publ. 250-20 (1987).

Natl. Stand. Ref. Data Ser., Natl. Bur. Stand. (1)

J. Reader, C. H. Corliss, W. L. Wiese, G. A. Martin, “Wavelengths and transition probabilities for atoms and atomic ions,” Natl. Stand. Ref. Data Ser., Natl. Bur. Stand. 68 (1980).

Other (2)

C. E. Moore, Atomic Energy Levels, Vol. III, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Circ.467 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1958).

Certain commercial products are identified in this paper to specify adequately the experimental procedure. Such identification does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Irradiance at 436 nm measured for six Hg pencil lamps.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Ratios of irradiances of selected lines of the Hg pencil lamp to irradiance at 436 nm.

Tables (4)

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Table 1 Irradiances at a Distance of 250 mm Measured at 436 nm in Different Hg Pencil Lamps

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Table 2 Irradiances of Selected Lines of Hg Pencil Lamps at a Distance of 250 mm a

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Table 3 Ratios of Irradiances of Selected Lines of Hg Pencil Lamps to Irradiance at 436 nm

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Table 4 Change in Irradiance for Selected Hg Lines in Lamp 1 when the Ambient Temperature Was Raised from 23 to 31°C

Equations (4)

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S Hg λ = E Hg λ λ a ,
S W λ = E W λ λ a Δ λ ,
E Hg λ = E W λ ( S Hg λ / S W λ ) Δ λ .
E Hg λ = E Hg 297 ( S Hg λ / S Hg 297 ) ( S Ar 297 / S Ar λ ) ( E Ar λ / E Ar 297 ) .

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