Abstract

The traditional design procedure for the waveguide Fresnel lens was carried over from those of bulk optics and micro-optics. In this design it is assumed that the lens thickness is negligibly small with respect to the focal length. This criterion does not hold for many integrated optic devices, in particular those with small mode-index modulations and long wavelengths. Under these conditions, the focal properties of the lens become unpredictable and the lens efficiency is reduced, both of which severely limit the usefulness of the lens as a waveguide-to-fiber coupler. To correct for this shortcoming, the standard Fresnel lens design procedure was modified to acocunt for the thickness of the lens explicitly. Both the standard and the modified Fresnel lens designs are outlined. A comparison of the limitations of the two lenses predicts better performance for the modified Fresnel lens. This is supported through computer-simulation results for a pair of test lenses.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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