Abstract

Pulsed laser-induced surface damage experiments were made on the cleaved (001) face of (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine crystals at a pulse length of 25 ns FWHM. The highest single-pulse damage threshold value was 24.2 J/cm2 at 1064-nm wavelength for light polarized along the crystallographic a axis, whereas the lowest was 1.8 J/cm2 at 532 nm for light polarized along the crystallographic b axis.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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1994 (1)

R. T. Bailey, G. Bourhill, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, K. B. R. Varma, “Linear electro-optic dispersion in (−)2-(α-methyl-benzylamino)-5-nitropyridine single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 489–492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (5)

P. J. Halfpenny, H. Morrison, R. I. Ristic, E. E. A. Shepherd, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, C. S. Yoon, “The growth of large single crystals of the organic nonlinear optical material (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 440, 683–699 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, G. Bourhill, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, S. Wilkie, “The linear optical properties of the organic molecular crystal (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine (MBANP),” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 231, 223–229 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Gilmour, R. A. Pethrick, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Ultrasonic, piezoelectric and dielectric investigations of (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” Philos. Mag. 67, 855–868 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, F. R. Cruickshank, P. Kerkoc, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Thermal conductivity of the molecular crystal (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 3047–3051 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Assessment of optical nonlinear organic crystals,” J. Phys. D 26, 208–216 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

R. T. Bailey, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Growth perfection and properties of organic non-linear materials,” Acta Crystallogr. Sect. A 47, 145–155 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

R. Blinc, P. Kerkoc, J. Hulliger, R. Kind, P. Günter, J. Seliger, V. Zagar, “14N quadrupole coupling in DAN and MBANP,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 167, 588–590 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

T. Kondo, R. Morita, N. Ogasawara, S. Umegaki, R. Ito, “A nonlinear optical organic crystal for waveguiding SHG devices: (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine (MBANP),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 1622–1628 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

A. A. Manenkov, “Fundamental mechanisms of laser-induced damage in transparent solids: up-to-date status of research and understanding,” Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ. 775, 486–501 (1988).

1987 (1)

1985 (1)

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, Y. S. Liu, “KTP as a harmonic generator for Nd:YAG lasers,” Laser Focus 21, 110–115 (1985).

1984 (2)

1979 (2)

J. M. Halbout, S. Blit, W. Donaldson, C. L. Tang, “Efficient phase-matched second-harmonic generation and sum-frequency mixing in urea,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1176–1180 (1979).
[CrossRef]

C. Cassidy, J. M. Halbout, W. Donaldson, C. L. Tang, “Nonlinear optical properties of urea,” Opt. Commun. 29, 243–246 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

1970 (2)

R. W. Hopper, D. R. Uhlmann, “Mechanism of inclusion damage in laser glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 4023–4037 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Danileiko, A. A. Manenkov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. Y. Khaimov-Mal’kov, “Surface damage of ruby crystals by laser radiation,” Sov. Phys. JETP 31, 18–21 (1970).

Bailey, R. T.

R. T. Bailey, G. Bourhill, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, K. B. R. Varma, “Linear electro-optic dispersion in (−)2-(α-methyl-benzylamino)-5-nitropyridine single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 489–492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Assessment of optical nonlinear organic crystals,” J. Phys. D 26, 208–216 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, G. Bourhill, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, S. Wilkie, “The linear optical properties of the organic molecular crystal (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine (MBANP),” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 231, 223–229 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, F. R. Cruickshank, P. Kerkoc, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Thermal conductivity of the molecular crystal (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 3047–3051 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Growth perfection and properties of organic non-linear materials,” Acta Crystallogr. Sect. A 47, 145–155 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Balmer, J. E.

Belt, R. F.

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, Y. S. Liu, “KTP as a harmonic generator for Nd:YAG lasers,” Laser Focus 21, 110–115 (1985).

Berg, J. O.

D. H. Parker, J. O. Berg, M. A. El-Sayed, “Multiphoton ionization spectroscopy of polyatomic molecules,” in Advances in Laser Chemistry, Springer Series in Chemical Physics 3, A. H. Zewail, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978), pp. 320–335.
[CrossRef]

Blinc, R.

R. Blinc, P. Kerkoc, J. Hulliger, R. Kind, P. Günter, J. Seliger, V. Zagar, “14N quadrupole coupling in DAN and MBANP,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 167, 588–590 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Blit, S.

J. M. Halbout, S. Blit, W. Donaldson, C. L. Tang, “Efficient phase-matched second-harmonic generation and sum-frequency mixing in urea,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1176–1180 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

Bourhill, G.

R. T. Bailey, G. Bourhill, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, K. B. R. Varma, “Linear electro-optic dispersion in (−)2-(α-methyl-benzylamino)-5-nitropyridine single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 489–492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, G. Bourhill, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, S. Wilkie, “The linear optical properties of the organic molecular crystal (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine (MBANP),” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 231, 223–229 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Cassidy, C.

C. Cassidy, J. M. Halbout, W. Donaldson, C. L. Tang, “Nonlinear optical properties of urea,” Opt. Commun. 29, 243–246 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Cruickshank, F. R.

R. T. Bailey, G. Bourhill, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, K. B. R. Varma, “Linear electro-optic dispersion in (−)2-(α-methyl-benzylamino)-5-nitropyridine single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 489–492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Assessment of optical nonlinear organic crystals,” J. Phys. D 26, 208–216 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, G. Bourhill, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, S. Wilkie, “The linear optical properties of the organic molecular crystal (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine (MBANP),” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 231, 223–229 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, F. R. Cruickshank, P. Kerkoc, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Thermal conductivity of the molecular crystal (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 3047–3051 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Growth perfection and properties of organic non-linear materials,” Acta Crystallogr. Sect. A 47, 145–155 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Danileiko, Y. K.

Y. K. Danileiko, A. A. Manenkov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. Y. Khaimov-Mal’kov, “Surface damage of ruby crystals by laser radiation,” Sov. Phys. JETP 31, 18–21 (1970).

Dirk, C. W.

R. J. Twieg, C. W. Dirk, “Molecular and crystal structure of the nonlinear optical material (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino-5-nitropyridine,” Research Rep. RJ 5237 (54077) (IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, Calif., July1986).

Donaldson, W.

J. M. Halbout, S. Blit, W. Donaldson, C. L. Tang, “Efficient phase-matched second-harmonic generation and sum-frequency mixing in urea,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1176–1180 (1979).
[CrossRef]

C. Cassidy, J. M. Halbout, W. Donaldson, C. L. Tang, “Nonlinear optical properties of urea,” Opt. Commun. 29, 243–246 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

Ellenberger, U.

Ellgenhausen, D.

El-Sayed, M. A.

D. H. Parker, J. O. Berg, M. A. El-Sayed, “Multiphoton ionization spectroscopy of polyatomic molecules,” in Advances in Laser Chemistry, Springer Series in Chemical Physics 3, A. H. Zewail, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978), pp. 320–335.
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

Fan, Y. X.

Feigelson, R. S.

Gashurov, G.

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, Y. S. Liu, “KTP as a harmonic generator for Nd:YAG lasers,” Laser Focus 21, 110–115 (1985).

Gilmour, S.

S. Gilmour, R. A. Pethrick, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Ultrasonic, piezoelectric and dielectric investigations of (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” Philos. Mag. 67, 855–868 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Guenther, A. H.

Günter, P.

R. Blinc, P. Kerkoc, J. Hulliger, R. Kind, P. Günter, J. Seliger, V. Zagar, “14N quadrupole coupling in DAN and MBANP,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 167, 588–590 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Halbout, J. M.

J. M. Halbout, S. Blit, W. Donaldson, C. L. Tang, “Efficient phase-matched second-harmonic generation and sum-frequency mixing in urea,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1176–1180 (1979).
[CrossRef]

C. Cassidy, J. M. Halbout, W. Donaldson, C. L. Tang, “Nonlinear optical properties of urea,” Opt. Commun. 29, 243–246 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Halfpenny, P. J.

P. J. Halfpenny, H. Morrison, R. I. Ristic, E. E. A. Shepherd, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, C. S. Yoon, “The growth of large single crystals of the organic nonlinear optical material (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 440, 683–699 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hopper, R. W.

R. W. Hopper, D. R. Uhlmann, “Mechanism of inclusion damage in laser glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 4023–4037 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Hu, B. Q.

Huang, C. E.

Hulliger, J.

R. Blinc, P. Kerkoc, J. Hulliger, R. Kind, P. Günter, J. Seliger, V. Zagar, “14N quadrupole coupling in DAN and MBANP,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 167, 588–590 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ito, R.

T. Kondo, R. Morita, N. Ogasawara, S. Umegaki, R. Ito, “A nonlinear optical organic crystal for waveguiding SHG devices: (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine (MBANP),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 1622–1628 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kerkoc, P.

R. T. Bailey, F. R. Cruickshank, P. Kerkoc, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Thermal conductivity of the molecular crystal (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 3047–3051 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Blinc, P. Kerkoc, J. Hulliger, R. Kind, P. Günter, J. Seliger, V. Zagar, “14N quadrupole coupling in DAN and MBANP,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 167, 588–590 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Khaimov-Mal’kov, V. Y.

Y. K. Danileiko, A. A. Manenkov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. Y. Khaimov-Mal’kov, “Surface damage of ruby crystals by laser radiation,” Sov. Phys. JETP 31, 18–21 (1970).

Kind, R.

R. Blinc, P. Kerkoc, J. Hulliger, R. Kind, P. Günter, J. Seliger, V. Zagar, “14N quadrupole coupling in DAN and MBANP,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 167, 588–590 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, T.

T. Kondo, R. Morita, N. Ogasawara, S. Umegaki, R. Ito, “A nonlinear optical organic crystal for waveguiding SHG devices: (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine (MBANP),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 1622–1628 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. S.

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, Y. S. Liu, “KTP as a harmonic generator for Nd:YAG lasers,” Laser Focus 21, 110–115 (1985).

Manenkov, A. A.

A. A. Manenkov, “Fundamental mechanisms of laser-induced damage in transparent solids: up-to-date status of research and understanding,” Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ. 775, 486–501 (1988).

Y. K. Danileiko, A. A. Manenkov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. Y. Khaimov-Mal’kov, “Surface damage of ruby crystals by laser radiation,” Sov. Phys. JETP 31, 18–21 (1970).

Mizell, G. J.

Morita, R.

T. Kondo, R. Morita, N. Ogasawara, S. Umegaki, R. Ito, “A nonlinear optical organic crystal for waveguiding SHG devices: (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine (MBANP),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 1622–1628 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Morrison, H.

P. J. Halfpenny, H. Morrison, R. I. Ristic, E. E. A. Shepherd, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, C. S. Yoon, “The growth of large single crystals of the organic nonlinear optical material (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 440, 683–699 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ogasawara, N.

T. Kondo, R. Morita, N. Ogasawara, S. Umegaki, R. Ito, “A nonlinear optical organic crystal for waveguiding SHG devices: (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine (MBANP),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 1622–1628 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Parker, D. H.

D. H. Parker, J. O. Berg, M. A. El-Sayed, “Multiphoton ionization spectroscopy of polyatomic molecules,” in Advances in Laser Chemistry, Springer Series in Chemical Physics 3, A. H. Zewail, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978), pp. 320–335.
[CrossRef]

Pethrick, R. A.

S. Gilmour, R. A. Pethrick, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Ultrasonic, piezoelectric and dielectric investigations of (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” Philos. Mag. 67, 855–868 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Porteus, J. O.

Prokhorov, A. M.

Y. K. Danileiko, A. A. Manenkov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. Y. Khaimov-Mal’kov, “Surface damage of ruby crystals by laser radiation,” Sov. Phys. JETP 31, 18–21 (1970).

Pugh, D.

R. T. Bailey, G. Bourhill, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, K. B. R. Varma, “Linear electro-optic dispersion in (−)2-(α-methyl-benzylamino)-5-nitropyridine single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 489–492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Assessment of optical nonlinear organic crystals,” J. Phys. D 26, 208–216 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Gilmour, R. A. Pethrick, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Ultrasonic, piezoelectric and dielectric investigations of (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” Philos. Mag. 67, 855–868 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, G. Bourhill, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, S. Wilkie, “The linear optical properties of the organic molecular crystal (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine (MBANP),” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 231, 223–229 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, F. R. Cruickshank, P. Kerkoc, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Thermal conductivity of the molecular crystal (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 3047–3051 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Growth perfection and properties of organic non-linear materials,” Acta Crystallogr. Sect. A 47, 145–155 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ristic, R. I.

P. J. Halfpenny, H. Morrison, R. I. Ristic, E. E. A. Shepherd, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, C. S. Yoon, “The growth of large single crystals of the organic nonlinear optical material (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 440, 683–699 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rosker, M. J.

M. J. Rosker, “Recent developments in urea,” in Laser and Nonlinear Optical Materials, L. G. DeShazer, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.681, 10–11 (1987).

Seitel, S. C.

Seliger, J.

R. Blinc, P. Kerkoc, J. Hulliger, R. Kind, P. Günter, J. Seliger, V. Zagar, “14N quadrupole coupling in DAN and MBANP,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 167, 588–590 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, E. E. A.

P. J. Halfpenny, H. Morrison, R. I. Ristic, E. E. A. Shepherd, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, C. S. Yoon, “The growth of large single crystals of the organic nonlinear optical material (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 440, 683–699 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sherwood, J. N.

R. T. Bailey, G. Bourhill, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, K. B. R. Varma, “Linear electro-optic dispersion in (−)2-(α-methyl-benzylamino)-5-nitropyridine single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 489–492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Assessment of optical nonlinear organic crystals,” J. Phys. D 26, 208–216 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Halfpenny, H. Morrison, R. I. Ristic, E. E. A. Shepherd, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, C. S. Yoon, “The growth of large single crystals of the organic nonlinear optical material (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 440, 683–699 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, G. Bourhill, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, S. Wilkie, “The linear optical properties of the organic molecular crystal (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine (MBANP),” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 231, 223–229 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Gilmour, R. A. Pethrick, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Ultrasonic, piezoelectric and dielectric investigations of (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” Philos. Mag. 67, 855–868 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, F. R. Cruickshank, P. Kerkoc, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Thermal conductivity of the molecular crystal (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 3047–3051 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Growth perfection and properties of organic non-linear materials,” Acta Crystallogr. Sect. A 47, 145–155 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, G. S.

R. T. Bailey, G. Bourhill, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, K. B. R. Varma, “Linear electro-optic dispersion in (−)2-(α-methyl-benzylamino)-5-nitropyridine single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 489–492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Halfpenny, H. Morrison, R. I. Ristic, E. E. A. Shepherd, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, C. S. Yoon, “The growth of large single crystals of the organic nonlinear optical material (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 440, 683–699 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, G. Bourhill, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, S. Wilkie, “The linear optical properties of the organic molecular crystal (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine (MBANP),” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 231, 223–229 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, A. F.

Tang, C. L.

J. M. Halbout, S. Blit, W. Donaldson, C. L. Tang, “Efficient phase-matched second-harmonic generation and sum-frequency mixing in urea,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1176–1180 (1979).
[CrossRef]

C. Cassidy, J. M. Halbout, W. Donaldson, C. L. Tang, “Nonlinear optical properties of urea,” Opt. Commun. 29, 243–246 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Twieg, R. J.

R. J. Twieg, C. W. Dirk, “Molecular and crystal structure of the nonlinear optical material (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino-5-nitropyridine,” Research Rep. RJ 5237 (54077) (IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, Calif., July1986).

Uhlmann, D. R.

R. W. Hopper, D. R. Uhlmann, “Mechanism of inclusion damage in laser glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 4023–4037 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Umegaki, S.

T. Kondo, R. Morita, N. Ogasawara, S. Umegaki, R. Ito, “A nonlinear optical organic crystal for waveguiding SHG devices: (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine (MBANP),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 1622–1628 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Varma, K. B. R.

R. T. Bailey, G. Bourhill, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, K. B. R. Varma, “Linear electro-optic dispersion in (−)2-(α-methyl-benzylamino)-5-nitropyridine single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 489–492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Weber, R.

Wilkie, S.

R. T. Bailey, G. Bourhill, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, S. Wilkie, “The linear optical properties of the organic molecular crystal (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine (MBANP),” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 231, 223–229 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wood, R. M.

R. M. Wood, Laser Damage in Optical Materials, Hilger Series on Optics and Optoelectronics (Hilger, Bristol, UK, 1986), pp. 51–52.

Yoon, C. S.

P. J. Halfpenny, H. Morrison, R. I. Ristic, E. E. A. Shepherd, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, C. S. Yoon, “The growth of large single crystals of the organic nonlinear optical material (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 440, 683–699 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zagar, V.

R. Blinc, P. Kerkoc, J. Hulliger, R. Kind, P. Günter, J. Seliger, V. Zagar, “14N quadrupole coupling in DAN and MBANP,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 167, 588–590 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zysset, B.

Acta Crystallogr. Sect. A (1)

R. T. Bailey, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Growth perfection and properties of organic non-linear materials,” Acta Crystallogr. Sect. A 47, 145–155 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Blinc, P. Kerkoc, J. Hulliger, R. Kind, P. Günter, J. Seliger, V. Zagar, “14N quadrupole coupling in DAN and MBANP,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 167, 588–590 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. M. Halbout, S. Blit, W. Donaldson, C. L. Tang, “Efficient phase-matched second-harmonic generation and sum-frequency mixing in urea,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1176–1180 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

R. T. Bailey, F. R. Cruickshank, P. Kerkoc, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Thermal conductivity of the molecular crystal (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 3047–3051 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Hopper, D. R. Uhlmann, “Mechanism of inclusion damage in laser glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 4023–4037 (1970).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bailey, G. Bourhill, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, K. B. R. Varma, “Linear electro-optic dispersion in (−)2-(α-methyl-benzylamino)-5-nitropyridine single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 489–492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

R. T. Bailey, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Assessment of optical nonlinear organic crystals,” J. Phys. D 26, 208–216 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Kondo, R. Morita, N. Ogasawara, S. Umegaki, R. Ito, “A nonlinear optical organic crystal for waveguiding SHG devices: (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine (MBANP),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 1622–1628 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Laser Focus (1)

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, Y. S. Liu, “KTP as a harmonic generator for Nd:YAG lasers,” Laser Focus 21, 110–115 (1985).

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

R. T. Bailey, G. Bourhill, F. R. Cruickshank, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, S. Wilkie, “The linear optical properties of the organic molecular crystal (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine (MBANP),” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 231, 223–229 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ. (1)

A. A. Manenkov, “Fundamental mechanisms of laser-induced damage in transparent solids: up-to-date status of research and understanding,” Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ. 775, 486–501 (1988).

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Cassidy, J. M. Halbout, W. Donaldson, C. L. Tang, “Nonlinear optical properties of urea,” Opt. Commun. 29, 243–246 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Philos. Mag. (1)

S. Gilmour, R. A. Pethrick, D. Pugh, J. N. Sherwood, “Ultrasonic, piezoelectric and dielectric investigations of (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” Philos. Mag. 67, 855–868 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A (1)

P. J. Halfpenny, H. Morrison, R. I. Ristic, E. E. A. Shepherd, J. N. Sherwood, G. S. Simpson, C. S. Yoon, “The growth of large single crystals of the organic nonlinear optical material (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino)-5-nitropyridine,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 440, 683–699 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

Y. K. Danileiko, A. A. Manenkov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. Y. Khaimov-Mal’kov, “Surface damage of ruby crystals by laser radiation,” Sov. Phys. JETP 31, 18–21 (1970).

Other (6)

D. H. Parker, J. O. Berg, M. A. El-Sayed, “Multiphoton ionization spectroscopy of polyatomic molecules,” in Advances in Laser Chemistry, Springer Series in Chemical Physics 3, A. H. Zewail, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978), pp. 320–335.
[CrossRef]

R. M. Wood, Laser Damage in Optical Materials, Hilger Series on Optics and Optoelectronics (Hilger, Bristol, UK, 1986), pp. 51–52.

D. J. Williams, ed., Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic and Polymeric Materials, American Chemical Society Symposium Series No. 233 (American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 1983).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Chemla, J. Zyss, eds., Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Molecules and Crystals (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1987), Vols. 1 and 2.

R. J. Twieg, C. W. Dirk, “Molecular and crystal structure of the nonlinear optical material (−)2-(α-methylbenzylamino-5-nitropyridine,” Research Rep. RJ 5237 (54077) (IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, Calif., July1986).

M. J. Rosker, “Recent developments in urea,” in Laser and Nonlinear Optical Materials, L. G. DeShazer, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.681, 10–11 (1987).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Packing of MBANP crystals. The projection of the (100) crystallographic plane is shown. The cleavage (001) plane is represented by the broken line.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental arrangement that was used for optical damage testing.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Nomarski micrograph of a typical damage onset for the (001) cleavage face of the MBANP single crystal induced by a laser single pulse with a fluence of 22 J/cm2 (λ = 1064 nm, 25 ns FWHM). The polarization of light is parallel to the crystallographic b axis, i.e., the y axis of the principal dielectric system. The beads are MBANP in a glassy state. The bar represents 100 μm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Nomarski micrograph of a destroyed site on the (001) face attained at fluences higher than threshold. The rosette is under-cooled MBANP. The center of the damage is black, most probably caused by multiphoton ionization and consequent photoxidation. The crack that occurred because of thermal stress is clearly visible. The bar represents 100 μm.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Measured Damage Threshold Fluences Fth for Three Different Incident Light Polarizations Relative to the Crystallographic a and b Axes of MBANP Crystala

Equations (4)

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ω 2 = - 2 r 2 / ln ( 1 - E r / E 0 ) ,
F = 2 E / π ω 2 .
F th = ( F max , ND + F min , D ) / 2 ,
S th = ( F max , ND - F min , D ) / F th .

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