Abstract

A laboratory experiment that demonstrates near-diffraction-limited imaging of a detailed object in the presence of unknown fixed aberrations in the imaging system is described. A random-phase plate is introduced in a pupil plane of the imaging system to eliminate the effect of fixed aberrations in the system. We employ a bispectral speckle imaging technique to recover the object from speckled images affected by both the random-phase fluctuations induced by the random-phase plate and the fixed aberrations present in the imaging system. For the case where the random phase is assumed to obey Gaussian statistics an approximate form of the bispectral speckle transfer function is obtained with an asymptotic expansion. This approximate form of the transfer function shows the diffraction-limited nature of bispectral speckle imaging when the standard deviation of the random-phase fluctuations is of the order of a wavelength of light. Experimental results are presented for fixed aberrations associated with lens tilt and defocus in the imaging system.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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