Abstract

The depth at which diffusing photons are assumed to be deposited in a random scattering medium has traditionally been treated as a phenomenological parameter comparable to the photon transport mean free path. We show how to average properly over an exponential distribution of depositions weighted additionally by the transmission probability, and compare our prediction for the autocorrelation of intensity fluctuations in the transmitted light with experimental data on an ideal system. The improved correlation function, where distinguishable from the prior form, provides slightly better agreement with data as long as the sample is thicker than approximately 10 transport mean free paths. However, in contrast with static transmission, proper averaging over a range of penetration depths does not extend the validity of diffusing-wave spectroscopy to significantly smaller slab thicknesses. The most significant errors in the theory must therefore arise from approximations other than the treatment of the source of diffusing photons.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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