Abstract

The tuning characteristics of a Coumarine 460–Disodium Fluorescein–Rhodamine 640 dye-mixture laser in the blue, green, and yellow-orange regions are reported. A linear variable filter was inserted into the laser cavity as a tuning element. The tunable range was 439–485 nm in the blue region, 509–531 nm in the green region, and 592–601 nm in the yellow-orange region. Comparison of the characteristics of the one-wavelength tuning output with those of simultaneous broadband outputs in the three color regions showed that energy transfer was an important mechanism for the oscillations, especially in the longer-wavelength region, which was farthest away from a pumping wavelength.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. A. Ahmed, J. S. Gergley, D. Infante, “Energy transfer organic dye mixture lasers,” J. Chem. Phys. 61, 1584–1585 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Saito, M. Kato, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Simultaneous three primary color laser emissions from dye mixtures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 811–813 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Saito, N. Nakai, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Spectral characteristics of a short-pulse red-green-blue dye mixture laser,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4298–4304 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. Burlamacchi, H. F. Ranea Sandoval, “Characteristics of a multicolor dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 31, 185–188 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Muto, C. Ito, H. Inaba, “Continuously tunable energy transfer laser operation in four dye mixture system,” Trans. Inst. Electron. Commun. Eng. J66-C, 859–865 (1983) (in Japanese).
  6. H. Matsuzawa, S. Suganomata, H. Inaba, “Simultaneous two-wavelength oscillations in a dye laser using a dielectric double half-wave filter,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 15, 1155–1156 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Nomura, Y. Shimonura, Y. Saito, T. Kano, “Simple tunable dye laser using a dielectric multilayer filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 539–540 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. I. Seddon, M. J. Resso, B. L. Swaby, L. F. Villanueva, “Linear variable filters match photodiode arrays,” Laser Focus World September, 105–112 (1991).
  9. M. A. Ali, B. Panoutsopoulos, S. A. Ahmed, “Potential and limitations of energy-transfer process in pulsed and cw dye laser mixtures: comparison of theory and experiments,” Appl. Opt. 31, 7100–7107 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Maeda, Laser Dyes (Academic, New York, 1984), Chap. 2, p. 6.

1992 (2)

1991 (1)

R. I. Seddon, M. J. Resso, B. L. Swaby, L. F. Villanueva, “Linear variable filters match photodiode arrays,” Laser Focus World September, 105–112 (1991).

1990 (1)

Y. Saito, M. Kato, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Simultaneous three primary color laser emissions from dye mixtures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 811–813 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

S. Muto, C. Ito, H. Inaba, “Continuously tunable energy transfer laser operation in four dye mixture system,” Trans. Inst. Electron. Commun. Eng. J66-C, 859–865 (1983) (in Japanese).

1982 (1)

N. Nomura, Y. Shimonura, Y. Saito, T. Kano, “Simple tunable dye laser using a dielectric multilayer filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 539–540 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

P. Burlamacchi, H. F. Ranea Sandoval, “Characteristics of a multicolor dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 31, 185–188 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

H. Matsuzawa, S. Suganomata, H. Inaba, “Simultaneous two-wavelength oscillations in a dye laser using a dielectric double half-wave filter,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 15, 1155–1156 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

S. A. Ahmed, J. S. Gergley, D. Infante, “Energy transfer organic dye mixture lasers,” J. Chem. Phys. 61, 1584–1585 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, S. A.

Ali, M. A.

Burlamacchi, P.

P. Burlamacchi, H. F. Ranea Sandoval, “Characteristics of a multicolor dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 31, 185–188 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Gergley, J. S.

S. A. Ahmed, J. S. Gergley, D. Infante, “Energy transfer organic dye mixture lasers,” J. Chem. Phys. 61, 1584–1585 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Inaba, H.

S. Muto, C. Ito, H. Inaba, “Continuously tunable energy transfer laser operation in four dye mixture system,” Trans. Inst. Electron. Commun. Eng. J66-C, 859–865 (1983) (in Japanese).

H. Matsuzawa, S. Suganomata, H. Inaba, “Simultaneous two-wavelength oscillations in a dye laser using a dielectric double half-wave filter,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 15, 1155–1156 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Infante, D.

S. A. Ahmed, J. S. Gergley, D. Infante, “Energy transfer organic dye mixture lasers,” J. Chem. Phys. 61, 1584–1585 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Ito, C.

S. Muto, C. Ito, H. Inaba, “Continuously tunable energy transfer laser operation in four dye mixture system,” Trans. Inst. Electron. Commun. Eng. J66-C, 859–865 (1983) (in Japanese).

Kano, T.

Y. Saito, N. Nakai, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Spectral characteristics of a short-pulse red-green-blue dye mixture laser,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4298–4304 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Saito, M. Kato, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Simultaneous three primary color laser emissions from dye mixtures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 811–813 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. Nomura, Y. Shimonura, Y. Saito, T. Kano, “Simple tunable dye laser using a dielectric multilayer filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 539–540 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kato, M.

Y. Saito, M. Kato, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Simultaneous three primary color laser emissions from dye mixtures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 811–813 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Maeda, M.

M. Maeda, Laser Dyes (Academic, New York, 1984), Chap. 2, p. 6.

Matsuzawa, H.

H. Matsuzawa, S. Suganomata, H. Inaba, “Simultaneous two-wavelength oscillations in a dye laser using a dielectric double half-wave filter,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 15, 1155–1156 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Muto, S.

S. Muto, C. Ito, H. Inaba, “Continuously tunable energy transfer laser operation in four dye mixture system,” Trans. Inst. Electron. Commun. Eng. J66-C, 859–865 (1983) (in Japanese).

Nakai, N.

Nomura, A.

Y. Saito, N. Nakai, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Spectral characteristics of a short-pulse red-green-blue dye mixture laser,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4298–4304 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Saito, M. Kato, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Simultaneous three primary color laser emissions from dye mixtures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 811–813 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nomura, N.

N. Nomura, Y. Shimonura, Y. Saito, T. Kano, “Simple tunable dye laser using a dielectric multilayer filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 539–540 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Panoutsopoulos, B.

Ranea Sandoval, H. F.

P. Burlamacchi, H. F. Ranea Sandoval, “Characteristics of a multicolor dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 31, 185–188 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Resso, M. J.

R. I. Seddon, M. J. Resso, B. L. Swaby, L. F. Villanueva, “Linear variable filters match photodiode arrays,” Laser Focus World September, 105–112 (1991).

Saito, Y.

Y. Saito, N. Nakai, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Spectral characteristics of a short-pulse red-green-blue dye mixture laser,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4298–4304 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Saito, M. Kato, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Simultaneous three primary color laser emissions from dye mixtures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 811–813 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. Nomura, Y. Shimonura, Y. Saito, T. Kano, “Simple tunable dye laser using a dielectric multilayer filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 539–540 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Seddon, R. I.

R. I. Seddon, M. J. Resso, B. L. Swaby, L. F. Villanueva, “Linear variable filters match photodiode arrays,” Laser Focus World September, 105–112 (1991).

Shimonura, Y.

N. Nomura, Y. Shimonura, Y. Saito, T. Kano, “Simple tunable dye laser using a dielectric multilayer filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 539–540 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Suganomata, S.

H. Matsuzawa, S. Suganomata, H. Inaba, “Simultaneous two-wavelength oscillations in a dye laser using a dielectric double half-wave filter,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 15, 1155–1156 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Swaby, B. L.

R. I. Seddon, M. J. Resso, B. L. Swaby, L. F. Villanueva, “Linear variable filters match photodiode arrays,” Laser Focus World September, 105–112 (1991).

Villanueva, L. F.

R. I. Seddon, M. J. Resso, B. L. Swaby, L. F. Villanueva, “Linear variable filters match photodiode arrays,” Laser Focus World September, 105–112 (1991).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Saito, M. Kato, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Simultaneous three primary color laser emissions from dye mixtures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 811–813 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

S. A. Ahmed, J. S. Gergley, D. Infante, “Energy transfer organic dye mixture lasers,” J. Chem. Phys. 61, 1584–1585 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Matsuzawa, S. Suganomata, H. Inaba, “Simultaneous two-wavelength oscillations in a dye laser using a dielectric double half-wave filter,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 15, 1155–1156 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Laser Focus World September (1)

R. I. Seddon, M. J. Resso, B. L. Swaby, L. F. Villanueva, “Linear variable filters match photodiode arrays,” Laser Focus World September, 105–112 (1991).

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Burlamacchi, H. F. Ranea Sandoval, “Characteristics of a multicolor dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 31, 185–188 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

N. Nomura, Y. Shimonura, Y. Saito, T. Kano, “Simple tunable dye laser using a dielectric multilayer filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 539–540 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Trans. Inst. Electron. Commun. Eng. (1)

S. Muto, C. Ito, H. Inaba, “Continuously tunable energy transfer laser operation in four dye mixture system,” Trans. Inst. Electron. Commun. Eng. J66-C, 859–865 (1983) (in Japanese).

Other (1)

M. Maeda, Laser Dyes (Academic, New York, 1984), Chap. 2, p. 6.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the laser cavity: YAG(TH), third-harmonics YAG laser; CL, cylindrical lens; M2, output mirror; DC, dye cell; Ml, total reflection.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectral characteristics of the linear variable filter. Spectral shapes in the expected three primary colors (blue, left peak; green, middle peak; yellow-orange, right peak) are also shown.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectra of the C460–DF–R640 dye-mixture laser: nontuning broadband spectra (middle) and spectra tuned with the LVF (lower). The second-harmonics YAG laser and the He–Ne laser (upper) were used as reference lights.

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