Abstract

Hydrophobic photostable dye molecules such as perylenes or pyrromethenes were trapped in xerogel matrices. Using these new materials as solid-state dye lasers, we have demonstrated efficient laser operation. Slope efficiencies of up to 30% were obtained in the millijoule output-energy range. Tunabilities of up to 60 nm were observed, and more than 150,000 pulses were emitted by the same spot of a given sample when the laser was pumped at millijoule energy levels.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. H. Soffer, B. B. MacFarland, “Continuously tunable, narrow band organic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 266–267 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. P. Shafer, ed., Dye Lasers, Vol. 1 of Springer-Verlag Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989).
  3. G. R. Kumar, B. P. Singh, K. K. Sharma, “Optical phase conjugation in Rhodamine-6G doped boric acid glass,” Opt. Commun. 73, 81–4 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. D. Prishchepov, B. P. Zaripov, S. Astanov, “Optical properties of Rhodamine-6G monomers and aggregates in polymethyl-methacrylate,” Opt. Spektrosk. 66, 763–766 (1989).
  5. D. Avnir, D. Lévy, R. Reisfeld, “The nature of the silica cage as reflected by spectral changes and enhanced photostability of trapped Rhodamine 6G,” J. Phys. Chem. 88, 5956–5959 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. A. Gromov, K. M. Dyumaev, A. A. Manenkov, A. P. Maslyukov, G. A. Matyushin, V. S. Nechitailo, A. M. Prokhorov, “Efficient plastic-host dye lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 1028–1031 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. B. Altshuler, V. A. Bakhanov, E. G. Dulneva, A. V. Erofeev, O. V. Mazurin, V. P. Roskova, T. S. Tsekhomskaya, “Laser based on dye-activated silica gel,” Opt. Spektrosk. 62, 709–710 (1987).
  8. F. Salin, G. Le Saux, P. Georges, A. Brun, C. Bagnall, J. Zarzycki, “Efficient tunable solid-state laser near 630 nm using sulforhodamine 640-doped silica gel,” Opt. Lett. 14, 785–787 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. Reisfeld, D. Brusilovky, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burstein, J. Ivri, “A new solid state tunable laser in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 43–44 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. T. Knobbe, B. Dunn, P. D. Fuqua, F. Nishida, “Laser behavior and photostability characteristics of organic dye doped silicate gel materials,” Appl. Opt. 29, 2728–2733 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Canva, P. Georges, A. Brun, D. Larrue, J. Zarzycki, “Impregnated SiO2 gels used as dye laser matrix hosts,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 147/148, 636–640 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. C. Altman, R. E. Stone, F. Nishida, B. Dunn, “Dye activated ORMOSIL'S for lasers and optical amplifiers,” in Sol-Gel Optics II, J. D. Mackenzie, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1758, 507–518 (1992).
  13. T. Allick, S. Chandra, R. E. Hermes, J. A. Hutchinson, M.-L. Soong, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient and robust solid-state dye laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 271–273.
  14. R. E. Hermes, T. Allick, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid-state dye lasers,” App. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, K. Thangaraj, G. Sathyamoorthi, M. P. Shah, M. L. Soong, “Laser dye spectroscopy of some pyrromethene-BF2 complexes,” Appl. Opt. 31, 7089– 7094 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. P. O'Neil, “Synchronously pumped visible laser dye with twice the efficiency of Rhodamine 6G,” Opt. Lett. 18, 37–38 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  17. F. Devreux, J. P. Boilot, F. Chaput, A. Lecompte, “Sol-gel condensation of silicon alkoxides,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 6901–6909 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. C. J. Brinker, G. W. Scherer, Sol-Gel Science (Academic, Boston, 1990).
  19. T. F. Johnston, “M2 concept characterizes beam quality,” Laser Focus World 26, 173–183 (1990).
  20. M. Canva, P. Georges, J. F. Perelgritz, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J. P. Boilot, “Improved sol-gel materials for efficient solid-state dye lasers,” in New Materials lor Advanced Solid State Laser, B. H. T. Chai, S. A. Payne, T. Y. Fan, A. Cassanho, T. H. Allick, eds. (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1994), pp. 279–284.

1993 (2)

R. E. Hermes, T. Allick, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid-state dye lasers,” App. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. P. O'Neil, “Synchronously pumped visible laser dye with twice the efficiency of Rhodamine 6G,” Opt. Lett. 18, 37–38 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, K. Thangaraj, G. Sathyamoorthi, M. P. Shah, M. L. Soong, “Laser dye spectroscopy of some pyrromethene-BF2 complexes,” Appl. Opt. 31, 7089– 7094 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Canva, P. Georges, A. Brun, D. Larrue, J. Zarzycki, “Impregnated SiO2 gels used as dye laser matrix hosts,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 147/148, 636–640 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (3)

F. Devreux, J. P. Boilot, F. Chaput, A. Lecompte, “Sol-gel condensation of silicon alkoxides,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 6901–6909 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. F. Johnston, “M2 concept characterizes beam quality,” Laser Focus World 26, 173–183 (1990).

E. T. Knobbe, B. Dunn, P. D. Fuqua, F. Nishida, “Laser behavior and photostability characteristics of organic dye doped silicate gel materials,” Appl. Opt. 29, 2728–2733 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (4)

F. Salin, G. Le Saux, P. Georges, A. Brun, C. Bagnall, J. Zarzycki, “Efficient tunable solid-state laser near 630 nm using sulforhodamine 640-doped silica gel,” Opt. Lett. 14, 785–787 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Reisfeld, D. Brusilovky, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burstein, J. Ivri, “A new solid state tunable laser in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 43–44 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. R. Kumar, B. P. Singh, K. K. Sharma, “Optical phase conjugation in Rhodamine-6G doped boric acid glass,” Opt. Commun. 73, 81–4 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Prishchepov, B. P. Zaripov, S. Astanov, “Optical properties of Rhodamine-6G monomers and aggregates in polymethyl-methacrylate,” Opt. Spektrosk. 66, 763–766 (1989).

1987 (1)

G. B. Altshuler, V. A. Bakhanov, E. G. Dulneva, A. V. Erofeev, O. V. Mazurin, V. P. Roskova, T. S. Tsekhomskaya, “Laser based on dye-activated silica gel,” Opt. Spektrosk. 62, 709–710 (1987).

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

D. Avnir, D. Lévy, R. Reisfeld, “The nature of the silica cage as reflected by spectral changes and enhanced photostability of trapped Rhodamine 6G,” J. Phys. Chem. 88, 5956–5959 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

B. H. Soffer, B. B. MacFarland, “Continuously tunable, narrow band organic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 266–267 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Allick, T.

R. E. Hermes, T. Allick, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid-state dye lasers,” App. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Allick, S. Chandra, R. E. Hermes, J. A. Hutchinson, M.-L. Soong, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient and robust solid-state dye laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 271–273.

Altman, J. C.

J. C. Altman, R. E. Stone, F. Nishida, B. Dunn, “Dye activated ORMOSIL'S for lasers and optical amplifiers,” in Sol-Gel Optics II, J. D. Mackenzie, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1758, 507–518 (1992).

Altshuler, G. B.

G. B. Altshuler, V. A. Bakhanov, E. G. Dulneva, A. V. Erofeev, O. V. Mazurin, V. P. Roskova, T. S. Tsekhomskaya, “Laser based on dye-activated silica gel,” Opt. Spektrosk. 62, 709–710 (1987).

Astanov, S.

A. D. Prishchepov, B. P. Zaripov, S. Astanov, “Optical properties of Rhodamine-6G monomers and aggregates in polymethyl-methacrylate,” Opt. Spektrosk. 66, 763–766 (1989).

Avnir, D.

D. Avnir, D. Lévy, R. Reisfeld, “The nature of the silica cage as reflected by spectral changes and enhanced photostability of trapped Rhodamine 6G,” J. Phys. Chem. 88, 5956–5959 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bagnall, C.

Bakhanov, V. A.

G. B. Altshuler, V. A. Bakhanov, E. G. Dulneva, A. V. Erofeev, O. V. Mazurin, V. P. Roskova, T. S. Tsekhomskaya, “Laser based on dye-activated silica gel,” Opt. Spektrosk. 62, 709–710 (1987).

Boilot, J. P.

F. Devreux, J. P. Boilot, F. Chaput, A. Lecompte, “Sol-gel condensation of silicon alkoxides,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 6901–6909 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Canva, P. Georges, J. F. Perelgritz, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J. P. Boilot, “Improved sol-gel materials for efficient solid-state dye lasers,” in New Materials lor Advanced Solid State Laser, B. H. T. Chai, S. A. Payne, T. Y. Fan, A. Cassanho, T. H. Allick, eds. (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1994), pp. 279–284.

Boyer, J. H.

T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, K. Thangaraj, G. Sathyamoorthi, M. P. Shah, M. L. Soong, “Laser dye spectroscopy of some pyrromethene-BF2 complexes,” Appl. Opt. 31, 7089– 7094 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Allick, S. Chandra, R. E. Hermes, J. A. Hutchinson, M.-L. Soong, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient and robust solid-state dye laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 271–273.

Brinker, C. J.

C. J. Brinker, G. W. Scherer, Sol-Gel Science (Academic, Boston, 1990).

Brun, A.

M. Canva, P. Georges, A. Brun, D. Larrue, J. Zarzycki, “Impregnated SiO2 gels used as dye laser matrix hosts,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 147/148, 636–640 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. Salin, G. Le Saux, P. Georges, A. Brun, C. Bagnall, J. Zarzycki, “Efficient tunable solid-state laser near 630 nm using sulforhodamine 640-doped silica gel,” Opt. Lett. 14, 785–787 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Canva, P. Georges, J. F. Perelgritz, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J. P. Boilot, “Improved sol-gel materials for efficient solid-state dye lasers,” in New Materials lor Advanced Solid State Laser, B. H. T. Chai, S. A. Payne, T. Y. Fan, A. Cassanho, T. H. Allick, eds. (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1994), pp. 279–284.

Brusilovky, D.

R. Reisfeld, D. Brusilovky, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burstein, J. Ivri, “A new solid state tunable laser in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 43–44 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Burstein, Z.

R. Reisfeld, D. Brusilovky, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burstein, J. Ivri, “A new solid state tunable laser in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 43–44 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Canva, M.

M. Canva, P. Georges, A. Brun, D. Larrue, J. Zarzycki, “Impregnated SiO2 gels used as dye laser matrix hosts,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 147/148, 636–640 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Canva, P. Georges, J. F. Perelgritz, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J. P. Boilot, “Improved sol-gel materials for efficient solid-state dye lasers,” in New Materials lor Advanced Solid State Laser, B. H. T. Chai, S. A. Payne, T. Y. Fan, A. Cassanho, T. H. Allick, eds. (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1994), pp. 279–284.

Chandra, S.

R. E. Hermes, T. Allick, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid-state dye lasers,” App. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Allick, S. Chandra, R. E. Hermes, J. A. Hutchinson, M.-L. Soong, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient and robust solid-state dye laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 271–273.

Chaput, F.

F. Devreux, J. P. Boilot, F. Chaput, A. Lecompte, “Sol-gel condensation of silicon alkoxides,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 6901–6909 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Canva, P. Georges, J. F. Perelgritz, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J. P. Boilot, “Improved sol-gel materials for efficient solid-state dye lasers,” in New Materials lor Advanced Solid State Laser, B. H. T. Chai, S. A. Payne, T. Y. Fan, A. Cassanho, T. H. Allick, eds. (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1994), pp. 279–284.

Devreux, F.

F. Devreux, J. P. Boilot, F. Chaput, A. Lecompte, “Sol-gel condensation of silicon alkoxides,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 6901–6909 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dulneva, E. G.

G. B. Altshuler, V. A. Bakhanov, E. G. Dulneva, A. V. Erofeev, O. V. Mazurin, V. P. Roskova, T. S. Tsekhomskaya, “Laser based on dye-activated silica gel,” Opt. Spektrosk. 62, 709–710 (1987).

Dunn, B.

E. T. Knobbe, B. Dunn, P. D. Fuqua, F. Nishida, “Laser behavior and photostability characteristics of organic dye doped silicate gel materials,” Appl. Opt. 29, 2728–2733 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Altman, R. E. Stone, F. Nishida, B. Dunn, “Dye activated ORMOSIL'S for lasers and optical amplifiers,” in Sol-Gel Optics II, J. D. Mackenzie, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1758, 507–518 (1992).

Dyumaev, K. M.

Erofeev, A. V.

G. B. Altshuler, V. A. Bakhanov, E. G. Dulneva, A. V. Erofeev, O. V. Mazurin, V. P. Roskova, T. S. Tsekhomskaya, “Laser based on dye-activated silica gel,” Opt. Spektrosk. 62, 709–710 (1987).

Eyal, M.

R. Reisfeld, D. Brusilovky, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burstein, J. Ivri, “A new solid state tunable laser in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 43–44 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fuqua, P. D.

E. T. Knobbe, B. Dunn, P. D. Fuqua, F. Nishida, “Laser behavior and photostability characteristics of organic dye doped silicate gel materials,” Appl. Opt. 29, 2728–2733 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

M. Canva, P. Georges, A. Brun, D. Larrue, J. Zarzycki, “Impregnated SiO2 gels used as dye laser matrix hosts,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 147/148, 636–640 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. Salin, G. Le Saux, P. Georges, A. Brun, C. Bagnall, J. Zarzycki, “Efficient tunable solid-state laser near 630 nm using sulforhodamine 640-doped silica gel,” Opt. Lett. 14, 785–787 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Canva, P. Georges, J. F. Perelgritz, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J. P. Boilot, “Improved sol-gel materials for efficient solid-state dye lasers,” in New Materials lor Advanced Solid State Laser, B. H. T. Chai, S. A. Payne, T. Y. Fan, A. Cassanho, T. H. Allick, eds. (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1994), pp. 279–284.

Gromov, D. A.

Hermes, R. E.

R. E. Hermes, T. Allick, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid-state dye lasers,” App. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Allick, S. Chandra, R. E. Hermes, J. A. Hutchinson, M.-L. Soong, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient and robust solid-state dye laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 271–273.

Hutchinson, J. A.

R. E. Hermes, T. Allick, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid-state dye lasers,” App. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Allick, S. Chandra, R. E. Hermes, J. A. Hutchinson, M.-L. Soong, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient and robust solid-state dye laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 271–273.

Ivri, J.

R. Reisfeld, D. Brusilovky, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burstein, J. Ivri, “A new solid state tunable laser in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 43–44 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, T. F.

T. F. Johnston, “M2 concept characterizes beam quality,” Laser Focus World 26, 173–183 (1990).

Knobbe, E. T.

E. T. Knobbe, B. Dunn, P. D. Fuqua, F. Nishida, “Laser behavior and photostability characteristics of organic dye doped silicate gel materials,” Appl. Opt. 29, 2728–2733 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, G. R.

G. R. Kumar, B. P. Singh, K. K. Sharma, “Optical phase conjugation in Rhodamine-6G doped boric acid glass,” Opt. Commun. 73, 81–4 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Larrue, D.

M. Canva, P. Georges, A. Brun, D. Larrue, J. Zarzycki, “Impregnated SiO2 gels used as dye laser matrix hosts,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 147/148, 636–640 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Le Saux, G.

Lecompte, A.

F. Devreux, J. P. Boilot, F. Chaput, A. Lecompte, “Sol-gel condensation of silicon alkoxides,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 6901–6909 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lévy, D.

D. Avnir, D. Lévy, R. Reisfeld, “The nature of the silica cage as reflected by spectral changes and enhanced photostability of trapped Rhodamine 6G,” J. Phys. Chem. 88, 5956–5959 (1984).
[CrossRef]

MacFarland, B. B.

B. H. Soffer, B. B. MacFarland, “Continuously tunable, narrow band organic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 266–267 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Manenkov, A. A.

Maslyukov, A. P.

Matyushin, G. A.

Mazurin, O. V.

G. B. Altshuler, V. A. Bakhanov, E. G. Dulneva, A. V. Erofeev, O. V. Mazurin, V. P. Roskova, T. S. Tsekhomskaya, “Laser based on dye-activated silica gel,” Opt. Spektrosk. 62, 709–710 (1987).

Miron, E.

R. Reisfeld, D. Brusilovky, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burstein, J. Ivri, “A new solid state tunable laser in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 43–44 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nechitailo, V. S.

Nishida, F.

E. T. Knobbe, B. Dunn, P. D. Fuqua, F. Nishida, “Laser behavior and photostability characteristics of organic dye doped silicate gel materials,” Appl. Opt. 29, 2728–2733 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Altman, R. E. Stone, F. Nishida, B. Dunn, “Dye activated ORMOSIL'S for lasers and optical amplifiers,” in Sol-Gel Optics II, J. D. Mackenzie, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1758, 507–518 (1992).

O'Neil, M. P.

Pavlopoulos, T. G.

Perelgritz, J. F.

M. Canva, P. Georges, J. F. Perelgritz, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J. P. Boilot, “Improved sol-gel materials for efficient solid-state dye lasers,” in New Materials lor Advanced Solid State Laser, B. H. T. Chai, S. A. Payne, T. Y. Fan, A. Cassanho, T. H. Allick, eds. (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1994), pp. 279–284.

Prishchepov, A. D.

A. D. Prishchepov, B. P. Zaripov, S. Astanov, “Optical properties of Rhodamine-6G monomers and aggregates in polymethyl-methacrylate,” Opt. Spektrosk. 66, 763–766 (1989).

Prokhorov, A. M.

Reisfeld, R.

R. Reisfeld, D. Brusilovky, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burstein, J. Ivri, “A new solid state tunable laser in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 43–44 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. Avnir, D. Lévy, R. Reisfeld, “The nature of the silica cage as reflected by spectral changes and enhanced photostability of trapped Rhodamine 6G,” J. Phys. Chem. 88, 5956–5959 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Roskova, V. P.

G. B. Altshuler, V. A. Bakhanov, E. G. Dulneva, A. V. Erofeev, O. V. Mazurin, V. P. Roskova, T. S. Tsekhomskaya, “Laser based on dye-activated silica gel,” Opt. Spektrosk. 62, 709–710 (1987).

Salin, F.

Sathyamoorthi, G.

Scherer, G. W.

C. J. Brinker, G. W. Scherer, Sol-Gel Science (Academic, Boston, 1990).

Shah, M. P.

Sharma, K. K.

G. R. Kumar, B. P. Singh, K. K. Sharma, “Optical phase conjugation in Rhodamine-6G doped boric acid glass,” Opt. Commun. 73, 81–4 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Singh, B. P.

G. R. Kumar, B. P. Singh, K. K. Sharma, “Optical phase conjugation in Rhodamine-6G doped boric acid glass,” Opt. Commun. 73, 81–4 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Soffer, B. H.

B. H. Soffer, B. B. MacFarland, “Continuously tunable, narrow band organic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 266–267 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Soong, M. L.

Soong, M.-L.

T. Allick, S. Chandra, R. E. Hermes, J. A. Hutchinson, M.-L. Soong, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient and robust solid-state dye laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 271–273.

Stone, R. E.

J. C. Altman, R. E. Stone, F. Nishida, B. Dunn, “Dye activated ORMOSIL'S for lasers and optical amplifiers,” in Sol-Gel Optics II, J. D. Mackenzie, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1758, 507–518 (1992).

Thangaraj, K.

Tsekhomskaya, T. S.

G. B. Altshuler, V. A. Bakhanov, E. G. Dulneva, A. V. Erofeev, O. V. Mazurin, V. P. Roskova, T. S. Tsekhomskaya, “Laser based on dye-activated silica gel,” Opt. Spektrosk. 62, 709–710 (1987).

Zaripov, B. P.

A. D. Prishchepov, B. P. Zaripov, S. Astanov, “Optical properties of Rhodamine-6G monomers and aggregates in polymethyl-methacrylate,” Opt. Spektrosk. 66, 763–766 (1989).

Zarzycki, J.

M. Canva, P. Georges, A. Brun, D. Larrue, J. Zarzycki, “Impregnated SiO2 gels used as dye laser matrix hosts,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 147/148, 636–640 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. Salin, G. Le Saux, P. Georges, A. Brun, C. Bagnall, J. Zarzycki, “Efficient tunable solid-state laser near 630 nm using sulforhodamine 640-doped silica gel,” Opt. Lett. 14, 785–787 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

App. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. E. Hermes, T. Allick, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid-state dye lasers,” App. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, K. Thangaraj, G. Sathyamoorthi, M. P. Shah, M. L. Soong, “Laser dye spectroscopy of some pyrromethene-BF2 complexes,” Appl. Opt. 31, 7089– 7094 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. T. Knobbe, B. Dunn, P. D. Fuqua, F. Nishida, “Laser behavior and photostability characteristics of organic dye doped silicate gel materials,” Appl. Opt. 29, 2728–2733 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Conversion efficiency of the laser cavity with a perylene-red-doped sample (concentration 5.5 × 10−5 mol/l, thickness 4 mm).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Tunability obtained with different dyes: (a) pyrromethene 567, (b) perylene orange, (c) perylene red. The cavity is pumped with a fluence level of 0.2 J/cm2.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Maximum Slope Efficiencies Obtained with Various Dye-Doped Xerogels in the Laser Cavity Described in the Text

Tables Icon

Table 2 Variations of the Lifetimes at 50% (as Defined in the Text) of a Perylene-Red-Doped Sample (Concentration 5.5 × 10−5 mol/l, Thickness 4 mm) as a Function of Repetition Rate for Different Pumping-Energy Levels

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