Abstract

An optical-fiber sensor based on twist-induced optical activity has been developed for measuring angular displacements at low temperature. The sensing part is composed of a fiber coil rotated between two points, which induces a twist of two sections of fiber. A theoretical study of the evolution of a general input state of polarization in the sensor gave us its main characteristics. Then experimental investigations permitted the construction of a sensor to take angular measurements over a 100-deg range with an accuracy of 0.2 deg. The thermal sensitivity of this kind of sensor is also briefly reported.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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