Abstract

A temporally and spatially nonscanning imaging spectrometer is described in terms of computed-tomography concepts, specifically the central-slice theorem. A sequence of three transmission sinusoidal-phase gratings rotated in 60° increments achieves dispersion in multiple directions and into multiple orders. The dispersed images of the system’s field stop are interpreted as two-dimensional projections of a three-dimensional (x, y, λ) object cube. Because of the size of the finite focal-plane array, this imaging spectrometer is an example of a limited-view-angle tomographic system. The imaging spectrometer’s point spread function is measured experimentally as a function of wavelength and position in the field of view. Reconstruction of the object cube is then achieved through the maximum-likelihood, expectation-maximization algorithm under the assumption of a Poisson likelihood law. Experimental results indicate that the instrument performs well in the case of broadband and narrow-band emitters.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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