Abstract

A spectroradiometer with wedge interference filters (SWIF) (the filters were produced by Carl Zeiss, Jena, Germany) and a CCD matrix (which was of Russian production) that functions as the sensor has been designed and built for use in ground-based optical sensing of the atmosphere and the Earth’s surface in the spectral range of 0.35–1.15 μm. Absolute calibration of this instrument was performed through a series of observations of direct solar radiation at Mauna Loa Observatory (MLO) in Hawaii in May and June 1993. Spectral optical depth (SOD) measurements that were made during these field experiments provided detailed spectral information about both aerosol extinction (scattering plus absorption) and molecular absorption in the atmosphere above the site at MLO. The aerosol-SOD measurements were compared with narrow-band radiometer measurements at wavelengths of 380, 500, and 778 nm The SWIF and narrow-band radiometer measurements are in agreement to within the experimental error. At a wavelength of 500 nm, the aerosol SOD was found to be approximately 0.045. A description of the SWIF instrument, its absolute calibration, and the determination of atmospheric SOD’s at MLO are presented.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  20. O. B. Vasilyev, A. P. Kovalenko, A. V. Vasilyev, L. S. Ivlev, V. M. Jukov, A. Leyra, A. Muhlia, R. Peralta y Fabi, R. M. Welch, “Report on the spectral optical properties of the polluted atmosphere of Mexico City (Spring–Summer 1992),” Rep. Internos 94–3 (Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Autonoma de Mexico, Ciudat Universitaria, Distrito Federal, Mexico, 1994).
  21. O. B. Vasilyev, L. S. Ivlev, A. Muhlia, A. Leyra, R. Peralta y Fabi, “Influence of aerosol on radiative transfer in the polluted atmosphere,” in IRS ’92: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation, Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, Tallinn, Estonia, (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 1993), pp. 195–198.
  22. J. M. Anderson, X. Sun, “Operational use of a variable interference filter pushbroom scanning multispectral imager,” paper presented at the International Symposium on Spectral Sensing Research (ISSSR ’94), San Diego, Calif., 10–15 July 1994.
  23. J. C. Demro, L. M. Woody, “Wedge Imaging Spectrometer (WIS) hyperspectral data collection demonstrate sensor utility,” paper presented at the International Symposium on Spectral Sensing Research (ISSSR ’94), San Diego, Calif., 10–15 July 1994.
  24. O. B. Vasilyev, R. M. Welch, A. L. Contreras, A. M. Velazquez, R. Peralta y Fabi, “Coincident surface and aircraft spectral resolution sensing of atmospheric parameters: a joint American–Mexican–Russian research program,” paper presented at the International Symposium Spectral Sensing Research (ISSSR ’94), San Diego, Calif., 10–15 July 1994.

1994 (1)

E. G. Dutton, P. Reddy, S. Ryan, J. J. DeLuisi, “Features and effects of aerosol optical depth observed at Mauna Loa, Hawaii: 1982–1992,” J. Geophys. Res. 99, 8295–8306 (1994); E. G. Dutton, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Environmental Research Laboratory, Boulder, Co., 80303 (personal communication, 1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, R. S. Fraser, “Temporal and spatial variability of aerosol optical depth in the Sahel region in relation to vegetation remote sensing,” Int. J. Remote Sensing 12, 1147–1163 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Moorthy, P. R. Nair, B. V. Krishna Murthy, “Size distribution of coastal aerosols: effects of local sources and sinks,” J. Appl. Meterol. 30, 844–852 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

A. F. H. Goetz, M. Herring, “The high-resolution imaging spectrometer (HIRIS) for EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 136–144 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Maronchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gertsl, H. R. Gordon, P. J. Sellers, J. Clark, J. A. Daniels, E. D. Danielson, V. Duval, K. P. Klaasen, G. W. Lilienthal, D. I. Nakamoto, R. J. Pagano, T. H. Reilly, “MISR: a multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer for geophysical and climatological research from EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 200–214 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1985 (2)

J. D. Spinhrine, M. D. King. “Latitudinal variation of spectral optical thickness and columnar size distribution of the El Chichon stratospheric aerosol layer,” J. Geophys. Res. 90, 10,607–10,619 (1985).

R. S. Fraser, Y. J. Kaufman, “The relative importance of aerosol scattering and absorption in remote sensing,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing GE-23, 625–633 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

R. S. Fraser, R. L. Mahoney, “Satellite measurements of aerosol mass and transport,” Atmos. Environ. 18, 2577–2584 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

C. Tomasi, E. Caroli, V. Vitale, “Study of the relationship between the Ångström wavelength exponent and Junge particle size distribution exponent,” J. Climate Appl. Meteorol. 22, 1707–1716 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

M. D. King, “Sensitivity of constrained linear inversions to the selection of the Lagrange multiplier,” J. Atmos. Sci. 39, 1356–1369 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

M. D. King, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, J. A. Reagan, “Aerosol size distributions obtained by inversion of spectral optical depth measurements,” J. Atmos. Sci. 35, 2153–2167 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1961 (1)

A. Ångström, “Techniques of determining turbidity of the atmosphere,” Tellus 13, 214–223 (1961).
[CrossRef]

1930 (1)

A. Ångström, “On the atmospheric transmission of sun radiation,” Geogr. Ann. 23, 130–159 (1930).

1929 (1)

A. Ångström, “On the atmospheric transmission of sun radiation and on dust in the air,” Geogr. Ann. 2, 156–166 (1929).

Ackerman, T. P.

D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Maronchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gertsl, H. R. Gordon, P. J. Sellers, J. Clark, J. A. Daniels, E. D. Danielson, V. Duval, K. P. Klaasen, G. W. Lilienthal, D. I. Nakamoto, R. J. Pagano, T. H. Reilly, “MISR: a multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer for geophysical and climatological research from EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 200–214 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, J. M.

J. M. Anderson, X. Sun, “Operational use of a variable interference filter pushbroom scanning multispectral imager,” paper presented at the International Symposium on Spectral Sensing Research (ISSSR ’94), San Diego, Calif., 10–15 July 1994.

Ångström, A.

A. Ångström, “Techniques of determining turbidity of the atmosphere,” Tellus 13, 214–223 (1961).
[CrossRef]

A. Ångström, “On the atmospheric transmission of sun radiation,” Geogr. Ann. 23, 130–159 (1930).

A. Ångström, “On the atmospheric transmission of sun radiation and on dust in the air,” Geogr. Ann. 2, 156–166 (1929).

Bruegge, C. J.

D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Maronchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gertsl, H. R. Gordon, P. J. Sellers, J. Clark, J. A. Daniels, E. D. Danielson, V. Duval, K. P. Klaasen, G. W. Lilienthal, D. I. Nakamoto, R. J. Pagano, T. H. Reilly, “MISR: a multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer for geophysical and climatological research from EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 200–214 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Byrne, D. M.

M. D. King, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, J. A. Reagan, “Aerosol size distributions obtained by inversion of spectral optical depth measurements,” J. Atmos. Sci. 35, 2153–2167 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Caroli, E.

C. Tomasi, E. Caroli, V. Vitale, “Study of the relationship between the Ångström wavelength exponent and Junge particle size distribution exponent,” J. Climate Appl. Meteorol. 22, 1707–1716 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Clark, J.

D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Maronchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gertsl, H. R. Gordon, P. J. Sellers, J. Clark, J. A. Daniels, E. D. Danielson, V. Duval, K. P. Klaasen, G. W. Lilienthal, D. I. Nakamoto, R. J. Pagano, T. H. Reilly, “MISR: a multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer for geophysical and climatological research from EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 200–214 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Contreras, A. L.

O. B. Vasilyev, R. M. Welch, A. L. Contreras, A. M. Velazquez, R. Peralta y Fabi, “Coincident surface and aircraft spectral resolution sensing of atmospheric parameters: a joint American–Mexican–Russian research program,” paper presented at the International Symposium Spectral Sensing Research (ISSSR ’94), San Diego, Calif., 10–15 July 1994.

Daniels, J. A.

D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Maronchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gertsl, H. R. Gordon, P. J. Sellers, J. Clark, J. A. Daniels, E. D. Danielson, V. Duval, K. P. Klaasen, G. W. Lilienthal, D. I. Nakamoto, R. J. Pagano, T. H. Reilly, “MISR: a multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer for geophysical and climatological research from EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 200–214 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Danielson, E. D.

D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Maronchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gertsl, H. R. Gordon, P. J. Sellers, J. Clark, J. A. Daniels, E. D. Danielson, V. Duval, K. P. Klaasen, G. W. Lilienthal, D. I. Nakamoto, R. J. Pagano, T. H. Reilly, “MISR: a multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer for geophysical and climatological research from EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 200–214 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Davies, R.

D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Maronchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gertsl, H. R. Gordon, P. J. Sellers, J. Clark, J. A. Daniels, E. D. Danielson, V. Duval, K. P. Klaasen, G. W. Lilienthal, D. I. Nakamoto, R. J. Pagano, T. H. Reilly, “MISR: a multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer for geophysical and climatological research from EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 200–214 (1989).
[CrossRef]

DeLuisi, J. J.

E. G. Dutton, P. Reddy, S. Ryan, J. J. DeLuisi, “Features and effects of aerosol optical depth observed at Mauna Loa, Hawaii: 1982–1992,” J. Geophys. Res. 99, 8295–8306 (1994); E. G. Dutton, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Environmental Research Laboratory, Boulder, Co., 80303 (personal communication, 1993).
[CrossRef]

Demro, J. C.

J. C. Demro, L. M. Woody, “Wedge Imaging Spectrometer (WIS) hyperspectral data collection demonstrate sensor utility,” paper presented at the International Symposium on Spectral Sensing Research (ISSSR ’94), San Diego, Calif., 10–15 July 1994.

Diner, D. J.

D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Maronchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gertsl, H. R. Gordon, P. J. Sellers, J. Clark, J. A. Daniels, E. D. Danielson, V. Duval, K. P. Klaasen, G. W. Lilienthal, D. I. Nakamoto, R. J. Pagano, T. H. Reilly, “MISR: a multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer for geophysical and climatological research from EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 200–214 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, E. G.

E. G. Dutton, P. Reddy, S. Ryan, J. J. DeLuisi, “Features and effects of aerosol optical depth observed at Mauna Loa, Hawaii: 1982–1992,” J. Geophys. Res. 99, 8295–8306 (1994); E. G. Dutton, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Environmental Research Laboratory, Boulder, Co., 80303 (personal communication, 1993).
[CrossRef]

Duval, V.

D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Maronchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gertsl, H. R. Gordon, P. J. Sellers, J. Clark, J. A. Daniels, E. D. Danielson, V. Duval, K. P. Klaasen, G. W. Lilienthal, D. I. Nakamoto, R. J. Pagano, T. H. Reilly, “MISR: a multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer for geophysical and climatological research from EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 200–214 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Eck, T. F.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, R. S. Fraser, “Temporal and spatial variability of aerosol optical depth in the Sahel region in relation to vegetation remote sensing,” Int. J. Remote Sensing 12, 1147–1163 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fraser, R. S.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, R. S. Fraser, “Temporal and spatial variability of aerosol optical depth in the Sahel region in relation to vegetation remote sensing,” Int. J. Remote Sensing 12, 1147–1163 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Fraser, Y. J. Kaufman, “The relative importance of aerosol scattering and absorption in remote sensing,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing GE-23, 625–633 (1985).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Fraser, R. L. Mahoney, “Satellite measurements of aerosol mass and transport,” Atmos. Environ. 18, 2577–2584 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Gertsl, S. A. W.

D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Maronchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gertsl, H. R. Gordon, P. J. Sellers, J. Clark, J. A. Daniels, E. D. Danielson, V. Duval, K. P. Klaasen, G. W. Lilienthal, D. I. Nakamoto, R. J. Pagano, T. H. Reilly, “MISR: a multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer for geophysical and climatological research from EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 200–214 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Goetz, A. F. H.

A. F. H. Goetz, M. Herring, “The high-resolution imaging spectrometer (HIRIS) for EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 136–144 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, H. R.

D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Maronchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gertsl, H. R. Gordon, P. J. Sellers, J. Clark, J. A. Daniels, E. D. Danielson, V. Duval, K. P. Klaasen, G. W. Lilienthal, D. I. Nakamoto, R. J. Pagano, T. H. Reilly, “MISR: a multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer for geophysical and climatological research from EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 200–214 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Herman, B. M.

M. D. King, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, J. A. Reagan, “Aerosol size distributions obtained by inversion of spectral optical depth measurements,” J. Atmos. Sci. 35, 2153–2167 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Herring, M.

A. F. H. Goetz, M. Herring, “The high-resolution imaging spectrometer (HIRIS) for EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 136–144 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Holben, B. N.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, R. S. Fraser, “Temporal and spatial variability of aerosol optical depth in the Sahel region in relation to vegetation remote sensing,” Int. J. Remote Sensing 12, 1147–1163 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Iqbal, M.

M. Iqbal, An Introduction to Solar Radiation (Academic, New York, 1983).

Ivlev, L. S.

O. B. Vasilyev, A. P. Kovalenko, A. V. Vasilyev, L. S. Ivlev, V. M. Jukov, A. Leyra, A. Muhlia, R. Peralta y Fabi, R. M. Welch, “Report on the spectral optical properties of the polluted atmosphere of Mexico City (Spring–Summer 1992),” Rep. Internos 94–3 (Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Autonoma de Mexico, Ciudat Universitaria, Distrito Federal, Mexico, 1994).

O. B. Vasilyev, L. S. Ivlev, A. Muhlia, A. Leyra, R. Peralta y Fabi, “Influence of aerosol on radiative transfer in the polluted atmosphere,” in IRS ’92: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation, Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, Tallinn, Estonia, (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 1993), pp. 195–198.

Jukov, V. M.

O. B. Vasilyev, A. P. Kovalenko, A. V. Vasilyev, L. S. Ivlev, V. M. Jukov, A. Leyra, A. Muhlia, R. Peralta y Fabi, R. M. Welch, “Report on the spectral optical properties of the polluted atmosphere of Mexico City (Spring–Summer 1992),” Rep. Internos 94–3 (Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Autonoma de Mexico, Ciudat Universitaria, Distrito Federal, Mexico, 1994).

Kaufman, Y. J.

R. S. Fraser, Y. J. Kaufman, “The relative importance of aerosol scattering and absorption in remote sensing,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing GE-23, 625–633 (1985).
[CrossRef]

King, M. D.

J. D. Spinhrine, M. D. King. “Latitudinal variation of spectral optical thickness and columnar size distribution of the El Chichon stratospheric aerosol layer,” J. Geophys. Res. 90, 10,607–10,619 (1985).

M. D. King, “Sensitivity of constrained linear inversions to the selection of the Lagrange multiplier,” J. Atmos. Sci. 39, 1356–1369 (1982).
[CrossRef]

M. D. King, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, J. A. Reagan, “Aerosol size distributions obtained by inversion of spectral optical depth measurements,” J. Atmos. Sci. 35, 2153–2167 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Klaasen, K. P.

D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Maronchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gertsl, H. R. Gordon, P. J. Sellers, J. Clark, J. A. Daniels, E. D. Danielson, V. Duval, K. P. Klaasen, G. W. Lilienthal, D. I. Nakamoto, R. J. Pagano, T. H. Reilly, “MISR: a multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer for geophysical and climatological research from EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 200–214 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kovalenko, A. P.

O. B. Vasilyev, A. P. Kovalenko, A. V. Vasilyev, L. S. Ivlev, V. M. Jukov, A. Leyra, A. Muhlia, R. Peralta y Fabi, R. M. Welch, “Report on the spectral optical properties of the polluted atmosphere of Mexico City (Spring–Summer 1992),” Rep. Internos 94–3 (Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Autonoma de Mexico, Ciudat Universitaria, Distrito Federal, Mexico, 1994).

Krishna Murthy, B. V.

K. K. Moorthy, P. R. Nair, B. V. Krishna Murthy, “Size distribution of coastal aerosols: effects of local sources and sinks,” J. Appl. Meterol. 30, 844–852 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Leyra, A.

O. B. Vasilyev, L. S. Ivlev, A. Muhlia, A. Leyra, R. Peralta y Fabi, “Influence of aerosol on radiative transfer in the polluted atmosphere,” in IRS ’92: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation, Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, Tallinn, Estonia, (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 1993), pp. 195–198.

O. B. Vasilyev, A. P. Kovalenko, A. V. Vasilyev, L. S. Ivlev, V. M. Jukov, A. Leyra, A. Muhlia, R. Peralta y Fabi, R. M. Welch, “Report on the spectral optical properties of the polluted atmosphere of Mexico City (Spring–Summer 1992),” Rep. Internos 94–3 (Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Autonoma de Mexico, Ciudat Universitaria, Distrito Federal, Mexico, 1994).

Lilienthal, G. W.

D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Maronchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gertsl, H. R. Gordon, P. J. Sellers, J. Clark, J. A. Daniels, E. D. Danielson, V. Duval, K. P. Klaasen, G. W. Lilienthal, D. I. Nakamoto, R. J. Pagano, T. H. Reilly, “MISR: a multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer for geophysical and climatological research from EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 200–214 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mahoney, R. L.

R. S. Fraser, R. L. Mahoney, “Satellite measurements of aerosol mass and transport,” Atmos. Environ. 18, 2577–2584 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Maronchik, J. V.

D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Maronchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gertsl, H. R. Gordon, P. J. Sellers, J. Clark, J. A. Daniels, E. D. Danielson, V. Duval, K. P. Klaasen, G. W. Lilienthal, D. I. Nakamoto, R. J. Pagano, T. H. Reilly, “MISR: a multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer for geophysical and climatological research from EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 200–214 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Minin, I. N.

K. S. Shifrin, I. N. Minin, “The theory of nonhorizontal visibility,” Proc. MGO No. 68, (Main Geophysical Observatory, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1957).

Moorthy, K. K.

K. K. Moorthy, P. R. Nair, B. V. Krishna Murthy, “Size distribution of coastal aerosols: effects of local sources and sinks,” J. Appl. Meterol. 30, 844–852 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Muhlia, A.

O. B. Vasilyev, A. P. Kovalenko, A. V. Vasilyev, L. S. Ivlev, V. M. Jukov, A. Leyra, A. Muhlia, R. Peralta y Fabi, R. M. Welch, “Report on the spectral optical properties of the polluted atmosphere of Mexico City (Spring–Summer 1992),” Rep. Internos 94–3 (Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Autonoma de Mexico, Ciudat Universitaria, Distrito Federal, Mexico, 1994).

O. B. Vasilyev, L. S. Ivlev, A. Muhlia, A. Leyra, R. Peralta y Fabi, “Influence of aerosol on radiative transfer in the polluted atmosphere,” in IRS ’92: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation, Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, Tallinn, Estonia, (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 1993), pp. 195–198.

Nair, P. R.

K. K. Moorthy, P. R. Nair, B. V. Krishna Murthy, “Size distribution of coastal aerosols: effects of local sources and sinks,” J. Appl. Meterol. 30, 844–852 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nakamoto, D. I.

D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Maronchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gertsl, H. R. Gordon, P. J. Sellers, J. Clark, J. A. Daniels, E. D. Danielson, V. Duval, K. P. Klaasen, G. W. Lilienthal, D. I. Nakamoto, R. J. Pagano, T. H. Reilly, “MISR: a multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer for geophysical and climatological research from EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 200–214 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pagano, R. J.

D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Maronchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gertsl, H. R. Gordon, P. J. Sellers, J. Clark, J. A. Daniels, E. D. Danielson, V. Duval, K. P. Klaasen, G. W. Lilienthal, D. I. Nakamoto, R. J. Pagano, T. H. Reilly, “MISR: a multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer for geophysical and climatological research from EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 200–214 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Peralta y Fabi, R.

O. B. Vasilyev, L. S. Ivlev, A. Muhlia, A. Leyra, R. Peralta y Fabi, “Influence of aerosol on radiative transfer in the polluted atmosphere,” in IRS ’92: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation, Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, Tallinn, Estonia, (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 1993), pp. 195–198.

O. B. Vasilyev, A. P. Kovalenko, A. V. Vasilyev, L. S. Ivlev, V. M. Jukov, A. Leyra, A. Muhlia, R. Peralta y Fabi, R. M. Welch, “Report on the spectral optical properties of the polluted atmosphere of Mexico City (Spring–Summer 1992),” Rep. Internos 94–3 (Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Autonoma de Mexico, Ciudat Universitaria, Distrito Federal, Mexico, 1994).

O. B. Vasilyev, R. M. Welch, A. L. Contreras, A. M. Velazquez, R. Peralta y Fabi, “Coincident surface and aircraft spectral resolution sensing of atmospheric parameters: a joint American–Mexican–Russian research program,” paper presented at the International Symposium Spectral Sensing Research (ISSSR ’94), San Diego, Calif., 10–15 July 1994.

Reagan, J. A.

M. D. King, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, J. A. Reagan, “Aerosol size distributions obtained by inversion of spectral optical depth measurements,” J. Atmos. Sci. 35, 2153–2167 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Reddy, P.

E. G. Dutton, P. Reddy, S. Ryan, J. J. DeLuisi, “Features and effects of aerosol optical depth observed at Mauna Loa, Hawaii: 1982–1992,” J. Geophys. Res. 99, 8295–8306 (1994); E. G. Dutton, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Environmental Research Laboratory, Boulder, Co., 80303 (personal communication, 1993).
[CrossRef]

Reilly, T. H.

D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Maronchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gertsl, H. R. Gordon, P. J. Sellers, J. Clark, J. A. Daniels, E. D. Danielson, V. Duval, K. P. Klaasen, G. W. Lilienthal, D. I. Nakamoto, R. J. Pagano, T. H. Reilly, “MISR: a multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer for geophysical and climatological research from EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 200–214 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ryan, S.

E. G. Dutton, P. Reddy, S. Ryan, J. J. DeLuisi, “Features and effects of aerosol optical depth observed at Mauna Loa, Hawaii: 1982–1992,” J. Geophys. Res. 99, 8295–8306 (1994); E. G. Dutton, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Environmental Research Laboratory, Boulder, Co., 80303 (personal communication, 1993).
[CrossRef]

Sellers, P. J.

D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Maronchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gertsl, H. R. Gordon, P. J. Sellers, J. Clark, J. A. Daniels, E. D. Danielson, V. Duval, K. P. Klaasen, G. W. Lilienthal, D. I. Nakamoto, R. J. Pagano, T. H. Reilly, “MISR: a multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer for geophysical and climatological research from EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 200–214 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Shifrin, K. S.

K. S. Shifrin, I. N. Minin, “The theory of nonhorizontal visibility,” Proc. MGO No. 68, (Main Geophysical Observatory, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1957).

Spinhrine, J. D.

J. D. Spinhrine, M. D. King. “Latitudinal variation of spectral optical thickness and columnar size distribution of the El Chichon stratospheric aerosol layer,” J. Geophys. Res. 90, 10,607–10,619 (1985).

Sun, X.

J. M. Anderson, X. Sun, “Operational use of a variable interference filter pushbroom scanning multispectral imager,” paper presented at the International Symposium on Spectral Sensing Research (ISSSR ’94), San Diego, Calif., 10–15 July 1994.

Tomasi, C.

C. Tomasi, E. Caroli, V. Vitale, “Study of the relationship between the Ångström wavelength exponent and Junge particle size distribution exponent,” J. Climate Appl. Meteorol. 22, 1707–1716 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Vasilyev, A. V.

O. B. Vasilyev, A. P. Kovalenko, A. V. Vasilyev, L. S. Ivlev, V. M. Jukov, A. Leyra, A. Muhlia, R. Peralta y Fabi, R. M. Welch, “Report on the spectral optical properties of the polluted atmosphere of Mexico City (Spring–Summer 1992),” Rep. Internos 94–3 (Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Autonoma de Mexico, Ciudat Universitaria, Distrito Federal, Mexico, 1994).

Vasilyev, O. B.

O. B. Vasilyev, L. S. Ivlev, A. Muhlia, A. Leyra, R. Peralta y Fabi, “Influence of aerosol on radiative transfer in the polluted atmosphere,” in IRS ’92: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation, Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, Tallinn, Estonia, (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 1993), pp. 195–198.

O. B. Vasilyev, R. M. Welch, A. L. Contreras, A. M. Velazquez, R. Peralta y Fabi, “Coincident surface and aircraft spectral resolution sensing of atmospheric parameters: a joint American–Mexican–Russian research program,” paper presented at the International Symposium Spectral Sensing Research (ISSSR ’94), San Diego, Calif., 10–15 July 1994.

O. B. Vasilyev, “On the absorbtivity of tropospheric aerosols in the shortwave range,” in IRS ’92: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation, Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, Tallinn, Estonia, (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 1993), pp. 349–352.

O. B. Vasilyev, A. P. Kovalenko, A. V. Vasilyev, L. S. Ivlev, V. M. Jukov, A. Leyra, A. Muhlia, R. Peralta y Fabi, R. M. Welch, “Report on the spectral optical properties of the polluted atmosphere of Mexico City (Spring–Summer 1992),” Rep. Internos 94–3 (Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Autonoma de Mexico, Ciudat Universitaria, Distrito Federal, Mexico, 1994).

Velazquez, A. M.

O. B. Vasilyev, R. M. Welch, A. L. Contreras, A. M. Velazquez, R. Peralta y Fabi, “Coincident surface and aircraft spectral resolution sensing of atmospheric parameters: a joint American–Mexican–Russian research program,” paper presented at the International Symposium Spectral Sensing Research (ISSSR ’94), San Diego, Calif., 10–15 July 1994.

Vitale, V.

C. Tomasi, E. Caroli, V. Vitale, “Study of the relationship between the Ångström wavelength exponent and Junge particle size distribution exponent,” J. Climate Appl. Meteorol. 22, 1707–1716 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Welch, R. M.

O. B. Vasilyev, A. P. Kovalenko, A. V. Vasilyev, L. S. Ivlev, V. M. Jukov, A. Leyra, A. Muhlia, R. Peralta y Fabi, R. M. Welch, “Report on the spectral optical properties of the polluted atmosphere of Mexico City (Spring–Summer 1992),” Rep. Internos 94–3 (Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Autonoma de Mexico, Ciudat Universitaria, Distrito Federal, Mexico, 1994).

O. B. Vasilyev, R. M. Welch, A. L. Contreras, A. M. Velazquez, R. Peralta y Fabi, “Coincident surface and aircraft spectral resolution sensing of atmospheric parameters: a joint American–Mexican–Russian research program,” paper presented at the International Symposium Spectral Sensing Research (ISSSR ’94), San Diego, Calif., 10–15 July 1994.

Woody, L. M.

J. C. Demro, L. M. Woody, “Wedge Imaging Spectrometer (WIS) hyperspectral data collection demonstrate sensor utility,” paper presented at the International Symposium on Spectral Sensing Research (ISSSR ’94), San Diego, Calif., 10–15 July 1994.

Atmos. Environ. (1)

R. S. Fraser, R. L. Mahoney, “Satellite measurements of aerosol mass and transport,” Atmos. Environ. 18, 2577–2584 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Geogr. Ann. (2)

A. Ångström, “On the atmospheric transmission of sun radiation and on dust in the air,” Geogr. Ann. 2, 156–166 (1929).

A. Ångström, “On the atmospheric transmission of sun radiation,” Geogr. Ann. 23, 130–159 (1930).

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing (3)

A. F. H. Goetz, M. Herring, “The high-resolution imaging spectrometer (HIRIS) for EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 136–144 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Maronchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gertsl, H. R. Gordon, P. J. Sellers, J. Clark, J. A. Daniels, E. D. Danielson, V. Duval, K. P. Klaasen, G. W. Lilienthal, D. I. Nakamoto, R. J. Pagano, T. H. Reilly, “MISR: a multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer for geophysical and climatological research from EOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 27, 200–214 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Fraser, Y. J. Kaufman, “The relative importance of aerosol scattering and absorption in remote sensing,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing GE-23, 625–633 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Remote Sensing (1)

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, R. S. Fraser, “Temporal and spatial variability of aerosol optical depth in the Sahel region in relation to vegetation remote sensing,” Int. J. Remote Sensing 12, 1147–1163 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Meterol. (1)

K. K. Moorthy, P. R. Nair, B. V. Krishna Murthy, “Size distribution of coastal aerosols: effects of local sources and sinks,” J. Appl. Meterol. 30, 844–852 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sci. (2)

M. D. King, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, J. A. Reagan, “Aerosol size distributions obtained by inversion of spectral optical depth measurements,” J. Atmos. Sci. 35, 2153–2167 (1978).
[CrossRef]

M. D. King, “Sensitivity of constrained linear inversions to the selection of the Lagrange multiplier,” J. Atmos. Sci. 39, 1356–1369 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Climate Appl. Meteorol. (1)

C. Tomasi, E. Caroli, V. Vitale, “Study of the relationship between the Ångström wavelength exponent and Junge particle size distribution exponent,” J. Climate Appl. Meteorol. 22, 1707–1716 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (2)

J. D. Spinhrine, M. D. King. “Latitudinal variation of spectral optical thickness and columnar size distribution of the El Chichon stratospheric aerosol layer,” J. Geophys. Res. 90, 10,607–10,619 (1985).

E. G. Dutton, P. Reddy, S. Ryan, J. J. DeLuisi, “Features and effects of aerosol optical depth observed at Mauna Loa, Hawaii: 1982–1992,” J. Geophys. Res. 99, 8295–8306 (1994); E. G. Dutton, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Environmental Research Laboratory, Boulder, Co., 80303 (personal communication, 1993).
[CrossRef]

Tellus (1)

A. Ångström, “Techniques of determining turbidity of the atmosphere,” Tellus 13, 214–223 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Other (10)

International Geophysics Series Vol. 26 (Academic, New York, 1980).

J. T. Houghton, G. J. Jenkins, J. J. Ephramus, eds., “Climate change: the IPCC scientific assessment,” report prepared for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, England, 1990).

M. Iqbal, An Introduction to Solar Radiation (Academic, New York, 1983).

K. S. Shifrin, I. N. Minin, “The theory of nonhorizontal visibility,” Proc. MGO No. 68, (Main Geophysical Observatory, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1957).

O. B. Vasilyev, “On the absorbtivity of tropospheric aerosols in the shortwave range,” in IRS ’92: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation, Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, Tallinn, Estonia, (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 1993), pp. 349–352.

O. B. Vasilyev, A. P. Kovalenko, A. V. Vasilyev, L. S. Ivlev, V. M. Jukov, A. Leyra, A. Muhlia, R. Peralta y Fabi, R. M. Welch, “Report on the spectral optical properties of the polluted atmosphere of Mexico City (Spring–Summer 1992),” Rep. Internos 94–3 (Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Autonoma de Mexico, Ciudat Universitaria, Distrito Federal, Mexico, 1994).

O. B. Vasilyev, L. S. Ivlev, A. Muhlia, A. Leyra, R. Peralta y Fabi, “Influence of aerosol on radiative transfer in the polluted atmosphere,” in IRS ’92: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation, Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, Tallinn, Estonia, (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 1993), pp. 195–198.

J. M. Anderson, X. Sun, “Operational use of a variable interference filter pushbroom scanning multispectral imager,” paper presented at the International Symposium on Spectral Sensing Research (ISSSR ’94), San Diego, Calif., 10–15 July 1994.

J. C. Demro, L. M. Woody, “Wedge Imaging Spectrometer (WIS) hyperspectral data collection demonstrate sensor utility,” paper presented at the International Symposium on Spectral Sensing Research (ISSSR ’94), San Diego, Calif., 10–15 July 1994.

O. B. Vasilyev, R. M. Welch, A. L. Contreras, A. M. Velazquez, R. Peralta y Fabi, “Coincident surface and aircraft spectral resolution sensing of atmospheric parameters: a joint American–Mexican–Russian research program,” paper presented at the International Symposium Spectral Sensing Research (ISSSR ’94), San Diego, Calif., 10–15 July 1994.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Photograph of the SWIF instrument.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagrams of (a) the optical module and (b) the block of SWIF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Mercury-lamp emission spectrum (solid curve) and the sky-brightness spectrum (dashed curve) that were used for wavelength calibration of the SWIF instrument.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dispersion curves for the SWIF instrument in the three spectral regions (UV, VIS, and NIR).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Profiles of the oxygen absorption band in (a) the sky-brightness spectrum at St. Petersburg for 25 March 1993 and (b) the SOD spectrum at MLO in Hawaii for 30 May and 2–4 June 1993.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Plots of (a) the extrapolated values of direct solar-radiation fluxes observed at MLO in Hawaii on 30 May and 2–4 June 1993, and (b) the averaged values (curve 1) for all four days, along with the standard variation (curve 2) and the standard deviation (curve 3) of those values.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Plots of (a) the total and (b) the reduced SOD’s observed at MLO in Hawaii on 30 May and 2–4 June 1993, along with (c) the averaged values of the reduced SOD for all four days (curve 1), their standard variation (curve 2), and their standard deviation (curve 3).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Approximation of the aerosol SOD as obtained with the power-law–Ångström approximation of Eq. (5) (curve 1) and with Eq. (17) (curve 2).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Molecular absorption in the atmospheric SOD as measured at MLO in Hawaii on 30 May and 2–4 June 1993.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Plots of (a) NOAA’s measurements taken at MLO in Hawaii of the optical thickness at λ = 500 nm during the periods relative to the eruptions of the El Chichon (4 April 1992)) (crosses) and Mt. Pinatubo (16 June 1991) (filled squares) volcanoes, and (b) the change in the optical thickness at λ = 380 nm (solid curve), (-), 500 nm (dashed curve), and 778 nm (dotted curve) from 1991 to 1994.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Temporal variations of the UV (curve 1), broadband (0.3–4 μm) (curve 2), and NR (curve 3) optical depths at MLO in Hawaii for 30–31 May through 1–4 June 1993.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 SWIF Characteristics

Tables Icon

Table 2 Spectral Optical Depths (SOD’s) τ Measured with the Mauna Loa Observatory Sun Photometers

Tables Icon

Table 3 Broadband Sun-Photometer Measurements of the Spectral Optical Depth (SOD) τ

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

τ ( λ ) = 0 π r 2 [ Q ext ( r , λ , m ) ] [ n c ( r ) ] d r ,
τ ( λ ) = β λ - α ,
n c ( r ) = N 0 r - ν
v = α + 2.
τ ( λ ) = 0.033 λ - 0.62 ,
τ ( λ ) = ( β λ - α ) + C ,
τ ( λ ) = 0.0243 + ( 0.0095 λ - 1.37 ) ,
N ( r ) = ( 10 8 r - 2.6 ) / H ( cm - 3 ) ,

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