Abstract

Stretching one of a pair of fiber arms can be done to realize optical phase modulation for an IR single-mode all-fiber-optic Fourier-transform spectrometer (FTS). But this operation will inevitably limit the physical performance of a FTS. We study these limits theoretically and experimentally. The optical path difference (OPD) will be dispersive. At the first-order approximation, this OPD dispersion will result in a shift in the recovered spectra. The spectral resolution and the sampling distance will also be dispersive. Linear birefringence introduced when a curved fiber is stretched will affect the final spectra. This effect can be eliminated by real-time compensation and (or) by system design. Errors encountered uniquely in the all-fiber-optic FTS in the optical phase domain, such as the fiber-parameter errors, nonlinearity of the piezoelectric cylinder, and their effects on the spectra are analyzed, from which we deduce the requirements for calibration. Finally, calibration methods for optical phase modulation are discussed.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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