Abstract

We propose a three-dimensional optical-memory device in which refractive dot data are recorded directly into a photorefractive crystal. To record a single bit of datum, one focuses a laser beam with an objective lens onto a specific spot in a crystal, thereby changing its refractive index locally as a result of photorefraction. To record in three dimensions, one keeps the objective lens stationary while the crystal is translated. The beam-spot intensity is modulated with a beam shutter according to the logic state of the data point. The recorded data points are read with a phase–contrast microscope objective lens. We present experimental results of three-dimensional recording and reading with a LiNbO3 crystal. The distribution of the refractive index formed by a focused beam is also analyzed with the charge-transport model.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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