Abstract

Phase-shifting interferometry suffers from two main sources of error: phase-shift miscalibration and detector nonlinearity. Algorithms that calculate the phase of a measured wave front require a high degree of tolerance for these error sources. An extended method for deriving such error-compensating algorithms patterned on the sequential application of the averaging technique is proposed here. Two classes of algorithms were derived. One class is based on the popular three-frame technique, and the other class is based on the 4-frame technique. The derivation of algorithms in these classes was calculated for algorithms with up to six frames. The new 5-frame algorithm and two new 6-frame algorithms have smaller phase errors caused by phase-shifter miscalibration than any of the common 3-, 4- or 5-frame algorithms. An analysis of the errors resulting from algorithms in both classes is provided by computer simulation and by an investigation of the spectra of sampling functions.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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