Abstract

Development of a laser scanning microscope for simultaneous three-dimensional imaging in both a full-field laser scanning mode (FLSM) and a confocal laser scanning mode (CLSM) permits the direct comparison of axial resolution and out-of-focus background rejection as a function of sample thickness for both FLSM and CLSM with varying detector aperture (pinhole) radii. The sample-dependent detector aperture radii that optimize the signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) in the CLSM are experimentally determined.

The results verify earlier calculations [ Appl. Opt. 33, 603 ( 1994)]. Using these results, we discuss the practical and theoretical limits on the S/N in the CLSM and compare them with those of a full-field epifluorescence microscope (FEM) that is enhanced by image deconvolution. The specimen volume over which the FLSM exhibits imaging properties that are equivalent to a FEM is calculated in the appendices.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Zeeman laser scanning confocal microscope and its ability on reduction of specimen-induced spherical aberration

Jheng-Syong Wu, Chien Chou, Chi-Hui Chang, Li-Ping Yu, Li-Dek Chou, Hsiu-Fong Chang, Hon-Fai Yau, and Cheng-Chung Lee
Opt. Express 18(12) 13136-13150 (2010)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (13)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (7)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription