Abstract

A scheme for the design of diffractive phase elements (DPE’s) that integrates several optical functions is presented in a consistent sense based on the general theory of amplitude–phase retrieval and the Yang–Gu algorithm [Appl. Opt. 33, 209 (1994)]. We extend the original Yang–Gu algorithm to treat a system illuminated by a beam of incident light whose components are at different wavelengths, and a set of equations for determining the phase distribution of the DPE is derived. The profile of a surface-relief DPE can be designed with an iterative algorithm. Numerical simulations are carried out for the design of one-dimensional DPE’s capable of both demultiplexing different wavelength components and focusing each partial wave at predetermined positions. The influence of the extension of sampling points in the DPE’s from ideal geometric points to physical spots on design results is also investigated. The numerical simulation results show that the new algorithm can be used successfully to design the desired DPE’s. It is therefore expected to be useful in the design of DPE’s for micro-optical systems.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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