Abstract

A whole-field method of double-exposure speckle photography is employed to determine metal surface roughness by correlation between two speckle patterns. A movable rectangular aperture that is mounted before an image lens is shifted between the exposures, which results in a decrease in the contrast of the reconstructed Young’s fringes with increasing roughness. The technique permits evaluation of the roughness of particular points on a surface as well as the average roughness of an entire surface. Four sets of random surfaces that were prepared by different machine-finishing processes and with roughnesses ranging from 0.6 to 13 μm have been tested. Different methods have been carried out to process the test data, and a practical method for the evaluation of surface roughness is proposed.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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