Abstract

Database processing, like the majority of nonnumerical applications, exhibits a high degree of functional parallelism but does not require complex operations; therefore it is amenable to optical solutions. The architecture of an optoelectronic filter that is capable of performing selection and projection operations on a two-dimensional data array in a relational database environment is presented. The system receives input from a parallel optical memory, one page at a time, and performs logic operations by using optoelectronic smart pixels based on heterostructure phototransistors and vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. Combinations of and and xor gates are used to realize row–column masking and comparisons of input data against user-supplied search arguments. The main goal of the filter is to reduce the effective data rate between the highly parallel optical storage and the low input data rate conventional electronic computer, thus efficiently interfacing currently available photonic and electronic technologies.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. B. Berra, K.-H. Brenner, W. T. Kathey, H. J. Caulfield, S. H. Lee, H. Szu, “Optical database/knowledge base machines,” Appl. Opt. 29, 193–204 (1990).
  2. P. A. Mitkas, P. B. Berra, “Parallel optical memories for very large databases,” in Photonics for Computers, Neural Networks, and Memories, S. T. Kowel, W. J. Miceli, J. A. Neff, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1773, 377–387 (1992).
  3. C. W. Wilmsen, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, X. An, “Switching light with light,” IEEE Circuits Devices 7, 21–25 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. B. Berra, A. Ghafoor, P. A. Mitkas, S. J. Marcinkowski, M. Guizani, “The impact of optics on data and knowledge base systems,” IEEE Trans. Knowledge Data Eng. 1, 111–132 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. A. Mitkas, P. B. Berra, “PHOEBUS: An optoelectronic database machine based on parallel optical disks,” J. Parallel Distributed Process. 17, 230–244 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Louri, J. A. Hatch, “High-speed database processing on an optical content-addressable parallel processor (OCAPP),” in Optical Computing, Vol. 7 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 50–53.
  7. P. S. Guilfoyle, W. Jackson Wiley, “Combinatorial logic based optical computing architectures,” Appl. Opt. 27, 1661–1673 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Matsuo, T. Kurokawa, H. Tsuda, C. Amano, “All-optical bit-pattern matching with photonic switching arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 267–269 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Matsuda, H. Adachi, T. Chino, J. Shibata, “Integration of InGaAsP/InP optoelectronic bistable switches with a function of optical erasing,” IEEE Electron. Device Lett. 11, 442–444 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. W. Wilmsen, F. R. Beyette, X. An, S. A. Feld, K. M. Geib, “Smart pixels using the light amplifying optical switch (LAOS),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 769–774 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. H. Lee, J. I. Song, M. S. Kim, C. S. Shim, B. Tell, R. E. Leibenguth, “Active optical NOR logic devices using surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 479–482 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. P. Bryan, G. R. Olbright, J. Cheng, “Cascadable surface-emitting laser logic: Demonstration of Boolean logic,” Electron. Lett. 27, 893–894 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Cheng, P. Zhou, S. Z. Sun, S. Hersee, D. R. Myers, J. Zolper, G. A. Vawter, “Surface-emitting laser-based smart pixels for two-dimensional optical logic and reconfigurable optical interconnections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 741–756 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  14. F. R. Beyette, K. M. Geib, C. M. St. Clair, S. A. Feld, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optoelectronic exclusive-or (xor) using hybrid integration of phototransistors and vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).
  15. A. H. Sayles, J. P. Uyemura, “An optoelectronic CMOS memory circuit for parallel detection and storage of optical data,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 26, 1110–1115 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. P. Uyemura, B. L. Austin, “Hybrid optical-electronic logic gates in complementary metal-oxide semiconductor very-large-scale integration,” Appl. Opt. 31, 1774–1782 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. P. A. Mitkas, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optical digital comparison unit for equal-to-, less-than, and greater-than determination,” Appl. Opt.32, add page no (1993) (to be published).
  18. F. S. Choa, Y. H. Lee, T. L. Koch, C. A. Burrus, B. Tell, L. J. Jewel, R. E. Leibenguth, “High-speed modulation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 697–699 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. W. Maeda, C. Chang-Hasnain, A. Von Lehmen, H. Idzapanah, C. Lin, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Florez, J. Harbinson, “Multigigabit/s operation of 16-wavelength vertical-cavity, surface-emitting laser array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 863–865 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

1993 (3)

P. A. Mitkas, P. B. Berra, “PHOEBUS: An optoelectronic database machine based on parallel optical disks,” J. Parallel Distributed Process. 17, 230–244 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Wilmsen, F. R. Beyette, X. An, S. A. Feld, K. M. Geib, “Smart pixels using the light amplifying optical switch (LAOS),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 769–774 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Cheng, P. Zhou, S. Z. Sun, S. Hersee, D. R. Myers, J. Zolper, G. A. Vawter, “Surface-emitting laser-based smart pixels for two-dimensional optical logic and reconfigurable optical interconnections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 741–756 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (3)

J. P. Uyemura, B. L. Austin, “Hybrid optical-electronic logic gates in complementary metal-oxide semiconductor very-large-scale integration,” Appl. Opt. 31, 1774–1782 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. H. Lee, J. I. Song, M. S. Kim, C. S. Shim, B. Tell, R. E. Leibenguth, “Active optical NOR logic devices using surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 479–482 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Matsuo, T. Kurokawa, H. Tsuda, C. Amano, “All-optical bit-pattern matching with photonic switching arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 267–269 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (5)

R. P. Bryan, G. R. Olbright, J. Cheng, “Cascadable surface-emitting laser logic: Demonstration of Boolean logic,” Electron. Lett. 27, 893–894 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Wilmsen, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, X. An, “Switching light with light,” IEEE Circuits Devices 7, 21–25 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F. S. Choa, Y. H. Lee, T. L. Koch, C. A. Burrus, B. Tell, L. J. Jewel, R. E. Leibenguth, “High-speed modulation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 697–699 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Maeda, C. Chang-Hasnain, A. Von Lehmen, H. Idzapanah, C. Lin, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Florez, J. Harbinson, “Multigigabit/s operation of 16-wavelength vertical-cavity, surface-emitting laser array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 863–865 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Sayles, J. P. Uyemura, “An optoelectronic CMOS memory circuit for parallel detection and storage of optical data,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 26, 1110–1115 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

P. B. Berra, K.-H. Brenner, W. T. Kathey, H. J. Caulfield, S. H. Lee, H. Szu, “Optical database/knowledge base machines,” Appl. Opt. 29, 193–204 (1990).

K. Matsuda, H. Adachi, T. Chino, J. Shibata, “Integration of InGaAsP/InP optoelectronic bistable switches with a function of optical erasing,” IEEE Electron. Device Lett. 11, 442–444 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

P. B. Berra, A. Ghafoor, P. A. Mitkas, S. J. Marcinkowski, M. Guizani, “The impact of optics on data and knowledge base systems,” IEEE Trans. Knowledge Data Eng. 1, 111–132 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

Adachi, H.

K. Matsuda, H. Adachi, T. Chino, J. Shibata, “Integration of InGaAsP/InP optoelectronic bistable switches with a function of optical erasing,” IEEE Electron. Device Lett. 11, 442–444 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Amano, C.

S. Matsuo, T. Kurokawa, H. Tsuda, C. Amano, “All-optical bit-pattern matching with photonic switching arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 267–269 (1992).
[CrossRef]

An, X.

C. W. Wilmsen, F. R. Beyette, X. An, S. A. Feld, K. M. Geib, “Smart pixels using the light amplifying optical switch (LAOS),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 769–774 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Wilmsen, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, X. An, “Switching light with light,” IEEE Circuits Devices 7, 21–25 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Austin, B. L.

Berra, P. B.

P. A. Mitkas, P. B. Berra, “PHOEBUS: An optoelectronic database machine based on parallel optical disks,” J. Parallel Distributed Process. 17, 230–244 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Berra, K.-H. Brenner, W. T. Kathey, H. J. Caulfield, S. H. Lee, H. Szu, “Optical database/knowledge base machines,” Appl. Opt. 29, 193–204 (1990).

P. B. Berra, A. Ghafoor, P. A. Mitkas, S. J. Marcinkowski, M. Guizani, “The impact of optics on data and knowledge base systems,” IEEE Trans. Knowledge Data Eng. 1, 111–132 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Mitkas, P. B. Berra, “Parallel optical memories for very large databases,” in Photonics for Computers, Neural Networks, and Memories, S. T. Kowel, W. J. Miceli, J. A. Neff, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1773, 377–387 (1992).

Beyette, F. R.

C. W. Wilmsen, F. R. Beyette, X. An, S. A. Feld, K. M. Geib, “Smart pixels using the light amplifying optical switch (LAOS),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 769–774 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Wilmsen, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, X. An, “Switching light with light,” IEEE Circuits Devices 7, 21–25 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Beyette, K. M. Geib, C. M. St. Clair, S. A. Feld, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optoelectronic exclusive-or (xor) using hybrid integration of phototransistors and vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

P. A. Mitkas, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optical digital comparison unit for equal-to-, less-than, and greater-than determination,” Appl. Opt.32, add page no (1993) (to be published).

Brenner, K.-H.

P. B. Berra, K.-H. Brenner, W. T. Kathey, H. J. Caulfield, S. H. Lee, H. Szu, “Optical database/knowledge base machines,” Appl. Opt. 29, 193–204 (1990).

Bryan, R. P.

R. P. Bryan, G. R. Olbright, J. Cheng, “Cascadable surface-emitting laser logic: Demonstration of Boolean logic,” Electron. Lett. 27, 893–894 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Burrus, C. A.

F. S. Choa, Y. H. Lee, T. L. Koch, C. A. Burrus, B. Tell, L. J. Jewel, R. E. Leibenguth, “High-speed modulation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 697–699 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Caulfield, H. J.

P. B. Berra, K.-H. Brenner, W. T. Kathey, H. J. Caulfield, S. H. Lee, H. Szu, “Optical database/knowledge base machines,” Appl. Opt. 29, 193–204 (1990).

Chang-Hasnain, C.

M. W. Maeda, C. Chang-Hasnain, A. Von Lehmen, H. Idzapanah, C. Lin, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Florez, J. Harbinson, “Multigigabit/s operation of 16-wavelength vertical-cavity, surface-emitting laser array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 863–865 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, J.

J. Cheng, P. Zhou, S. Z. Sun, S. Hersee, D. R. Myers, J. Zolper, G. A. Vawter, “Surface-emitting laser-based smart pixels for two-dimensional optical logic and reconfigurable optical interconnections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 741–756 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Bryan, G. R. Olbright, J. Cheng, “Cascadable surface-emitting laser logic: Demonstration of Boolean logic,” Electron. Lett. 27, 893–894 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chino, T.

K. Matsuda, H. Adachi, T. Chino, J. Shibata, “Integration of InGaAsP/InP optoelectronic bistable switches with a function of optical erasing,” IEEE Electron. Device Lett. 11, 442–444 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Choa, F. S.

F. S. Choa, Y. H. Lee, T. L. Koch, C. A. Burrus, B. Tell, L. J. Jewel, R. E. Leibenguth, “High-speed modulation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 697–699 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Clair, C. M. St.

F. R. Beyette, K. M. Geib, C. M. St. Clair, S. A. Feld, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optoelectronic exclusive-or (xor) using hybrid integration of phototransistors and vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Feld, S. A.

C. W. Wilmsen, F. R. Beyette, X. An, S. A. Feld, K. M. Geib, “Smart pixels using the light amplifying optical switch (LAOS),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 769–774 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Wilmsen, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, X. An, “Switching light with light,” IEEE Circuits Devices 7, 21–25 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Beyette, K. M. Geib, C. M. St. Clair, S. A. Feld, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optoelectronic exclusive-or (xor) using hybrid integration of phototransistors and vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

P. A. Mitkas, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optical digital comparison unit for equal-to-, less-than, and greater-than determination,” Appl. Opt.32, add page no (1993) (to be published).

Florez, L.

M. W. Maeda, C. Chang-Hasnain, A. Von Lehmen, H. Idzapanah, C. Lin, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Florez, J. Harbinson, “Multigigabit/s operation of 16-wavelength vertical-cavity, surface-emitting laser array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 863–865 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Geib, K. M.

C. W. Wilmsen, F. R. Beyette, X. An, S. A. Feld, K. M. Geib, “Smart pixels using the light amplifying optical switch (LAOS),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 769–774 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Beyette, K. M. Geib, C. M. St. Clair, S. A. Feld, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optoelectronic exclusive-or (xor) using hybrid integration of phototransistors and vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Ghafoor, A.

P. B. Berra, A. Ghafoor, P. A. Mitkas, S. J. Marcinkowski, M. Guizani, “The impact of optics on data and knowledge base systems,” IEEE Trans. Knowledge Data Eng. 1, 111–132 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Guilfoyle, P. S.

Guizani, M.

P. B. Berra, A. Ghafoor, P. A. Mitkas, S. J. Marcinkowski, M. Guizani, “The impact of optics on data and knowledge base systems,” IEEE Trans. Knowledge Data Eng. 1, 111–132 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Harbinson, J.

M. W. Maeda, C. Chang-Hasnain, A. Von Lehmen, H. Idzapanah, C. Lin, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Florez, J. Harbinson, “Multigigabit/s operation of 16-wavelength vertical-cavity, surface-emitting laser array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 863–865 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hatch, J. A.

A. Louri, J. A. Hatch, “High-speed database processing on an optical content-addressable parallel processor (OCAPP),” in Optical Computing, Vol. 7 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 50–53.

Hersee, S.

J. Cheng, P. Zhou, S. Z. Sun, S. Hersee, D. R. Myers, J. Zolper, G. A. Vawter, “Surface-emitting laser-based smart pixels for two-dimensional optical logic and reconfigurable optical interconnections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 741–756 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Idzapanah, H.

M. W. Maeda, C. Chang-Hasnain, A. Von Lehmen, H. Idzapanah, C. Lin, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Florez, J. Harbinson, “Multigigabit/s operation of 16-wavelength vertical-cavity, surface-emitting laser array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 863–865 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Iqbal, M. Z.

M. W. Maeda, C. Chang-Hasnain, A. Von Lehmen, H. Idzapanah, C. Lin, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Florez, J. Harbinson, “Multigigabit/s operation of 16-wavelength vertical-cavity, surface-emitting laser array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 863–865 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jackson Wiley, W.

Jewel, L. J.

F. S. Choa, Y. H. Lee, T. L. Koch, C. A. Burrus, B. Tell, L. J. Jewel, R. E. Leibenguth, “High-speed modulation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 697–699 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kathey, W. T.

P. B. Berra, K.-H. Brenner, W. T. Kathey, H. J. Caulfield, S. H. Lee, H. Szu, “Optical database/knowledge base machines,” Appl. Opt. 29, 193–204 (1990).

Kim, M. S.

Y. H. Lee, J. I. Song, M. S. Kim, C. S. Shim, B. Tell, R. E. Leibenguth, “Active optical NOR logic devices using surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 479–482 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Koch, T. L.

F. S. Choa, Y. H. Lee, T. L. Koch, C. A. Burrus, B. Tell, L. J. Jewel, R. E. Leibenguth, “High-speed modulation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 697–699 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kurokawa, T.

S. Matsuo, T. Kurokawa, H. Tsuda, C. Amano, “All-optical bit-pattern matching with photonic switching arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 267–269 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

P. B. Berra, K.-H. Brenner, W. T. Kathey, H. J. Caulfield, S. H. Lee, H. Szu, “Optical database/knowledge base machines,” Appl. Opt. 29, 193–204 (1990).

Lee, Y. H.

Y. H. Lee, J. I. Song, M. S. Kim, C. S. Shim, B. Tell, R. E. Leibenguth, “Active optical NOR logic devices using surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 479–482 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. S. Choa, Y. H. Lee, T. L. Koch, C. A. Burrus, B. Tell, L. J. Jewel, R. E. Leibenguth, “High-speed modulation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 697–699 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Leibenguth, R. E.

Y. H. Lee, J. I. Song, M. S. Kim, C. S. Shim, B. Tell, R. E. Leibenguth, “Active optical NOR logic devices using surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 479–482 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. S. Choa, Y. H. Lee, T. L. Koch, C. A. Burrus, B. Tell, L. J. Jewel, R. E. Leibenguth, “High-speed modulation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 697–699 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

M. W. Maeda, C. Chang-Hasnain, A. Von Lehmen, H. Idzapanah, C. Lin, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Florez, J. Harbinson, “Multigigabit/s operation of 16-wavelength vertical-cavity, surface-emitting laser array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 863–865 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Louri, A.

A. Louri, J. A. Hatch, “High-speed database processing on an optical content-addressable parallel processor (OCAPP),” in Optical Computing, Vol. 7 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 50–53.

Maeda, M. W.

M. W. Maeda, C. Chang-Hasnain, A. Von Lehmen, H. Idzapanah, C. Lin, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Florez, J. Harbinson, “Multigigabit/s operation of 16-wavelength vertical-cavity, surface-emitting laser array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 863–865 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Marcinkowski, S. J.

P. B. Berra, A. Ghafoor, P. A. Mitkas, S. J. Marcinkowski, M. Guizani, “The impact of optics on data and knowledge base systems,” IEEE Trans. Knowledge Data Eng. 1, 111–132 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Matsuda, K.

K. Matsuda, H. Adachi, T. Chino, J. Shibata, “Integration of InGaAsP/InP optoelectronic bistable switches with a function of optical erasing,” IEEE Electron. Device Lett. 11, 442–444 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Matsuo, S.

S. Matsuo, T. Kurokawa, H. Tsuda, C. Amano, “All-optical bit-pattern matching with photonic switching arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 267–269 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mitkas, P. A.

P. A. Mitkas, P. B. Berra, “PHOEBUS: An optoelectronic database machine based on parallel optical disks,” J. Parallel Distributed Process. 17, 230–244 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Berra, A. Ghafoor, P. A. Mitkas, S. J. Marcinkowski, M. Guizani, “The impact of optics on data and knowledge base systems,” IEEE Trans. Knowledge Data Eng. 1, 111–132 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Mitkas, P. B. Berra, “Parallel optical memories for very large databases,” in Photonics for Computers, Neural Networks, and Memories, S. T. Kowel, W. J. Miceli, J. A. Neff, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1773, 377–387 (1992).

P. A. Mitkas, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optical digital comparison unit for equal-to-, less-than, and greater-than determination,” Appl. Opt.32, add page no (1993) (to be published).

Myers, D. R.

J. Cheng, P. Zhou, S. Z. Sun, S. Hersee, D. R. Myers, J. Zolper, G. A. Vawter, “Surface-emitting laser-based smart pixels for two-dimensional optical logic and reconfigurable optical interconnections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 741–756 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Olbright, G. R.

R. P. Bryan, G. R. Olbright, J. Cheng, “Cascadable surface-emitting laser logic: Demonstration of Boolean logic,” Electron. Lett. 27, 893–894 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sayles, A. H.

A. H. Sayles, J. P. Uyemura, “An optoelectronic CMOS memory circuit for parallel detection and storage of optical data,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 26, 1110–1115 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, J.

K. Matsuda, H. Adachi, T. Chino, J. Shibata, “Integration of InGaAsP/InP optoelectronic bistable switches with a function of optical erasing,” IEEE Electron. Device Lett. 11, 442–444 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shim, C. S.

Y. H. Lee, J. I. Song, M. S. Kim, C. S. Shim, B. Tell, R. E. Leibenguth, “Active optical NOR logic devices using surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 479–482 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Song, J. I.

Y. H. Lee, J. I. Song, M. S. Kim, C. S. Shim, B. Tell, R. E. Leibenguth, “Active optical NOR logic devices using surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 479–482 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sun, S. Z.

J. Cheng, P. Zhou, S. Z. Sun, S. Hersee, D. R. Myers, J. Zolper, G. A. Vawter, “Surface-emitting laser-based smart pixels for two-dimensional optical logic and reconfigurable optical interconnections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 741–756 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Szu, H.

P. B. Berra, K.-H. Brenner, W. T. Kathey, H. J. Caulfield, S. H. Lee, H. Szu, “Optical database/knowledge base machines,” Appl. Opt. 29, 193–204 (1990).

Tell, B.

Y. H. Lee, J. I. Song, M. S. Kim, C. S. Shim, B. Tell, R. E. Leibenguth, “Active optical NOR logic devices using surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 479–482 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. S. Choa, Y. H. Lee, T. L. Koch, C. A. Burrus, B. Tell, L. J. Jewel, R. E. Leibenguth, “High-speed modulation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 697–699 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tsuda, H.

S. Matsuo, T. Kurokawa, H. Tsuda, C. Amano, “All-optical bit-pattern matching with photonic switching arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 267–269 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Uyemura, J. P.

J. P. Uyemura, B. L. Austin, “Hybrid optical-electronic logic gates in complementary metal-oxide semiconductor very-large-scale integration,” Appl. Opt. 31, 1774–1782 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. H. Sayles, J. P. Uyemura, “An optoelectronic CMOS memory circuit for parallel detection and storage of optical data,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 26, 1110–1115 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Vawter, G. A.

J. Cheng, P. Zhou, S. Z. Sun, S. Hersee, D. R. Myers, J. Zolper, G. A. Vawter, “Surface-emitting laser-based smart pixels for two-dimensional optical logic and reconfigurable optical interconnections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 741–756 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Von Lehmen, A.

M. W. Maeda, C. Chang-Hasnain, A. Von Lehmen, H. Idzapanah, C. Lin, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Florez, J. Harbinson, “Multigigabit/s operation of 16-wavelength vertical-cavity, surface-emitting laser array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 863–865 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wilmsen, C. W.

C. W. Wilmsen, F. R. Beyette, X. An, S. A. Feld, K. M. Geib, “Smart pixels using the light amplifying optical switch (LAOS),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 769–774 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Wilmsen, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, X. An, “Switching light with light,” IEEE Circuits Devices 7, 21–25 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Beyette, K. M. Geib, C. M. St. Clair, S. A. Feld, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optoelectronic exclusive-or (xor) using hybrid integration of phototransistors and vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

P. A. Mitkas, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optical digital comparison unit for equal-to-, less-than, and greater-than determination,” Appl. Opt.32, add page no (1993) (to be published).

Zhou, P.

J. Cheng, P. Zhou, S. Z. Sun, S. Hersee, D. R. Myers, J. Zolper, G. A. Vawter, “Surface-emitting laser-based smart pixels for two-dimensional optical logic and reconfigurable optical interconnections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 741–756 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zolper, J.

J. Cheng, P. Zhou, S. Z. Sun, S. Hersee, D. R. Myers, J. Zolper, G. A. Vawter, “Surface-emitting laser-based smart pixels for two-dimensional optical logic and reconfigurable optical interconnections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 741–756 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. P. Bryan, G. R. Olbright, J. Cheng, “Cascadable surface-emitting laser logic: Demonstration of Boolean logic,” Electron. Lett. 27, 893–894 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Circuits Devices (1)

C. W. Wilmsen, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, X. An, “Switching light with light,” IEEE Circuits Devices 7, 21–25 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Electron. Device Lett. (1)

K. Matsuda, H. Adachi, T. Chino, J. Shibata, “Integration of InGaAsP/InP optoelectronic bistable switches with a function of optical erasing,” IEEE Electron. Device Lett. 11, 442–444 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

C. W. Wilmsen, F. R. Beyette, X. An, S. A. Feld, K. M. Geib, “Smart pixels using the light amplifying optical switch (LAOS),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 769–774 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Cheng, P. Zhou, S. Z. Sun, S. Hersee, D. R. Myers, J. Zolper, G. A. Vawter, “Surface-emitting laser-based smart pixels for two-dimensional optical logic and reconfigurable optical interconnections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 741–756 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits (1)

A. H. Sayles, J. P. Uyemura, “An optoelectronic CMOS memory circuit for parallel detection and storage of optical data,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 26, 1110–1115 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

Y. H. Lee, J. I. Song, M. S. Kim, C. S. Shim, B. Tell, R. E. Leibenguth, “Active optical NOR logic devices using surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 479–482 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. S. Choa, Y. H. Lee, T. L. Koch, C. A. Burrus, B. Tell, L. J. Jewel, R. E. Leibenguth, “High-speed modulation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 697–699 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Maeda, C. Chang-Hasnain, A. Von Lehmen, H. Idzapanah, C. Lin, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Florez, J. Harbinson, “Multigigabit/s operation of 16-wavelength vertical-cavity, surface-emitting laser array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 863–865 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Matsuo, T. Kurokawa, H. Tsuda, C. Amano, “All-optical bit-pattern matching with photonic switching arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 267–269 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Knowledge Data Eng. (1)

P. B. Berra, A. Ghafoor, P. A. Mitkas, S. J. Marcinkowski, M. Guizani, “The impact of optics on data and knowledge base systems,” IEEE Trans. Knowledge Data Eng. 1, 111–132 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Parallel Distributed Process. (1)

P. A. Mitkas, P. B. Berra, “PHOEBUS: An optoelectronic database machine based on parallel optical disks,” J. Parallel Distributed Process. 17, 230–244 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

A. Louri, J. A. Hatch, “High-speed database processing on an optical content-addressable parallel processor (OCAPP),” in Optical Computing, Vol. 7 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 50–53.

P. A. Mitkas, P. B. Berra, “Parallel optical memories for very large databases,” in Photonics for Computers, Neural Networks, and Memories, S. T. Kowel, W. J. Miceli, J. A. Neff, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1773, 377–387 (1992).

P. A. Mitkas, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optical digital comparison unit for equal-to-, less-than, and greater-than determination,” Appl. Opt.32, add page no (1993) (to be published).

F. R. Beyette, K. M. Geib, C. M. St. Clair, S. A. Feld, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optoelectronic exclusive-or (xor) using hybrid integration of phototransistors and vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Example of a relation in a database

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Result of the projection on domains Transaction_Number and Amount, (b) result of selection of the tuples with Customer_Number = 32650.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Filtering logic for the selection operation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Circuit diagrams of (a) a VCSEL-based and gate, (b) a VCSEL-based xor gate.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Timing diagrams for (a) a VCSEL-based and gate, (b) a VCSEL-based xor gate. The time axis does not reflect the speed of the devices.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Projection module.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Selection module. PDA, photodetector array.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Pixel diagrams of (a) the and gate array, (b) the xor gate array. GND, ground node.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Optoelectronic data filter: (a) block diagram, (b) optical signal flow.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Single optoelectronic cell (this figure is a modified version of Fig. 1 in Ref. 16).

Equations (6)

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π i = { 1 for every desired bit 0 for every undesired bit .
M ¯ = i = 1 n [ ( m i r i ) σ i ] ,
a r r a y p o w e r = ( p o w e r / p i x e l ) × ( n u m b e r o f p i x e l s ) × ( d u t y c y c l e ) × ( a v e r a g e p e r c e n t a g e o f p i x e l s ON a t a n y t i m e ) ,
a r r a y p o w e r = [ ( 2 mA × 3 V ) × ( 100 × 100 ) × ( 0.5 ) × ( 0.5 ) ] = 15 W .
T project = T setup + k ( T pagein + T AND + T OERAM ) ,
T select = T setup + k { T pagein + T AND + max [ ( T XOR + T PDA ) , T OERAM ] } ,

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