Abstract

Generation of 22 mW of narrow-band radiation near 430 nm was achieved by frequency doubling the 100-mW output of a single-mode GaAlAs diode laser near 860 nm. A monolithic potassium niobate ring resonator serves as the nonlinear medium and at the same time as a reference cavity for the diode-laser frequency, which optically self-locks to a cavity resonance frequency. Continuous scans of the second-harmonic frequency over 330 MHz are achieved with the electro-optic effect. The results demonstrate a portable, economical, and efficient source of coherent blue light.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. C. Camparo, “The diode laser in atomic physics,” Contemp. Phys. 26, 443–477 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  2. C. E. Wieman, L. Hollberg, “Using diode lasers in atomic physics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1–20 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  3. B. Dhamani, L. Hollberg, R. Drullinger, “Frequency stabilization of semi-conductor lasers by resonant optical feedback,” Opt. Lett. 12, 876–878 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  4. H. Li, H. R. Telle, “Efficient frequency noise reduction of GaAlAs semiconductor lasers by optical feedback from an external high finesse resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 257–264 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  5. P. Laurent, A. Clairon, C. Breant, “Frequency noise analysis of optically self-locked diode lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131–1142 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  6. C. Walker, M. Haase, J. Qiu, J. DePuydt, H. Cheng, “Key developments in blue-green II–IV laser diodes,” presented at the International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 June 1992.
  7. G. J. Dixon, C. E. Tanner, C. E. Wieman, “432-nm source based on efficient second-harmonic generation of GaAlAs diode-laser radiation in a self-locking external resonant cavity,” Opt. Lett. 14, 731–733 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. A. Hemmerich, D. McIntyre, C. Zimmerman, T. W. Hänsch, “Second-harmonic generation and optical stabilization of a diode laser in an external ring resonator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 372–374 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. W. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, G. L. Bona, “Generation of 41 mW blue radiation by frequency doubling of a GaAlAs diode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291–2292 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Hemmerich, D. McIntyre, D. Schropp, D. Meschede, T. W. Hänsch, “Optically stabilized narrow linewidth semiconductor laser for high resolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 75, 118–122 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  11. C. Zimmerman, T. W. Hänsch, R. Byer, S. O'Brien, D. Welch, “Second harmonic generation at 972 nm using a distributed Bragg reflection semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2741–2743 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. Baumert, P. Günther, H. Melchior, “High efficiency second-harmonic generation in KNbO3 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 48, 215–220 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  13. T. W. Hänsch, B. Couillard, “Laser frequency stabilization by polarisation spectroscopy of a reflecting reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35, 441–444 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  14. P. Buch, P. Kohns, “Optically self-locked semiconductor laser with servo control for feedback phase and laser current,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1863–1868 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  15. H. R. Telle, “Optisch rückgekopplte Laserdioden mit grossem kontinuierlichem Abstimmbereich,” Verh. Dtsch. Phys. Ges. 7, 849 (1991).

1992 (1)

C. Zimmerman, T. W. Hänsch, R. Byer, S. O'Brien, D. Welch, “Second harmonic generation at 972 nm using a distributed Bragg reflection semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2741–2743 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (3)

C. E. Wieman, L. Hollberg, “Using diode lasers in atomic physics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1–20 (1991).
[Crossref]

P. Buch, P. Kohns, “Optically self-locked semiconductor laser with servo control for feedback phase and laser current,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1863–1868 (1991).
[Crossref]

H. R. Telle, “Optisch rückgekopplte Laserdioden mit grossem kontinuierlichem Abstimmbereich,” Verh. Dtsch. Phys. Ges. 7, 849 (1991).

1990 (3)

A. Hemmerich, D. McIntyre, C. Zimmerman, T. W. Hänsch, “Second-harmonic generation and optical stabilization of a diode laser in an external ring resonator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 372–374 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, G. L. Bona, “Generation of 41 mW blue radiation by frequency doubling of a GaAlAs diode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291–2292 (1990).
[Crossref]

A. Hemmerich, D. McIntyre, D. Schropp, D. Meschede, T. W. Hänsch, “Optically stabilized narrow linewidth semiconductor laser for high resolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 75, 118–122 (1990).
[Crossref]

1989 (3)

H. Li, H. R. Telle, “Efficient frequency noise reduction of GaAlAs semiconductor lasers by optical feedback from an external high finesse resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 257–264 (1989).
[Crossref]

P. Laurent, A. Clairon, C. Breant, “Frequency noise analysis of optically self-locked diode lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131–1142 (1989).
[Crossref]

G. J. Dixon, C. E. Tanner, C. E. Wieman, “432-nm source based on efficient second-harmonic generation of GaAlAs diode-laser radiation in a self-locking external resonant cavity,” Opt. Lett. 14, 731–733 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

1985 (1)

J. C. Camparo, “The diode laser in atomic physics,” Contemp. Phys. 26, 443–477 (1985).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

J. Baumert, P. Günther, H. Melchior, “High efficiency second-harmonic generation in KNbO3 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 48, 215–220 (1983).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

T. W. Hänsch, B. Couillard, “Laser frequency stabilization by polarisation spectroscopy of a reflecting reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35, 441–444 (1980).
[Crossref]

Baumert, J.

J. Baumert, P. Günther, H. Melchior, “High efficiency second-harmonic generation in KNbO3 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 48, 215–220 (1983).
[Crossref]

Bona, G. L.

W. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, G. L. Bona, “Generation of 41 mW blue radiation by frequency doubling of a GaAlAs diode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291–2292 (1990).
[Crossref]

Breant, C.

P. Laurent, A. Clairon, C. Breant, “Frequency noise analysis of optically self-locked diode lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131–1142 (1989).
[Crossref]

Buch, P.

P. Buch, P. Kohns, “Optically self-locked semiconductor laser with servo control for feedback phase and laser current,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1863–1868 (1991).
[Crossref]

Byer, R.

C. Zimmerman, T. W. Hänsch, R. Byer, S. O'Brien, D. Welch, “Second harmonic generation at 972 nm using a distributed Bragg reflection semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2741–2743 (1992).
[Crossref]

Camparo, J. C.

J. C. Camparo, “The diode laser in atomic physics,” Contemp. Phys. 26, 443–477 (1985).
[Crossref]

Cheng, H.

C. Walker, M. Haase, J. Qiu, J. DePuydt, H. Cheng, “Key developments in blue-green II–IV laser diodes,” presented at the International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 June 1992.

Clairon, A.

P. Laurent, A. Clairon, C. Breant, “Frequency noise analysis of optically self-locked diode lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131–1142 (1989).
[Crossref]

Couillard, B.

T. W. Hänsch, B. Couillard, “Laser frequency stabilization by polarisation spectroscopy of a reflecting reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35, 441–444 (1980).
[Crossref]

DePuydt, J.

C. Walker, M. Haase, J. Qiu, J. DePuydt, H. Cheng, “Key developments in blue-green II–IV laser diodes,” presented at the International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 June 1992.

Dhamani, B.

Dixon, G. J.

Drullinger, R.

Günther, P.

J. Baumert, P. Günther, H. Melchior, “High efficiency second-harmonic generation in KNbO3 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 48, 215–220 (1983).
[Crossref]

Haase, M.

C. Walker, M. Haase, J. Qiu, J. DePuydt, H. Cheng, “Key developments in blue-green II–IV laser diodes,” presented at the International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 June 1992.

Hänsch, T. W.

C. Zimmerman, T. W. Hänsch, R. Byer, S. O'Brien, D. Welch, “Second harmonic generation at 972 nm using a distributed Bragg reflection semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2741–2743 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. Hemmerich, D. McIntyre, D. Schropp, D. Meschede, T. W. Hänsch, “Optically stabilized narrow linewidth semiconductor laser for high resolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 75, 118–122 (1990).
[Crossref]

A. Hemmerich, D. McIntyre, C. Zimmerman, T. W. Hänsch, “Second-harmonic generation and optical stabilization of a diode laser in an external ring resonator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 372–374 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. W. Hänsch, B. Couillard, “Laser frequency stabilization by polarisation spectroscopy of a reflecting reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35, 441–444 (1980).
[Crossref]

Hemmerich, A.

A. Hemmerich, D. McIntyre, C. Zimmerman, T. W. Hänsch, “Second-harmonic generation and optical stabilization of a diode laser in an external ring resonator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 372–374 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Hemmerich, D. McIntyre, D. Schropp, D. Meschede, T. W. Hänsch, “Optically stabilized narrow linewidth semiconductor laser for high resolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 75, 118–122 (1990).
[Crossref]

Hollberg, L.

Kohns, P.

P. Buch, P. Kohns, “Optically self-locked semiconductor laser with servo control for feedback phase and laser current,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1863–1868 (1991).
[Crossref]

Kozlovsky, W.

W. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, G. L. Bona, “Generation of 41 mW blue radiation by frequency doubling of a GaAlAs diode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291–2292 (1990).
[Crossref]

Latta, E. E.

W. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, G. L. Bona, “Generation of 41 mW blue radiation by frequency doubling of a GaAlAs diode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291–2292 (1990).
[Crossref]

Laurent, P.

P. Laurent, A. Clairon, C. Breant, “Frequency noise analysis of optically self-locked diode lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131–1142 (1989).
[Crossref]

Lenth, W.

W. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, G. L. Bona, “Generation of 41 mW blue radiation by frequency doubling of a GaAlAs diode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291–2292 (1990).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

H. Li, H. R. Telle, “Efficient frequency noise reduction of GaAlAs semiconductor lasers by optical feedback from an external high finesse resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 257–264 (1989).
[Crossref]

McIntyre, D.

A. Hemmerich, D. McIntyre, C. Zimmerman, T. W. Hänsch, “Second-harmonic generation and optical stabilization of a diode laser in an external ring resonator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 372–374 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Hemmerich, D. McIntyre, D. Schropp, D. Meschede, T. W. Hänsch, “Optically stabilized narrow linewidth semiconductor laser for high resolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 75, 118–122 (1990).
[Crossref]

Melchior, H.

J. Baumert, P. Günther, H. Melchior, “High efficiency second-harmonic generation in KNbO3 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 48, 215–220 (1983).
[Crossref]

Meschede, D.

A. Hemmerich, D. McIntyre, D. Schropp, D. Meschede, T. W. Hänsch, “Optically stabilized narrow linewidth semiconductor laser for high resolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 75, 118–122 (1990).
[Crossref]

Moser, A.

W. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, G. L. Bona, “Generation of 41 mW blue radiation by frequency doubling of a GaAlAs diode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291–2292 (1990).
[Crossref]

O'Brien, S.

C. Zimmerman, T. W. Hänsch, R. Byer, S. O'Brien, D. Welch, “Second harmonic generation at 972 nm using a distributed Bragg reflection semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2741–2743 (1992).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

C. Walker, M. Haase, J. Qiu, J. DePuydt, H. Cheng, “Key developments in blue-green II–IV laser diodes,” presented at the International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 June 1992.

Schropp, D.

A. Hemmerich, D. McIntyre, D. Schropp, D. Meschede, T. W. Hänsch, “Optically stabilized narrow linewidth semiconductor laser for high resolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 75, 118–122 (1990).
[Crossref]

Tanner, C. E.

Telle, H. R.

H. R. Telle, “Optisch rückgekopplte Laserdioden mit grossem kontinuierlichem Abstimmbereich,” Verh. Dtsch. Phys. Ges. 7, 849 (1991).

H. Li, H. R. Telle, “Efficient frequency noise reduction of GaAlAs semiconductor lasers by optical feedback from an external high finesse resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 257–264 (1989).
[Crossref]

Walker, C.

C. Walker, M. Haase, J. Qiu, J. DePuydt, H. Cheng, “Key developments in blue-green II–IV laser diodes,” presented at the International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 June 1992.

Welch, D.

C. Zimmerman, T. W. Hänsch, R. Byer, S. O'Brien, D. Welch, “Second harmonic generation at 972 nm using a distributed Bragg reflection semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2741–2743 (1992).
[Crossref]

Wieman, C. E.

Zimmerman, C.

C. Zimmerman, T. W. Hänsch, R. Byer, S. O'Brien, D. Welch, “Second harmonic generation at 972 nm using a distributed Bragg reflection semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2741–2743 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. Hemmerich, D. McIntyre, C. Zimmerman, T. W. Hänsch, “Second-harmonic generation and optical stabilization of a diode laser in an external ring resonator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 372–374 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

W. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, G. L. Bona, “Generation of 41 mW blue radiation by frequency doubling of a GaAlAs diode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291–2292 (1990).
[Crossref]

C. Zimmerman, T. W. Hänsch, R. Byer, S. O'Brien, D. Welch, “Second harmonic generation at 972 nm using a distributed Bragg reflection semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2741–2743 (1992).
[Crossref]

Contemp. Phys. (1)

J. C. Camparo, “The diode laser in atomic physics,” Contemp. Phys. 26, 443–477 (1985).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

H. Li, H. R. Telle, “Efficient frequency noise reduction of GaAlAs semiconductor lasers by optical feedback from an external high finesse resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 257–264 (1989).
[Crossref]

P. Laurent, A. Clairon, C. Breant, “Frequency noise analysis of optically self-locked diode lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131–1142 (1989).
[Crossref]

P. Buch, P. Kohns, “Optically self-locked semiconductor laser with servo control for feedback phase and laser current,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1863–1868 (1991).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (3)

J. Baumert, P. Günther, H. Melchior, “High efficiency second-harmonic generation in KNbO3 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 48, 215–220 (1983).
[Crossref]

T. W. Hänsch, B. Couillard, “Laser frequency stabilization by polarisation spectroscopy of a reflecting reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35, 441–444 (1980).
[Crossref]

A. Hemmerich, D. McIntyre, D. Schropp, D. Meschede, T. W. Hänsch, “Optically stabilized narrow linewidth semiconductor laser for high resolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 75, 118–122 (1990).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

C. E. Wieman, L. Hollberg, “Using diode lasers in atomic physics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1–20 (1991).
[Crossref]

Verh. Dtsch. Phys. Ges. (1)

H. R. Telle, “Optisch rückgekopplte Laserdioden mit grossem kontinuierlichem Abstimmbereich,” Verh. Dtsch. Phys. Ges. 7, 849 (1991).

Other (1)

C. Walker, M. Haase, J. Qiu, J. DePuydt, H. Cheng, “Key developments in blue-green II–IV laser diodes,” presented at the International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 June 1992.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematics of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Power of the fundamental wave, reflected from the monolithic enhancement resonator. The pump current of the laser is varied over a range of 10 mA, corresponding to a frequency detuning of 35 GHz: FSR, free-spectral range. (b) Second-harmonic power as a function of the fundamental power incident upon the front facet of the doubler: Div, division.

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