Abstract

Based on the diffractive properties of a transmission-type phase volume hologram, a new type of polarization-division multi/demultiplexer for optical communications is presented.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. K.-W. Cheung, “Acousto-optic tunable filters in narrowband WDM network: system issues network applications,” IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 8, 1015–1025 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. S. Siddiqui, J. Zhou, “Two-channel optical fiber transmission using polarization division multiplexing,” J. Opt. Commun. 12, 47–49 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. M. Hill, R. Olshansky, W. K. Burns, “Optical polarization division multiplexing at 4 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 500–502 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. K. Kostuk, M. Kato, Y.-T. Huang, “Polarization properties of substrate-mode holographic interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 29, 3848–3854 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Kato, H. Ito, T. Yamamoto, F. Yamagishi, T. Nakagami, “Multichannel optical switch that uses holograms,” Opt. Lett. 17, 769–771 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y.-T. Huang, Y.-H. Chen, “Polarization-selective elements with a substrate mode gratings pair structure,” Opt. Lett. 18, 921–923(1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
  8. T. G. Georgekutty, H.-K. Liu, “Simplified dichromated gelatin hologram recording process,” Appl. Opt. 26, 372–376 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

1992 (2)

M. Kato, H. Ito, T. Yamamoto, F. Yamagishi, T. Nakagami, “Multichannel optical switch that uses holograms,” Opt. Lett. 17, 769–771 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Hill, R. Olshansky, W. K. Burns, “Optical polarization division multiplexing at 4 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 500–502 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

A. S. Siddiqui, J. Zhou, “Two-channel optical fiber transmission using polarization division multiplexing,” J. Opt. Commun. 12, 47–49 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

K.-W. Cheung, “Acousto-optic tunable filters in narrowband WDM network: system issues network applications,” IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 8, 1015–1025 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Kostuk, M. Kato, Y.-T. Huang, “Polarization properties of substrate-mode holographic interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 29, 3848–3854 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).

Burns, W. K.

P. M. Hill, R. Olshansky, W. K. Burns, “Optical polarization division multiplexing at 4 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 500–502 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.-H.

Cheung, K.-W.

K.-W. Cheung, “Acousto-optic tunable filters in narrowband WDM network: system issues network applications,” IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 8, 1015–1025 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Georgekutty, T. G.

Hill, P. M.

P. M. Hill, R. Olshansky, W. K. Burns, “Optical polarization division multiplexing at 4 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 500–502 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.-T.

Ito, H.

Kato, M.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).

Kostuk, R. K.

Liu, H.-K.

Nakagami, T.

Olshansky, R.

P. M. Hill, R. Olshansky, W. K. Burns, “Optical polarization division multiplexing at 4 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 500–502 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Siddiqui, A. S.

A. S. Siddiqui, J. Zhou, “Two-channel optical fiber transmission using polarization division multiplexing,” J. Opt. Commun. 12, 47–49 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yamagishi, F.

Yamamoto, T.

Zhou, J.

A. S. Siddiqui, J. Zhou, “Two-channel optical fiber transmission using polarization division multiplexing,” J. Opt. Commun. 12, 47–49 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).

IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. (1)

K.-W. Cheung, “Acousto-optic tunable filters in narrowband WDM network: system issues network applications,” IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 8, 1015–1025 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P. M. Hill, R. Olshansky, W. K. Burns, “Optical polarization division multiplexing at 4 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 500–502 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Commun. (1)

A. S. Siddiqui, J. Zhou, “Two-channel optical fiber transmission using polarization division multiplexing,” J. Opt. Commun. 12, 47–49 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Architecture of the substrate-mode holographic polarization-division demultiplexer: GR, graded-index lens; G, coupling grating; SUB, substrate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

K-vector diagram of shorter-wavelength construction for longer-wavelength reconstruction.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission images for (a) s-, (b) p-polarization input signals.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated efficiencies of the device versus the coupling wavelength for the center wavelength of 1.3 μm.

Equations (3)

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η s = sin 2 [ π n 1 d λ r 1 ( cos θ d ) 1 / 2 ] = sin 2 ν s ,
η p = sin 2 [ π n 1 d λ r 1 ( cos θ d ) 1 / 2 cos θ d ] = sin 2 ( ν s cos θ d ) = sin 2 ν p ,
ν s = ( m + 1 ) ( π / 2 ) ,             ν p = m ( π / 2 ) ,

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