Abstract

We describe the characterization and laboratory study of a new optical device, a circle-to-line interferometer optical (CLIO) system, for a Fabry–Perot interferometer. The CLIO system converts a circular Fabry–Perot interferometer fringe pattern into a linear fringe pattern that can be analyzed by a linear array detector or a charge-coupled device. One can achieve the circle-to-line conversion by the use of a mirrored kaleidoscope and a 90-deg segment of a 45-deg half-angle internally reflecting cone. Our laboratory results are in good agreement with theoretical predictions. The aberrations associated with this optical system are minor for large F-number optical systems, especially for the cone segment. The finesse degradation caused by this CLIO system is relatively small, which agrees with the results of a ray-trace study.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Fabry, A. Perot, “Sur les Franges de Lames Minces Argentees et Leur Application a la Measure de Petites Epasseurs d'Air,” Ann. Chim. Phys. 12, 459–501 (1897).
  2. T. L. Killeen, B. C. Kennedy, P. B. Hays, D. A. Synamow, D. H. Ceckowski, “Image plane detector for the Dynamics Explorer Fabry-Perot interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3503–3513 (1983).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. P. B. Hays, T. L. Killeen, B. C. Kennedy, “The Fabry–Perot interferometer on Dynamics Explorer,” Space Sci. Instrum. 5, 395–416 (1981).
  4. P. B. Hays, V. J. Abreu, M. E. Dobbs, D. A. Gell, H. J. Grassel, W. R. Skinner, “The high resolution Doppler imager on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10713–10723 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  5. P. B. Hays, “Circle-to-line interferometer optical system,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1482–1489 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. J. Wang, P. B. Hays, H. J. Grassel, J. Wu, “Fabry–Perot interferometer with a new focal plane detection technique and its application in ground-based measurement of NIR OH emissions,” in Infrared Detectors and Instrumention, A. M. Fowler, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1946, 421–433 (1993).
  7. J. Wang, “An investigation on the multiorder Fabry–Perot interferometer as a satellite-borne high resolution atmospheric temperature sounder,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1990).

1994 (1)

P. B. Hays, V. J. Abreu, M. E. Dobbs, D. A. Gell, H. J. Grassel, W. R. Skinner, “The high resolution Doppler imager on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10713–10723 (1994).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

1983 (1)

1981 (1)

P. B. Hays, T. L. Killeen, B. C. Kennedy, “The Fabry–Perot interferometer on Dynamics Explorer,” Space Sci. Instrum. 5, 395–416 (1981).

1897 (1)

C. Fabry, A. Perot, “Sur les Franges de Lames Minces Argentees et Leur Application a la Measure de Petites Epasseurs d'Air,” Ann. Chim. Phys. 12, 459–501 (1897).

Abreu, V. J.

P. B. Hays, V. J. Abreu, M. E. Dobbs, D. A. Gell, H. J. Grassel, W. R. Skinner, “The high resolution Doppler imager on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10713–10723 (1994).
[Crossref]

Ceckowski, D. H.

Dobbs, M. E.

P. B. Hays, V. J. Abreu, M. E. Dobbs, D. A. Gell, H. J. Grassel, W. R. Skinner, “The high resolution Doppler imager on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10713–10723 (1994).
[Crossref]

Fabry, C.

C. Fabry, A. Perot, “Sur les Franges de Lames Minces Argentees et Leur Application a la Measure de Petites Epasseurs d'Air,” Ann. Chim. Phys. 12, 459–501 (1897).

Gell, D. A.

P. B. Hays, V. J. Abreu, M. E. Dobbs, D. A. Gell, H. J. Grassel, W. R. Skinner, “The high resolution Doppler imager on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10713–10723 (1994).
[Crossref]

Grassel, H. J.

P. B. Hays, V. J. Abreu, M. E. Dobbs, D. A. Gell, H. J. Grassel, W. R. Skinner, “The high resolution Doppler imager on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10713–10723 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, P. B. Hays, H. J. Grassel, J. Wu, “Fabry–Perot interferometer with a new focal plane detection technique and its application in ground-based measurement of NIR OH emissions,” in Infrared Detectors and Instrumention, A. M. Fowler, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1946, 421–433 (1993).

Hays, P. B.

P. B. Hays, V. J. Abreu, M. E. Dobbs, D. A. Gell, H. J. Grassel, W. R. Skinner, “The high resolution Doppler imager on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10713–10723 (1994).
[Crossref]

P. B. Hays, “Circle-to-line interferometer optical system,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1482–1489 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. L. Killeen, B. C. Kennedy, P. B. Hays, D. A. Synamow, D. H. Ceckowski, “Image plane detector for the Dynamics Explorer Fabry-Perot interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3503–3513 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Hays, T. L. Killeen, B. C. Kennedy, “The Fabry–Perot interferometer on Dynamics Explorer,” Space Sci. Instrum. 5, 395–416 (1981).

J. Wang, P. B. Hays, H. J. Grassel, J. Wu, “Fabry–Perot interferometer with a new focal plane detection technique and its application in ground-based measurement of NIR OH emissions,” in Infrared Detectors and Instrumention, A. M. Fowler, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1946, 421–433 (1993).

Kennedy, B. C.

T. L. Killeen, B. C. Kennedy, P. B. Hays, D. A. Synamow, D. H. Ceckowski, “Image plane detector for the Dynamics Explorer Fabry-Perot interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3503–3513 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Hays, T. L. Killeen, B. C. Kennedy, “The Fabry–Perot interferometer on Dynamics Explorer,” Space Sci. Instrum. 5, 395–416 (1981).

Killeen, T. L.

T. L. Killeen, B. C. Kennedy, P. B. Hays, D. A. Synamow, D. H. Ceckowski, “Image plane detector for the Dynamics Explorer Fabry-Perot interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3503–3513 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Hays, T. L. Killeen, B. C. Kennedy, “The Fabry–Perot interferometer on Dynamics Explorer,” Space Sci. Instrum. 5, 395–416 (1981).

Perot, A.

C. Fabry, A. Perot, “Sur les Franges de Lames Minces Argentees et Leur Application a la Measure de Petites Epasseurs d'Air,” Ann. Chim. Phys. 12, 459–501 (1897).

Skinner, W. R.

P. B. Hays, V. J. Abreu, M. E. Dobbs, D. A. Gell, H. J. Grassel, W. R. Skinner, “The high resolution Doppler imager on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10713–10723 (1994).
[Crossref]

Synamow, D. A.

Wang, J.

J. Wang, P. B. Hays, H. J. Grassel, J. Wu, “Fabry–Perot interferometer with a new focal plane detection technique and its application in ground-based measurement of NIR OH emissions,” in Infrared Detectors and Instrumention, A. M. Fowler, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1946, 421–433 (1993).

J. Wang, “An investigation on the multiorder Fabry–Perot interferometer as a satellite-borne high resolution atmospheric temperature sounder,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1990).

Wu, J.

J. Wang, P. B. Hays, H. J. Grassel, J. Wu, “Fabry–Perot interferometer with a new focal plane detection technique and its application in ground-based measurement of NIR OH emissions,” in Infrared Detectors and Instrumention, A. M. Fowler, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1946, 421–433 (1993).

Ann. Chim. Phys. (1)

C. Fabry, A. Perot, “Sur les Franges de Lames Minces Argentees et Leur Application a la Measure de Petites Epasseurs d'Air,” Ann. Chim. Phys. 12, 459–501 (1897).

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

P. B. Hays, V. J. Abreu, M. E. Dobbs, D. A. Gell, H. J. Grassel, W. R. Skinner, “The high resolution Doppler imager on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10713–10723 (1994).
[Crossref]

Space Sci. Instrum. (1)

P. B. Hays, T. L. Killeen, B. C. Kennedy, “The Fabry–Perot interferometer on Dynamics Explorer,” Space Sci. Instrum. 5, 395–416 (1981).

Other (2)

J. Wang, P. B. Hays, H. J. Grassel, J. Wu, “Fabry–Perot interferometer with a new focal plane detection technique and its application in ground-based measurement of NIR OH emissions,” in Infrared Detectors and Instrumention, A. M. Fowler, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1946, 421–433 (1993).

J. Wang, “An investigation on the multiorder Fabry–Perot interferometer as a satellite-borne high resolution atmospheric temperature sounder,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1990).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

CLIO system: (a) circle-to-line conversion by a cone segment, (b) CLIO optical system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup of the CLIO system.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of the Sony CCD camera with a fiber-optic image coupler.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fringe pattern of a Fabry–Perot étalon.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Cross section of Fig. 4 with the background subtracted and a finesse of 14.0.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Imaged formed by a cone segment.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Binned cross section of Fig. 6 with the background subtracted and a finesse of 13.5.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Image formed by a cone and a kaleidoscope.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Binned cross section of Fig. 8 with the background subtracted and a finesse of 9.6.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Image taken when the kaleidoscope was intentionally misaligned (translated along the y axis). Note that the four quadrants are separated.

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