Abstract

We consider an ideal Twyman–Green interferogram with equally spaced straight fringes parallel to the x axis and fringe coordinates that are affected by Gaussian errors. We adjust the data points by polynomial fitting to the interferograms. We use a statistical analysis to obtain analytical formulas for the expected values of the aberration coefficients. The result of the analysis shows that the expected coefficients are zero, except for tilt about x and for the comatic term, and that such deviation increases with the noise level and decreases with the number of fringes. Formulas are also obtained for the expected values of the sum of squares of the residuals. We show that the problem of choosing the wrong polynomial order is a consequence of erroneous adjustment of the data points.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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