Abstract

Using grating shearing interferometry, a new and simple technique to measure the effective focal length of optical systems is described. The diffraction pattern of a phase grating positioned at the focal point of the lens under test is evaluated for this purpose. The relative lateral shift between the undiffracted zero order and the diffracted first orders caused by the grating is measured. By utilizing knowledge of the wavelength of light, the grating period, and the diameter of an aperture stop placed in front of the test lens, we can determine the effective focal length of the test lens. Results of measurements are presented and compared with calculated values. The dependence of the focal length on the wavelength of the light is shown by using two laser sources of different wavelengths. An analysis of the measurement accuracy is given.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Focal length measurement based on the wavefront difference method by a Fizeau interferometer

Zhongming Yang, Zhishan Gao, Jiantai Dou, and Xinxing Wang
Appl. Opt. 53(25) 5598-5605 (2014)

Small-size microlens characterization by multiwavelength high-resolution interference microscopy

Myun-Sik Kim, Toralf Scharf, and Hans Peter Herzig
Opt. Express 18(14) 14319-14329 (2010)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (5)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (2)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (6)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription