Abstract

We propose a new statistical method to design spatial filters to recognize and to discriminate between various textures. Unlike existing correlation filters, the proposed filters are not meant to recognize specific shapes or objects. Rather, they discriminate between textures such as terrains, background surfaces, and random image fields. The filters do not require any on-line statistical computations for extracting texture information. Therefore optical (or digital) correlators can be used for fast real-time texture recognition without segmentation. The procedure is based on the assumption that textures can be modeled as stationary random processes over limited regions of an image. The optimum filter coefficients are determined by use of eigenvector analysis. Several examples are given to illustrate the proposed scheme.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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