Abstract

We investigate the effects of translational displacements and angular misalignments of semiconductor laser–fiber systems coupled to tapered, hemispheric and laser-machined, hyperbolic microlenses. Hyperbolic lenses, which typically couple 2 dB more optical power into a single-mode fiber than do hemispheric lenses, are more sensitive to translational offsets, although they are less sensitive to angular misalignments. We demonstrate that increased coupling can be permanently realized in a system through the use of the hyperbolic lens if the laser package can confine the position of the lens to within a 1.6-μm region. Angular misalignments can be as large as 10° for a 0.5-dB power penalty for the hyperbolic microlens.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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