Abstract

We demonstrate a simple, passive technique for producing 500-ns pulse lengths with a Nd laser. The measured 1.5-MHz upper limit to the pulse spectral width indicates that it is nearly transform limited.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. L. Byer, Y. T. Fan, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 895–912 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. A. Rockwell, “A review of phase-conjugation solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1124–1140 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. J. Kane, W. J. Kozlovsky, R. L. Byer, C. E. Byvik, “Coherent laser radar at 1.06 μm using Nd:YAG lasers,” Opt. Lett. 12, 239–241 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. J. Kavaya, S. W. Henderson, J. R. Magee, C. P. Hale, R. M. Huffaker, “Remote wind profiling with a solid-state Nd:YAG coherent lidar,” Opt. Lett. 14, 776–778 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Harrison, G. A. Rines, P. F. Moulton, “Long-pulse generation with stable-relaxation-oscillation Nd:YLF laser,” Opt. Lett. 13, 309–311 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. M. Vasilyak, S. Yu Unkovskii, “Generation of nanosecond and microsecond pulses in a neodymium glass laser,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 16, 963–965 (1989) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 626–627 (1989)].
  7. V. I. Bespalov, E. L. Bubis, O. V. Kulagin, G. A. Pasmanik, A. A. Shilov, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering and stimulated thermal scattering of microsecond pulses,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 2044–2050 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1348–1352 (1986)].
  8. D. F. Voss, L. S. Goldberg, “Simple single longitudinal mode Q-switched Nd:YAG oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE. 21, 106–107 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Pohl, “Inversion dependent frequency drifts in giant pulse ruby laser,” Phys. Lett. 26, 357–358 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Yariv, Introduction to Optical Electronics (Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York, 1971), pp. 131–137.
  11. W. F. Krupke, M. D. Shinn, J. E. Marion, J. A. Caird, S. E. Stokowski, “Spectroscopic, optical, and thermomechanical properties of neodymium- and chromium-doped gadolidium scandium gallium garnet,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 102–114 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. S. Sumida, D. A. Rockwell, M. S. Mangir, “Energy storage and heating measurements in flashlamp-pumped Cr: Nd:GSGG and Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 985–994, 1947 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. H. Drexhage, G. A. Reynolds, “New dye solutions for mode-locking infrared lasers,” Opt. Commun. 10, 18–20 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Magde, B. A. Bushaw, M. W. Windsor, “Picosecond flash photolysis and spectroscopy: bis-(4-dimethylami-nodithiobenzil)-Ni(II), BDN,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 28, 263–269 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  15. E. P. Ippen, R. H. Stolen, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539–540 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1975), p. 321.
  17. R. L. Schmitt, L. A. Rahn, “Diode-laser-pumped Nd:YAG laser injection seeding system,” Appl. Opt. 25, 629–633 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (2)

M. J. Kavaya, S. W. Henderson, J. R. Magee, C. P. Hale, R. M. Huffaker, “Remote wind profiling with a solid-state Nd:YAG coherent lidar,” Opt. Lett. 14, 776–778 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Vasilyak, S. Yu Unkovskii, “Generation of nanosecond and microsecond pulses in a neodymium glass laser,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 16, 963–965 (1989) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 626–627 (1989)].

1988 (4)

J. Harrison, G. A. Rines, P. F. Moulton, “Long-pulse generation with stable-relaxation-oscillation Nd:YLF laser,” Opt. Lett. 13, 309–311 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Byer, Y. T. Fan, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Rockwell, “A review of phase-conjugation solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1124–1140 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Sumida, D. A. Rockwell, M. S. Mangir, “Energy storage and heating measurements in flashlamp-pumped Cr: Nd:GSGG and Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 985–994, 1947 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1986 (3)

V. I. Bespalov, E. L. Bubis, O. V. Kulagin, G. A. Pasmanik, A. A. Shilov, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering and stimulated thermal scattering of microsecond pulses,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 2044–2050 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1348–1352 (1986)].

W. F. Krupke, M. D. Shinn, J. E. Marion, J. A. Caird, S. E. Stokowski, “Spectroscopic, optical, and thermomechanical properties of neodymium- and chromium-doped gadolidium scandium gallium garnet,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 102–114 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Schmitt, L. A. Rahn, “Diode-laser-pumped Nd:YAG laser injection seeding system,” Appl. Opt. 25, 629–633 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

D. F. Voss, L. S. Goldberg, “Simple single longitudinal mode Q-switched Nd:YAG oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE. 21, 106–107 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1974 (2)

K. H. Drexhage, G. A. Reynolds, “New dye solutions for mode-locking infrared lasers,” Opt. Commun. 10, 18–20 (1974).
[CrossRef]

D. Magde, B. A. Bushaw, M. W. Windsor, “Picosecond flash photolysis and spectroscopy: bis-(4-dimethylami-nodithiobenzil)-Ni(II), BDN,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 28, 263–269 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

E. P. Ippen, R. H. Stolen, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539–540 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

D. Pohl, “Inversion dependent frequency drifts in giant pulse ruby laser,” Phys. Lett. 26, 357–358 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Bespalov, V. I.

V. I. Bespalov, E. L. Bubis, O. V. Kulagin, G. A. Pasmanik, A. A. Shilov, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering and stimulated thermal scattering of microsecond pulses,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 2044–2050 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1348–1352 (1986)].

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1975), p. 321.

Bubis, E. L.

V. I. Bespalov, E. L. Bubis, O. V. Kulagin, G. A. Pasmanik, A. A. Shilov, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering and stimulated thermal scattering of microsecond pulses,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 2044–2050 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1348–1352 (1986)].

Bushaw, B. A.

D. Magde, B. A. Bushaw, M. W. Windsor, “Picosecond flash photolysis and spectroscopy: bis-(4-dimethylami-nodithiobenzil)-Ni(II), BDN,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 28, 263–269 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

R. L. Byer, Y. T. Fan, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Kane, W. J. Kozlovsky, R. L. Byer, C. E. Byvik, “Coherent laser radar at 1.06 μm using Nd:YAG lasers,” Opt. Lett. 12, 239–241 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Byvik, C. E.

Caird, J. A.

Drexhage, K. H.

K. H. Drexhage, G. A. Reynolds, “New dye solutions for mode-locking infrared lasers,” Opt. Commun. 10, 18–20 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Y. T.

R. L. Byer, Y. T. Fan, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L. S.

D. F. Voss, L. S. Goldberg, “Simple single longitudinal mode Q-switched Nd:YAG oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE. 21, 106–107 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Hale, C. P.

Harrison, J.

Henderson, S. W.

Huffaker, R. M.

Ippen, E. P.

E. P. Ippen, R. H. Stolen, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539–540 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kane, T. J.

Kavaya, M. J.

Kozlovsky, W. J.

Krupke, W. F.

Kulagin, O. V.

V. I. Bespalov, E. L. Bubis, O. V. Kulagin, G. A. Pasmanik, A. A. Shilov, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering and stimulated thermal scattering of microsecond pulses,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 2044–2050 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1348–1352 (1986)].

Magde, D.

D. Magde, B. A. Bushaw, M. W. Windsor, “Picosecond flash photolysis and spectroscopy: bis-(4-dimethylami-nodithiobenzil)-Ni(II), BDN,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 28, 263–269 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Magee, J. R.

Mangir, M. S.

D. S. Sumida, D. A. Rockwell, M. S. Mangir, “Energy storage and heating measurements in flashlamp-pumped Cr: Nd:GSGG and Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 985–994, 1947 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Marion, J. E.

Moulton, P. F.

Pasmanik, G. A.

V. I. Bespalov, E. L. Bubis, O. V. Kulagin, G. A. Pasmanik, A. A. Shilov, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering and stimulated thermal scattering of microsecond pulses,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 2044–2050 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1348–1352 (1986)].

Pohl, D.

D. Pohl, “Inversion dependent frequency drifts in giant pulse ruby laser,” Phys. Lett. 26, 357–358 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Rahn, L. A.

Reynolds, G. A.

K. H. Drexhage, G. A. Reynolds, “New dye solutions for mode-locking infrared lasers,” Opt. Commun. 10, 18–20 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Rines, G. A.

Rockwell, D. A.

D. S. Sumida, D. A. Rockwell, M. S. Mangir, “Energy storage and heating measurements in flashlamp-pumped Cr: Nd:GSGG and Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 985–994, 1947 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Rockwell, “A review of phase-conjugation solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1124–1140 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Schmitt, R. L.

Shilov, A. A.

V. I. Bespalov, E. L. Bubis, O. V. Kulagin, G. A. Pasmanik, A. A. Shilov, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering and stimulated thermal scattering of microsecond pulses,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 2044–2050 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1348–1352 (1986)].

Shinn, M. D.

Stokowski, S. E.

Stolen, R. H.

E. P. Ippen, R. H. Stolen, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539–540 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Sumida, D. S.

D. S. Sumida, D. A. Rockwell, M. S. Mangir, “Energy storage and heating measurements in flashlamp-pumped Cr: Nd:GSGG and Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 985–994, 1947 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Vasilyak, L. M.

L. M. Vasilyak, S. Yu Unkovskii, “Generation of nanosecond and microsecond pulses in a neodymium glass laser,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 16, 963–965 (1989) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 626–627 (1989)].

Voss, D. F.

D. F. Voss, L. S. Goldberg, “Simple single longitudinal mode Q-switched Nd:YAG oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE. 21, 106–107 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Windsor, M. W.

D. Magde, B. A. Bushaw, M. W. Windsor, “Picosecond flash photolysis and spectroscopy: bis-(4-dimethylami-nodithiobenzil)-Ni(II), BDN,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 28, 263–269 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1975), p. 321.

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Introduction to Optical Electronics (Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York, 1971), pp. 131–137.

Yu Unkovskii, S.

L. M. Vasilyak, S. Yu Unkovskii, “Generation of nanosecond and microsecond pulses in a neodymium glass laser,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 16, 963–965 (1989) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 626–627 (1989)].

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. P. Ippen, R. H. Stolen, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539–540 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Magde, B. A. Bushaw, M. W. Windsor, “Picosecond flash photolysis and spectroscopy: bis-(4-dimethylami-nodithiobenzil)-Ni(II), BDN,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 28, 263–269 (1974).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

R. L. Byer, Y. T. Fan, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Rockwell, “A review of phase-conjugation solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1124–1140 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Sumida, D. A. Rockwell, M. S. Mangir, “Energy storage and heating measurements in flashlamp-pumped Cr: Nd:GSGG and Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 985–994, 1947 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE. (1)

D. F. Voss, L. S. Goldberg, “Simple single longitudinal mode Q-switched Nd:YAG oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE. 21, 106–107 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) (2)

L. M. Vasilyak, S. Yu Unkovskii, “Generation of nanosecond and microsecond pulses in a neodymium glass laser,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 16, 963–965 (1989) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 626–627 (1989)].

V. I. Bespalov, E. L. Bubis, O. V. Kulagin, G. A. Pasmanik, A. A. Shilov, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering and stimulated thermal scattering of microsecond pulses,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 2044–2050 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1348–1352 (1986)].

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. H. Drexhage, G. A. Reynolds, “New dye solutions for mode-locking infrared lasers,” Opt. Commun. 10, 18–20 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Pohl, “Inversion dependent frequency drifts in giant pulse ruby laser,” Phys. Lett. 26, 357–358 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. Yariv, Introduction to Optical Electronics (Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York, 1971), pp. 131–137.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1975), p. 321.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of resonator producing a 500-ns Q-switched pulse. The frequency bandwidth is nearly transform limited, and the beam quality is essentially diffraction limited.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temporal pulse shape produced by the resonator in Fig. 1. The absence of any temporal structure is evidence of the absence of any longitudinal modes adjacent to the primary mode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of interferometer utilized to characterize the fringe visibility of the laser output pulse. An optical fiber with a physical length of 40 m provides an optical delay of 200 ns in one leg of the interferometer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Oscilloscope photo that shows the relative pulse timing of the two legs of the interferometer of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Fringes formed by the interference of the two pulses shown in Fig. 4. The fringe visibility of 0.75 represents an upper limit to the frequency bandwidth of 1.5 MHz or approximately 1.7 times the transform limit.

Equations (1)

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V = I max I min I max + I min ,

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