Abstract

We present a method that allows the single-shot measurement of femtosecond pulses in the ultraviolet as well as the visible spectral regions. The method is based on the optical Kerr shutter technique, and it provides the third-order intensity correlation function.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. H. Glownia, J. Misewich, P. P. Sorokin, “160-fsec XeCl excimer amplifier system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1061–1065 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. Szatmári, F. P. Schäfer, “Simplified laser system for the generation of 60 fs pulses at 248 nm,” Opt. Commun. 68, 196–202 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. H. Glownia, M. Kaschke, P. P. Sorokin, “Amplification of 193 nm femtosecond seed pulses generated by third-order nonresonant difference-frequency mixing in xenon,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CWD6.
  4. D. Kühlke, U. Herpers, D. von der Linde, “Soft x-ray emission from subpicosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1785–1787 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  5. U. Teubner, G. Kühnle, F. P. Schäfer, “Detailed study of the effect of a short prepulse on soft x-ray spectra generated by a high-intensity KrF laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 54, 493–499 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  6. F. P. Schäfer, B. Van Wonterghem, R. Sauerbrey, S. Szatmári, U. Teubner, “Developments in ultrafast laser x-ray pulse generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CWB5.
  7. J. Janszky, G. Corradi, R. N. Gyuzalian, “On a possibility of analysing the temporal characteristics of short light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 23, 293–298 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  8. F. Salin, P. Georges, G. Roger, A. Brun, “Single-shot measurement of a 52-fs pulse,” Appl. Opt. 26, 4528–4231 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  9. A. Tünnermann, H. Eichmann, R. Henking, K. Mossavi, B. Wellegehausen, “Single-shot autocorrelator for KrF subpicosecond pulses based on two-photon fluorescence of Cadmium vapor at λ = 508 nm,” Opt. Lett. 16, 402–404 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. S. P. Le Blanc, G. Szabo, R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond single-shot phase-sensitive autocorrelator for the ultraviolet,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1508–1510 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. S. Szatmári, F. P. Schäfer, J. Jethwa, “A single-shot autocorrelator for the ultraviolet with a variable time window,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 998–10031990).
    [Crossref]
  12. N. Sarukura, M. Watanabe, A. Endoh, S. Watanabe, “Single-shot measurement of subpicosecond KrF pulse width by three-photon fluorescence of the XeF visible transition,” Opt. Lett. 13, 996–998 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. H. Schulz, H. Schüler, T. Engers, D. von der Linde, “Measurement of intense ultraviolet subpicosecond pulses using degenerate four-wave-mixing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580–2585 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. A. Duguay, J. W. Hansen, “An ultrafast light gate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 192–194 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  15. M. A. Duguay, J. W. Hansen, “Ultrahigh-speed photography of picosecond light pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 37–39 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  16. G. C. Vogel, A. Savage, M. A. Duguay, “Picosecond optical sampling,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 642–646 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  17. G. LeSaux, F. Salin, P. Georges, G. Roger, A. Brun, “Single-shot measurement of the optical Kerr effect kinetics,” Appl. Opt. 27, 777–779 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  18. H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, “Measurement of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses using the optical Kerr effect,” Appl. Phys. B 55, 362–364 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  19. B. Dick, S. Szatmári, B. Racz, F. P. Schäfer, “Bandwidth-limited amplification of 220 fs-pulses in XeCl,” Opt. Commun. 62, 277–283 (1987).
    [Crossref]

1992 (2)

U. Teubner, G. Kühnle, F. P. Schäfer, “Detailed study of the effect of a short prepulse on soft x-ray spectra generated by a high-intensity KrF laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 54, 493–499 (1992).
[Crossref]

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, “Measurement of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses using the optical Kerr effect,” Appl. Phys. B 55, 362–364 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (2)

1990 (1)

S. Szatmári, F. P. Schäfer, J. Jethwa, “A single-shot autocorrelator for the ultraviolet with a variable time window,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 998–10031990).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

H. Schulz, H. Schüler, T. Engers, D. von der Linde, “Measurement of intense ultraviolet subpicosecond pulses using degenerate four-wave-mixing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580–2585 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (3)

1987 (4)

D. Kühlke, U. Herpers, D. von der Linde, “Soft x-ray emission from subpicosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1785–1787 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. H. Glownia, J. Misewich, P. P. Sorokin, “160-fsec XeCl excimer amplifier system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1061–1065 (1987).
[Crossref]

F. Salin, P. Georges, G. Roger, A. Brun, “Single-shot measurement of a 52-fs pulse,” Appl. Opt. 26, 4528–4231 (1987).
[Crossref]

B. Dick, S. Szatmári, B. Racz, F. P. Schäfer, “Bandwidth-limited amplification of 220 fs-pulses in XeCl,” Opt. Commun. 62, 277–283 (1987).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

J. Janszky, G. Corradi, R. N. Gyuzalian, “On a possibility of analysing the temporal characteristics of short light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 23, 293–298 (1977).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

G. C. Vogel, A. Savage, M. A. Duguay, “Picosecond optical sampling,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 642–646 (1974).
[Crossref]

1971 (1)

M. A. Duguay, J. W. Hansen, “Ultrahigh-speed photography of picosecond light pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 37–39 (1971).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

M. A. Duguay, J. W. Hansen, “An ultrafast light gate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 192–194 (1969).
[Crossref]

Albrecht, H. S.

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, “Measurement of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses using the optical Kerr effect,” Appl. Phys. B 55, 362–364 (1992).
[Crossref]

Brun, A.

Corradi, G.

J. Janszky, G. Corradi, R. N. Gyuzalian, “On a possibility of analysing the temporal characteristics of short light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 23, 293–298 (1977).
[Crossref]

Dick, B.

B. Dick, S. Szatmári, B. Racz, F. P. Schäfer, “Bandwidth-limited amplification of 220 fs-pulses in XeCl,” Opt. Commun. 62, 277–283 (1987).
[Crossref]

Duguay, M. A.

G. C. Vogel, A. Savage, M. A. Duguay, “Picosecond optical sampling,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 642–646 (1974).
[Crossref]

M. A. Duguay, J. W. Hansen, “Ultrahigh-speed photography of picosecond light pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 37–39 (1971).
[Crossref]

M. A. Duguay, J. W. Hansen, “An ultrafast light gate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 192–194 (1969).
[Crossref]

Eichmann, H.

Endoh, A.

Engers, T.

H. Schulz, H. Schüler, T. Engers, D. von der Linde, “Measurement of intense ultraviolet subpicosecond pulses using degenerate four-wave-mixing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580–2585 (1989).
[Crossref]

Georges, P.

Glownia, J. H.

J. H. Glownia, J. Misewich, P. P. Sorokin, “160-fsec XeCl excimer amplifier system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1061–1065 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. H. Glownia, M. Kaschke, P. P. Sorokin, “Amplification of 193 nm femtosecond seed pulses generated by third-order nonresonant difference-frequency mixing in xenon,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CWD6.

Gyuzalian, R. N.

J. Janszky, G. Corradi, R. N. Gyuzalian, “On a possibility of analysing the temporal characteristics of short light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 23, 293–298 (1977).
[Crossref]

Hansen, J. W.

M. A. Duguay, J. W. Hansen, “Ultrahigh-speed photography of picosecond light pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 37–39 (1971).
[Crossref]

M. A. Duguay, J. W. Hansen, “An ultrafast light gate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 192–194 (1969).
[Crossref]

Heist, P.

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, “Measurement of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses using the optical Kerr effect,” Appl. Phys. B 55, 362–364 (1992).
[Crossref]

Henking, R.

Herpers, U.

D. Kühlke, U. Herpers, D. von der Linde, “Soft x-ray emission from subpicosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1785–1787 (1987).
[Crossref]

Janszky, J.

J. Janszky, G. Corradi, R. N. Gyuzalian, “On a possibility of analysing the temporal characteristics of short light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 23, 293–298 (1977).
[Crossref]

Jethwa, J.

S. Szatmári, F. P. Schäfer, J. Jethwa, “A single-shot autocorrelator for the ultraviolet with a variable time window,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 998–10031990).
[Crossref]

Kaschke, M.

J. H. Glownia, M. Kaschke, P. P. Sorokin, “Amplification of 193 nm femtosecond seed pulses generated by third-order nonresonant difference-frequency mixing in xenon,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CWD6.

Kleinschmidt, J.

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, “Measurement of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses using the optical Kerr effect,” Appl. Phys. B 55, 362–364 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kühlke, D.

D. Kühlke, U. Herpers, D. von der Linde, “Soft x-ray emission from subpicosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1785–1787 (1987).
[Crossref]

Kühnle, G.

U. Teubner, G. Kühnle, F. P. Schäfer, “Detailed study of the effect of a short prepulse on soft x-ray spectra generated by a high-intensity KrF laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 54, 493–499 (1992).
[Crossref]

Lap, D. V.

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, “Measurement of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses using the optical Kerr effect,” Appl. Phys. B 55, 362–364 (1992).
[Crossref]

Le Blanc, S. P.

LeSaux, G.

Misewich, J.

Mossavi, K.

Racz, B.

B. Dick, S. Szatmári, B. Racz, F. P. Schäfer, “Bandwidth-limited amplification of 220 fs-pulses in XeCl,” Opt. Commun. 62, 277–283 (1987).
[Crossref]

Roger, G.

Salin, F.

Sarukura, N.

Sauerbrey, R.

S. P. Le Blanc, G. Szabo, R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond single-shot phase-sensitive autocorrelator for the ultraviolet,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1508–1510 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. P. Schäfer, B. Van Wonterghem, R. Sauerbrey, S. Szatmári, U. Teubner, “Developments in ultrafast laser x-ray pulse generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CWB5.

Savage, A.

G. C. Vogel, A. Savage, M. A. Duguay, “Picosecond optical sampling,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 642–646 (1974).
[Crossref]

Schäfer, F. P.

U. Teubner, G. Kühnle, F. P. Schäfer, “Detailed study of the effect of a short prepulse on soft x-ray spectra generated by a high-intensity KrF laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 54, 493–499 (1992).
[Crossref]

S. Szatmári, F. P. Schäfer, J. Jethwa, “A single-shot autocorrelator for the ultraviolet with a variable time window,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 998–10031990).
[Crossref]

S. Szatmári, F. P. Schäfer, “Simplified laser system for the generation of 60 fs pulses at 248 nm,” Opt. Commun. 68, 196–202 (1988).
[Crossref]

B. Dick, S. Szatmári, B. Racz, F. P. Schäfer, “Bandwidth-limited amplification of 220 fs-pulses in XeCl,” Opt. Commun. 62, 277–283 (1987).
[Crossref]

F. P. Schäfer, B. Van Wonterghem, R. Sauerbrey, S. Szatmári, U. Teubner, “Developments in ultrafast laser x-ray pulse generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CWB5.

Schröder, T.

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, “Measurement of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses using the optical Kerr effect,” Appl. Phys. B 55, 362–364 (1992).
[Crossref]

Schüler, H.

H. Schulz, H. Schüler, T. Engers, D. von der Linde, “Measurement of intense ultraviolet subpicosecond pulses using degenerate four-wave-mixing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580–2585 (1989).
[Crossref]

Schulz, H.

H. Schulz, H. Schüler, T. Engers, D. von der Linde, “Measurement of intense ultraviolet subpicosecond pulses using degenerate four-wave-mixing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580–2585 (1989).
[Crossref]

Sorokin, P. P.

J. H. Glownia, J. Misewich, P. P. Sorokin, “160-fsec XeCl excimer amplifier system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1061–1065 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. H. Glownia, M. Kaschke, P. P. Sorokin, “Amplification of 193 nm femtosecond seed pulses generated by third-order nonresonant difference-frequency mixing in xenon,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CWD6.

Szabo, G.

Szatmári, S.

S. Szatmári, F. P. Schäfer, J. Jethwa, “A single-shot autocorrelator for the ultraviolet with a variable time window,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 998–10031990).
[Crossref]

S. Szatmári, F. P. Schäfer, “Simplified laser system for the generation of 60 fs pulses at 248 nm,” Opt. Commun. 68, 196–202 (1988).
[Crossref]

B. Dick, S. Szatmári, B. Racz, F. P. Schäfer, “Bandwidth-limited amplification of 220 fs-pulses in XeCl,” Opt. Commun. 62, 277–283 (1987).
[Crossref]

F. P. Schäfer, B. Van Wonterghem, R. Sauerbrey, S. Szatmári, U. Teubner, “Developments in ultrafast laser x-ray pulse generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CWB5.

Teubner, U.

U. Teubner, G. Kühnle, F. P. Schäfer, “Detailed study of the effect of a short prepulse on soft x-ray spectra generated by a high-intensity KrF laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 54, 493–499 (1992).
[Crossref]

F. P. Schäfer, B. Van Wonterghem, R. Sauerbrey, S. Szatmári, U. Teubner, “Developments in ultrafast laser x-ray pulse generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CWB5.

Tünnermann, A.

Van Wonterghem, B.

F. P. Schäfer, B. Van Wonterghem, R. Sauerbrey, S. Szatmári, U. Teubner, “Developments in ultrafast laser x-ray pulse generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CWB5.

Vogel, G. C.

G. C. Vogel, A. Savage, M. A. Duguay, “Picosecond optical sampling,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 642–646 (1974).
[Crossref]

von der Linde, D.

H. Schulz, H. Schüler, T. Engers, D. von der Linde, “Measurement of intense ultraviolet subpicosecond pulses using degenerate four-wave-mixing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580–2585 (1989).
[Crossref]

D. Kühlke, U. Herpers, D. von der Linde, “Soft x-ray emission from subpicosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1785–1787 (1987).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, M.

Watanabe, S.

Wellegehausen, B.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, “Measurement of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses using the optical Kerr effect,” Appl. Phys. B 55, 362–364 (1992).
[Crossref]

U. Teubner, G. Kühnle, F. P. Schäfer, “Detailed study of the effect of a short prepulse on soft x-ray spectra generated by a high-intensity KrF laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 54, 493–499 (1992).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. A. Duguay, J. W. Hansen, “An ultrafast light gate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 192–194 (1969).
[Crossref]

D. Kühlke, U. Herpers, D. von der Linde, “Soft x-ray emission from subpicosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1785–1787 (1987).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

H. Schulz, H. Schüler, T. Engers, D. von der Linde, “Measurement of intense ultraviolet subpicosecond pulses using degenerate four-wave-mixing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580–2585 (1989).
[Crossref]

M. A. Duguay, J. W. Hansen, “Ultrahigh-speed photography of picosecond light pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 37–39 (1971).
[Crossref]

G. C. Vogel, A. Savage, M. A. Duguay, “Picosecond optical sampling,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 642–646 (1974).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (3)

S. Szatmári, F. P. Schäfer, “Simplified laser system for the generation of 60 fs pulses at 248 nm,” Opt. Commun. 68, 196–202 (1988).
[Crossref]

B. Dick, S. Szatmári, B. Racz, F. P. Schäfer, “Bandwidth-limited amplification of 220 fs-pulses in XeCl,” Opt. Commun. 62, 277–283 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. Janszky, G. Corradi, R. N. Gyuzalian, “On a possibility of analysing the temporal characteristics of short light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 23, 293–298 (1977).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. Szatmári, F. P. Schäfer, J. Jethwa, “A single-shot autocorrelator for the ultraviolet with a variable time window,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 998–10031990).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

J. H. Glownia, M. Kaschke, P. P. Sorokin, “Amplification of 193 nm femtosecond seed pulses generated by third-order nonresonant difference-frequency mixing in xenon,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CWD6.

F. P. Schäfer, B. Van Wonterghem, R. Sauerbrey, S. Szatmári, U. Teubner, “Developments in ultrafast laser x-ray pulse generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CWB5.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the single-shot correlator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the transformation of the temporal pulse shape into a spatial shape S(x).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Influence of the propagation of noncollinear beams in the sample of length L on the correlation signal S(x).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated width of the correlation function TCF (sample thickness L = 0.5 mm) for typical pulse shapes (1, sech2, 2, Gaussian) normalized to the width of the correlation function TCF(L → 0) in dependence on the angle α. A, CCF (T = 435 fs, TG = 100 fs), B, ACF (T = TG = 435 fs).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Single-shot autocorrelation traces, TACF =116 fs. One curve is obtained after introducing a delay of Δt = 200 fs in one correlator arm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Multishot autocorrelation measurement with the optical Kerr effect. The best fit is obtained for an asymmetric sech2 pulse shape given by I ( t ) = I 0 [ exp ( 5.88 t / T ) + exp ( 1.04 t / T ) ] 2with T = 102 fs.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Single-shot ACF trace of UV pulses; λ = 308 nm; TACF = 525 ± 35 fs.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Multishot ACF measurement of UV pulses (λ = 308 nm) using the optical Kerr effect. The best fit is obtained for a Gaussian pulse with T = 435 fs (followed by a small satellite 1.27 ps after the main pulse).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Single-shot CCF trace (λ = 308 nm, λG = 616 nm, TG = 100 fs), TCCF = 445 ± 35 fs.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

G ( 3 ) ( τ , 0 ) = d t I ( t ) I G 2 ( t + τ )
Δ x = c Δ t / ( n sin α ) ,
T = γ 1 S 1 / 2 ( Δ t / Δ x ) ,
δ x = L [ tan ( α / 2 ) + ( υ G / υ 1 ) / sin α ] ,
I ( t ) = I 0 [ exp ( 5.88 t / T ) + exp ( 1.04 t / T ) ] 2

Metrics