Abstract

Miniature diode-pumped acousto-optically Q-switched solid-state lasers deliver pulse durations as short as 600 ps at wavelengths near 1 μm. Specifically, Nd:YVO4 lasers operating at 1.064 μm produce 600-ps/5-kW pulses at 1 kHz, 1.0-ns/2-kW pulses at 20 kHz, and 1.9-ns/0.5-kW pulses at 100 kHz. A Nd:YLF laser at 1.047 μm generates 700-ps/15-kW pulses at 1 kHz, and 1.2-ns/4-kW pulses at 10 kHz. At 1.342 μm, a Nd:YVO4 laser produces 3.3-ns/0.8-0.6-kW pulses at 1–10 kHz.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. M. Gagliardi, S. Karp, “M-ary Poisson detection and optical communications,” IEEE Trans. Commun. Technol. 17, 208–216 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. R. Lesh, “Deep space optical communications—a program update,”in Free-Space Laser Communication Technologies II, D. L. Begley, B. D. Seery, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1218, 530–540 (1990).
  3. M. Ross, “YAG laser operation by semiconductor laser pumping,”Proc. IEEE 56, 196–197 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. M. Zverev, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Shestakov, “Solid-state microlasers based on crystals with a high concentration of neodymium ions,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 46, 1561–1566 (English translation 108-112) (1982).
  5. I. I. Kuratev, “Solid-state lasers with semiconductor pumping,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 48, 1564–1572 (English translation 104-112) (1982).
  6. T. Baer, “Laser diode array pumping of solid-state lasers,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), p. 168.
  7. J. Heritier, D. G. Scerbak, “Electrooptically Q-switched diode laser pumped solid state laser for short pulse generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), Paper TuJ27.
  8. W. M. Grossman, M. Gifford, R. W. Wallace, “Short-pulse Q-switched 1.3- and 1-μm diode-pumped lasers,” Opt. Lett. 15, 622–664 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Plaessmann, F. Stahr, W. M. Grossman, “Reducing pulse durations in diode pumped Q-switched solid-state lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 885–887 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, D. N. Payne, “Short-pulse, high-power Q-switched fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 545–547 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. J. Zayhowski, C. Dill, “Diode-pumped microchip lasers electro-optically Q switched at high pulse repetition rates,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1201–1203 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. L. Harmer, A. Linz, D. R. Gabbe, “Fluorescence of Nd+3 in lithium yttrium fluoride,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 30, 1483–1491 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. A. Kaminskii, G. A. Bogomolava, L. Li, “Absorption, luminescence, induced radiation, and crystal splitting of the levels of ions of Nd+3 in the crystal YVO4,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Inorg. Mater. 5, 673–690 (English translation 573–586) (1969).
  14. A. W. Tucker, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, “Stimulated emission cross-sections of Nd:YVO4 and Nd:La2Be2O5 (BeL),” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 3067–3068 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. A. Fields, C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885– 1886 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. K. Jain, D. L. Sipes, T. J. Pier, G. R. Hulse, “Diode-pumped 1.3-μm Nd:YVO4 laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), Paper ThB5.
  17. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1989), Chap. 8, pp. 226–228, and Chap. 9, pp. 263–264.

1992 (2)

P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, D. N. Payne, “Short-pulse, high-power Q-switched fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 545–547 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Zayhowski, C. Dill, “Diode-pumped microchip lasers electro-optically Q switched at high pulse repetition rates,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1201–1203 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

H. Plaessmann, F. Stahr, W. M. Grossman, “Reducing pulse durations in diode pumped Q-switched solid-state lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 885–887 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1987 (1)

R. A. Fields, C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885– 1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

G. M. Zverev, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Shestakov, “Solid-state microlasers based on crystals with a high concentration of neodymium ions,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 46, 1561–1566 (English translation 108-112) (1982).

I. I. Kuratev, “Solid-state lasers with semiconductor pumping,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 48, 1564–1572 (English translation 104-112) (1982).

1981 (1)

A. W. Tucker, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, “Stimulated emission cross-sections of Nd:YVO4 and Nd:La2Be2O5 (BeL),” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 3067–3068 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1969 (3)

R. M. Gagliardi, S. Karp, “M-ary Poisson detection and optical communications,” IEEE Trans. Commun. Technol. 17, 208–216 (1969).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Harmer, A. Linz, D. R. Gabbe, “Fluorescence of Nd+3 in lithium yttrium fluoride,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 30, 1483–1491 (1969).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, G. A. Bogomolava, L. Li, “Absorption, luminescence, induced radiation, and crystal splitting of the levels of ions of Nd+3 in the crystal YVO4,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Inorg. Mater. 5, 673–690 (English translation 573–586) (1969).

1968 (1)

M. Ross, “YAG laser operation by semiconductor laser pumping,”Proc. IEEE 56, 196–197 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1989), Chap. 8, pp. 226–228, and Chap. 9, pp. 263–264.

Baer, T.

T. Baer, “Laser diode array pumping of solid-state lasers,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), p. 168.

Birnbaum, M.

A. W. Tucker, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, “Stimulated emission cross-sections of Nd:YVO4 and Nd:La2Be2O5 (BeL),” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 3067–3068 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Bogomolava, G. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, G. A. Bogomolava, L. Li, “Absorption, luminescence, induced radiation, and crystal splitting of the levels of ions of Nd+3 in the crystal YVO4,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Inorg. Mater. 5, 673–690 (English translation 573–586) (1969).

Dill, C.

Fields, R. A.

R. A. Fields, C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885– 1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fincher, C. L.

R. A. Fields, C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885– 1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Tucker, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, “Stimulated emission cross-sections of Nd:YVO4 and Nd:La2Be2O5 (BeL),” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 3067–3068 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Gabbe, D. R.

A. L. Harmer, A. Linz, D. R. Gabbe, “Fluorescence of Nd+3 in lithium yttrium fluoride,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 30, 1483–1491 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Gagliardi, R. M.

R. M. Gagliardi, S. Karp, “M-ary Poisson detection and optical communications,” IEEE Trans. Commun. Technol. 17, 208–216 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Gifford, M.

Grossman, W. M.

H. Plaessmann, F. Stahr, W. M. Grossman, “Reducing pulse durations in diode pumped Q-switched solid-state lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 885–887 (1991).
[CrossRef]

W. M. Grossman, M. Gifford, R. W. Wallace, “Short-pulse Q-switched 1.3- and 1-μm diode-pumped lasers,” Opt. Lett. 15, 622–664 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harmer, A. L.

A. L. Harmer, A. Linz, D. R. Gabbe, “Fluorescence of Nd+3 in lithium yttrium fluoride,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 30, 1483–1491 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Heritier, J.

J. Heritier, D. G. Scerbak, “Electrooptically Q-switched diode laser pumped solid state laser for short pulse generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), Paper TuJ27.

Hulse, G. R.

R. K. Jain, D. L. Sipes, T. J. Pier, G. R. Hulse, “Diode-pumped 1.3-μm Nd:YVO4 laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), Paper ThB5.

Jain, R. K.

R. K. Jain, D. L. Sipes, T. J. Pier, G. R. Hulse, “Diode-pumped 1.3-μm Nd:YVO4 laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), Paper ThB5.

Jedrzejewski, K. P.

P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, D. N. Payne, “Short-pulse, high-power Q-switched fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 545–547 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, G. A. Bogomolava, L. Li, “Absorption, luminescence, induced radiation, and crystal splitting of the levels of ions of Nd+3 in the crystal YVO4,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Inorg. Mater. 5, 673–690 (English translation 573–586) (1969).

Karp, S.

R. M. Gagliardi, S. Karp, “M-ary Poisson detection and optical communications,” IEEE Trans. Commun. Technol. 17, 208–216 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Kuratev, I. I.

I. I. Kuratev, “Solid-state lasers with semiconductor pumping,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 48, 1564–1572 (English translation 104-112) (1982).

G. M. Zverev, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Shestakov, “Solid-state microlasers based on crystals with a high concentration of neodymium ions,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 46, 1561–1566 (English translation 108-112) (1982).

Lesh, J. R.

J. R. Lesh, “Deep space optical communications—a program update,”in Free-Space Laser Communication Technologies II, D. L. Begley, B. D. Seery, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1218, 530–540 (1990).

Li, L.

A. A. Kaminskii, G. A. Bogomolava, L. Li, “Absorption, luminescence, induced radiation, and crystal splitting of the levels of ions of Nd+3 in the crystal YVO4,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Inorg. Mater. 5, 673–690 (English translation 573–586) (1969).

Linz, A.

A. L. Harmer, A. Linz, D. R. Gabbe, “Fluorescence of Nd+3 in lithium yttrium fluoride,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 30, 1483–1491 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Morkel, P. R.

P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, D. N. Payne, “Short-pulse, high-power Q-switched fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 545–547 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, D. N. Payne, “Short-pulse, high-power Q-switched fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 545–547 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pier, T. J.

R. K. Jain, D. L. Sipes, T. J. Pier, G. R. Hulse, “Diode-pumped 1.3-μm Nd:YVO4 laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), Paper ThB5.

Plaessmann, H.

H. Plaessmann, F. Stahr, W. M. Grossman, “Reducing pulse durations in diode pumped Q-switched solid-state lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 885–887 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ross, M.

M. Ross, “YAG laser operation by semiconductor laser pumping,”Proc. IEEE 56, 196–197 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Scerbak, D. G.

J. Heritier, D. G. Scerbak, “Electrooptically Q-switched diode laser pumped solid state laser for short pulse generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), Paper TuJ27.

Shestakov, A. V.

G. M. Zverev, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Shestakov, “Solid-state microlasers based on crystals with a high concentration of neodymium ions,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 46, 1561–1566 (English translation 108-112) (1982).

Sipes, D. L.

R. K. Jain, D. L. Sipes, T. J. Pier, G. R. Hulse, “Diode-pumped 1.3-μm Nd:YVO4 laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), Paper ThB5.

Stahr, F.

H. Plaessmann, F. Stahr, W. M. Grossman, “Reducing pulse durations in diode pumped Q-switched solid-state lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 885–887 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, E. R.

P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, D. N. Payne, “Short-pulse, high-power Q-switched fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 545–547 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, A. W.

A. W. Tucker, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, “Stimulated emission cross-sections of Nd:YVO4 and Nd:La2Be2O5 (BeL),” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 3067–3068 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Wallace, R. W.

Zayhowski, J. J.

Zverev, G. M.

G. M. Zverev, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Shestakov, “Solid-state microlasers based on crystals with a high concentration of neodymium ions,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 46, 1561–1566 (English translation 108-112) (1982).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. A. Fields, C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885– 1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. (2)

G. M. Zverev, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Shestakov, “Solid-state microlasers based on crystals with a high concentration of neodymium ions,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 46, 1561–1566 (English translation 108-112) (1982).

I. I. Kuratev, “Solid-state lasers with semiconductor pumping,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 48, 1564–1572 (English translation 104-112) (1982).

Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Inorg. Mater. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, G. A. Bogomolava, L. Li, “Absorption, luminescence, induced radiation, and crystal splitting of the levels of ions of Nd+3 in the crystal YVO4,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Inorg. Mater. 5, 673–690 (English translation 573–586) (1969).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

H. Plaessmann, F. Stahr, W. M. Grossman, “Reducing pulse durations in diode pumped Q-switched solid-state lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 885–887 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, D. N. Payne, “Short-pulse, high-power Q-switched fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 545–547 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. Technol. (1)

R. M. Gagliardi, S. Karp, “M-ary Poisson detection and optical communications,” IEEE Trans. Commun. Technol. 17, 208–216 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. W. Tucker, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, “Stimulated emission cross-sections of Nd:YVO4 and Nd:La2Be2O5 (BeL),” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 3067–3068 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

A. L. Harmer, A. Linz, D. R. Gabbe, “Fluorescence of Nd+3 in lithium yttrium fluoride,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 30, 1483–1491 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. IEEE (1)

M. Ross, “YAG laser operation by semiconductor laser pumping,”Proc. IEEE 56, 196–197 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

J. R. Lesh, “Deep space optical communications—a program update,”in Free-Space Laser Communication Technologies II, D. L. Begley, B. D. Seery, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1218, 530–540 (1990).

T. Baer, “Laser diode array pumping of solid-state lasers,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), p. 168.

J. Heritier, D. G. Scerbak, “Electrooptically Q-switched diode laser pumped solid state laser for short pulse generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), Paper TuJ27.

R. K. Jain, D. L. Sipes, T. J. Pier, G. R. Hulse, “Diode-pumped 1.3-μm Nd:YVO4 laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), Paper ThB5.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1989), Chap. 8, pp. 226–228, and Chap. 9, pp. 263–264.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Nd:YVO4 laser configuration. M1 is flat, highly reflective at 1.064 μm, and highly transmissive at 0.808 μm. M2 has a 15-mm radius and 25% or 65% transmission at 1.064 μm. Q-switch and output coupler materials are TeO2 and SiO2, respectively. Diode polarization is parallel to the Nd:YVO4 crystal axis. Resonator components are separated by Brewster's angle air gaps, and physical cavity length is 7 mm. A-O, acousto-optical.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pulse duration as a function of repetition frequency for resonators described in Table 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse energy as a function of repetition frequency for resonators described in Table 1.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pulse trace for the 1.064-μm Nd:YVO4 laser with 65% output coupling operating at a repetition frequency of 1 kHz. Pulse width is 600 ps FWHM.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Resonator Parameters

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