F. Kuik, J. F. de Haan, J. W. Hovenier, “Benchmark results for single scattering by spheroids,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 47, 477–489 (1992).

[CrossRef]

W. M. F. Wauben, J. W. Hovenier, “Polarized radiation of an atmosphere containing randomly-oriented spheroids,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 47, 491–504 (1992).

[CrossRef]

C. F. Bohren, S. B. Singham, “Backscattering by nonspherical particles: a review of methods and suggested new approaches,” J. Geophys. Res. D 96, 5269–5277 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, “Infrared absorption by shape distributions of NH3 ice particles: an application to the Jovian atmosphere,” Earth Moon Planet 53, 149–156 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, “Light scattering by randomly oriented axially symmetric particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 871–882 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, “The fast invariant imbedding method for polarized light: computational aspects and numerical results for Rayleigh scattering,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 43, 163–171 (1990);“Reflection of polarized light by plane-parallel slabs containing randomly-oriented, nonspherical particles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 46, 171–181 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, “Interstellar light absorption by randomly oriented nonspherical dust grains,” Sov. Astron. Lett. 15, 299–302 (1989);“Extinction of light by randomly-oriented nonspherical grains,” Astrophys. Space Sci. 164, 1–13 (1990);“Calculation of the total optical cross sections for an ensemble of randomly oriented nonspherical particles,” Kinem. Fiz. Nebes. Tel 6(5), 95–96 (1990);N. G. Khlebtsov, “Orientational averaging of light scattering observables in the ℐ-matrix approach,” Appl. Opt. 31, 5359–5365 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. F. de Haan, P. B. Bosma, J. W. Hovenier, “The adding method for multiple scattering calculations of polarized light,” Astron. Astrophys. 183, 371–391 (1987);P. Stammes, J. F. de Haan, J. W. Hovenier, “The polarized internal radiation field of a planetary atmosphere,” Astron. Astrophys. 225, 239–259 (1989).

R. D. M. Garcia, C. E. Siewert, “A generalized spherical harmonics solution for radiative transfer models that include polarization effects,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 36, 401–423 (1986);“The FN method for radiative transfer models that include polarization effects,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 41, 117–145 (1989).

[CrossRef]

W. M. McClain, W. A. Ghoul, “Elastic light scattering by randomly oriented macromolecules: computation of the complete set of observables,” J. Chem. Phys. 84, 6609–6622 (1986).

[CrossRef]

M. K. Singham, S. B. Singham, G. C. Salzman, “The scattering matrix for randomly oriented particles,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 3807–3815 (1986).

[CrossRef]

J. W. Hovenier, C. V. M. van der Mee, “Fundamental relationships relevant to the transfer of polarized light in a scattering atmosphere,” Astron. Astrophys. 128, 1–16 (1983);C. V. M. van der Mee, J. W. Hovenier, “Expansion coefficients in polarized light transfer,” Astron. Astrophys. 228, 559–568 (1990).

C. E. Siewert, “On the equation of transfer relevant to the scattering of polarized light,” Astrophys. J. 245, 1080–1086 (1981);“On the phase matrix basic to the scattering of polarized light,” Astron. Astrophys. 109, 195–200 (1982).

[CrossRef]

E. S. Fry, G. W. Kattawar, “Relationships between elements of the Stokes matrix,” Appl. Opt. 20, 2811 (1981);J. W. Hovenier, H. C. van de Hulst, C. V. M. van der Mee, “Conditions for the elements of the scattering matrix,” Astron. Astrophys. 157, 301 (1986).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. L. Jaggard, C. Hill, R. W. Shorthill, D. Stuart, M. Glantz, F. Rosswog, B. Taggart, S. Hammond, “Light scattering from particles of regular and irregular shape,” Atmos. Environ. 15, 2511–2519 (1981).

[CrossRef]

P. W. Barber, “Resonance electromagnetic absorption by nonspherical dielectric objects,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-25, 373–381 (1977).

[CrossRef]

R. H. Zerull, “Scattering measurements of dielectric and absorbing nonspherical particles,” Beitr. Phys. Atmos. 49, 168–188 (1976).

H. Domke, “The expansion of scattering matrices for an isotropic medium in generalized spherical functions,” Astrophys. Space Sci. 29, 379–386 (1974);“Fourier expansion of the phase matrix for Mie scattering,” Z. Meteorol. 25, 357–361 (1975);O. I. Bugaenko, “Generalized spherical functions in the Mie problem,” Izv. Atmos. Oceanic Phys. 12, 366–370 (1976).

[CrossRef]

J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, “Light scattering in planetary atmospheres,” Space Sci. Rev. 16, 527–610 (1974).

[CrossRef]

P. C. Waterman, “Symmetry, unitarity, and geometry in electromagnetic scattering,” Phys. Rev. D 3, 825–839 (1971);“Matrix methods in potential theory and electromagnetic scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 4550–4566 (1979);B. Peterson, S. Ström, “T matrix for electromagnetic scattering from an arbitrary number of scatterers and representations of E(3),” Phys. Rev. D 8, 3661–3678 (1973).

[CrossRef]

I. Kuščer, M. Ribarič, “Matrix formalism in the theory of diffusion of light,” Opt. Acta 6, 42–51 (1959).

[CrossRef]

V. Vouk, “Projected area of convex bodies,” Nature (London) 162, 330–331 (1948).

[CrossRef]

S. C. Hill, A. C. Hill, P. W. Barber, “Light scattering by size/shape distributions of soil particles and spheroids,”Appl. Opt. 23, 1025–1031 (1984).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. W. Barber, “Resonance electromagnetic absorption by nonspherical dielectric objects,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-25, 373–381 (1977).

[CrossRef]

P. W. Barber, “Differential scattering of electromagnetic waves by homogeneous isotropic dielectric bodies,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, Calif.1973).

P. W. Barber, S. C. Hill, Light Scattering by Particles: Computational Methods (World Scientific, Singapore, 1990).

C. F. Bohren, S. B. Singham, “Backscattering by nonspherical particles: a review of methods and suggested new approaches,” J. Geophys. Res. D 96, 5269–5277 (1991).

[CrossRef]

C. F. Bohren, D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1983).

J. F. de Haan, P. B. Bosma, J. W. Hovenier, “The adding method for multiple scattering calculations of polarized light,” Astron. Astrophys. 183, 371–391 (1987);P. Stammes, J. F. de Haan, J. W. Hovenier, “The polarized internal radiation field of a planetary atmosphere,” Astron. Astrophys. 225, 239–259 (1989).

F. Kuik, J. F. de Haan, J. W. Hovenier, “Benchmark results for single scattering by spheroids,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 47, 477–489 (1992).

[CrossRef]

J. F. de Haan, P. B. Bosma, J. W. Hovenier, “The adding method for multiple scattering calculations of polarized light,” Astron. Astrophys. 183, 371–391 (1987);P. Stammes, J. F. de Haan, J. W. Hovenier, “The polarized internal radiation field of a planetary atmosphere,” Astron. Astrophys. 225, 239–259 (1989).

J. F. de Haan, “Effects of aerosols on the brightness and polarization of cloudless planetary atmospheres,” Ph.D. dissertation (Free University, Amsterdam, 1987).

H. Domke, “The expansion of scattering matrices for an isotropic medium in generalized spherical functions,” Astrophys. Space Sci. 29, 379–386 (1974);“Fourier expansion of the phase matrix for Mie scattering,” Z. Meteorol. 25, 357–361 (1975);O. I. Bugaenko, “Generalized spherical functions in the Mie problem,” Izv. Atmos. Oceanic Phys. 12, 366–370 (1976).

[CrossRef]

R. D. M. Garcia, C. E. Siewert, “A generalized spherical harmonics solution for radiative transfer models that include polarization effects,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 36, 401–423 (1986);“The FN method for radiative transfer models that include polarization effects,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 41, 117–145 (1989).

[CrossRef]

I. M. Gelfand, R. A. Minlos, Z. Ya. Shapiro, Representations of the Rotation and Lorentz Groups and Their ApplicationsPergamon, Oxford, 1963).

W. M. McClain, W. A. Ghoul, “Elastic light scattering by randomly oriented macromolecules: computation of the complete set of observables,” J. Chem. Phys. 84, 6609–6622 (1986).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Jaggard, C. Hill, R. W. Shorthill, D. Stuart, M. Glantz, F. Rosswog, B. Taggart, S. Hammond, “Light scattering from particles of regular and irregular shape,” Atmos. Environ. 15, 2511–2519 (1981).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Jaggard, C. Hill, R. W. Shorthill, D. Stuart, M. Glantz, F. Rosswog, B. Taggart, S. Hammond, “Light scattering from particles of regular and irregular shape,” Atmos. Environ. 15, 2511–2519 (1981).

[CrossRef]

J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, “Light scattering in planetary atmospheres,” Space Sci. Rev. 16, 527–610 (1974).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Jaggard, C. Hill, R. W. Shorthill, D. Stuart, M. Glantz, F. Rosswog, B. Taggart, S. Hammond, “Light scattering from particles of regular and irregular shape,” Atmos. Environ. 15, 2511–2519 (1981).

[CrossRef]

W. M. F. Wauben, J. W. Hovenier, “Polarized radiation of an atmosphere containing randomly-oriented spheroids,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 47, 491–504 (1992).

[CrossRef]

F. Kuik, J. F. de Haan, J. W. Hovenier, “Benchmark results for single scattering by spheroids,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 47, 477–489 (1992).

[CrossRef]

J. F. de Haan, P. B. Bosma, J. W. Hovenier, “The adding method for multiple scattering calculations of polarized light,” Astron. Astrophys. 183, 371–391 (1987);P. Stammes, J. F. de Haan, J. W. Hovenier, “The polarized internal radiation field of a planetary atmosphere,” Astron. Astrophys. 225, 239–259 (1989).

J. W. Hovenier, C. V. M. van der Mee, “Fundamental relationships relevant to the transfer of polarized light in a scattering atmosphere,” Astron. Astrophys. 128, 1–16 (1983);C. V. M. van der Mee, J. W. Hovenier, “Expansion coefficients in polarized light transfer,” Astron. Astrophys. 228, 559–568 (1990).

D. L. Jaggard, C. Hill, R. W. Shorthill, D. Stuart, M. Glantz, F. Rosswog, B. Taggart, S. Hammond, “Light scattering from particles of regular and irregular shape,” Atmos. Environ. 15, 2511–2519 (1981).

[CrossRef]

L. Tsang, J. A. Kong, R. T. Shin, Theory of Microwave Remote Sensing (Wiley, New York, 1985).

F. Kuik, J. F. de Haan, J. W. Hovenier, “Benchmark results for single scattering by spheroids,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 47, 477–489 (1992).

[CrossRef]

I. Kuščer, M. Ribarič, “Matrix formalism in the theory of diffusion of light,” Opt. Acta 6, 42–51 (1959).

[CrossRef]

W. M. McClain, W. A. Ghoul, “Elastic light scattering by randomly oriented macromolecules: computation of the complete set of observables,” J. Chem. Phys. 84, 6609–6622 (1986).

[CrossRef]

I. M. Gelfand, R. A. Minlos, Z. Ya. Shapiro, Representations of the Rotation and Lorentz Groups and Their ApplicationsPergamon, Oxford, 1963).

M. I. Mishchenko, “Light scattering by randomly oriented axially symmetric particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 871–882 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, “Infrared absorption by shape distributions of NH3 ice particles: an application to the Jovian atmosphere,” Earth Moon Planet 53, 149–156 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, “The fast invariant imbedding method for polarized light: computational aspects and numerical results for Rayleigh scattering,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 43, 163–171 (1990);“Reflection of polarized light by plane-parallel slabs containing randomly-oriented, nonspherical particles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 46, 171–181 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, “Interstellar light absorption by randomly oriented nonspherical dust grains,” Sov. Astron. Lett. 15, 299–302 (1989);“Extinction of light by randomly-oriented nonspherical grains,” Astrophys. Space Sci. 164, 1–13 (1990);“Calculation of the total optical cross sections for an ensemble of randomly oriented nonspherical particles,” Kinem. Fiz. Nebes. Tel 6(5), 95–96 (1990);N. G. Khlebtsov, “Orientational averaging of light scattering observables in the ℐ-matrix approach,” Appl. Opt. 31, 5359–5365 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. J. Wiscombe, A. Mugnai, “Scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev particles. 2. Means of angular scattering patterns,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2405–2421 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. J. Wiscombe, A. Mugnai, “Single scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev particles: a compendium of calculations,” NASA Ref. Publ. 1157 (Goddard Space Flight Center, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Greenbelt, Md., 1986).

I. Kuščer, M. Ribarič, “Matrix formalism in the theory of diffusion of light,” Opt. Acta 6, 42–51 (1959).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Jaggard, C. Hill, R. W. Shorthill, D. Stuart, M. Glantz, F. Rosswog, B. Taggart, S. Hammond, “Light scattering from particles of regular and irregular shape,” Atmos. Environ. 15, 2511–2519 (1981).

[CrossRef]

M. K. Singham, S. B. Singham, G. C. Salzman, “The scattering matrix for randomly oriented particles,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 3807–3815 (1986).

[CrossRef]

I. M. Gelfand, R. A. Minlos, Z. Ya. Shapiro, Representations of the Rotation and Lorentz Groups and Their ApplicationsPergamon, Oxford, 1963).

L. Tsang, J. A. Kong, R. T. Shin, Theory of Microwave Remote Sensing (Wiley, New York, 1985).

D. L. Jaggard, C. Hill, R. W. Shorthill, D. Stuart, M. Glantz, F. Rosswog, B. Taggart, S. Hammond, “Light scattering from particles of regular and irregular shape,” Atmos. Environ. 15, 2511–2519 (1981).

[CrossRef]

R. D. M. Garcia, C. E. Siewert, “A generalized spherical harmonics solution for radiative transfer models that include polarization effects,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 36, 401–423 (1986);“The FN method for radiative transfer models that include polarization effects,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 41, 117–145 (1989).

[CrossRef]

C. E. Siewert, “On the equation of transfer relevant to the scattering of polarized light,” Astrophys. J. 245, 1080–1086 (1981);“On the phase matrix basic to the scattering of polarized light,” Astron. Astrophys. 109, 195–200 (1982).

[CrossRef]

M. K. Singham, S. B. Singham, G. C. Salzman, “The scattering matrix for randomly oriented particles,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 3807–3815 (1986).

[CrossRef]

C. F. Bohren, S. B. Singham, “Backscattering by nonspherical particles: a review of methods and suggested new approaches,” J. Geophys. Res. D 96, 5269–5277 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. K. Singham, S. B. Singham, G. C. Salzman, “The scattering matrix for randomly oriented particles,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 3807–3815 (1986).

[CrossRef]

P. Stammes, “Light scattering properties of aerosols and the radiation inside a planetary atmosphere,” Ph.D. dissertation (Free University, Amsterdam, 1989).

D. L. Jaggard, C. Hill, R. W. Shorthill, D. Stuart, M. Glantz, F. Rosswog, B. Taggart, S. Hammond, “Light scattering from particles of regular and irregular shape,” Atmos. Environ. 15, 2511–2519 (1981).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Jaggard, C. Hill, R. W. Shorthill, D. Stuart, M. Glantz, F. Rosswog, B. Taggart, S. Hammond, “Light scattering from particles of regular and irregular shape,” Atmos. Environ. 15, 2511–2519 (1981).

[CrossRef]

J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, “Light scattering in planetary atmospheres,” Space Sci. Rev. 16, 527–610 (1974).

[CrossRef]

L. Tsang, J. A. Kong, R. T. Shin, Theory of Microwave Remote Sensing (Wiley, New York, 1985).

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957).

J. W. Hovenier, C. V. M. van der Mee, “Fundamental relationships relevant to the transfer of polarized light in a scattering atmosphere,” Astron. Astrophys. 128, 1–16 (1983);C. V. M. van der Mee, J. W. Hovenier, “Expansion coefficients in polarized light transfer,” Astron. Astrophys. 228, 559–568 (1990).

V. Vouk, “Projected area of convex bodies,” Nature (London) 162, 330–331 (1948).

[CrossRef]

P. C. Waterman, “Symmetry, unitarity, and geometry in electromagnetic scattering,” Phys. Rev. D 3, 825–839 (1971);“Matrix methods in potential theory and electromagnetic scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 4550–4566 (1979);B. Peterson, S. Ström, “T matrix for electromagnetic scattering from an arbitrary number of scatterers and representations of E(3),” Phys. Rev. D 8, 3661–3678 (1973).

[CrossRef]

W. M. F. Wauben, J. W. Hovenier, “Polarized radiation of an atmosphere containing randomly-oriented spheroids,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 47, 491–504 (1992).

[CrossRef]

W. J. Wiscombe, A. Mugnai, “Scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev particles. 2. Means of angular scattering patterns,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2405–2421 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. J. Wiscombe, A. Mugnai, “Single scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev particles: a compendium of calculations,” NASA Ref. Publ. 1157 (Goddard Space Flight Center, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Greenbelt, Md., 1986).

R. H. Zerull, “Scattering measurements of dielectric and absorbing nonspherical particles,” Beitr. Phys. Atmos. 49, 168–188 (1976).

S. C. Hill, A. C. Hill, P. W. Barber, “Light scattering by size/shape distributions of soil particles and spheroids,”Appl. Opt. 23, 1025–1031 (1984).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. J. Wiscombe, A. Mugnai, “Scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev particles. 2. Means of angular scattering patterns,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2405–2421 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Barber, C. Yeh, “Scattering of electromagnetic waves by arbitrarily shaped dielectric bodies,” Appl. Opt. 14, 2864–2872 (1975);D.-S. Wang, P. W. Barber, “Scattering by inhomogeneous nonspherical objects,” Appl. Opt. 18, 1190–1197 (1979).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. S. Fry, G. W. Kattawar, “Relationships between elements of the Stokes matrix,” Appl. Opt. 20, 2811 (1981);J. W. Hovenier, H. C. van de Hulst, C. V. M. van der Mee, “Conditions for the elements of the scattering matrix,” Astron. Astrophys. 157, 301 (1986).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. J. Perry, A. J. Hant, D. R. Huffman, “Experimental determinations of Mueller scattering matrices for nonspherical particles,” Appl. Opt. 17, 2700–2710 (1978).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Asano, M. Sato, “Light scattering by randomly oriented spheroidal particles,”Appl. Opt. 19, 962–974 (1980).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. C. Holland, G. Gagne, “The scattering of polarized light by polydisperse systems of irregular particles,”Appl. Opt. 9, 1113–1121 (1970).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. W. Hovenier, C. V. M. van der Mee, “Fundamental relationships relevant to the transfer of polarized light in a scattering atmosphere,” Astron. Astrophys. 128, 1–16 (1983);C. V. M. van der Mee, J. W. Hovenier, “Expansion coefficients in polarized light transfer,” Astron. Astrophys. 228, 559–568 (1990).

J. F. de Haan, P. B. Bosma, J. W. Hovenier, “The adding method for multiple scattering calculations of polarized light,” Astron. Astrophys. 183, 371–391 (1987);P. Stammes, J. F. de Haan, J. W. Hovenier, “The polarized internal radiation field of a planetary atmosphere,” Astron. Astrophys. 225, 239–259 (1989).

C. E. Siewert, “On the equation of transfer relevant to the scattering of polarized light,” Astrophys. J. 245, 1080–1086 (1981);“On the phase matrix basic to the scattering of polarized light,” Astron. Astrophys. 109, 195–200 (1982).

[CrossRef]

H. Domke, “The expansion of scattering matrices for an isotropic medium in generalized spherical functions,” Astrophys. Space Sci. 29, 379–386 (1974);“Fourier expansion of the phase matrix for Mie scattering,” Z. Meteorol. 25, 357–361 (1975);O. I. Bugaenko, “Generalized spherical functions in the Mie problem,” Izv. Atmos. Oceanic Phys. 12, 366–370 (1976).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Jaggard, C. Hill, R. W. Shorthill, D. Stuart, M. Glantz, F. Rosswog, B. Taggart, S. Hammond, “Light scattering from particles of regular and irregular shape,” Atmos. Environ. 15, 2511–2519 (1981).

[CrossRef]

R. H. Zerull, “Scattering measurements of dielectric and absorbing nonspherical particles,” Beitr. Phys. Atmos. 49, 168–188 (1976).

M. I. Mishchenko, “Infrared absorption by shape distributions of NH3 ice particles: an application to the Jovian atmosphere,” Earth Moon Planet 53, 149–156 (1991).

[CrossRef]

P. W. Barber, “Resonance electromagnetic absorption by nonspherical dielectric objects,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-25, 373–381 (1977).

[CrossRef]

W. M. McClain, W. A. Ghoul, “Elastic light scattering by randomly oriented macromolecules: computation of the complete set of observables,” J. Chem. Phys. 84, 6609–6622 (1986).

[CrossRef]

M. K. Singham, S. B. Singham, G. C. Salzman, “The scattering matrix for randomly oriented particles,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 3807–3815 (1986).

[CrossRef]

C. F. Bohren, S. B. Singham, “Backscattering by nonspherical particles: a review of methods and suggested new approaches,” J. Geophys. Res. D 96, 5269–5277 (1991).

[CrossRef]

R. D. M. Garcia, C. E. Siewert, “A generalized spherical harmonics solution for radiative transfer models that include polarization effects,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 36, 401–423 (1986);“The FN method for radiative transfer models that include polarization effects,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 41, 117–145 (1989).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, “The fast invariant imbedding method for polarized light: computational aspects and numerical results for Rayleigh scattering,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 43, 163–171 (1990);“Reflection of polarized light by plane-parallel slabs containing randomly-oriented, nonspherical particles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 46, 171–181 (1991).

[CrossRef]

W. M. F. Wauben, J. W. Hovenier, “Polarized radiation of an atmosphere containing randomly-oriented spheroids,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 47, 491–504 (1992).

[CrossRef]

F. Kuik, J. F. de Haan, J. W. Hovenier, “Benchmark results for single scattering by spheroids,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 47, 477–489 (1992).

[CrossRef]

V. Vouk, “Projected area of convex bodies,” Nature (London) 162, 330–331 (1948).

[CrossRef]

I. Kuščer, M. Ribarič, “Matrix formalism in the theory of diffusion of light,” Opt. Acta 6, 42–51 (1959).

[CrossRef]

P. C. Waterman, “Symmetry, unitarity, and geometry in electromagnetic scattering,” Phys. Rev. D 3, 825–839 (1971);“Matrix methods in potential theory and electromagnetic scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 4550–4566 (1979);B. Peterson, S. Ström, “T matrix for electromagnetic scattering from an arbitrary number of scatterers and representations of E(3),” Phys. Rev. D 8, 3661–3678 (1973).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, “Interstellar light absorption by randomly oriented nonspherical dust grains,” Sov. Astron. Lett. 15, 299–302 (1989);“Extinction of light by randomly-oriented nonspherical grains,” Astrophys. Space Sci. 164, 1–13 (1990);“Calculation of the total optical cross sections for an ensemble of randomly oriented nonspherical particles,” Kinem. Fiz. Nebes. Tel 6(5), 95–96 (1990);N. G. Khlebtsov, “Orientational averaging of light scattering observables in the ℐ-matrix approach,” Appl. Opt. 31, 5359–5365 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, “Light scattering in planetary atmospheres,” Space Sci. Rev. 16, 527–610 (1974).

[CrossRef]

I. M. Gelfand, R. A. Minlos, Z. Ya. Shapiro, Representations of the Rotation and Lorentz Groups and Their ApplicationsPergamon, Oxford, 1963).

P. Stammes, “Light scattering properties of aerosols and the radiation inside a planetary atmosphere,” Ph.D. dissertation (Free University, Amsterdam, 1989).

V. K. Varadan, V. V. Varadan, eds., Acoustic, Electromagnetic and Elastic Wave Scattering—Focus on the T-Matrix Approach (Pergamon, New York, 1980).

L. Tsang, J. A. Kong, R. T. Shin, Theory of Microwave Remote Sensing (Wiley, New York, 1985).

J. F. de Haan, “Effects of aerosols on the brightness and polarization of cloudless planetary atmospheres,” Ph.D. dissertation (Free University, Amsterdam, 1987).

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957).

C. F. Bohren, D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1983).

P. W. Barber, “Differential scattering of electromagnetic waves by homogeneous isotropic dielectric bodies,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, Calif.1973).

W. J. Wiscombe, A. Mugnai, “Single scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev particles: a compendium of calculations,” NASA Ref. Publ. 1157 (Goddard Space Flight Center, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Greenbelt, Md., 1986).

P. W. Barber, S. C. Hill, Light Scattering by Particles: Computational Methods (World Scientific, Singapore, 1990).