Abstract

Free-space optical interconnection is an attractive technique for interprocessor communications in future multiprocessor systems. The previously developed multiprocessor system, COSINE-1 (computer systems employing optical spatial interconnections for experimentation-1), used manually reconfigured board-to-board free-space optical interconnections. This paper describes COSINE-2, an advanced version of COSINE-1. COSINE-2 employs a rearrangeable 128 × 128 free-space multichannel optical switch implemented with a polarization-multiplexing technique. The optical switch offers full flexibility for reconfiguring the processor network. A system is built and experimentally confirmed to be completely reliable. System operations including processor network reconfiguration are successfully performed.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. W. Goodman, F. I. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical interconnections for VLSI systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  2. H. J. Siegel, “The theory underlying the partitioning of permutation networks,” IEEE Trans. Comput. C-29, 791–801 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  3. Y. Okada, H. Tajima, Y. Hamazaki, K. Tamura, “Dialog.H: a highly parallel processor based on optical common bus,” in Technical Digest, COMPCON’83, Fall (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Research, New York, 1983), pp. 461–467.
  4. M. Fraces, J.-P. Bouzinac, P. Churoux, M. Laug, D. Comte, P. Siron, X. Thibault, “Multiprocessor based on an optical crossbar network: the MILORD project,” in Optical Computing ’88, J. W. Goodman, P. Chavel, G. Roblin, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.963, 223–231 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  5. T. Matsumoto, T. Sakano, K. Noguchi, T. Sawabe, “Computer systems employing reconfigurable board-to-board free-space optical interconnections: COSINE-1 and -2,” in Proceedings of the 1990 International Conference on Computer Design (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Research, New York, 1990), pp. 426–429.
    [Crossref]
  6. T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, K. Noguchi, T. Sawabe, “Design and performance of a multiprocessor system employing board-to-board free-space optical interconnections: COSINE-1,” Appl. Opt. 30, 2334–2343 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. T-Y. Fong, “A survey of interconnection networks,” Computer 14, 12–27 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. A. Sawchuk, B. K. Jenkins, C. S. Raghavendra, A. Varma, “Optical crossbar network,” Computer 20, 50–60 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  9. H-I. Jeon, A. A. Sawchuk, “Optical crossbar interconnections using variable grating mode devices,” Appl. Opt. 26, 261–269 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. T. J. Cloonan, “Free-space optical implementation of a feed forward crossbar network,” Appl. Opt. 29, 2006–2012 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. S. R. Forrest, G. L. Tangonan, V. Jones, “A simple 8 × 8 optoelectronic crossbar switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 607–614 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. J. Murdocca, A. Huang, J. Jahns, N. Streibl, “Optical design of programmable logic arrays,” Appl. Opt. 27, 1651–1660 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. M. J. Murdocca, T. J. Cloonan, “Optical design of a digital switch,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2505–2517 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. G. A. De Biase, “Optical multistage interconnection networks for large-scale multiprocessor systems,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2017–2021 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  15. P. J. Duthie, M. J. Wale, I. Bennion, “Side, transparency and control in optical space switch fabrics: a 16 × 16 single chip array in lithium niobate and its applications,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper 13A-3.
    [Crossref]
  16. F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. L. Brubaker, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “S-SEED-based photonic switching network demonstration,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper WE1-1.
  17. T. Nakagami, T. Yamamoti, H. Itoh, “Multistage reconfigurable optical interconnection network using polarization switch arrays,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper ThB2-1.
  18. K. Noguchi, K. Hogari, T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, “Rear-rangeable multichannel free-space optical switch using polarization multiplexing technique,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1325–1326 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  19. K. Hogari, K. Noguchi, T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, “Two-dimensional multichannel optical switch employing polarization controlling,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper 13C-7.
    [Crossref]
  20. T. Sakano, K. Hogari, K. Noguchi, T. Matsumoto, “A multichannel crossover switching network using collimated lights,” Trans. Inst. Electron. Commun. Eng. Jpn. E73, 2017–2019 (1990).
  21. K. Noguchi, T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, “A multichannel free-space optical switch based on multistage network configuration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1726–1732 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  22. The Transputer Databook (INMOS Ltd., Bristol, UK, 1989).
  23. T. Sakai, S. Konaka, Y. Kobayashi, M. Suzuki, Y. Kawai, “Gigabit logic bipolar technology: advanced super self-aligned process technology,” Electron. Lett. 19, 283–284 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  24. D. H. Hartman, “Digital high speed interconnects: a study of the optical alternative,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1086–1102 (1986).
  25. C. A. R. Hoare, ed., OCCAM2 Reference Manual (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1988).
  26. G. Andersson, I. Dahl, P. Keller, W. Kuczynski, S. T. Lager-wall, K. Skarp, B. Stebler, “Submicrosecond electro-optic switching in the liquid-crystal smectic A phase: the soft-mode ferroelectric effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 640–642 (1987).
    [Crossref]

1991 (2)

T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, K. Noguchi, T. Sawabe, “Design and performance of a multiprocessor system employing board-to-board free-space optical interconnections: COSINE-1,” Appl. Opt. 30, 2334–2343 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Noguchi, T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, “A multichannel free-space optical switch based on multistage network configuration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1726–1732 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (3)

K. Noguchi, K. Hogari, T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, “Rear-rangeable multichannel free-space optical switch using polarization multiplexing technique,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1325–1326 (1990).
[Crossref]

T. Sakano, K. Hogari, K. Noguchi, T. Matsumoto, “A multichannel crossover switching network using collimated lights,” Trans. Inst. Electron. Commun. Eng. Jpn. E73, 2017–2019 (1990).

T. J. Cloonan, “Free-space optical implementation of a feed forward crossbar network,” Appl. Opt. 29, 2006–2012 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (3)

1988 (1)

1987 (3)

A. A. Sawchuk, B. K. Jenkins, C. S. Raghavendra, A. Varma, “Optical crossbar network,” Computer 20, 50–60 (1987).
[Crossref]

H-I. Jeon, A. A. Sawchuk, “Optical crossbar interconnections using variable grating mode devices,” Appl. Opt. 26, 261–269 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Andersson, I. Dahl, P. Keller, W. Kuczynski, S. T. Lager-wall, K. Skarp, B. Stebler, “Submicrosecond electro-optic switching in the liquid-crystal smectic A phase: the soft-mode ferroelectric effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 640–642 (1987).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

D. H. Hartman, “Digital high speed interconnects: a study of the optical alternative,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1086–1102 (1986).

1984 (1)

J. W. Goodman, F. I. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical interconnections for VLSI systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

T. Sakai, S. Konaka, Y. Kobayashi, M. Suzuki, Y. Kawai, “Gigabit logic bipolar technology: advanced super self-aligned process technology,” Electron. Lett. 19, 283–284 (1983).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

T-Y. Fong, “A survey of interconnection networks,” Computer 14, 12–27 (1981).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

H. J. Siegel, “The theory underlying the partitioning of permutation networks,” IEEE Trans. Comput. C-29, 791–801 (1980).
[Crossref]

Andersson, G.

G. Andersson, I. Dahl, P. Keller, W. Kuczynski, S. T. Lager-wall, K. Skarp, B. Stebler, “Submicrosecond electro-optic switching in the liquid-crystal smectic A phase: the soft-mode ferroelectric effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 640–642 (1987).
[Crossref]

Athale, R. A.

J. W. Goodman, F. I. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical interconnections for VLSI systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
[Crossref]

Bennion, I.

P. J. Duthie, M. J. Wale, I. Bennion, “Side, transparency and control in optical space switch fabrics: a 16 × 16 single chip array in lithium niobate and its applications,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper 13A-3.
[Crossref]

Bouzinac, J.-P.

M. Fraces, J.-P. Bouzinac, P. Churoux, M. Laug, D. Comte, P. Siron, X. Thibault, “Multiprocessor based on an optical crossbar network: the MILORD project,” in Optical Computing ’88, J. W. Goodman, P. Chavel, G. Roblin, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.963, 223–231 (1989).
[Crossref]

Brubaker, J. L.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. L. Brubaker, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “S-SEED-based photonic switching network demonstration,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper WE1-1.

Churoux, P.

M. Fraces, J.-P. Bouzinac, P. Churoux, M. Laug, D. Comte, P. Siron, X. Thibault, “Multiprocessor based on an optical crossbar network: the MILORD project,” in Optical Computing ’88, J. W. Goodman, P. Chavel, G. Roblin, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.963, 223–231 (1989).
[Crossref]

Cloonan, T. J.

T. J. Cloonan, “Free-space optical implementation of a feed forward crossbar network,” Appl. Opt. 29, 2006–2012 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Murdocca, T. J. Cloonan, “Optical design of a digital switch,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2505–2517 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. L. Brubaker, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “S-SEED-based photonic switching network demonstration,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper WE1-1.

Comte, D.

M. Fraces, J.-P. Bouzinac, P. Churoux, M. Laug, D. Comte, P. Siron, X. Thibault, “Multiprocessor based on an optical crossbar network: the MILORD project,” in Optical Computing ’88, J. W. Goodman, P. Chavel, G. Roblin, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.963, 223–231 (1989).
[Crossref]

Dahl, I.

G. Andersson, I. Dahl, P. Keller, W. Kuczynski, S. T. Lager-wall, K. Skarp, B. Stebler, “Submicrosecond electro-optic switching in the liquid-crystal smectic A phase: the soft-mode ferroelectric effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 640–642 (1987).
[Crossref]

De Biase, G. A.

Duthie, P. J.

P. J. Duthie, M. J. Wale, I. Bennion, “Side, transparency and control in optical space switch fabrics: a 16 × 16 single chip array in lithium niobate and its applications,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper 13A-3.
[Crossref]

Fong, T-Y.

T-Y. Fong, “A survey of interconnection networks,” Computer 14, 12–27 (1981).
[Crossref]

Forrest, S. R.

S. R. Forrest, G. L. Tangonan, V. Jones, “A simple 8 × 8 optoelectronic crossbar switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 607–614 (1989).
[Crossref]

Fraces, M.

M. Fraces, J.-P. Bouzinac, P. Churoux, M. Laug, D. Comte, P. Siron, X. Thibault, “Multiprocessor based on an optical crossbar network: the MILORD project,” in Optical Computing ’88, J. W. Goodman, P. Chavel, G. Roblin, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.963, 223–231 (1989).
[Crossref]

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, F. I. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical interconnections for VLSI systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
[Crossref]

Hamazaki, Y.

Y. Okada, H. Tajima, Y. Hamazaki, K. Tamura, “Dialog.H: a highly parallel processor based on optical common bus,” in Technical Digest, COMPCON’83, Fall (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Research, New York, 1983), pp. 461–467.

Hartman, D. H.

D. H. Hartman, “Digital high speed interconnects: a study of the optical alternative,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1086–1102 (1986).

Herron, M. J.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. L. Brubaker, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “S-SEED-based photonic switching network demonstration,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper WE1-1.

Hinterlong, S. J.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. L. Brubaker, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “S-SEED-based photonic switching network demonstration,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper WE1-1.

Hogari, K.

T. Sakano, K. Hogari, K. Noguchi, T. Matsumoto, “A multichannel crossover switching network using collimated lights,” Trans. Inst. Electron. Commun. Eng. Jpn. E73, 2017–2019 (1990).

K. Noguchi, K. Hogari, T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, “Rear-rangeable multichannel free-space optical switch using polarization multiplexing technique,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1325–1326 (1990).
[Crossref]

K. Hogari, K. Noguchi, T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, “Two-dimensional multichannel optical switch employing polarization controlling,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper 13C-7.
[Crossref]

Huang, A.

Itoh, H.

T. Nakagami, T. Yamamoti, H. Itoh, “Multistage reconfigurable optical interconnection network using polarization switch arrays,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper ThB2-1.

Jahns, J.

Jenkins, B. K.

A. A. Sawchuk, B. K. Jenkins, C. S. Raghavendra, A. Varma, “Optical crossbar network,” Computer 20, 50–60 (1987).
[Crossref]

Jeon, H-I.

Jones, V.

S. R. Forrest, G. L. Tangonan, V. Jones, “A simple 8 × 8 optoelectronic crossbar switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 607–614 (1989).
[Crossref]

Kawai, Y.

T. Sakai, S. Konaka, Y. Kobayashi, M. Suzuki, Y. Kawai, “Gigabit logic bipolar technology: advanced super self-aligned process technology,” Electron. Lett. 19, 283–284 (1983).
[Crossref]

Keller, P.

G. Andersson, I. Dahl, P. Keller, W. Kuczynski, S. T. Lager-wall, K. Skarp, B. Stebler, “Submicrosecond electro-optic switching in the liquid-crystal smectic A phase: the soft-mode ferroelectric effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 640–642 (1987).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, Y.

T. Sakai, S. Konaka, Y. Kobayashi, M. Suzuki, Y. Kawai, “Gigabit logic bipolar technology: advanced super self-aligned process technology,” Electron. Lett. 19, 283–284 (1983).
[Crossref]

Konaka, S.

T. Sakai, S. Konaka, Y. Kobayashi, M. Suzuki, Y. Kawai, “Gigabit logic bipolar technology: advanced super self-aligned process technology,” Electron. Lett. 19, 283–284 (1983).
[Crossref]

Kuczynski, W.

G. Andersson, I. Dahl, P. Keller, W. Kuczynski, S. T. Lager-wall, K. Skarp, B. Stebler, “Submicrosecond electro-optic switching in the liquid-crystal smectic A phase: the soft-mode ferroelectric effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 640–642 (1987).
[Crossref]

Kung, S. Y.

J. W. Goodman, F. I. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical interconnections for VLSI systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
[Crossref]

Lager-wall, S. T.

G. Andersson, I. Dahl, P. Keller, W. Kuczynski, S. T. Lager-wall, K. Skarp, B. Stebler, “Submicrosecond electro-optic switching in the liquid-crystal smectic A phase: the soft-mode ferroelectric effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 640–642 (1987).
[Crossref]

Laug, M.

M. Fraces, J.-P. Bouzinac, P. Churoux, M. Laug, D. Comte, P. Siron, X. Thibault, “Multiprocessor based on an optical crossbar network: the MILORD project,” in Optical Computing ’88, J. W. Goodman, P. Chavel, G. Roblin, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.963, 223–231 (1989).
[Crossref]

Lentine, A. L.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. L. Brubaker, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “S-SEED-based photonic switching network demonstration,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper WE1-1.

Leonberger, F. I.

J. W. Goodman, F. I. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical interconnections for VLSI systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
[Crossref]

Matsumoto, T.

K. Noguchi, T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, “A multichannel free-space optical switch based on multistage network configuration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1726–1732 (1991).
[Crossref]

T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, K. Noguchi, T. Sawabe, “Design and performance of a multiprocessor system employing board-to-board free-space optical interconnections: COSINE-1,” Appl. Opt. 30, 2334–2343 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sakano, K. Hogari, K. Noguchi, T. Matsumoto, “A multichannel crossover switching network using collimated lights,” Trans. Inst. Electron. Commun. Eng. Jpn. E73, 2017–2019 (1990).

K. Noguchi, K. Hogari, T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, “Rear-rangeable multichannel free-space optical switch using polarization multiplexing technique,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1325–1326 (1990).
[Crossref]

K. Hogari, K. Noguchi, T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, “Two-dimensional multichannel optical switch employing polarization controlling,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper 13C-7.
[Crossref]

T. Matsumoto, T. Sakano, K. Noguchi, T. Sawabe, “Computer systems employing reconfigurable board-to-board free-space optical interconnections: COSINE-1 and -2,” in Proceedings of the 1990 International Conference on Computer Design (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Research, New York, 1990), pp. 426–429.
[Crossref]

McCormick, F. B.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. L. Brubaker, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “S-SEED-based photonic switching network demonstration,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper WE1-1.

Morrison, R. L.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. L. Brubaker, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “S-SEED-based photonic switching network demonstration,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper WE1-1.

Murdocca, M. J.

Nakagami, T.

T. Nakagami, T. Yamamoti, H. Itoh, “Multistage reconfigurable optical interconnection network using polarization switch arrays,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper ThB2-1.

Noguchi, K.

K. Noguchi, T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, “A multichannel free-space optical switch based on multistage network configuration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1726–1732 (1991).
[Crossref]

T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, K. Noguchi, T. Sawabe, “Design and performance of a multiprocessor system employing board-to-board free-space optical interconnections: COSINE-1,” Appl. Opt. 30, 2334–2343 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Noguchi, K. Hogari, T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, “Rear-rangeable multichannel free-space optical switch using polarization multiplexing technique,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1325–1326 (1990).
[Crossref]

T. Sakano, K. Hogari, K. Noguchi, T. Matsumoto, “A multichannel crossover switching network using collimated lights,” Trans. Inst. Electron. Commun. Eng. Jpn. E73, 2017–2019 (1990).

K. Hogari, K. Noguchi, T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, “Two-dimensional multichannel optical switch employing polarization controlling,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper 13C-7.
[Crossref]

T. Matsumoto, T. Sakano, K. Noguchi, T. Sawabe, “Computer systems employing reconfigurable board-to-board free-space optical interconnections: COSINE-1 and -2,” in Proceedings of the 1990 International Conference on Computer Design (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Research, New York, 1990), pp. 426–429.
[Crossref]

Okada, Y.

Y. Okada, H. Tajima, Y. Hamazaki, K. Tamura, “Dialog.H: a highly parallel processor based on optical common bus,” in Technical Digest, COMPCON’83, Fall (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Research, New York, 1983), pp. 461–467.

Raghavendra, C. S.

A. A. Sawchuk, B. K. Jenkins, C. S. Raghavendra, A. Varma, “Optical crossbar network,” Computer 20, 50–60 (1987).
[Crossref]

Sakai, T.

T. Sakai, S. Konaka, Y. Kobayashi, M. Suzuki, Y. Kawai, “Gigabit logic bipolar technology: advanced super self-aligned process technology,” Electron. Lett. 19, 283–284 (1983).
[Crossref]

Sakano, T.

K. Noguchi, T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, “A multichannel free-space optical switch based on multistage network configuration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1726–1732 (1991).
[Crossref]

T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, K. Noguchi, T. Sawabe, “Design and performance of a multiprocessor system employing board-to-board free-space optical interconnections: COSINE-1,” Appl. Opt. 30, 2334–2343 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sakano, K. Hogari, K. Noguchi, T. Matsumoto, “A multichannel crossover switching network using collimated lights,” Trans. Inst. Electron. Commun. Eng. Jpn. E73, 2017–2019 (1990).

K. Noguchi, K. Hogari, T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, “Rear-rangeable multichannel free-space optical switch using polarization multiplexing technique,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1325–1326 (1990).
[Crossref]

K. Hogari, K. Noguchi, T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, “Two-dimensional multichannel optical switch employing polarization controlling,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper 13C-7.
[Crossref]

T. Matsumoto, T. Sakano, K. Noguchi, T. Sawabe, “Computer systems employing reconfigurable board-to-board free-space optical interconnections: COSINE-1 and -2,” in Proceedings of the 1990 International Conference on Computer Design (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Research, New York, 1990), pp. 426–429.
[Crossref]

Sawabe, T.

T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, K. Noguchi, T. Sawabe, “Design and performance of a multiprocessor system employing board-to-board free-space optical interconnections: COSINE-1,” Appl. Opt. 30, 2334–2343 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Matsumoto, T. Sakano, K. Noguchi, T. Sawabe, “Computer systems employing reconfigurable board-to-board free-space optical interconnections: COSINE-1 and -2,” in Proceedings of the 1990 International Conference on Computer Design (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Research, New York, 1990), pp. 426–429.
[Crossref]

Sawchuk, A. A.

A. A. Sawchuk, B. K. Jenkins, C. S. Raghavendra, A. Varma, “Optical crossbar network,” Computer 20, 50–60 (1987).
[Crossref]

H-I. Jeon, A. A. Sawchuk, “Optical crossbar interconnections using variable grating mode devices,” Appl. Opt. 26, 261–269 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Siegel, H. J.

H. J. Siegel, “The theory underlying the partitioning of permutation networks,” IEEE Trans. Comput. C-29, 791–801 (1980).
[Crossref]

Siron, P.

M. Fraces, J.-P. Bouzinac, P. Churoux, M. Laug, D. Comte, P. Siron, X. Thibault, “Multiprocessor based on an optical crossbar network: the MILORD project,” in Optical Computing ’88, J. W. Goodman, P. Chavel, G. Roblin, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.963, 223–231 (1989).
[Crossref]

Skarp, K.

G. Andersson, I. Dahl, P. Keller, W. Kuczynski, S. T. Lager-wall, K. Skarp, B. Stebler, “Submicrosecond electro-optic switching in the liquid-crystal smectic A phase: the soft-mode ferroelectric effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 640–642 (1987).
[Crossref]

Stebler, B.

G. Andersson, I. Dahl, P. Keller, W. Kuczynski, S. T. Lager-wall, K. Skarp, B. Stebler, “Submicrosecond electro-optic switching in the liquid-crystal smectic A phase: the soft-mode ferroelectric effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 640–642 (1987).
[Crossref]

Streibl, N.

Suzuki, M.

T. Sakai, S. Konaka, Y. Kobayashi, M. Suzuki, Y. Kawai, “Gigabit logic bipolar technology: advanced super self-aligned process technology,” Electron. Lett. 19, 283–284 (1983).
[Crossref]

Tajima, H.

Y. Okada, H. Tajima, Y. Hamazaki, K. Tamura, “Dialog.H: a highly parallel processor based on optical common bus,” in Technical Digest, COMPCON’83, Fall (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Research, New York, 1983), pp. 461–467.

Tamura, K.

Y. Okada, H. Tajima, Y. Hamazaki, K. Tamura, “Dialog.H: a highly parallel processor based on optical common bus,” in Technical Digest, COMPCON’83, Fall (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Research, New York, 1983), pp. 461–467.

Tangonan, G. L.

S. R. Forrest, G. L. Tangonan, V. Jones, “A simple 8 × 8 optoelectronic crossbar switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 607–614 (1989).
[Crossref]

Thibault, X.

M. Fraces, J.-P. Bouzinac, P. Churoux, M. Laug, D. Comte, P. Siron, X. Thibault, “Multiprocessor based on an optical crossbar network: the MILORD project,” in Optical Computing ’88, J. W. Goodman, P. Chavel, G. Roblin, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.963, 223–231 (1989).
[Crossref]

Tooley, F. A. P.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. L. Brubaker, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “S-SEED-based photonic switching network demonstration,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper WE1-1.

Varma, A.

A. A. Sawchuk, B. K. Jenkins, C. S. Raghavendra, A. Varma, “Optical crossbar network,” Computer 20, 50–60 (1987).
[Crossref]

Wale, M. J.

P. J. Duthie, M. J. Wale, I. Bennion, “Side, transparency and control in optical space switch fabrics: a 16 × 16 single chip array in lithium niobate and its applications,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper 13A-3.
[Crossref]

Walker, S. L.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. L. Brubaker, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “S-SEED-based photonic switching network demonstration,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper WE1-1.

Yamamoti, T.

T. Nakagami, T. Yamamoti, H. Itoh, “Multistage reconfigurable optical interconnection network using polarization switch arrays,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper ThB2-1.

Appl. Opt. (6)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. Andersson, I. Dahl, P. Keller, W. Kuczynski, S. T. Lager-wall, K. Skarp, B. Stebler, “Submicrosecond electro-optic switching in the liquid-crystal smectic A phase: the soft-mode ferroelectric effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 640–642 (1987).
[Crossref]

Computer (2)

T-Y. Fong, “A survey of interconnection networks,” Computer 14, 12–27 (1981).
[Crossref]

A. A. Sawchuk, B. K. Jenkins, C. S. Raghavendra, A. Varma, “Optical crossbar network,” Computer 20, 50–60 (1987).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (2)

K. Noguchi, K. Hogari, T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, “Rear-rangeable multichannel free-space optical switch using polarization multiplexing technique,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1325–1326 (1990).
[Crossref]

T. Sakai, S. Konaka, Y. Kobayashi, M. Suzuki, Y. Kawai, “Gigabit logic bipolar technology: advanced super self-aligned process technology,” Electron. Lett. 19, 283–284 (1983).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Comput. (1)

H. J. Siegel, “The theory underlying the partitioning of permutation networks,” IEEE Trans. Comput. C-29, 791–801 (1980).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

S. R. Forrest, G. L. Tangonan, V. Jones, “A simple 8 × 8 optoelectronic crossbar switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 607–614 (1989).
[Crossref]

K. Noguchi, T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, “A multichannel free-space optical switch based on multistage network configuration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1726–1732 (1991).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

D. H. Hartman, “Digital high speed interconnects: a study of the optical alternative,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1086–1102 (1986).

Proc. IEEE (1)

J. W. Goodman, F. I. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical interconnections for VLSI systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
[Crossref]

Trans. Inst. Electron. Commun. Eng. Jpn. (1)

T. Sakano, K. Hogari, K. Noguchi, T. Matsumoto, “A multichannel crossover switching network using collimated lights,” Trans. Inst. Electron. Commun. Eng. Jpn. E73, 2017–2019 (1990).

Other (9)

K. Hogari, K. Noguchi, T. Sakano, T. Matsumoto, “Two-dimensional multichannel optical switch employing polarization controlling,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper 13C-7.
[Crossref]

P. J. Duthie, M. J. Wale, I. Bennion, “Side, transparency and control in optical space switch fabrics: a 16 × 16 single chip array in lithium niobate and its applications,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper 13A-3.
[Crossref]

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. L. Brubaker, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “S-SEED-based photonic switching network demonstration,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper WE1-1.

T. Nakagami, T. Yamamoti, H. Itoh, “Multistage reconfigurable optical interconnection network using polarization switch arrays,” in Photonic Switching, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper ThB2-1.

Y. Okada, H. Tajima, Y. Hamazaki, K. Tamura, “Dialog.H: a highly parallel processor based on optical common bus,” in Technical Digest, COMPCON’83, Fall (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Research, New York, 1983), pp. 461–467.

M. Fraces, J.-P. Bouzinac, P. Churoux, M. Laug, D. Comte, P. Siron, X. Thibault, “Multiprocessor based on an optical crossbar network: the MILORD project,” in Optical Computing ’88, J. W. Goodman, P. Chavel, G. Roblin, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.963, 223–231 (1989).
[Crossref]

T. Matsumoto, T. Sakano, K. Noguchi, T. Sawabe, “Computer systems employing reconfigurable board-to-board free-space optical interconnections: COSINE-1 and -2,” in Proceedings of the 1990 International Conference on Computer Design (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Research, New York, 1990), pp. 426–429.
[Crossref]

C. A. R. Hoare, ed., OCCAM2 Reference Manual (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1988).

The Transputer Databook (INMOS Ltd., Bristol, UK, 1989).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (19)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

System architecture of the COSINE-2.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

System configuration that uses input–output optical fibers.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

System configuration without output optical fibers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

128 × 128 Benes network configuration.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Schematic diagram that explains the principle of the optical switch and (b) the equivalent switching network.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Structure of 128 × 128 free-space multichannel optical switch.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Photograph of the optical switch

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Photograph of the COSINE-2

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Optical power level diagram of COSINE-2.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Eye pattern for the 20-Mbit/s NRZ signal at the output of free-space optical interconnection.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Measured BER characteristics.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Link communication protocol.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Signals observed during link communication.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Configuration of the processor network that was used in the system operation experiment.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Programs that were installed in each processor.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Signals that were observed while the program was running.

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

Examples of the signals that were observed after switching.

Fig. 18
Fig. 18

Relationships between the number of channels and propagation delay time in a free-space multichannel optical switch.

Fig. 19
Fig. 19

Possible configurations for assembling the processing units and other circuits such as O/E and E/O converters: (a) the processing units are arranged two dimensionally on separate boards, (b) the processing units are arranged in a straight line with other circuits.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Main Specifications of COSINE-1 and -2

Tables Icon

Table 2 Specifications of the Optical Interconnections in COSINE-2

Metrics