Abstract

A method for making ultraviolet-responsive holograms in dichromated gelatin by using the 488-nm radiation from an argon laser is presented. We obtain the main shift toward short wavelengths by swelling the gelatin layer in a high-humidity atmosphere before exposure, and we adjust the final reconstruction wavelength (355 nm) by controlled heating of the holograms. These holograms, which exhibit the high performance of dichromated-gelatin holograms, are quite uniform compared with those made with other swelling agents. The swelling effects are discussed, and some procedures for improving efficiency are given.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Kosar, Light Sensitive Systems (Wiley, New York, 1965), Chap. 2, pp. 82–90.
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    [CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1989 (1)

1986 (1)

1981 (1)

1980 (1)

D. M. Samoilovich, A. Zeichner, A. A. Friesem, “The mechanism of volume hologram formation in dichromated gelatin,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 161–166 (1980).

1979 (1)

1967 (1)

1954 (1)

K. H. Gustavson, “Some aspects of the reaction of basic chromium salts with hide protein,” Discuss. Faraday Soc. 16, 185–195 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Boj, P. G.

Champagne, E. B.

Coleman, J.

Crespo, J.

Friesem, A. A.

D. M. Samoilovich, A. Zeichner, A. A. Friesem, “The mechanism of volume hologram formation in dichromated gelatin,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 161–166 (1980).

Gustavson, K. H.

K. H. Gustavson, “Some aspects of the reaction of basic chromium salts with hide protein,” Discuss. Faraday Soc. 16, 185–195 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Kosar, J.

J. Kosar, Light Sensitive Systems (Wiley, New York, 1965), Chap. 2, pp. 82–90.

Kubota, T.

Magarinos, J.

McGrew, S. P.

S. P. McGrew, “Color control in dichromated gelatin reflection holograms” in Recent Advances in Holography, T. Lee, P. Tamura, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.215, 24–31 (1980).

Ose, T.

Quintana, J. A.

Samoilovich, D. M.

D. M. Samoilovich, A. Zeichner, A. A. Friesem, “The mechanism of volume hologram formation in dichromated gelatin,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 161–166 (1980).

Zeichner, A.

D. M. Samoilovich, A. Zeichner, A. A. Friesem, “The mechanism of volume hologram formation in dichromated gelatin,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 161–166 (1980).

Appl. Opt. (4)

Discuss. Faraday Soc. (1)

K. H. Gustavson, “Some aspects of the reaction of basic chromium salts with hide protein,” Discuss. Faraday Soc. 16, 185–195 (1954).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photogr. Sci. Eng. (1)

D. M. Samoilovich, A. Zeichner, A. A. Friesem, “The mechanism of volume hologram formation in dichromated gelatin,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 161–166 (1980).

Other (2)

S. P. McGrew, “Color control in dichromated gelatin reflection holograms” in Recent Advances in Holography, T. Lee, P. Tamura, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.215, 24–31 (1980).

J. Kosar, Light Sensitive Systems (Wiley, New York, 1965), Chap. 2, pp. 82–90.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement used to record line-focusing parabolic concentrators.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reconstruction wavelength as a function of swelling time before and after the holograms were heated at 120 °C for 12 h.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Diffraction efficiency as a function of swelling time for several development temperatures.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Diffraction efficiency as a function of exposure for holograms from 12-h-swelled layers developed at 35 °C and holograms from unswelled layers developed at 20 °C.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Cross section of a gelatin layer as seen by electron microscopy.

Tables (3)

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Table 1 Procedures for Making Ultraviolet Spectrally Responsive Holograms

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Table 2 Influence of Sensitization and Swelling on the Melting Point of Gelatin Layers

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Table 3 Optimized Development Temperature and Diffraction Efficiency of Ultraviolet Spectrally Responsive Holograms

Equations (1)

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1 / f = λ c / λ 0 [ ( 1 / r 1 ) - ( 1 / r 2 ) ] ,

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