The single-scattering phase functions of polyhedral-shaped ice particles are calculated by means of geometric optics and the diffraction theory. Particle orientation is assumed to be random in space. Particle shapes are taken both from ice-crystal classifications and from in situ measurements. The effects of particle concavity on the scattering signature are discussed in detail. A common feature is the pronounced forward-scattering peak, as well as different halo peaks that are due to a minimum deviation at corresponding ice prisms. An unusual halo phenomena, which results from a minimum deviation in a double-prism configuration, is found and verified. The comparison of different particle types shows that backscattering is a sensitive indicator for the identification of types of ice-crystal. Aggregate particles, like bullet rosettes, basically show the scattering characteristics of their individual components.
© 1993 Optical Society of AmericaPDF Article