Abstract

An attempt is made to survey the most significant physical effects in wave propagation and scattering in random media that has been predicted or observed during the last two decades. The list of such effects includes, first, the phenomena of light propagation through a turbulent atmosphere: effects of intermittent turbulence, different phenomena in the region of strong fluctuations, and of the optical resolution improvement phenomena. The second important class under consideration consists of enhanced backscattering and the related effects of double passage through the turbulent atmosphere, including enhancement of intensity fluctuations, partial reversal of the wave front in turbulent media, superfocusing, the magic-cap effect, and the diversity of other effects. Finally, new effects that are due to multiple scattering are discussed: memory effects, enhanced translucency, etc.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Yu. A. Kravtsov, “Electromagnetic wave propagation through the turbulent atmosphere,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 55, 37–112 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  2. Yu. N. Barabanenkov, Yu.A. Kravtsov, S. M. Rytov, V. I. Tatarskii, “Status of the theory of propagation of waves in a randomly inhomogeneous media,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 13, 551–580 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. S. Gurvich, “Scattering of radiowaves and the turbulence intermittency in the atmosphere,” Izv. Vyssh. Ucheb. Zaved. Radiofiz. 28, 242–244 (1985).
  4. V. I. Tatarskii, V. U. Zavorotnyi, “Wave propagation in random media with fluctuating turbulence parameters,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 2069–2081 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  5. V. I. Tatarskii, “Some aspects in the problem of waves and turbulence,” Radio Sci. 22, 859–866 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. S. Belen'kii, A. I. Kon, V. L. Mironov, “Turbulent distortions of the spatial coherence of the laser beam field,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 4, 517–525 (1977).
  7. M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, “Laser beam field coherence in a turbulent atmosphere,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 7, 1043–1050 (1980).
  8. M. S. Belen'kii, V. V. Boronoev, N. Ts. Gomboev, V. L. Mironov, “Measurements of atmospheric turbulence structure parameter using a space-limited laser beam,” Opt. Lett. 5, 67–71 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  9. M. S. Belen'kii, V. V. Boronoev, N. Ts Gomboev, V. L. Mironov, “Experimental study of phase front mean curvature for the laser beam in turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Spectrosk. 49, 595–603 (1980).
  10. M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, V. M. Sazanovich, R. Sh. Tswyk, “Longitudinal turbulent overfocusing of radiation in optical receivers,” Opt. Lett. 10, 255–261 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, “Determination of C∊2 height profiles in the atmosphere from lidar measurements,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 1, 2253–2260 (1974).
  12. M. S. Belen'kii, A. A. Makarov, V. L. Mironov, V. V. Pokasov, “Saturation of receiving aperture averaging effect upon intensity of a reflected wave,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 21, 299–308 (1978).
  13. M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, P. I. Netreba, V. V. Pokasov, A. P. Shelekhov, “Averaging of light flux fluctuations by diaphragm under wave scattering in randomly inhomogeneous medium,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Fiz. 12, 103–112 (1986).
  14. M. I. Charnotskii, V. A. Myakinin, V. U. Zavorotnyi, “Observation of superresolution in nonisoplanatic imaging through turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 1345–1348 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  15. G. M. Grechko, A. S. Gurvich, V. Kan, S. V. Sokolovskii, S. A. Savchenko, “Scintillations and random refraction during occultations by terrestrial atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 2120–2126 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  16. Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. I. Saichev, “Effects of double passage of waves in randomly inhomogeneous media,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 25, 494–508 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  17. Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. I. Saichev, “Properties of coherent waves reflected in a turbulent medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 2100–2105 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  18. Yu. N. Barabanenkov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. D. Ozrin, A. I. Saichev, “Enhanced backscattering,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1991), Vol. 29, pp. 65–197.
    [Crossref]
  19. M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, “Diffraction of optical radiation on a mirror disc in a turbulent atmosphere,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 5, 38–45 (1972).
  20. A. G. Vinogradov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. I. Tatarskii, “Enhanced backscattering from bodies immersed in a random inhomogeneous medium, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 16, 1064–1070 (1973).
  21. D. A. De Wolf, “Electromagnetic reflection from an extended turbulent medium: cumulative forward-scatter single backscatter approximation,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. AP-19, 254–262 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  22. A. S. Gurvich, S. S. Kashkarov, “Enhancement of backscattering in a turbulent medium,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 20, 794–796 (1977).
  23. S. S. Kashkarov, “Enhancement of the averaged backscattered intensity in a turbulent atmosphere,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 26, 44–48 (1983).
  24. G. Ya. Patrushev, A. I. Petrov, V. V. Pokasov, “Intensity fluctuations of mirror-reflected optical beams in a turbulent atmosphere,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 26, 823–830 (1983).
  25. S. S. Kashkarov, T. N. Nesterova, A. S. Smirnov, “Fluctuations of backscattered light intensity in turbulent media,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 27, 1272–1278 (1984).
  26. Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. I. Saichev, “Effects of partial wave front reversal on reflection of waves by randomly inhomogeneous media,” Sov. Phys. JETP 56, 291–294 (1982).
  27. V. A. Banakh, “Effect of distant correlations in the case of arbitrary size of the receiver and radiator,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 29, 1507–1512 (1986).
  28. P. Rochon, D. Bissonnette, “Lensless imaging due to backscattering,” Nature (London) 348, 708–710 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  29. A. G. Luchinin, “Wind wave effect on characteristics of light field backscattered by bottom and water layer,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 15, 770–775 (1979).
  30. A. I. Saichev, “Analysis of backscattering in turbulent medium under multiple scattering in the direction of propagation: the diffuse approximation,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 23, 1305–1313 (1980).
  31. E. E. Jakeman, “Enhanced backscattering through a deep random phase screen,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 1638–1648 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  32. F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, “Experimental feasibility of the airborne measurement of absolute oil fluorescence spectral conversion efficiency,” Appl. Opt. 22, 37–47 (1983);“Airborne detection of oceanic turbidity cell structure using depth-resolved laser-induced water Raman backscattering,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3778–3786 (1983).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. D. V. Vlasov, “Laser sounding of an upper layer of the ocean,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 49, 463–472 (1985).
  34. A. N. Malakhov, A. I. Saichev, “An effect of irregularity drift over beam propagation on efficiency of wave front reversing systems,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 24, 1356–1361 (1981).
  35. Kh. G. Akhunov, F. V. Bunkin, D. V. Vlasov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, “On the efficiency of phase conjugated focusing of waves in turbulent media,” Radiotekh. Elektron. 29, 1–4 (1984).
  36. A. V. Polovinkin, A. I. Saichev, “Waves reflection from a phase-conjugated mirror in a medium with moving large-scale inhomogeneities,” Radiotekh. Elektron. 29, 193–198 (1984).
  37. A. I. Saichev, “Reflection from a wavefront inverting mirror,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 24, 1165–1167 (1981).
  38. A. I. Saichev, “Compensation of wave distortions by a phase conjugated mirror in an inhomogeneous medium,” Radiotekh. Elektron. 27, 1961–1968 (1982).
  39. K. M. Watson, “Multiple scattering of elektromagnetic waves in an underdense plasma,” J. Math. Phys. 10, 688–702 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  40. Yu. A. Kravtsov, S. A. Namazov, “Backscatter theory for multipath propagation in random media,” in Proceedings of the International Union of Radio Science Meeting and the U.S. National Committee, Union of Radio Science Meeting (International Union of Radio Science, Brussels, 1979), p. 262.
  41. Yu. A. Kravtsov, S. A. Namazov, “Scattering of radio waves from magnetically oriented ionospheric inhomogeneities,” Radiotekh. Elektron 25, 459–466 (1980).
  42. Kh. G. Akhunov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, “Coherent effects accompanying backscattering of sound from bodies near rough sea surface,” Akust. Z. 28, 438–440 (1982).
  43. R. H. Lang, “Electromagnetic backscattering from a sparse distribution of lossy dielectric scatterers,” Radio Sci. 16, 15–30 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  44. R. N. Lang, J. S. Sidhu, “Electromagnetic backscattering from a layer of vegetation: a discrete approach,” IEEE Trans. Geo. Electron. GE-21, 62–70 (1983).
  45. J. J. Greffet, “Backscattering of s-polarized light from a cloud of a small particles above a dielectric substrate,” Waves Random Media 1, S65–S75 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  46. Kh. G. Akhunov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. M. Kuzkin, “Effect of enhanced backscattering from a body in a regular multimode waveguide,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 27, 319–323 (1984).
  47. F. M. Ismagilov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, “Backscattering enhancement polarization effects on a system of two small randomly oriented scatterers,” Waves Random Media (to be published).
  48. O. Ya. Butkovskii, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. V. Ryabykin, “Multipath coherent effects and enhanced backscattering of sound in a confined space,” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 32, 413–414 (1986).
  49. Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. V. Ryabykin, “Experimental observation of sound enhanced backscattering from ensemble of scatterers,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 3, 37–38 (1987).
  50. V. U. Zavorotnyi, V. E. Ostashev, “On the enhanced backscattering of waves from surfaces,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 25, 1291–1295 (1982).
  51. V. U. Zavorotnyi, “Backscattering of waves from two-scale rough surface: account of reillumination,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 27, 196–202 (1984).
  52. M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Monte-Carlo simulations for scattering of electromagnetic waves from perfectly conductive random rough surfaces,” Opt. Lett. 12, 979–981 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  53. C. Macaskill, B. J. Kachoyan, “Numerical evaluation of the statistics of acoustical scattering from a rough surface,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 84, 1826–1835 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  54. J. M. Soto-Crespo, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, “Electromagnetic scattering from very rough random surfaces and deep reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 367–384 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  55. E. R. Mendez, K. A. O'Donnell, “Observation of depolarization and backscattering enhancement in light scattering from Gaussian random surfaces,” Opt. Commun. 61, 91–95 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  56. K. A. O'Donnell, E. R. Mendez, “Experimental study of scattering from characterized random surfaces,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1194–1205 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  57. A. J. Sant, J. C. Dainty, M. J. Kim, “Comparison of surface scattering between identical randomly rough metal and dielectric diffusors,” Opt. Lett. 14, 1183–1185 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  58. M. J. Kim, J. C. Dainty, A. T. Friberg, “Experimental study of enhanced backscattering from one- and two-dimensional random rough surfaces,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 569–577 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  59. Z. H. Gu, A. A. Maradudin, E. R. Mendez, M. A. Ponce, V. Ruiz-Cortes, “Enhanced transmission through randomly rough surfaces,” Waves Random Media 1, S75–S91 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  60. V. Celli, A. A. Maradudin, A. M. Marvin, A. R. McGurn, “Some aspects of light scattering from a randomly rough metal surface,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 2225–2239 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  61. K. Arya, Z. B. Su, J. L. Birman, “Localization of the surface plasmon-polariton caused by random roughness and its role in surface-enhanced optical phenomena,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1559–1562 (1985).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  62. A. R. McGurn, A. A. Maradudin, “Localization effects in the elastic scattering of light from a randomly rough surface,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 910–926 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  63. Z. H. Gu, R. S. Dummer, A. A. Maradudin, A. R. McGurn, “Experimental study of the opposition effect in the scattering of light from a randomly rough metal surface,” Appl. Opt. 28, 537–543 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  64. Yu. N. Barabanenkov, “Wave corrections to the transport equation for backscattering,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 16, 88–96 (1973).
  65. Yu. N. Barabanenkov, “Multiple scattering of waves on an ensemble of particles and a theory of radiative transfer,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 18, 673–689 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  66. Y. Kuga, A. Ishimaru, “Retroreflectance from a dense distribution of spherical particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 831–839 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  67. Y. Kuga, L. Tsang, A. Ishimaru, “Depolarization effects of the enhanced retroreflectance from a dense distribution of spherical particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 616–618 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  68. M. P. Van Albada, A. Lagendijk, “Observation of weak localization of light in a random medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2692–2695 (1985).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  69. P. E. Wolf, G. Maret, “Weak localization and coherent backscattering of photons in disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696–2699 (1985).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  70. V. M. Agranovich, V. E. Kravtsov, “Effect of weak localization of photons in nonlinear optics: second harmonic generation,” Phys. Lett. A 131, 378–386 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  71. V. E. Kravtsov, V. I. Yudson, V. M. Agranovich, “Theory of phase conjugation of light in disordered nonlinear media,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 2794–2799 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  72. A. R. McGurn, T. A. Leskova, V. M. Agranovich, “Weak localization effects in the generation of second harmonics of light at a randomly rough vacuum-metal grating,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 1141–1156 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  73. X. Wang, H. J. Simon, “Directionally scattered optical second harmonic generation with surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1475–1477 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  74. V. I. Yudson, E. Reineker, “On the theory of optical phase conjugation in disordered media: coherent properties of backscattered field,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 2073–2077 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  75. M. Kaveh, “Localization of photons in disordered systems,” Philos. Mag. B 56, 693–703 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  76. P. Sheng, ed., Scattering and Localization of Classical Waves in Random Media (World Science, Singapore, 1990).
  77. V. D. Freilikher, S. M. Gredeskul, “Randomly layered media: fluctuation waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 868–883 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  78. I. L. Katsev, “The frequency contrast characteristic and spread function for the media with strongly anisotropic scattering,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 17, 532–534 (1981).
  79. G. A. Mikhailov, “Asymptotic behavior of the average irradiance intensity for some models of stochastic media,” Izv. Akad. Sci. SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 18, 993–997 (1982).
  80. A. G. Borovoi, “Radiative transfere in inhomogeneous media, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 276, 1374–1376 (1984).
  81. L. S. Dolin, “On the radiation field stochastization in a medium with fluctuating coefficient of extinction,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 227, 77–80 (1984).
  82. R. M. Manning, “Radiative transfer theory for inhomogeneous media with random extinction and scattering coefficient,” J. Math. Phys. 30, 2432–2440 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  83. R. C. Vardanyan, “Radiation transfer in stochastic media,” Astrophys. Space Sci. 141, 375–383 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  84. N. I. Kleeorin, Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. E. Mereminskii, V. G. Mirovskii, “Effect of translucence and radiative transfer in a medium with large scale fluctuations of scatterers density,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 32, 1072–1080 (1989).
  85. B. Wen, L. Tsang, D. P. Winebrinner, A. Ishimaru, “Dense medium radiative transfer theory: comparison with experiment and application to microwave remote sensing and polarimetry,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 28, 46–59 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  86. A. S. Gurvich, V. I. Kalinin, D. I. Martvel, “Influence of internal structure of glaciers on their thermal radio emission,” Izv. Akad. Sci. SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 9, 713–717 (1973).
  87. E. Wolf, “Invariance of spectrum of light on propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1370–1374 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  88. E. Wolf, “Non-cosmological redshifts of spectral lines,” Nature (London) 326, 363–364 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  89. E. Wolf, J. T. Foley, F. Gori, “Frequency shifts of spectral lines produced by scattering from spatially random media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 1142–1149 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  90. D. F. V. James, M. P. Savedoff, E. Wolf, “Shifts of spectral lines caused by scattering from fluctuating random media,” Astronom. J. 359, 67–71 (1990).
  91. M. Kaveh, “New phenomena in the propagation of optical waves through random media,” Waves Random Media 1, S121–S128 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  92. S. Feng, C. Kane, P. A. Lee, A. D. Stone, “Correlations and fluctuations of coherent wave transmission through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 834–837 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  93. I. Freund, M. Rosenbluh, S. Feng, “Memory effects in propagation of optical waves through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2328–2331 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  94. R. Berkovits, S. Feng, M. Kaveh, “Memory effect of waves in disordered systems: a real-space approach,” Phys. Rev. B 40, 737–742 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  95. R. Berkovits, M. Kaveh, “Angular correlations of waves in disordered systems: new numerical results,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 7308–7311 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  96. R. Berkovits, M. Kaveh, “Time-reversed memory effects,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 2635–2639 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  97. R. Berkovits, M. Kaveh, “The vector memory effect for waves,” Europhys. Lett. 13, 97–101 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  98. M. J. Stephen, G. Cwilich, “Intensity correlation functions and fluctuations in light scattering from a random medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 285–291 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  99. I. Freund, M. Kaveh, R. Berkovits, M. Rosenbluh, “Universal polarization correlations and microstatistics of optical waves in random media,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 2613–2618 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  100. N. Shnerb, M. Kaveh, “Non-Rayleigh statistics of waves in random systems,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 1279–1284 (1991).
    [Crossref]

1992 (1)

Yu. A. Kravtsov, “Electromagnetic wave propagation through the turbulent atmosphere,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 55, 37–112 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (6)

J. J. Greffet, “Backscattering of s-polarized light from a cloud of a small particles above a dielectric substrate,” Waves Random Media 1, S65–S75 (1991).
[Crossref]

Z. H. Gu, A. A. Maradudin, E. R. Mendez, M. A. Ponce, V. Ruiz-Cortes, “Enhanced transmission through randomly rough surfaces,” Waves Random Media 1, S75–S91 (1991).
[Crossref]

A. R. McGurn, T. A. Leskova, V. M. Agranovich, “Weak localization effects in the generation of second harmonics of light at a randomly rough vacuum-metal grating,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 1141–1156 (1991).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, H. J. Simon, “Directionally scattered optical second harmonic generation with surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1475–1477 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kaveh, “New phenomena in the propagation of optical waves through random media,” Waves Random Media 1, S121–S128 (1991).
[Crossref]

N. Shnerb, M. Kaveh, “Non-Rayleigh statistics of waves in random systems,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 1279–1284 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (11)

I. Freund, M. Kaveh, R. Berkovits, M. Rosenbluh, “Universal polarization correlations and microstatistics of optical waves in random media,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 2613–2618 (1990).
[Crossref]

D. F. V. James, M. P. Savedoff, E. Wolf, “Shifts of spectral lines caused by scattering from fluctuating random media,” Astronom. J. 359, 67–71 (1990).

R. Berkovits, M. Kaveh, “Angular correlations of waves in disordered systems: new numerical results,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 7308–7311 (1990).
[Crossref]

R. Berkovits, M. Kaveh, “Time-reversed memory effects,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 2635–2639 (1990).
[Crossref]

R. Berkovits, M. Kaveh, “The vector memory effect for waves,” Europhys. Lett. 13, 97–101 (1990).
[Crossref]

B. Wen, L. Tsang, D. P. Winebrinner, A. Ishimaru, “Dense medium radiative transfer theory: comparison with experiment and application to microwave remote sensing and polarimetry,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 28, 46–59 (1990).
[Crossref]

V. D. Freilikher, S. M. Gredeskul, “Randomly layered media: fluctuation waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 868–883 (1990).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kravtsov, V. I. Yudson, V. M. Agranovich, “Theory of phase conjugation of light in disordered nonlinear media,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 2794–2799 (1990).
[Crossref]

M. J. Kim, J. C. Dainty, A. T. Friberg, “Experimental study of enhanced backscattering from one- and two-dimensional random rough surfaces,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 569–577 (1990).
[Crossref]

M. I. Charnotskii, V. A. Myakinin, V. U. Zavorotnyi, “Observation of superresolution in nonisoplanatic imaging through turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 1345–1348 (1990).
[Crossref]

P. Rochon, D. Bissonnette, “Lensless imaging due to backscattering,” Nature (London) 348, 708–710 (1990).
[Crossref]

1989 (7)

Z. H. Gu, R. S. Dummer, A. A. Maradudin, A. R. McGurn, “Experimental study of the opposition effect in the scattering of light from a randomly rough metal surface,” Appl. Opt. 28, 537–543 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. J. Sant, J. C. Dainty, M. J. Kim, “Comparison of surface scattering between identical randomly rough metal and dielectric diffusors,” Opt. Lett. 14, 1183–1185 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, “Electromagnetic scattering from very rough random surfaces and deep reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 367–384 (1989).
[Crossref]

R. M. Manning, “Radiative transfer theory for inhomogeneous media with random extinction and scattering coefficient,” J. Math. Phys. 30, 2432–2440 (1989).
[Crossref]

N. I. Kleeorin, Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. E. Mereminskii, V. G. Mirovskii, “Effect of translucence and radiative transfer in a medium with large scale fluctuations of scatterers density,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 32, 1072–1080 (1989).

E. Wolf, J. T. Foley, F. Gori, “Frequency shifts of spectral lines produced by scattering from spatially random media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 1142–1149 (1989).
[Crossref]

R. Berkovits, S. Feng, M. Kaveh, “Memory effect of waves in disordered systems: a real-space approach,” Phys. Rev. B 40, 737–742 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (6)

S. Feng, C. Kane, P. A. Lee, A. D. Stone, “Correlations and fluctuations of coherent wave transmission through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 834–837 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Freund, M. Rosenbluh, S. Feng, “Memory effects in propagation of optical waves through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2328–2331 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. C. Vardanyan, “Radiation transfer in stochastic media,” Astrophys. Space Sci. 141, 375–383 (1988).
[Crossref]

C. Macaskill, B. J. Kachoyan, “Numerical evaluation of the statistics of acoustical scattering from a rough surface,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 84, 1826–1835 (1988).
[Crossref]

V. M. Agranovich, V. E. Kravtsov, “Effect of weak localization of photons in nonlinear optics: second harmonic generation,” Phys. Lett. A 131, 378–386 (1988).
[Crossref]

E. E. Jakeman, “Enhanced backscattering through a deep random phase screen,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 1638–1648 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (9)

V. I. Tatarskii, “Some aspects in the problem of waves and turbulence,” Radio Sci. 22, 859–866 (1987).
[Crossref]

A. R. McGurn, A. A. Maradudin, “Localization effects in the elastic scattering of light from a randomly rough surface,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 910–926 (1987).
[Crossref]

E. R. Mendez, K. A. O'Donnell, “Observation of depolarization and backscattering enhancement in light scattering from Gaussian random surfaces,” Opt. Commun. 61, 91–95 (1987).
[Crossref]

K. A. O'Donnell, E. R. Mendez, “Experimental study of scattering from characterized random surfaces,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1194–1205 (1987).
[Crossref]

M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Monte-Carlo simulations for scattering of electromagnetic waves from perfectly conductive random rough surfaces,” Opt. Lett. 12, 979–981 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. V. Ryabykin, “Experimental observation of sound enhanced backscattering from ensemble of scatterers,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 3, 37–38 (1987).

M. Kaveh, “Localization of photons in disordered systems,” Philos. Mag. B 56, 693–703 (1987).
[Crossref]

E. Wolf, “Non-cosmological redshifts of spectral lines,” Nature (London) 326, 363–364 (1987).
[Crossref]

M. J. Stephen, G. Cwilich, “Intensity correlation functions and fluctuations in light scattering from a random medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 285–291 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (4)

E. Wolf, “Invariance of spectrum of light on propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1370–1374 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Ya. Butkovskii, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. V. Ryabykin, “Multipath coherent effects and enhanced backscattering of sound in a confined space,” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 32, 413–414 (1986).

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, P. I. Netreba, V. V. Pokasov, A. P. Shelekhov, “Averaging of light flux fluctuations by diaphragm under wave scattering in randomly inhomogeneous medium,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Fiz. 12, 103–112 (1986).

V. A. Banakh, “Effect of distant correlations in the case of arbitrary size of the receiver and radiator,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 29, 1507–1512 (1986).

1985 (11)

D. V. Vlasov, “Laser sounding of an upper layer of the ocean,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 49, 463–472 (1985).

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, V. M. Sazanovich, R. Sh. Tswyk, “Longitudinal turbulent overfocusing of radiation in optical receivers,” Opt. Lett. 10, 255–261 (1985).
[Crossref]

G. M. Grechko, A. S. Gurvich, V. Kan, S. V. Sokolovskii, S. A. Savchenko, “Scintillations and random refraction during occultations by terrestrial atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 2120–2126 (1985).
[Crossref]

Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. I. Saichev, “Properties of coherent waves reflected in a turbulent medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 2100–2105 (1985).
[Crossref]

A. S. Gurvich, “Scattering of radiowaves and the turbulence intermittency in the atmosphere,” Izv. Vyssh. Ucheb. Zaved. Radiofiz. 28, 242–244 (1985).

V. I. Tatarskii, V. U. Zavorotnyi, “Wave propagation in random media with fluctuating turbulence parameters,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 2069–2081 (1985).
[Crossref]

V. Celli, A. A. Maradudin, A. M. Marvin, A. R. McGurn, “Some aspects of light scattering from a randomly rough metal surface,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 2225–2239 (1985).
[Crossref]

K. Arya, Z. B. Su, J. L. Birman, “Localization of the surface plasmon-polariton caused by random roughness and its role in surface-enhanced optical phenomena,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1559–1562 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuga, L. Tsang, A. Ishimaru, “Depolarization effects of the enhanced retroreflectance from a dense distribution of spherical particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 616–618 (1985).
[Crossref]

M. P. Van Albada, A. Lagendijk, “Observation of weak localization of light in a random medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2692–2695 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. E. Wolf, G. Maret, “Weak localization and coherent backscattering of photons in disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696–2699 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1984 (8)

Y. Kuga, A. Ishimaru, “Retroreflectance from a dense distribution of spherical particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 831–839 (1984).
[Crossref]

V. U. Zavorotnyi, “Backscattering of waves from two-scale rough surface: account of reillumination,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 27, 196–202 (1984).

Kh. G. Akhunov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. M. Kuzkin, “Effect of enhanced backscattering from a body in a regular multimode waveguide,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 27, 319–323 (1984).

Kh. G. Akhunov, F. V. Bunkin, D. V. Vlasov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, “On the efficiency of phase conjugated focusing of waves in turbulent media,” Radiotekh. Elektron. 29, 1–4 (1984).

A. V. Polovinkin, A. I. Saichev, “Waves reflection from a phase-conjugated mirror in a medium with moving large-scale inhomogeneities,” Radiotekh. Elektron. 29, 193–198 (1984).

S. S. Kashkarov, T. N. Nesterova, A. S. Smirnov, “Fluctuations of backscattered light intensity in turbulent media,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 27, 1272–1278 (1984).

A. G. Borovoi, “Radiative transfere in inhomogeneous media, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 276, 1374–1376 (1984).

L. S. Dolin, “On the radiation field stochastization in a medium with fluctuating coefficient of extinction,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 227, 77–80 (1984).

1983 (4)

S. S. Kashkarov, “Enhancement of the averaged backscattered intensity in a turbulent atmosphere,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 26, 44–48 (1983).

G. Ya. Patrushev, A. I. Petrov, V. V. Pokasov, “Intensity fluctuations of mirror-reflected optical beams in a turbulent atmosphere,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 26, 823–830 (1983).

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, “Experimental feasibility of the airborne measurement of absolute oil fluorescence spectral conversion efficiency,” Appl. Opt. 22, 37–47 (1983);“Airborne detection of oceanic turbidity cell structure using depth-resolved laser-induced water Raman backscattering,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3778–3786 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. N. Lang, J. S. Sidhu, “Electromagnetic backscattering from a layer of vegetation: a discrete approach,” IEEE Trans. Geo. Electron. GE-21, 62–70 (1983).

1982 (6)

V. U. Zavorotnyi, V. E. Ostashev, “On the enhanced backscattering of waves from surfaces,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 25, 1291–1295 (1982).

Kh. G. Akhunov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, “Coherent effects accompanying backscattering of sound from bodies near rough sea surface,” Akust. Z. 28, 438–440 (1982).

A. I. Saichev, “Compensation of wave distortions by a phase conjugated mirror in an inhomogeneous medium,” Radiotekh. Elektron. 27, 1961–1968 (1982).

Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. I. Saichev, “Effects of partial wave front reversal on reflection of waves by randomly inhomogeneous media,” Sov. Phys. JETP 56, 291–294 (1982).

Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. I. Saichev, “Effects of double passage of waves in randomly inhomogeneous media,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 25, 494–508 (1982).
[Crossref]

G. A. Mikhailov, “Asymptotic behavior of the average irradiance intensity for some models of stochastic media,” Izv. Akad. Sci. SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 18, 993–997 (1982).

1981 (4)

I. L. Katsev, “The frequency contrast characteristic and spread function for the media with strongly anisotropic scattering,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 17, 532–534 (1981).

A. I. Saichev, “Reflection from a wavefront inverting mirror,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 24, 1165–1167 (1981).

A. N. Malakhov, A. I. Saichev, “An effect of irregularity drift over beam propagation on efficiency of wave front reversing systems,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 24, 1356–1361 (1981).

R. H. Lang, “Electromagnetic backscattering from a sparse distribution of lossy dielectric scatterers,” Radio Sci. 16, 15–30 (1981).
[Crossref]

1980 (5)

A. I. Saichev, “Analysis of backscattering in turbulent medium under multiple scattering in the direction of propagation: the diffuse approximation,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 23, 1305–1313 (1980).

Yu. A. Kravtsov, S. A. Namazov, “Scattering of radio waves from magnetically oriented ionospheric inhomogeneities,” Radiotekh. Elektron 25, 459–466 (1980).

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, “Laser beam field coherence in a turbulent atmosphere,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 7, 1043–1050 (1980).

M. S. Belen'kii, V. V. Boronoev, N. Ts. Gomboev, V. L. Mironov, “Measurements of atmospheric turbulence structure parameter using a space-limited laser beam,” Opt. Lett. 5, 67–71 (1980).
[Crossref]

M. S. Belen'kii, V. V. Boronoev, N. Ts Gomboev, V. L. Mironov, “Experimental study of phase front mean curvature for the laser beam in turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Spectrosk. 49, 595–603 (1980).

1979 (1)

A. G. Luchinin, “Wind wave effect on characteristics of light field backscattered by bottom and water layer,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 15, 770–775 (1979).

1978 (1)

M. S. Belen'kii, A. A. Makarov, V. L. Mironov, V. V. Pokasov, “Saturation of receiving aperture averaging effect upon intensity of a reflected wave,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 21, 299–308 (1978).

1977 (3)

M. S. Belen'kii, A. I. Kon, V. L. Mironov, “Turbulent distortions of the spatial coherence of the laser beam field,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 4, 517–525 (1977).

A. S. Gurvich, S. S. Kashkarov, “Enhancement of backscattering in a turbulent medium,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 20, 794–796 (1977).

V. I. Yudson, E. Reineker, “On the theory of optical phase conjugation in disordered media: coherent properties of backscattered field,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 2073–2077 (1977).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, “Multiple scattering of waves on an ensemble of particles and a theory of radiative transfer,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 18, 673–689 (1976).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, “Determination of C∊2 height profiles in the atmosphere from lidar measurements,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 1, 2253–2260 (1974).

1973 (3)

A. G. Vinogradov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. I. Tatarskii, “Enhanced backscattering from bodies immersed in a random inhomogeneous medium, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 16, 1064–1070 (1973).

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, “Wave corrections to the transport equation for backscattering,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 16, 88–96 (1973).

A. S. Gurvich, V. I. Kalinin, D. I. Martvel, “Influence of internal structure of glaciers on their thermal radio emission,” Izv. Akad. Sci. SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 9, 713–717 (1973).

1972 (1)

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, “Diffraction of optical radiation on a mirror disc in a turbulent atmosphere,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 5, 38–45 (1972).

1971 (2)

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, Yu.A. Kravtsov, S. M. Rytov, V. I. Tatarskii, “Status of the theory of propagation of waves in a randomly inhomogeneous media,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 13, 551–580 (1971).
[Crossref]

D. A. De Wolf, “Electromagnetic reflection from an extended turbulent medium: cumulative forward-scatter single backscatter approximation,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. AP-19, 254–262 (1971).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

K. M. Watson, “Multiple scattering of elektromagnetic waves in an underdense plasma,” J. Math. Phys. 10, 688–702 (1969).
[Crossref]

Agranovich, V. M.

A. R. McGurn, T. A. Leskova, V. M. Agranovich, “Weak localization effects in the generation of second harmonics of light at a randomly rough vacuum-metal grating,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 1141–1156 (1991).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kravtsov, V. I. Yudson, V. M. Agranovich, “Theory of phase conjugation of light in disordered nonlinear media,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 2794–2799 (1990).
[Crossref]

V. M. Agranovich, V. E. Kravtsov, “Effect of weak localization of photons in nonlinear optics: second harmonic generation,” Phys. Lett. A 131, 378–386 (1988).
[Crossref]

Akhunov, Kh. G.

Kh. G. Akhunov, F. V. Bunkin, D. V. Vlasov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, “On the efficiency of phase conjugated focusing of waves in turbulent media,” Radiotekh. Elektron. 29, 1–4 (1984).

Kh. G. Akhunov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. M. Kuzkin, “Effect of enhanced backscattering from a body in a regular multimode waveguide,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 27, 319–323 (1984).

Kh. G. Akhunov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, “Coherent effects accompanying backscattering of sound from bodies near rough sea surface,” Akust. Z. 28, 438–440 (1982).

Arya, K.

K. Arya, Z. B. Su, J. L. Birman, “Localization of the surface plasmon-polariton caused by random roughness and its role in surface-enhanced optical phenomena,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1559–1562 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Banakh, V. A.

V. A. Banakh, “Effect of distant correlations in the case of arbitrary size of the receiver and radiator,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 29, 1507–1512 (1986).

Barabanenkov, Yu. N.

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, “Multiple scattering of waves on an ensemble of particles and a theory of radiative transfer,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 18, 673–689 (1976).
[Crossref]

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, “Wave corrections to the transport equation for backscattering,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 16, 88–96 (1973).

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, Yu.A. Kravtsov, S. M. Rytov, V. I. Tatarskii, “Status of the theory of propagation of waves in a randomly inhomogeneous media,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 13, 551–580 (1971).
[Crossref]

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. D. Ozrin, A. I. Saichev, “Enhanced backscattering,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1991), Vol. 29, pp. 65–197.
[Crossref]

Belen'kii, M. S.

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, P. I. Netreba, V. V. Pokasov, A. P. Shelekhov, “Averaging of light flux fluctuations by diaphragm under wave scattering in randomly inhomogeneous medium,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Fiz. 12, 103–112 (1986).

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, V. M. Sazanovich, R. Sh. Tswyk, “Longitudinal turbulent overfocusing of radiation in optical receivers,” Opt. Lett. 10, 255–261 (1985).
[Crossref]

M. S. Belen'kii, V. V. Boronoev, N. Ts Gomboev, V. L. Mironov, “Experimental study of phase front mean curvature for the laser beam in turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Spectrosk. 49, 595–603 (1980).

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, “Laser beam field coherence in a turbulent atmosphere,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 7, 1043–1050 (1980).

M. S. Belen'kii, V. V. Boronoev, N. Ts. Gomboev, V. L. Mironov, “Measurements of atmospheric turbulence structure parameter using a space-limited laser beam,” Opt. Lett. 5, 67–71 (1980).
[Crossref]

M. S. Belen'kii, A. A. Makarov, V. L. Mironov, V. V. Pokasov, “Saturation of receiving aperture averaging effect upon intensity of a reflected wave,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 21, 299–308 (1978).

M. S. Belen'kii, A. I. Kon, V. L. Mironov, “Turbulent distortions of the spatial coherence of the laser beam field,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 4, 517–525 (1977).

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, “Determination of C∊2 height profiles in the atmosphere from lidar measurements,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 1, 2253–2260 (1974).

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, “Diffraction of optical radiation on a mirror disc in a turbulent atmosphere,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 5, 38–45 (1972).

Berkovits, R.

R. Berkovits, M. Kaveh, “Angular correlations of waves in disordered systems: new numerical results,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 7308–7311 (1990).
[Crossref]

R. Berkovits, M. Kaveh, “Time-reversed memory effects,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 2635–2639 (1990).
[Crossref]

R. Berkovits, M. Kaveh, “The vector memory effect for waves,” Europhys. Lett. 13, 97–101 (1990).
[Crossref]

I. Freund, M. Kaveh, R. Berkovits, M. Rosenbluh, “Universal polarization correlations and microstatistics of optical waves in random media,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 2613–2618 (1990).
[Crossref]

R. Berkovits, S. Feng, M. Kaveh, “Memory effect of waves in disordered systems: a real-space approach,” Phys. Rev. B 40, 737–742 (1989).
[Crossref]

Birman, J. L.

K. Arya, Z. B. Su, J. L. Birman, “Localization of the surface plasmon-polariton caused by random roughness and its role in surface-enhanced optical phenomena,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1559–1562 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bissonnette, D.

P. Rochon, D. Bissonnette, “Lensless imaging due to backscattering,” Nature (London) 348, 708–710 (1990).
[Crossref]

Boronoev, V. V.

M. S. Belen'kii, V. V. Boronoev, N. Ts. Gomboev, V. L. Mironov, “Measurements of atmospheric turbulence structure parameter using a space-limited laser beam,” Opt. Lett. 5, 67–71 (1980).
[Crossref]

M. S. Belen'kii, V. V. Boronoev, N. Ts Gomboev, V. L. Mironov, “Experimental study of phase front mean curvature for the laser beam in turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Spectrosk. 49, 595–603 (1980).

Borovoi, A. G.

A. G. Borovoi, “Radiative transfere in inhomogeneous media, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 276, 1374–1376 (1984).

Bunkin, F. V.

Kh. G. Akhunov, F. V. Bunkin, D. V. Vlasov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, “On the efficiency of phase conjugated focusing of waves in turbulent media,” Radiotekh. Elektron. 29, 1–4 (1984).

Butkovskii, O. Ya.

O. Ya. Butkovskii, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. V. Ryabykin, “Multipath coherent effects and enhanced backscattering of sound in a confined space,” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 32, 413–414 (1986).

Celli, V.

Charnotskii, M. I.

Cwilich, G.

M. J. Stephen, G. Cwilich, “Intensity correlation functions and fluctuations in light scattering from a random medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 285–291 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dainty, J. C.

De Wolf, D. A.

D. A. De Wolf, “Electromagnetic reflection from an extended turbulent medium: cumulative forward-scatter single backscatter approximation,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. AP-19, 254–262 (1971).
[Crossref]

Dolin, L. S.

L. S. Dolin, “On the radiation field stochastization in a medium with fluctuating coefficient of extinction,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 227, 77–80 (1984).

Dummer, R. S.

Feng, S.

R. Berkovits, S. Feng, M. Kaveh, “Memory effect of waves in disordered systems: a real-space approach,” Phys. Rev. B 40, 737–742 (1989).
[Crossref]

S. Feng, C. Kane, P. A. Lee, A. D. Stone, “Correlations and fluctuations of coherent wave transmission through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 834–837 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Freund, M. Rosenbluh, S. Feng, “Memory effects in propagation of optical waves through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2328–2331 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Foley, J. T.

Freilikher, V. D.

Freund, I.

I. Freund, M. Kaveh, R. Berkovits, M. Rosenbluh, “Universal polarization correlations and microstatistics of optical waves in random media,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 2613–2618 (1990).
[Crossref]

I. Freund, M. Rosenbluh, S. Feng, “Memory effects in propagation of optical waves through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2328–2331 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Friberg, A. T.

Gomboev, N. Ts

M. S. Belen'kii, V. V. Boronoev, N. Ts Gomboev, V. L. Mironov, “Experimental study of phase front mean curvature for the laser beam in turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Spectrosk. 49, 595–603 (1980).

Gomboev, N. Ts.

Gori, F.

Grechko, G. M.

Gredeskul, S. M.

Greffet, J. J.

J. J. Greffet, “Backscattering of s-polarized light from a cloud of a small particles above a dielectric substrate,” Waves Random Media 1, S65–S75 (1991).
[Crossref]

Gu, Z. H.

Z. H. Gu, A. A. Maradudin, E. R. Mendez, M. A. Ponce, V. Ruiz-Cortes, “Enhanced transmission through randomly rough surfaces,” Waves Random Media 1, S75–S91 (1991).
[Crossref]

Z. H. Gu, R. S. Dummer, A. A. Maradudin, A. R. McGurn, “Experimental study of the opposition effect in the scattering of light from a randomly rough metal surface,” Appl. Opt. 28, 537–543 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gurvich, A. S.

G. M. Grechko, A. S. Gurvich, V. Kan, S. V. Sokolovskii, S. A. Savchenko, “Scintillations and random refraction during occultations by terrestrial atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 2120–2126 (1985).
[Crossref]

A. S. Gurvich, “Scattering of radiowaves and the turbulence intermittency in the atmosphere,” Izv. Vyssh. Ucheb. Zaved. Radiofiz. 28, 242–244 (1985).

A. S. Gurvich, S. S. Kashkarov, “Enhancement of backscattering in a turbulent medium,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 20, 794–796 (1977).

A. S. Gurvich, V. I. Kalinin, D. I. Martvel, “Influence of internal structure of glaciers on their thermal radio emission,” Izv. Akad. Sci. SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 9, 713–717 (1973).

Hoge, F. E.

Ishimaru, A.

B. Wen, L. Tsang, D. P. Winebrinner, A. Ishimaru, “Dense medium radiative transfer theory: comparison with experiment and application to microwave remote sensing and polarimetry,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 28, 46–59 (1990).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuga, L. Tsang, A. Ishimaru, “Depolarization effects of the enhanced retroreflectance from a dense distribution of spherical particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 616–618 (1985).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuga, A. Ishimaru, “Retroreflectance from a dense distribution of spherical particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 831–839 (1984).
[Crossref]

Ismagilov, F. M.

F. M. Ismagilov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, “Backscattering enhancement polarization effects on a system of two small randomly oriented scatterers,” Waves Random Media (to be published).

Jakeman, E. E.

James, D. F. V.

D. F. V. James, M. P. Savedoff, E. Wolf, “Shifts of spectral lines caused by scattering from fluctuating random media,” Astronom. J. 359, 67–71 (1990).

Kachoyan, B. J.

C. Macaskill, B. J. Kachoyan, “Numerical evaluation of the statistics of acoustical scattering from a rough surface,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 84, 1826–1835 (1988).
[Crossref]

Kalinin, V. I.

A. S. Gurvich, V. I. Kalinin, D. I. Martvel, “Influence of internal structure of glaciers on their thermal radio emission,” Izv. Akad. Sci. SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 9, 713–717 (1973).

Kan, V.

Kane, C.

S. Feng, C. Kane, P. A. Lee, A. D. Stone, “Correlations and fluctuations of coherent wave transmission through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 834–837 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kashkarov, S. S.

S. S. Kashkarov, T. N. Nesterova, A. S. Smirnov, “Fluctuations of backscattered light intensity in turbulent media,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 27, 1272–1278 (1984).

S. S. Kashkarov, “Enhancement of the averaged backscattered intensity in a turbulent atmosphere,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 26, 44–48 (1983).

A. S. Gurvich, S. S. Kashkarov, “Enhancement of backscattering in a turbulent medium,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 20, 794–796 (1977).

Katsev, I. L.

I. L. Katsev, “The frequency contrast characteristic and spread function for the media with strongly anisotropic scattering,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 17, 532–534 (1981).

Kaveh, M.

M. Kaveh, “New phenomena in the propagation of optical waves through random media,” Waves Random Media 1, S121–S128 (1991).
[Crossref]

N. Shnerb, M. Kaveh, “Non-Rayleigh statistics of waves in random systems,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 1279–1284 (1991).
[Crossref]

I. Freund, M. Kaveh, R. Berkovits, M. Rosenbluh, “Universal polarization correlations and microstatistics of optical waves in random media,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 2613–2618 (1990).
[Crossref]

R. Berkovits, M. Kaveh, “Angular correlations of waves in disordered systems: new numerical results,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 7308–7311 (1990).
[Crossref]

R. Berkovits, M. Kaveh, “The vector memory effect for waves,” Europhys. Lett. 13, 97–101 (1990).
[Crossref]

R. Berkovits, M. Kaveh, “Time-reversed memory effects,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 2635–2639 (1990).
[Crossref]

R. Berkovits, S. Feng, M. Kaveh, “Memory effect of waves in disordered systems: a real-space approach,” Phys. Rev. B 40, 737–742 (1989).
[Crossref]

M. Kaveh, “Localization of photons in disordered systems,” Philos. Mag. B 56, 693–703 (1987).
[Crossref]

Kim, M. J.

Kleeorin, N. I.

N. I. Kleeorin, Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. E. Mereminskii, V. G. Mirovskii, “Effect of translucence and radiative transfer in a medium with large scale fluctuations of scatterers density,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 32, 1072–1080 (1989).

Kon, A. I.

M. S. Belen'kii, A. I. Kon, V. L. Mironov, “Turbulent distortions of the spatial coherence of the laser beam field,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 4, 517–525 (1977).

Kravtsov, V. E.

V. E. Kravtsov, V. I. Yudson, V. M. Agranovich, “Theory of phase conjugation of light in disordered nonlinear media,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 2794–2799 (1990).
[Crossref]

V. M. Agranovich, V. E. Kravtsov, “Effect of weak localization of photons in nonlinear optics: second harmonic generation,” Phys. Lett. A 131, 378–386 (1988).
[Crossref]

Kravtsov, Yu. A.

Yu. A. Kravtsov, “Electromagnetic wave propagation through the turbulent atmosphere,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 55, 37–112 (1992).
[Crossref]

N. I. Kleeorin, Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. E. Mereminskii, V. G. Mirovskii, “Effect of translucence and radiative transfer in a medium with large scale fluctuations of scatterers density,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 32, 1072–1080 (1989).

Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. V. Ryabykin, “Experimental observation of sound enhanced backscattering from ensemble of scatterers,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 3, 37–38 (1987).

O. Ya. Butkovskii, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. V. Ryabykin, “Multipath coherent effects and enhanced backscattering of sound in a confined space,” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 32, 413–414 (1986).

Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. I. Saichev, “Properties of coherent waves reflected in a turbulent medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 2100–2105 (1985).
[Crossref]

Kh. G. Akhunov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. M. Kuzkin, “Effect of enhanced backscattering from a body in a regular multimode waveguide,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 27, 319–323 (1984).

Kh. G. Akhunov, F. V. Bunkin, D. V. Vlasov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, “On the efficiency of phase conjugated focusing of waves in turbulent media,” Radiotekh. Elektron. 29, 1–4 (1984).

Kh. G. Akhunov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, “Coherent effects accompanying backscattering of sound from bodies near rough sea surface,” Akust. Z. 28, 438–440 (1982).

Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. I. Saichev, “Effects of double passage of waves in randomly inhomogeneous media,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 25, 494–508 (1982).
[Crossref]

Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. I. Saichev, “Effects of partial wave front reversal on reflection of waves by randomly inhomogeneous media,” Sov. Phys. JETP 56, 291–294 (1982).

Yu. A. Kravtsov, S. A. Namazov, “Scattering of radio waves from magnetically oriented ionospheric inhomogeneities,” Radiotekh. Elektron 25, 459–466 (1980).

A. G. Vinogradov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. I. Tatarskii, “Enhanced backscattering from bodies immersed in a random inhomogeneous medium, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 16, 1064–1070 (1973).

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. D. Ozrin, A. I. Saichev, “Enhanced backscattering,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1991), Vol. 29, pp. 65–197.
[Crossref]

Yu. A. Kravtsov, S. A. Namazov, “Backscatter theory for multipath propagation in random media,” in Proceedings of the International Union of Radio Science Meeting and the U.S. National Committee, Union of Radio Science Meeting (International Union of Radio Science, Brussels, 1979), p. 262.

F. M. Ismagilov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, “Backscattering enhancement polarization effects on a system of two small randomly oriented scatterers,” Waves Random Media (to be published).

Kravtsov, Yu.A.

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, Yu.A. Kravtsov, S. M. Rytov, V. I. Tatarskii, “Status of the theory of propagation of waves in a randomly inhomogeneous media,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 13, 551–580 (1971).
[Crossref]

Kuga, Y.

Kuzkin, V. M.

Kh. G. Akhunov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. M. Kuzkin, “Effect of enhanced backscattering from a body in a regular multimode waveguide,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 27, 319–323 (1984).

Lagendijk, A.

M. P. Van Albada, A. Lagendijk, “Observation of weak localization of light in a random medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2692–2695 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lang, R. H.

R. H. Lang, “Electromagnetic backscattering from a sparse distribution of lossy dielectric scatterers,” Radio Sci. 16, 15–30 (1981).
[Crossref]

Lang, R. N.

R. N. Lang, J. S. Sidhu, “Electromagnetic backscattering from a layer of vegetation: a discrete approach,” IEEE Trans. Geo. Electron. GE-21, 62–70 (1983).

Lee, P. A.

S. Feng, C. Kane, P. A. Lee, A. D. Stone, “Correlations and fluctuations of coherent wave transmission through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 834–837 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leskova, T. A.

A. R. McGurn, T. A. Leskova, V. M. Agranovich, “Weak localization effects in the generation of second harmonics of light at a randomly rough vacuum-metal grating,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 1141–1156 (1991).
[Crossref]

Luchinin, A. G.

A. G. Luchinin, “Wind wave effect on characteristics of light field backscattered by bottom and water layer,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 15, 770–775 (1979).

Macaskill, C.

C. Macaskill, B. J. Kachoyan, “Numerical evaluation of the statistics of acoustical scattering from a rough surface,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 84, 1826–1835 (1988).
[Crossref]

Makarov, A. A.

M. S. Belen'kii, A. A. Makarov, V. L. Mironov, V. V. Pokasov, “Saturation of receiving aperture averaging effect upon intensity of a reflected wave,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 21, 299–308 (1978).

Malakhov, A. N.

A. N. Malakhov, A. I. Saichev, “An effect of irregularity drift over beam propagation on efficiency of wave front reversing systems,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 24, 1356–1361 (1981).

Manning, R. M.

R. M. Manning, “Radiative transfer theory for inhomogeneous media with random extinction and scattering coefficient,” J. Math. Phys. 30, 2432–2440 (1989).
[Crossref]

Maradudin, A. A.

Maret, G.

P. E. Wolf, G. Maret, “Weak localization and coherent backscattering of photons in disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696–2699 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martvel, D. I.

A. S. Gurvich, V. I. Kalinin, D. I. Martvel, “Influence of internal structure of glaciers on their thermal radio emission,” Izv. Akad. Sci. SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 9, 713–717 (1973).

Marvin, A. M.

McGurn, A. R.

Mendez, E. R.

Z. H. Gu, A. A. Maradudin, E. R. Mendez, M. A. Ponce, V. Ruiz-Cortes, “Enhanced transmission through randomly rough surfaces,” Waves Random Media 1, S75–S91 (1991).
[Crossref]

E. R. Mendez, K. A. O'Donnell, “Observation of depolarization and backscattering enhancement in light scattering from Gaussian random surfaces,” Opt. Commun. 61, 91–95 (1987).
[Crossref]

K. A. O'Donnell, E. R. Mendez, “Experimental study of scattering from characterized random surfaces,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1194–1205 (1987).
[Crossref]

Mereminskii, A. E.

N. I. Kleeorin, Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. E. Mereminskii, V. G. Mirovskii, “Effect of translucence and radiative transfer in a medium with large scale fluctuations of scatterers density,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 32, 1072–1080 (1989).

Mikhailov, G. A.

G. A. Mikhailov, “Asymptotic behavior of the average irradiance intensity for some models of stochastic media,” Izv. Akad. Sci. SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 18, 993–997 (1982).

Mironov, V. L.

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, P. I. Netreba, V. V. Pokasov, A. P. Shelekhov, “Averaging of light flux fluctuations by diaphragm under wave scattering in randomly inhomogeneous medium,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Fiz. 12, 103–112 (1986).

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, V. M. Sazanovich, R. Sh. Tswyk, “Longitudinal turbulent overfocusing of radiation in optical receivers,” Opt. Lett. 10, 255–261 (1985).
[Crossref]

M. S. Belen'kii, V. V. Boronoev, N. Ts Gomboev, V. L. Mironov, “Experimental study of phase front mean curvature for the laser beam in turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Spectrosk. 49, 595–603 (1980).

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, “Laser beam field coherence in a turbulent atmosphere,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 7, 1043–1050 (1980).

M. S. Belen'kii, V. V. Boronoev, N. Ts. Gomboev, V. L. Mironov, “Measurements of atmospheric turbulence structure parameter using a space-limited laser beam,” Opt. Lett. 5, 67–71 (1980).
[Crossref]

M. S. Belen'kii, A. A. Makarov, V. L. Mironov, V. V. Pokasov, “Saturation of receiving aperture averaging effect upon intensity of a reflected wave,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 21, 299–308 (1978).

M. S. Belen'kii, A. I. Kon, V. L. Mironov, “Turbulent distortions of the spatial coherence of the laser beam field,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 4, 517–525 (1977).

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, “Determination of C∊2 height profiles in the atmosphere from lidar measurements,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 1, 2253–2260 (1974).

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, “Diffraction of optical radiation on a mirror disc in a turbulent atmosphere,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 5, 38–45 (1972).

Mirovskii, V. G.

N. I. Kleeorin, Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. E. Mereminskii, V. G. Mirovskii, “Effect of translucence and radiative transfer in a medium with large scale fluctuations of scatterers density,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 32, 1072–1080 (1989).

Myakinin, V. A.

Namazov, S. A.

Yu. A. Kravtsov, S. A. Namazov, “Scattering of radio waves from magnetically oriented ionospheric inhomogeneities,” Radiotekh. Elektron 25, 459–466 (1980).

Yu. A. Kravtsov, S. A. Namazov, “Backscatter theory for multipath propagation in random media,” in Proceedings of the International Union of Radio Science Meeting and the U.S. National Committee, Union of Radio Science Meeting (International Union of Radio Science, Brussels, 1979), p. 262.

Nesterova, T. N.

S. S. Kashkarov, T. N. Nesterova, A. S. Smirnov, “Fluctuations of backscattered light intensity in turbulent media,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 27, 1272–1278 (1984).

Netreba, P. I.

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, P. I. Netreba, V. V. Pokasov, A. P. Shelekhov, “Averaging of light flux fluctuations by diaphragm under wave scattering in randomly inhomogeneous medium,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Fiz. 12, 103–112 (1986).

Nieto-Vesperinas, M.

O'Donnell, K. A.

E. R. Mendez, K. A. O'Donnell, “Observation of depolarization and backscattering enhancement in light scattering from Gaussian random surfaces,” Opt. Commun. 61, 91–95 (1987).
[Crossref]

K. A. O'Donnell, E. R. Mendez, “Experimental study of scattering from characterized random surfaces,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1194–1205 (1987).
[Crossref]

Ostashev, V. E.

V. U. Zavorotnyi, V. E. Ostashev, “On the enhanced backscattering of waves from surfaces,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 25, 1291–1295 (1982).

Ozrin, V. D.

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. D. Ozrin, A. I. Saichev, “Enhanced backscattering,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1991), Vol. 29, pp. 65–197.
[Crossref]

Patrushev, G. Ya.

G. Ya. Patrushev, A. I. Petrov, V. V. Pokasov, “Intensity fluctuations of mirror-reflected optical beams in a turbulent atmosphere,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 26, 823–830 (1983).

Petrov, A. I.

G. Ya. Patrushev, A. I. Petrov, V. V. Pokasov, “Intensity fluctuations of mirror-reflected optical beams in a turbulent atmosphere,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 26, 823–830 (1983).

Pokasov, V. V.

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, P. I. Netreba, V. V. Pokasov, A. P. Shelekhov, “Averaging of light flux fluctuations by diaphragm under wave scattering in randomly inhomogeneous medium,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Fiz. 12, 103–112 (1986).

G. Ya. Patrushev, A. I. Petrov, V. V. Pokasov, “Intensity fluctuations of mirror-reflected optical beams in a turbulent atmosphere,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 26, 823–830 (1983).

M. S. Belen'kii, A. A. Makarov, V. L. Mironov, V. V. Pokasov, “Saturation of receiving aperture averaging effect upon intensity of a reflected wave,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 21, 299–308 (1978).

Polovinkin, A. V.

A. V. Polovinkin, A. I. Saichev, “Waves reflection from a phase-conjugated mirror in a medium with moving large-scale inhomogeneities,” Radiotekh. Elektron. 29, 193–198 (1984).

Ponce, M. A.

Z. H. Gu, A. A. Maradudin, E. R. Mendez, M. A. Ponce, V. Ruiz-Cortes, “Enhanced transmission through randomly rough surfaces,” Waves Random Media 1, S75–S91 (1991).
[Crossref]

Reineker, E.

V. I. Yudson, E. Reineker, “On the theory of optical phase conjugation in disordered media: coherent properties of backscattered field,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 2073–2077 (1977).
[Crossref]

Rochon, P.

P. Rochon, D. Bissonnette, “Lensless imaging due to backscattering,” Nature (London) 348, 708–710 (1990).
[Crossref]

Rosenbluh, M.

I. Freund, M. Kaveh, R. Berkovits, M. Rosenbluh, “Universal polarization correlations and microstatistics of optical waves in random media,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 2613–2618 (1990).
[Crossref]

I. Freund, M. Rosenbluh, S. Feng, “Memory effects in propagation of optical waves through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2328–2331 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruiz-Cortes, V.

Z. H. Gu, A. A. Maradudin, E. R. Mendez, M. A. Ponce, V. Ruiz-Cortes, “Enhanced transmission through randomly rough surfaces,” Waves Random Media 1, S75–S91 (1991).
[Crossref]

Ryabykin, V. V.

Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. V. Ryabykin, “Experimental observation of sound enhanced backscattering from ensemble of scatterers,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 3, 37–38 (1987).

O. Ya. Butkovskii, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. V. Ryabykin, “Multipath coherent effects and enhanced backscattering of sound in a confined space,” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 32, 413–414 (1986).

Rytov, S. M.

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, Yu.A. Kravtsov, S. M. Rytov, V. I. Tatarskii, “Status of the theory of propagation of waves in a randomly inhomogeneous media,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 13, 551–580 (1971).
[Crossref]

Saichev, A. I.

Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. I. Saichev, “Properties of coherent waves reflected in a turbulent medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 2100–2105 (1985).
[Crossref]

A. V. Polovinkin, A. I. Saichev, “Waves reflection from a phase-conjugated mirror in a medium with moving large-scale inhomogeneities,” Radiotekh. Elektron. 29, 193–198 (1984).

A. I. Saichev, “Compensation of wave distortions by a phase conjugated mirror in an inhomogeneous medium,” Radiotekh. Elektron. 27, 1961–1968 (1982).

Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. I. Saichev, “Effects of double passage of waves in randomly inhomogeneous media,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 25, 494–508 (1982).
[Crossref]

Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. I. Saichev, “Effects of partial wave front reversal on reflection of waves by randomly inhomogeneous media,” Sov. Phys. JETP 56, 291–294 (1982).

A. I. Saichev, “Reflection from a wavefront inverting mirror,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 24, 1165–1167 (1981).

A. N. Malakhov, A. I. Saichev, “An effect of irregularity drift over beam propagation on efficiency of wave front reversing systems,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 24, 1356–1361 (1981).

A. I. Saichev, “Analysis of backscattering in turbulent medium under multiple scattering in the direction of propagation: the diffuse approximation,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 23, 1305–1313 (1980).

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. D. Ozrin, A. I. Saichev, “Enhanced backscattering,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1991), Vol. 29, pp. 65–197.
[Crossref]

Sant, A. J.

Savchenko, S. A.

Savedoff, M. P.

D. F. V. James, M. P. Savedoff, E. Wolf, “Shifts of spectral lines caused by scattering from fluctuating random media,” Astronom. J. 359, 67–71 (1990).

Sazanovich, V. M.

Shelekhov, A. P.

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, P. I. Netreba, V. V. Pokasov, A. P. Shelekhov, “Averaging of light flux fluctuations by diaphragm under wave scattering in randomly inhomogeneous medium,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Fiz. 12, 103–112 (1986).

Shnerb, N.

N. Shnerb, M. Kaveh, “Non-Rayleigh statistics of waves in random systems,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 1279–1284 (1991).
[Crossref]

Sidhu, J. S.

R. N. Lang, J. S. Sidhu, “Electromagnetic backscattering from a layer of vegetation: a discrete approach,” IEEE Trans. Geo. Electron. GE-21, 62–70 (1983).

Simon, H. J.

Smirnov, A. S.

S. S. Kashkarov, T. N. Nesterova, A. S. Smirnov, “Fluctuations of backscattered light intensity in turbulent media,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 27, 1272–1278 (1984).

Sokolovskii, S. V.

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

Stephen, M. J.

M. J. Stephen, G. Cwilich, “Intensity correlation functions and fluctuations in light scattering from a random medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 285–291 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stone, A. D.

S. Feng, C. Kane, P. A. Lee, A. D. Stone, “Correlations and fluctuations of coherent wave transmission through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 834–837 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Su, Z. B.

K. Arya, Z. B. Su, J. L. Birman, “Localization of the surface plasmon-polariton caused by random roughness and its role in surface-enhanced optical phenomena,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1559–1562 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Swift, R. N.

Tatarskii, V. I.

V. I. Tatarskii, “Some aspects in the problem of waves and turbulence,” Radio Sci. 22, 859–866 (1987).
[Crossref]

V. I. Tatarskii, V. U. Zavorotnyi, “Wave propagation in random media with fluctuating turbulence parameters,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 2069–2081 (1985).
[Crossref]

A. G. Vinogradov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. I. Tatarskii, “Enhanced backscattering from bodies immersed in a random inhomogeneous medium, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 16, 1064–1070 (1973).

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, Yu.A. Kravtsov, S. M. Rytov, V. I. Tatarskii, “Status of the theory of propagation of waves in a randomly inhomogeneous media,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 13, 551–580 (1971).
[Crossref]

Tsang, L.

B. Wen, L. Tsang, D. P. Winebrinner, A. Ishimaru, “Dense medium radiative transfer theory: comparison with experiment and application to microwave remote sensing and polarimetry,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 28, 46–59 (1990).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuga, L. Tsang, A. Ishimaru, “Depolarization effects of the enhanced retroreflectance from a dense distribution of spherical particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 616–618 (1985).
[Crossref]

Tswyk, R. Sh.

Van Albada, M. P.

M. P. Van Albada, A. Lagendijk, “Observation of weak localization of light in a random medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2692–2695 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vardanyan, R. C.

R. C. Vardanyan, “Radiation transfer in stochastic media,” Astrophys. Space Sci. 141, 375–383 (1988).
[Crossref]

Vinogradov, A. G.

A. G. Vinogradov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. I. Tatarskii, “Enhanced backscattering from bodies immersed in a random inhomogeneous medium, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 16, 1064–1070 (1973).

Vlasov, D. V.

D. V. Vlasov, “Laser sounding of an upper layer of the ocean,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 49, 463–472 (1985).

Kh. G. Akhunov, F. V. Bunkin, D. V. Vlasov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, “On the efficiency of phase conjugated focusing of waves in turbulent media,” Radiotekh. Elektron. 29, 1–4 (1984).

Wang, X.

Watson, K. M.

K. M. Watson, “Multiple scattering of elektromagnetic waves in an underdense plasma,” J. Math. Phys. 10, 688–702 (1969).
[Crossref]

Wen, B.

B. Wen, L. Tsang, D. P. Winebrinner, A. Ishimaru, “Dense medium radiative transfer theory: comparison with experiment and application to microwave remote sensing and polarimetry,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 28, 46–59 (1990).
[Crossref]

Winebrinner, D. P.

B. Wen, L. Tsang, D. P. Winebrinner, A. Ishimaru, “Dense medium radiative transfer theory: comparison with experiment and application to microwave remote sensing and polarimetry,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 28, 46–59 (1990).
[Crossref]

Wolf, E.

D. F. V. James, M. P. Savedoff, E. Wolf, “Shifts of spectral lines caused by scattering from fluctuating random media,” Astronom. J. 359, 67–71 (1990).

E. Wolf, J. T. Foley, F. Gori, “Frequency shifts of spectral lines produced by scattering from spatially random media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 1142–1149 (1989).
[Crossref]

E. Wolf, “Non-cosmological redshifts of spectral lines,” Nature (London) 326, 363–364 (1987).
[Crossref]

E. Wolf, “Invariance of spectrum of light on propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1370–1374 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolf, P. E.

P. E. Wolf, G. Maret, “Weak localization and coherent backscattering of photons in disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696–2699 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yudson, V. I.

V. E. Kravtsov, V. I. Yudson, V. M. Agranovich, “Theory of phase conjugation of light in disordered nonlinear media,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 2794–2799 (1990).
[Crossref]

V. I. Yudson, E. Reineker, “On the theory of optical phase conjugation in disordered media: coherent properties of backscattered field,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 2073–2077 (1977).
[Crossref]

Zavorotnyi, V. U.

M. I. Charnotskii, V. A. Myakinin, V. U. Zavorotnyi, “Observation of superresolution in nonisoplanatic imaging through turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 1345–1348 (1990).
[Crossref]

V. I. Tatarskii, V. U. Zavorotnyi, “Wave propagation in random media with fluctuating turbulence parameters,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 2069–2081 (1985).
[Crossref]

V. U. Zavorotnyi, “Backscattering of waves from two-scale rough surface: account of reillumination,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 27, 196–202 (1984).

V. U. Zavorotnyi, V. E. Ostashev, “On the enhanced backscattering of waves from surfaces,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 25, 1291–1295 (1982).

Akust. Z. (1)

Kh. G. Akhunov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, “Coherent effects accompanying backscattering of sound from bodies near rough sea surface,” Akust. Z. 28, 438–440 (1982).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Astronom. J. (1)

D. F. V. James, M. P. Savedoff, E. Wolf, “Shifts of spectral lines caused by scattering from fluctuating random media,” Astronom. J. 359, 67–71 (1990).

Astrophys. Space Sci. (1)

R. C. Vardanyan, “Radiation transfer in stochastic media,” Astrophys. Space Sci. 141, 375–383 (1988).
[Crossref]

Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR (2)

A. G. Borovoi, “Radiative transfere in inhomogeneous media, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 276, 1374–1376 (1984).

L. S. Dolin, “On the radiation field stochastization in a medium with fluctuating coefficient of extinction,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 227, 77–80 (1984).

Europhys. Lett. (1)

R. Berkovits, M. Kaveh, “The vector memory effect for waves,” Europhys. Lett. 13, 97–101 (1990).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (1)

D. A. De Wolf, “Electromagnetic reflection from an extended turbulent medium: cumulative forward-scatter single backscatter approximation,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. AP-19, 254–262 (1971).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Geo. Electron. (1)

R. N. Lang, J. S. Sidhu, “Electromagnetic backscattering from a layer of vegetation: a discrete approach,” IEEE Trans. Geo. Electron. GE-21, 62–70 (1983).

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (1)

B. Wen, L. Tsang, D. P. Winebrinner, A. Ishimaru, “Dense medium radiative transfer theory: comparison with experiment and application to microwave remote sensing and polarimetry,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 28, 46–59 (1990).
[Crossref]

Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana (3)

I. L. Katsev, “The frequency contrast characteristic and spread function for the media with strongly anisotropic scattering,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 17, 532–534 (1981).

D. V. Vlasov, “Laser sounding of an upper layer of the ocean,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 49, 463–472 (1985).

A. G. Luchinin, “Wind wave effect on characteristics of light field backscattered by bottom and water layer,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 15, 770–775 (1979).

Izv. Akad. Sci. SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana (2)

G. A. Mikhailov, “Asymptotic behavior of the average irradiance intensity for some models of stochastic media,” Izv. Akad. Sci. SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 18, 993–997 (1982).

A. S. Gurvich, V. I. Kalinin, D. I. Martvel, “Influence of internal structure of glaciers on their thermal radio emission,” Izv. Akad. Sci. SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 9, 713–717 (1973).

Izv. Vyssh. Ucheb. Zaved. Radiofiz. (1)

A. S. Gurvich, “Scattering of radiowaves and the turbulence intermittency in the atmosphere,” Izv. Vyssh. Ucheb. Zaved. Radiofiz. 28, 242–244 (1985).

Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Fiz. (1)

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, P. I. Netreba, V. V. Pokasov, A. P. Shelekhov, “Averaging of light flux fluctuations by diaphragm under wave scattering in randomly inhomogeneous medium,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Fiz. 12, 103–112 (1986).

Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. (15)

A. I. Saichev, “Analysis of backscattering in turbulent medium under multiple scattering in the direction of propagation: the diffuse approximation,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 23, 1305–1313 (1980).

A. I. Saichev, “Reflection from a wavefront inverting mirror,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 24, 1165–1167 (1981).

A. N. Malakhov, A. I. Saichev, “An effect of irregularity drift over beam propagation on efficiency of wave front reversing systems,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 24, 1356–1361 (1981).

A. S. Gurvich, S. S. Kashkarov, “Enhancement of backscattering in a turbulent medium,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 20, 794–796 (1977).

S. S. Kashkarov, “Enhancement of the averaged backscattered intensity in a turbulent atmosphere,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 26, 44–48 (1983).

G. Ya. Patrushev, A. I. Petrov, V. V. Pokasov, “Intensity fluctuations of mirror-reflected optical beams in a turbulent atmosphere,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 26, 823–830 (1983).

S. S. Kashkarov, T. N. Nesterova, A. S. Smirnov, “Fluctuations of backscattered light intensity in turbulent media,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 27, 1272–1278 (1984).

M. S. Belen'kii, A. A. Makarov, V. L. Mironov, V. V. Pokasov, “Saturation of receiving aperture averaging effect upon intensity of a reflected wave,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 21, 299–308 (1978).

V. A. Banakh, “Effect of distant correlations in the case of arbitrary size of the receiver and radiator,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 29, 1507–1512 (1986).

A. G. Vinogradov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. I. Tatarskii, “Enhanced backscattering from bodies immersed in a random inhomogeneous medium, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 16, 1064–1070 (1973).

Kh. G. Akhunov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. M. Kuzkin, “Effect of enhanced backscattering from a body in a regular multimode waveguide,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 27, 319–323 (1984).

V. U. Zavorotnyi, V. E. Ostashev, “On the enhanced backscattering of waves from surfaces,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 25, 1291–1295 (1982).

V. U. Zavorotnyi, “Backscattering of waves from two-scale rough surface: account of reillumination,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 27, 196–202 (1984).

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, “Wave corrections to the transport equation for backscattering,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 16, 88–96 (1973).

N. I. Kleeorin, Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. E. Mereminskii, V. G. Mirovskii, “Effect of translucence and radiative transfer in a medium with large scale fluctuations of scatterers density,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 32, 1072–1080 (1989).

J. Acoust. Soc. Am. (1)

C. Macaskill, B. J. Kachoyan, “Numerical evaluation of the statistics of acoustical scattering from a rough surface,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 84, 1826–1835 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Math. Phys. (2)

K. M. Watson, “Multiple scattering of elektromagnetic waves in an underdense plasma,” J. Math. Phys. 10, 688–702 (1969).
[Crossref]

R. M. Manning, “Radiative transfer theory for inhomogeneous media with random extinction and scattering coefficient,” J. Math. Phys. 30, 2432–2440 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (13)

V. D. Freilikher, S. M. Gredeskul, “Randomly layered media: fluctuation waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 868–883 (1990).
[Crossref]

E. Wolf, J. T. Foley, F. Gori, “Frequency shifts of spectral lines produced by scattering from spatially random media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 1142–1149 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, “Electromagnetic scattering from very rough random surfaces and deep reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 367–384 (1989).
[Crossref]

V. Celli, A. A. Maradudin, A. M. Marvin, A. R. McGurn, “Some aspects of light scattering from a randomly rough metal surface,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 2225–2239 (1985).
[Crossref]

K. A. O'Donnell, E. R. Mendez, “Experimental study of scattering from characterized random surfaces,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1194–1205 (1987).
[Crossref]

M. J. Kim, J. C. Dainty, A. T. Friberg, “Experimental study of enhanced backscattering from one- and two-dimensional random rough surfaces,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 569–577 (1990).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuga, A. Ishimaru, “Retroreflectance from a dense distribution of spherical particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 831–839 (1984).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuga, L. Tsang, A. Ishimaru, “Depolarization effects of the enhanced retroreflectance from a dense distribution of spherical particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 616–618 (1985).
[Crossref]

E. E. Jakeman, “Enhanced backscattering through a deep random phase screen,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 1638–1648 (1988).
[Crossref]

M. I. Charnotskii, V. A. Myakinin, V. U. Zavorotnyi, “Observation of superresolution in nonisoplanatic imaging through turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 1345–1348 (1990).
[Crossref]

G. M. Grechko, A. S. Gurvich, V. Kan, S. V. Sokolovskii, S. A. Savchenko, “Scintillations and random refraction during occultations by terrestrial atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 2120–2126 (1985).
[Crossref]

Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. I. Saichev, “Properties of coherent waves reflected in a turbulent medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 2100–2105 (1985).
[Crossref]

V. I. Tatarskii, V. U. Zavorotnyi, “Wave propagation in random media with fluctuating turbulence parameters,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 2069–2081 (1985).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. (1)

Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. V. Ryabykin, “Experimental observation of sound enhanced backscattering from ensemble of scatterers,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 3, 37–38 (1987).

Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) (4)

M. S. Belen'kii, A. I. Kon, V. L. Mironov, “Turbulent distortions of the spatial coherence of the laser beam field,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 4, 517–525 (1977).

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, “Laser beam field coherence in a turbulent atmosphere,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 7, 1043–1050 (1980).

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, “Determination of C∊2 height profiles in the atmosphere from lidar measurements,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 1, 2253–2260 (1974).

M. S. Belen'kii, V. L. Mironov, “Diffraction of optical radiation on a mirror disc in a turbulent atmosphere,” Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 5, 38–45 (1972).

Nature (London) (2)

P. Rochon, D. Bissonnette, “Lensless imaging due to backscattering,” Nature (London) 348, 708–710 (1990).
[Crossref]

E. Wolf, “Non-cosmological redshifts of spectral lines,” Nature (London) 326, 363–364 (1987).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

E. R. Mendez, K. A. O'Donnell, “Observation of depolarization and backscattering enhancement in light scattering from Gaussian random surfaces,” Opt. Commun. 61, 91–95 (1987).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Spectrosk. (1)

M. S. Belen'kii, V. V. Boronoev, N. Ts Gomboev, V. L. Mironov, “Experimental study of phase front mean curvature for the laser beam in turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Spectrosk. 49, 595–603 (1980).

Philos. Mag. B (1)

M. Kaveh, “Localization of photons in disordered systems,” Philos. Mag. B 56, 693–703 (1987).
[Crossref]

Phys. Lett. A (1)

V. M. Agranovich, V. E. Kravtsov, “Effect of weak localization of photons in nonlinear optics: second harmonic generation,” Phys. Lett. A 131, 378–386 (1988).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (8)

V. E. Kravtsov, V. I. Yudson, V. M. Agranovich, “Theory of phase conjugation of light in disordered nonlinear media,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 2794–2799 (1990).
[Crossref]

A. R. McGurn, T. A. Leskova, V. M. Agranovich, “Weak localization effects in the generation of second harmonics of light at a randomly rough vacuum-metal grating,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 1141–1156 (1991).
[Crossref]

V. I. Yudson, E. Reineker, “On the theory of optical phase conjugation in disordered media: coherent properties of backscattered field,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 2073–2077 (1977).
[Crossref]

I. Freund, M. Kaveh, R. Berkovits, M. Rosenbluh, “Universal polarization correlations and microstatistics of optical waves in random media,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 2613–2618 (1990).
[Crossref]

N. Shnerb, M. Kaveh, “Non-Rayleigh statistics of waves in random systems,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 1279–1284 (1991).
[Crossref]

R. Berkovits, S. Feng, M. Kaveh, “Memory effect of waves in disordered systems: a real-space approach,” Phys. Rev. B 40, 737–742 (1989).
[Crossref]

R. Berkovits, M. Kaveh, “Angular correlations of waves in disordered systems: new numerical results,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 7308–7311 (1990).
[Crossref]

R. Berkovits, M. Kaveh, “Time-reversed memory effects,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 2635–2639 (1990).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

S. Feng, C. Kane, P. A. Lee, A. D. Stone, “Correlations and fluctuations of coherent wave transmission through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 834–837 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Freund, M. Rosenbluh, S. Feng, “Memory effects in propagation of optical waves through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2328–2331 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Stephen, G. Cwilich, “Intensity correlation functions and fluctuations in light scattering from a random medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 285–291 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Wolf, “Invariance of spectrum of light on propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1370–1374 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. P. Van Albada, A. Lagendijk, “Observation of weak localization of light in a random medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2692–2695 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. E. Wolf, G. Maret, “Weak localization and coherent backscattering of photons in disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696–2699 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Arya, Z. B. Su, J. L. Birman, “Localization of the surface plasmon-polariton caused by random roughness and its role in surface-enhanced optical phenomena,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1559–1562 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Radio Sci. (2)

R. H. Lang, “Electromagnetic backscattering from a sparse distribution of lossy dielectric scatterers,” Radio Sci. 16, 15–30 (1981).
[Crossref]

V. I. Tatarskii, “Some aspects in the problem of waves and turbulence,” Radio Sci. 22, 859–866 (1987).
[Crossref]

Radiotekh. Elektron (1)

Yu. A. Kravtsov, S. A. Namazov, “Scattering of radio waves from magnetically oriented ionospheric inhomogeneities,” Radiotekh. Elektron 25, 459–466 (1980).

Radiotekh. Elektron. (3)

A. I. Saichev, “Compensation of wave distortions by a phase conjugated mirror in an inhomogeneous medium,” Radiotekh. Elektron. 27, 1961–1968 (1982).

Kh. G. Akhunov, F. V. Bunkin, D. V. Vlasov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, “On the efficiency of phase conjugated focusing of waves in turbulent media,” Radiotekh. Elektron. 29, 1–4 (1984).

A. V. Polovinkin, A. I. Saichev, “Waves reflection from a phase-conjugated mirror in a medium with moving large-scale inhomogeneities,” Radiotekh. Elektron. 29, 193–198 (1984).

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

Yu. A. Kravtsov, “Electromagnetic wave propagation through the turbulent atmosphere,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 55, 37–112 (1992).
[Crossref]

Sov. Phys. Acoust. (1)

O. Ya. Butkovskii, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. V. Ryabykin, “Multipath coherent effects and enhanced backscattering of sound in a confined space,” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 32, 413–414 (1986).

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. I. Saichev, “Effects of partial wave front reversal on reflection of waves by randomly inhomogeneous media,” Sov. Phys. JETP 56, 291–294 (1982).

Sov. Phys. Usp. (3)

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, Yu.A. Kravtsov, S. M. Rytov, V. I. Tatarskii, “Status of the theory of propagation of waves in a randomly inhomogeneous media,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 13, 551–580 (1971).
[Crossref]

Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. I. Saichev, “Effects of double passage of waves in randomly inhomogeneous media,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 25, 494–508 (1982).
[Crossref]

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, “Multiple scattering of waves on an ensemble of particles and a theory of radiative transfer,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 18, 673–689 (1976).
[Crossref]

Waves Random Media (3)

Z. H. Gu, A. A. Maradudin, E. R. Mendez, M. A. Ponce, V. Ruiz-Cortes, “Enhanced transmission through randomly rough surfaces,” Waves Random Media 1, S75–S91 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. J. Greffet, “Backscattering of s-polarized light from a cloud of a small particles above a dielectric substrate,” Waves Random Media 1, S65–S75 (1991).
[Crossref]

M. Kaveh, “New phenomena in the propagation of optical waves through random media,” Waves Random Media 1, S121–S128 (1991).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

P. Sheng, ed., Scattering and Localization of Classical Waves in Random Media (World Science, Singapore, 1990).

Yu. A. Kravtsov, S. A. Namazov, “Backscatter theory for multipath propagation in random media,” in Proceedings of the International Union of Radio Science Meeting and the U.S. National Committee, Union of Radio Science Meeting (International Union of Radio Science, Brussels, 1979), p. 262.

F. M. Ismagilov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, “Backscattering enhancement polarization effects on a system of two small randomly oriented scatterers,” Waves Random Media (to be published).

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. D. Ozrin, A. I. Saichev, “Enhanced backscattering,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1991), Vol. 29, pp. 65–197.
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Equations (25)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

[ ( r 1 ) ( r 2 ) ] 2 = C 2 ( R ) | r 1 r 2 | 2 / 3 ,
I 0 V 1 V C 2 ( R ) d 3 R ,
W ( I | I 0 ) = I 0 1 exp ( I / I 0 ) ,
W ( I ) = 0 W ( I | I 0 ) w ( I 0 ) d I 0 .
Γ ( ρ , L ) = exp ( N k 2 ρ 5 / 3 θ ) ,
θ = 0 L C 2 ( L ) d L ,
Γ ( ρ , L ) = 0 Γ ( ρ , L ) w ( θ ) d θ = 0 w ( θ ) exp ( N k 2 ρ 5 / 3 θ ) d θ .
S bsc ( L ) = 2 S single ( L ) = 2 k 2 0 L d z .
σ bsc 2 ( L ) = 4 σ single 2 ( L ) = 2 σ single 2 ( 2 L ) .
γ x , y = S bsc x , y , Ω = S bsc t , τ = S bsc ω .
Ī bsc > I 0 .
I G ( ρ , L ) = | G ( ρ , L ) | 2 .
K ( ρ , L ) = Ī bsc ( ρ , L ) Ī sep = 1 + B G ( ρ , L ) I G 2 .
K ( 0 , L ) = 1 + Ĩ G 2 / I G 2 = 1 + β sph 2 ( L ) > 1 .
1 4 π L 2 K ( ρ , L ) d S = 1 .
σ eff = K ( ρ , L ) σ 0 ,
K 2 = Ĩ bsc 2 Ĩ sep 2 = I G 4 I G 2 2 I G 2 2 I G 4 .
Γ bsc ( ρ 1 , ρ 2 ) = E bsc ( ρ 1 ) E bsc * ( ρ 2 ) = Γ 1 + Γ 2 .
Γ 2 ( ρ 1 , ρ 2 ) E 0 * ( ρ 1 ) E 0 ( ρ 2 ) .
C ( ρ 1 = ρ 1 , ρ 2 = ρ 2 ) = E s ( ρ 1 ) E s * ( ρ 2 ) | E s | 2 = 1 2 .
E ( s 0 , s 1 , s 2 , , s n , s 0 ) = E ( s 0 , s n , s n 1 , , s 1 , s 0 ) .
Ī bsc = Ī 11 + Ī 22 + 4 Ī 12 , I i j = | E i j | 2 , i , j = 1 , 2 .
Ī sep = Ī 11 + Ī 22 + 2 Ī 12 ,
σ tot > k σ k .
K = σ tot k σ k

Metrics