Abstract

The orbiting stellar interferometer (OSI) is a concept for a first-generation space interferometer with astrometric and imaging goals and is responsive to the recommendations of the Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey Committee for an astrometric interferometer mission. The OSI, as developed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory over the past several years, is a triple Michelson interferometer with articulating siderostats and optical delay lines. Two point designs for the instrument are described.

The 18-m design uses an 18-m maximum baseline and aperture diameters of 40 cm; the targeted astrometric performance is a wide-field accuracy of 10 μarsec for 16-mag objects in 100 s of integration time and for 20-mag objects in 1 h. The instrument would also be capable of synthesis imaging with a resolution of 5 marcsec, which corresponds to the diffraction limit of the 18-m base line. The design uses a deployed structure, which would fold to fit into an Atlas IIAS shroud, for insertion into a 900-km sun-synchronous orbit. In addition to the 18-m point design a 7-m point design that uses a shorter base line in order to simplify deployment is also discussed. OSI's high performance is made possible by utilizing laser metrology and controlled-optics technology.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. Rousset, J. C. Fontanella, P. Kern, P. Gigan, F. Rigaut, P. Léna, C. Boyer, P. Jagourel, J. P. Gaffard, F. Merkle, “First diffraction-limited astronomical images with adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 230, L29–L32 (1990).
  2. R. K. Tyson, Principles of Adaptive Optics (Academic, New York, 1991).
  3. C. A. Primmerman, D. V. Murphy, D. A. Page, B. G. Zollars, H. T. Barclay, “Compensation of atmospheric optical distortion using a synthetic beacon,” Nature (London) 353, 141–143 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Q. Fugate, D. L. Fried, G. A. Ameer, B. R. Boeke, S. L. Brown, P. H. Roberts, R. E. Ruane, G. A. Tyler, L. M. Wopat, “Measurement of atmospheric wavefront distortion using scattered light from a laser guide-star,” Nature (London) 353, 144–146 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, “Potential of long-baseline infrared interferometry for narrow-angle astrometry,” Astron. Astrophys. (to be published).
  6. M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, D. J. Hutter, G. H. Kaplan, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, X. P. Pan, “Wide angle astrometry with the Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. J. 100, 1701–1711 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. A. C. Perryman, “HIPPARCOS—The ESA space astrometry mission: overview and status,” in Highlights of Astronomy, J.-P. Swings, ed. (Reidel, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1986), Vol. 7.
    [CrossRef]
  8. National Research Council, The Decade of Discovery in Astronomy and Astrophysics (National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., 1991).
  9. W. J. Tango, R. Q. Twiss, “Michelson stellar interferometry,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1980), Vol. 17, pp. 241–277.
  10. M. Shao, D. H. Staelin, “Long baseline optical interferometer for astrometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 81–86 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. F. Walkup, J. W. Goodman, “Limitations of fringe-parameter estimation at low light levels,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 399–407 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Shao, “Orbiting stellar interferometer (OSI), a first-generation space interferometer,” in Workshop Proceedings: Science Objectives and Architectures for Optical Interferometry in Space, M. Shao, S. Kulkarni, D. Jones, eds., (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1991), Vol. 1, pp. 67–73.
  13. R. Gershman, M. D. Rayman, M. Shao, “A moderate space mission for optical interferometry,” in Proceedings of the 42nd Congress of the International Astronautical Federation (International Astronautical Federation, Paris, 1991), paper IAF-91-421.
  14. M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Staelin, D. J. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, G. H. Kaplan, “The Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357–371 (1988).
  15. A. R. Thompson, J. M. Moran, G. W. Swenson, Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy (Wiley, New York, 1986).
  16. W. E. Layman, “Control structure interaction (CSI) technology,” in The Next Generation Space Telescope, P. Y. Bely, C. J. Burrows, G. D. Illingworth, eds. (Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, Md., 1989), pp. 263–269.

1991 (2)

C. A. Primmerman, D. V. Murphy, D. A. Page, B. G. Zollars, H. T. Barclay, “Compensation of atmospheric optical distortion using a synthetic beacon,” Nature (London) 353, 141–143 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. Q. Fugate, D. L. Fried, G. A. Ameer, B. R. Boeke, S. L. Brown, P. H. Roberts, R. E. Ruane, G. A. Tyler, L. M. Wopat, “Measurement of atmospheric wavefront distortion using scattered light from a laser guide-star,” Nature (London) 353, 144–146 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, D. J. Hutter, G. H. Kaplan, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, X. P. Pan, “Wide angle astrometry with the Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. J. 100, 1701–1711 (1990).
[CrossRef]

G. Rousset, J. C. Fontanella, P. Kern, P. Gigan, F. Rigaut, P. Léna, C. Boyer, P. Jagourel, J. P. Gaffard, F. Merkle, “First diffraction-limited astronomical images with adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 230, L29–L32 (1990).

1988 (1)

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Staelin, D. J. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, G. H. Kaplan, “The Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357–371 (1988).

1977 (1)

1973 (1)

Ameer, G. A.

R. Q. Fugate, D. L. Fried, G. A. Ameer, B. R. Boeke, S. L. Brown, P. H. Roberts, R. E. Ruane, G. A. Tyler, L. M. Wopat, “Measurement of atmospheric wavefront distortion using scattered light from a laser guide-star,” Nature (London) 353, 144–146 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Barclay, H. T.

C. A. Primmerman, D. V. Murphy, D. A. Page, B. G. Zollars, H. T. Barclay, “Compensation of atmospheric optical distortion using a synthetic beacon,” Nature (London) 353, 141–143 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Boeke, B. R.

R. Q. Fugate, D. L. Fried, G. A. Ameer, B. R. Boeke, S. L. Brown, P. H. Roberts, R. E. Ruane, G. A. Tyler, L. M. Wopat, “Measurement of atmospheric wavefront distortion using scattered light from a laser guide-star,” Nature (London) 353, 144–146 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Boyer, C.

G. Rousset, J. C. Fontanella, P. Kern, P. Gigan, F. Rigaut, P. Léna, C. Boyer, P. Jagourel, J. P. Gaffard, F. Merkle, “First diffraction-limited astronomical images with adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 230, L29–L32 (1990).

Brown, S. L.

R. Q. Fugate, D. L. Fried, G. A. Ameer, B. R. Boeke, S. L. Brown, P. H. Roberts, R. E. Ruane, G. A. Tyler, L. M. Wopat, “Measurement of atmospheric wavefront distortion using scattered light from a laser guide-star,” Nature (London) 353, 144–146 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Colavita, M. M.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, D. J. Hutter, G. H. Kaplan, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, X. P. Pan, “Wide angle astrometry with the Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. J. 100, 1701–1711 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Staelin, D. J. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, G. H. Kaplan, “The Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357–371 (1988).

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, “Potential of long-baseline infrared interferometry for narrow-angle astrometry,” Astron. Astrophys. (to be published).

Fontanella, J. C.

G. Rousset, J. C. Fontanella, P. Kern, P. Gigan, F. Rigaut, P. Léna, C. Boyer, P. Jagourel, J. P. Gaffard, F. Merkle, “First diffraction-limited astronomical images with adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 230, L29–L32 (1990).

Fried, D. L.

R. Q. Fugate, D. L. Fried, G. A. Ameer, B. R. Boeke, S. L. Brown, P. H. Roberts, R. E. Ruane, G. A. Tyler, L. M. Wopat, “Measurement of atmospheric wavefront distortion using scattered light from a laser guide-star,” Nature (London) 353, 144–146 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fugate, R. Q.

R. Q. Fugate, D. L. Fried, G. A. Ameer, B. R. Boeke, S. L. Brown, P. H. Roberts, R. E. Ruane, G. A. Tyler, L. M. Wopat, “Measurement of atmospheric wavefront distortion using scattered light from a laser guide-star,” Nature (London) 353, 144–146 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gaffard, J. P.

G. Rousset, J. C. Fontanella, P. Kern, P. Gigan, F. Rigaut, P. Léna, C. Boyer, P. Jagourel, J. P. Gaffard, F. Merkle, “First diffraction-limited astronomical images with adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 230, L29–L32 (1990).

Gershman, R.

R. Gershman, M. D. Rayman, M. Shao, “A moderate space mission for optical interferometry,” in Proceedings of the 42nd Congress of the International Astronautical Federation (International Astronautical Federation, Paris, 1991), paper IAF-91-421.

Gigan, P.

G. Rousset, J. C. Fontanella, P. Kern, P. Gigan, F. Rigaut, P. Léna, C. Boyer, P. Jagourel, J. P. Gaffard, F. Merkle, “First diffraction-limited astronomical images with adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 230, L29–L32 (1990).

Goodman, J. W.

Hershey, J. L.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, D. J. Hutter, G. H. Kaplan, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, X. P. Pan, “Wide angle astrometry with the Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. J. 100, 1701–1711 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Staelin, D. J. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, G. H. Kaplan, “The Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357–371 (1988).

Hines, B. E.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, D. J. Hutter, G. H. Kaplan, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, X. P. Pan, “Wide angle astrometry with the Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. J. 100, 1701–1711 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Staelin, D. J. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, G. H. Kaplan, “The Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357–371 (1988).

Hughes, J. A.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, D. J. Hutter, G. H. Kaplan, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, X. P. Pan, “Wide angle astrometry with the Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. J. 100, 1701–1711 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Staelin, D. J. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, G. H. Kaplan, “The Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357–371 (1988).

Hutter, D. J.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, D. J. Hutter, G. H. Kaplan, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, X. P. Pan, “Wide angle astrometry with the Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. J. 100, 1701–1711 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Staelin, D. J. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, G. H. Kaplan, “The Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357–371 (1988).

Jagourel, P.

G. Rousset, J. C. Fontanella, P. Kern, P. Gigan, F. Rigaut, P. Léna, C. Boyer, P. Jagourel, J. P. Gaffard, F. Merkle, “First diffraction-limited astronomical images with adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 230, L29–L32 (1990).

Johnston, K. J.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, D. J. Hutter, G. H. Kaplan, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, X. P. Pan, “Wide angle astrometry with the Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. J. 100, 1701–1711 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Staelin, D. J. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, G. H. Kaplan, “The Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357–371 (1988).

Kaplan, G. H.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, D. J. Hutter, G. H. Kaplan, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, X. P. Pan, “Wide angle astrometry with the Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. J. 100, 1701–1711 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Staelin, D. J. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, G. H. Kaplan, “The Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357–371 (1988).

Kern, P.

G. Rousset, J. C. Fontanella, P. Kern, P. Gigan, F. Rigaut, P. Léna, C. Boyer, P. Jagourel, J. P. Gaffard, F. Merkle, “First diffraction-limited astronomical images with adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 230, L29–L32 (1990).

Layman, W. E.

W. E. Layman, “Control structure interaction (CSI) technology,” in The Next Generation Space Telescope, P. Y. Bely, C. J. Burrows, G. D. Illingworth, eds. (Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, Md., 1989), pp. 263–269.

Léna, P.

G. Rousset, J. C. Fontanella, P. Kern, P. Gigan, F. Rigaut, P. Léna, C. Boyer, P. Jagourel, J. P. Gaffard, F. Merkle, “First diffraction-limited astronomical images with adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 230, L29–L32 (1990).

Merkle, F.

G. Rousset, J. C. Fontanella, P. Kern, P. Gigan, F. Rigaut, P. Léna, C. Boyer, P. Jagourel, J. P. Gaffard, F. Merkle, “First diffraction-limited astronomical images with adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 230, L29–L32 (1990).

Moran, J. M.

A. R. Thompson, J. M. Moran, G. W. Swenson, Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy (Wiley, New York, 1986).

Mozurkewich, D.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, D. J. Hutter, G. H. Kaplan, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, X. P. Pan, “Wide angle astrometry with the Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. J. 100, 1701–1711 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Staelin, D. J. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, G. H. Kaplan, “The Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357–371 (1988).

Murphy, D. V.

C. A. Primmerman, D. V. Murphy, D. A. Page, B. G. Zollars, H. T. Barclay, “Compensation of atmospheric optical distortion using a synthetic beacon,” Nature (London) 353, 141–143 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Page, D. A.

C. A. Primmerman, D. V. Murphy, D. A. Page, B. G. Zollars, H. T. Barclay, “Compensation of atmospheric optical distortion using a synthetic beacon,” Nature (London) 353, 141–143 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pan, X. P.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, D. J. Hutter, G. H. Kaplan, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, X. P. Pan, “Wide angle astrometry with the Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. J. 100, 1701–1711 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Perryman, M. A. C.

M. A. C. Perryman, “HIPPARCOS—The ESA space astrometry mission: overview and status,” in Highlights of Astronomy, J.-P. Swings, ed. (Reidel, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1986), Vol. 7.
[CrossRef]

Primmerman, C. A.

C. A. Primmerman, D. V. Murphy, D. A. Page, B. G. Zollars, H. T. Barclay, “Compensation of atmospheric optical distortion using a synthetic beacon,” Nature (London) 353, 141–143 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Rayman, M. D.

R. Gershman, M. D. Rayman, M. Shao, “A moderate space mission for optical interferometry,” in Proceedings of the 42nd Congress of the International Astronautical Federation (International Astronautical Federation, Paris, 1991), paper IAF-91-421.

Rigaut, F.

G. Rousset, J. C. Fontanella, P. Kern, P. Gigan, F. Rigaut, P. Léna, C. Boyer, P. Jagourel, J. P. Gaffard, F. Merkle, “First diffraction-limited astronomical images with adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 230, L29–L32 (1990).

Roberts, P. H.

R. Q. Fugate, D. L. Fried, G. A. Ameer, B. R. Boeke, S. L. Brown, P. H. Roberts, R. E. Ruane, G. A. Tyler, L. M. Wopat, “Measurement of atmospheric wavefront distortion using scattered light from a laser guide-star,” Nature (London) 353, 144–146 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Rousset, G.

G. Rousset, J. C. Fontanella, P. Kern, P. Gigan, F. Rigaut, P. Léna, C. Boyer, P. Jagourel, J. P. Gaffard, F. Merkle, “First diffraction-limited astronomical images with adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 230, L29–L32 (1990).

Ruane, R. E.

R. Q. Fugate, D. L. Fried, G. A. Ameer, B. R. Boeke, S. L. Brown, P. H. Roberts, R. E. Ruane, G. A. Tyler, L. M. Wopat, “Measurement of atmospheric wavefront distortion using scattered light from a laser guide-star,” Nature (London) 353, 144–146 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shao, M.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, D. J. Hutter, G. H. Kaplan, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, X. P. Pan, “Wide angle astrometry with the Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. J. 100, 1701–1711 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Staelin, D. J. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, G. H. Kaplan, “The Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357–371 (1988).

M. Shao, D. H. Staelin, “Long baseline optical interferometer for astrometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 81–86 (1977).
[CrossRef]

R. Gershman, M. D. Rayman, M. Shao, “A moderate space mission for optical interferometry,” in Proceedings of the 42nd Congress of the International Astronautical Federation (International Astronautical Federation, Paris, 1991), paper IAF-91-421.

M. Shao, “Orbiting stellar interferometer (OSI), a first-generation space interferometer,” in Workshop Proceedings: Science Objectives and Architectures for Optical Interferometry in Space, M. Shao, S. Kulkarni, D. Jones, eds., (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1991), Vol. 1, pp. 67–73.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, “Potential of long-baseline infrared interferometry for narrow-angle astrometry,” Astron. Astrophys. (to be published).

Simon, R. S.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, D. J. Hutter, G. H. Kaplan, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, X. P. Pan, “Wide angle astrometry with the Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. J. 100, 1701–1711 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Staelin, D. J. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, G. H. Kaplan, “The Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357–371 (1988).

Staelin, D. H.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Staelin, D. J. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, G. H. Kaplan, “The Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357–371 (1988).

M. Shao, D. H. Staelin, “Long baseline optical interferometer for astrometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 81–86 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Swenson, G. W.

A. R. Thompson, J. M. Moran, G. W. Swenson, Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy (Wiley, New York, 1986).

Tango, W. J.

W. J. Tango, R. Q. Twiss, “Michelson stellar interferometry,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1980), Vol. 17, pp. 241–277.

Thompson, A. R.

A. R. Thompson, J. M. Moran, G. W. Swenson, Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy (Wiley, New York, 1986).

Twiss, R. Q.

W. J. Tango, R. Q. Twiss, “Michelson stellar interferometry,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1980), Vol. 17, pp. 241–277.

Tyler, G. A.

R. Q. Fugate, D. L. Fried, G. A. Ameer, B. R. Boeke, S. L. Brown, P. H. Roberts, R. E. Ruane, G. A. Tyler, L. M. Wopat, “Measurement of atmospheric wavefront distortion using scattered light from a laser guide-star,” Nature (London) 353, 144–146 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tyson, R. K.

R. K. Tyson, Principles of Adaptive Optics (Academic, New York, 1991).

Walkup, J. F.

Wopat, L. M.

R. Q. Fugate, D. L. Fried, G. A. Ameer, B. R. Boeke, S. L. Brown, P. H. Roberts, R. E. Ruane, G. A. Tyler, L. M. Wopat, “Measurement of atmospheric wavefront distortion using scattered light from a laser guide-star,” Nature (London) 353, 144–146 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zollars, B. G.

C. A. Primmerman, D. V. Murphy, D. A. Page, B. G. Zollars, H. T. Barclay, “Compensation of atmospheric optical distortion using a synthetic beacon,” Nature (London) 353, 141–143 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Astron. Astrophys. (2)

G. Rousset, J. C. Fontanella, P. Kern, P. Gigan, F. Rigaut, P. Léna, C. Boyer, P. Jagourel, J. P. Gaffard, F. Merkle, “First diffraction-limited astronomical images with adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 230, L29–L32 (1990).

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Staelin, D. J. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, G. H. Kaplan, “The Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357–371 (1988).

Astron. J. (1)

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, D. J. Hutter, G. H. Kaplan, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, X. P. Pan, “Wide angle astrometry with the Mark III stellar interferometer,” Astron. J. 100, 1701–1711 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

Nature (London) (2)

C. A. Primmerman, D. V. Murphy, D. A. Page, B. G. Zollars, H. T. Barclay, “Compensation of atmospheric optical distortion using a synthetic beacon,” Nature (London) 353, 141–143 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. Q. Fugate, D. L. Fried, G. A. Ameer, B. R. Boeke, S. L. Brown, P. H. Roberts, R. E. Ruane, G. A. Tyler, L. M. Wopat, “Measurement of atmospheric wavefront distortion using scattered light from a laser guide-star,” Nature (London) 353, 144–146 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (9)

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, “Potential of long-baseline infrared interferometry for narrow-angle astrometry,” Astron. Astrophys. (to be published).

R. K. Tyson, Principles of Adaptive Optics (Academic, New York, 1991).

M. A. C. Perryman, “HIPPARCOS—The ESA space astrometry mission: overview and status,” in Highlights of Astronomy, J.-P. Swings, ed. (Reidel, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1986), Vol. 7.
[CrossRef]

National Research Council, The Decade of Discovery in Astronomy and Astrophysics (National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., 1991).

W. J. Tango, R. Q. Twiss, “Michelson stellar interferometry,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1980), Vol. 17, pp. 241–277.

M. Shao, “Orbiting stellar interferometer (OSI), a first-generation space interferometer,” in Workshop Proceedings: Science Objectives and Architectures for Optical Interferometry in Space, M. Shao, S. Kulkarni, D. Jones, eds., (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1991), Vol. 1, pp. 67–73.

R. Gershman, M. D. Rayman, M. Shao, “A moderate space mission for optical interferometry,” in Proceedings of the 42nd Congress of the International Astronautical Federation (International Astronautical Federation, Paris, 1991), paper IAF-91-421.

A. R. Thompson, J. M. Moran, G. W. Swenson, Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy (Wiley, New York, 1986).

W. E. Layman, “Control structure interaction (CSI) technology,” in The Next Generation Space Telescope, P. Y. Bely, C. J. Burrows, G. D. Illingworth, eds. (Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, Md., 1989), pp. 263–269.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

An 18-m point design of OSI.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the beam path of each of the interferometers for the point design.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Beam combiner concept for each interferometer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic of the external metrology system for OSI.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Plot of the uυ coverage for a 6-h imaging observation. The longest baseline plotted is 18 m.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Original object used in the imaging simulation. The compact source at the center has a visual magnitude of 14.2.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Reconstruction of the original object after cleaning for the uυ coverage of Fig. 5. Photon noise was simulated for observations in a 1-nm bandpass at 500 nm. The synthesized beam diameter is 4.5 mas.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

A 7-m point design of OSI.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Interferometer schematic and an unfolded interferometer arm illustrating the placement of the corner reflectors (see text).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Simulation Results for Induced Vibrations onto the 18-m OSI Structure by Four Hubble-Space-Telescope-Type Reaction Wheels with Different Vibration Control Techniques

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d = B ŝ + C ,

Metrics