Abstract

The properties of laser (He–Ne) structuralization of gelatin films with acrylic acid compounds (amides and salts) for producing high-resolution sensitive media for hologram optics are discussed.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. M. Smith, Holographic Recording Materials (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), p. 6.
  2. S. I. Peredereeva, V. M. Kozenkov, P. P. Kisilitsa, Photopolymers for Holography (Nauka, Moscow, 1978), p. 51.
  3. V. I. Lutoshkin, S. V. Volkov, “Application of holography for studying the kinetics of laser photochemical reactions,” Theor. Exp. Chem. USSR 14, 371–377 (1977).
  4. J. Kosar, Light Sensitive Systems (Wiley, New York, 1965).
  5. V. I. Lutoshkin, S. V. Volkov, A. V. Botsman, “Local acrylamide Polymerization in a gelatin matrix exposed to helium-neon laser radiation,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 50, 250–254 (1984).
  6. S. V. Volkov, A. V. Botsman, A. R. Shevchenko, “Effect of acrylamide on the diffraction efficiency of gelatin-based holograms,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 53, 494–497 (1987).
  7. A. V. Botsman, S. V. Volkov, V. I. Lutoshkin, “Effect of the nature of cross-linking reagents on the structuralization of gelatin by laser radiation,” Theor. Exp. Chem. USSR 27, 86–89 (1990).
  8. S. V. Volkov, A. V. Botsman, V. I. Lutoshkin, A. D. Pomogailo, “Laser–chemical structuralization of vinyl monomers by the complexation with 3d-metal acrylates,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 54, 899–903 (1988).
  9. A. V. Botsman, L. V. Marchenko, “Photochemical transformation of gelatin with calcium acrylate,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 52, 952–954 (1986).
  10. A. Grabe et al., “Holographic material containing gelatin sensitized by a dye,” U.S. Patent3,963,490 (15June1976).
  11. D. D. Kosai et al., “A method for fabricating a photopolymerizable material for holographic recording,” Japanese Patent54-12,300 (5October1974).
  12. A. Egfe-Hevard et al., “A method for obtaining light-sensitive phase holograms,” UK Patent1,474,428 (25May1977).

1990 (1)

A. V. Botsman, S. V. Volkov, V. I. Lutoshkin, “Effect of the nature of cross-linking reagents on the structuralization of gelatin by laser radiation,” Theor. Exp. Chem. USSR 27, 86–89 (1990).

1988 (1)

S. V. Volkov, A. V. Botsman, V. I. Lutoshkin, A. D. Pomogailo, “Laser–chemical structuralization of vinyl monomers by the complexation with 3d-metal acrylates,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 54, 899–903 (1988).

1987 (1)

S. V. Volkov, A. V. Botsman, A. R. Shevchenko, “Effect of acrylamide on the diffraction efficiency of gelatin-based holograms,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 53, 494–497 (1987).

1986 (1)

A. V. Botsman, L. V. Marchenko, “Photochemical transformation of gelatin with calcium acrylate,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 52, 952–954 (1986).

1984 (1)

V. I. Lutoshkin, S. V. Volkov, A. V. Botsman, “Local acrylamide Polymerization in a gelatin matrix exposed to helium-neon laser radiation,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 50, 250–254 (1984).

1977 (1)

V. I. Lutoshkin, S. V. Volkov, “Application of holography for studying the kinetics of laser photochemical reactions,” Theor. Exp. Chem. USSR 14, 371–377 (1977).

Botsman, A. V.

A. V. Botsman, S. V. Volkov, V. I. Lutoshkin, “Effect of the nature of cross-linking reagents on the structuralization of gelatin by laser radiation,” Theor. Exp. Chem. USSR 27, 86–89 (1990).

S. V. Volkov, A. V. Botsman, V. I. Lutoshkin, A. D. Pomogailo, “Laser–chemical structuralization of vinyl monomers by the complexation with 3d-metal acrylates,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 54, 899–903 (1988).

S. V. Volkov, A. V. Botsman, A. R. Shevchenko, “Effect of acrylamide on the diffraction efficiency of gelatin-based holograms,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 53, 494–497 (1987).

A. V. Botsman, L. V. Marchenko, “Photochemical transformation of gelatin with calcium acrylate,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 52, 952–954 (1986).

V. I. Lutoshkin, S. V. Volkov, A. V. Botsman, “Local acrylamide Polymerization in a gelatin matrix exposed to helium-neon laser radiation,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 50, 250–254 (1984).

Egfe-Hevard, A.

A. Egfe-Hevard et al., “A method for obtaining light-sensitive phase holograms,” UK Patent1,474,428 (25May1977).

Grabe, A.

A. Grabe et al., “Holographic material containing gelatin sensitized by a dye,” U.S. Patent3,963,490 (15June1976).

Kisilitsa, P. P.

S. I. Peredereeva, V. M. Kozenkov, P. P. Kisilitsa, Photopolymers for Holography (Nauka, Moscow, 1978), p. 51.

Kosai, D. D.

D. D. Kosai et al., “A method for fabricating a photopolymerizable material for holographic recording,” Japanese Patent54-12,300 (5October1974).

Kosar, J.

J. Kosar, Light Sensitive Systems (Wiley, New York, 1965).

Kozenkov, V. M.

S. I. Peredereeva, V. M. Kozenkov, P. P. Kisilitsa, Photopolymers for Holography (Nauka, Moscow, 1978), p. 51.

Lutoshkin, V. I.

A. V. Botsman, S. V. Volkov, V. I. Lutoshkin, “Effect of the nature of cross-linking reagents on the structuralization of gelatin by laser radiation,” Theor. Exp. Chem. USSR 27, 86–89 (1990).

S. V. Volkov, A. V. Botsman, V. I. Lutoshkin, A. D. Pomogailo, “Laser–chemical structuralization of vinyl monomers by the complexation with 3d-metal acrylates,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 54, 899–903 (1988).

V. I. Lutoshkin, S. V. Volkov, A. V. Botsman, “Local acrylamide Polymerization in a gelatin matrix exposed to helium-neon laser radiation,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 50, 250–254 (1984).

V. I. Lutoshkin, S. V. Volkov, “Application of holography for studying the kinetics of laser photochemical reactions,” Theor. Exp. Chem. USSR 14, 371–377 (1977).

Marchenko, L. V.

A. V. Botsman, L. V. Marchenko, “Photochemical transformation of gelatin with calcium acrylate,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 52, 952–954 (1986).

Peredereeva, S. I.

S. I. Peredereeva, V. M. Kozenkov, P. P. Kisilitsa, Photopolymers for Holography (Nauka, Moscow, 1978), p. 51.

Pomogailo, A. D.

S. V. Volkov, A. V. Botsman, V. I. Lutoshkin, A. D. Pomogailo, “Laser–chemical structuralization of vinyl monomers by the complexation with 3d-metal acrylates,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 54, 899–903 (1988).

Shevchenko, A. R.

S. V. Volkov, A. V. Botsman, A. R. Shevchenko, “Effect of acrylamide on the diffraction efficiency of gelatin-based holograms,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 53, 494–497 (1987).

Smith, H. M.

H. M. Smith, Holographic Recording Materials (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), p. 6.

Volkov, S. V.

A. V. Botsman, S. V. Volkov, V. I. Lutoshkin, “Effect of the nature of cross-linking reagents on the structuralization of gelatin by laser radiation,” Theor. Exp. Chem. USSR 27, 86–89 (1990).

S. V. Volkov, A. V. Botsman, V. I. Lutoshkin, A. D. Pomogailo, “Laser–chemical structuralization of vinyl monomers by the complexation with 3d-metal acrylates,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 54, 899–903 (1988).

S. V. Volkov, A. V. Botsman, A. R. Shevchenko, “Effect of acrylamide on the diffraction efficiency of gelatin-based holograms,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 53, 494–497 (1987).

V. I. Lutoshkin, S. V. Volkov, A. V. Botsman, “Local acrylamide Polymerization in a gelatin matrix exposed to helium-neon laser radiation,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 50, 250–254 (1984).

V. I. Lutoshkin, S. V. Volkov, “Application of holography for studying the kinetics of laser photochemical reactions,” Theor. Exp. Chem. USSR 14, 371–377 (1977).

Theor. Exp. Chem. USSR (2)

V. I. Lutoshkin, S. V. Volkov, “Application of holography for studying the kinetics of laser photochemical reactions,” Theor. Exp. Chem. USSR 14, 371–377 (1977).

A. V. Botsman, S. V. Volkov, V. I. Lutoshkin, “Effect of the nature of cross-linking reagents on the structuralization of gelatin by laser radiation,” Theor. Exp. Chem. USSR 27, 86–89 (1990).

Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. (4)

S. V. Volkov, A. V. Botsman, V. I. Lutoshkin, A. D. Pomogailo, “Laser–chemical structuralization of vinyl monomers by the complexation with 3d-metal acrylates,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 54, 899–903 (1988).

A. V. Botsman, L. V. Marchenko, “Photochemical transformation of gelatin with calcium acrylate,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 52, 952–954 (1986).

V. I. Lutoshkin, S. V. Volkov, A. V. Botsman, “Local acrylamide Polymerization in a gelatin matrix exposed to helium-neon laser radiation,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 50, 250–254 (1984).

S. V. Volkov, A. V. Botsman, A. R. Shevchenko, “Effect of acrylamide on the diffraction efficiency of gelatin-based holograms,” Ukr. Khim. Zh. Russ. Ed. 53, 494–497 (1987).

Other (6)

A. Grabe et al., “Holographic material containing gelatin sensitized by a dye,” U.S. Patent3,963,490 (15June1976).

D. D. Kosai et al., “A method for fabricating a photopolymerizable material for holographic recording,” Japanese Patent54-12,300 (5October1974).

A. Egfe-Hevard et al., “A method for obtaining light-sensitive phase holograms,” UK Patent1,474,428 (25May1977).

J. Kosar, Light Sensitive Systems (Wiley, New York, 1965).

H. M. Smith, Holographic Recording Materials (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), p. 6.

S. I. Peredereeva, V. M. Kozenkov, P. P. Kisilitsa, Photopolymers for Holography (Nauka, Moscow, 1978), p. 51.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Structuralization of gelatin with acrylamide by irradiation with a He–Ne laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Structuralization of gelatin with methylene-bis-acrylamide by irradiation with a He–Ne laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Kinetic curves for swelling in water at 20–40°C: (a) original gelatin, (b) gelatin structuralized with AAM, (c) gelatin structuralized with MBAAM.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Complex formation and structuralization of gelatin with acrylic acid salts (Ca2+, Cu2+) by irradiation with a He–Ne laser.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Schematic of physicochemical processes occurring in composite photolayers.

Tables (5)

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Table 1 Infrared Frequencies Sensitive to the Laser Structuralization of Compositions: Gelatin (Oxyproline)-Acrylic Acid Compoundsa

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Table II Macromolecular Parameters of Gelatin Photolayers Laser Structuralized with Acrylic Acid Amides

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Table III Optical Characteristics of Gelatin Photolayers Laser Structuralized with Acrylic Acid Amides

Tables Icon

Table IV Macromolecular Parameters of Gelatin Photolayers Laser Structuralized with Acrylic Acid Salts

Tables Icon

Table V Optical Characteristics of Gelatin Photolayers Laser Structuralized with Acrylic Acid Salts

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