Abstract

Design and construction considerations and performance characteristics of edge-illuminated holograms are described. The display system layouts presented are compact, monolithic, and achromatic, and the light usage efficiency is improved by recycling the undiffracted hologram-illuminating beam.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. M. Smith, Optical Holography, 2nd ed. (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1976), Chap. 3.
  2. R. B. Wood, “Holographic and classical head up display technology for commercial and fighter aircraft,” in Holographic Optics: Design and Applications, I. Cindrich, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.883, 36–53 (1988).
  3. L. H. Lin, “Edge-illuminated hologram,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 714A (1970).
  4. J. Upatnieks, “Compact holographic sight,” in Holograpic Optics: Design and Applications, I. Cindrich, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.883, 171–176 (1988).
  5. J. Upatnieks, “Method and apparatus for recording and displaying edge-illuminated holograms,” U.S. Patent4,643,515 (17February, 1987).
  6. J. Upatnieks, “Compact holographic sight,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2(13), P86 (1985).
  7. S. A. Benton, S. M. Birner, A. Shirakura, “Edge-lit rainbow holograms,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum Eng.1212, 149–157. (1990).
  8. Q. Huang, H. J. Caulfield, “Waveguide holography and its applications,” in Practical Holography V, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1461, 303–312 (1991).
  9. D. J. DeBitetto, “White-light viewing of surface holograms by simple dispersion compensation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 417–418 (1966).
    [CrossRef]

1985 (1)

J. Upatnieks, “Compact holographic sight,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2(13), P86 (1985).

1970 (1)

L. H. Lin, “Edge-illuminated hologram,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 714A (1970).

1966 (1)

D. J. DeBitetto, “White-light viewing of surface holograms by simple dispersion compensation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 417–418 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Benton, S. A.

S. A. Benton, S. M. Birner, A. Shirakura, “Edge-lit rainbow holograms,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum Eng.1212, 149–157. (1990).

Birner, S. M.

S. A. Benton, S. M. Birner, A. Shirakura, “Edge-lit rainbow holograms,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum Eng.1212, 149–157. (1990).

Caulfield, H. J.

Q. Huang, H. J. Caulfield, “Waveguide holography and its applications,” in Practical Holography V, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1461, 303–312 (1991).

DeBitetto, D. J.

D. J. DeBitetto, “White-light viewing of surface holograms by simple dispersion compensation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 417–418 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Q.

Q. Huang, H. J. Caulfield, “Waveguide holography and its applications,” in Practical Holography V, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1461, 303–312 (1991).

Lin, L. H.

L. H. Lin, “Edge-illuminated hologram,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 714A (1970).

Shirakura, A.

S. A. Benton, S. M. Birner, A. Shirakura, “Edge-lit rainbow holograms,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum Eng.1212, 149–157. (1990).

Smith, H. M.

H. M. Smith, Optical Holography, 2nd ed. (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1976), Chap. 3.

Upatnieks, J.

J. Upatnieks, “Compact holographic sight,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2(13), P86 (1985).

J. Upatnieks, “Compact holographic sight,” in Holograpic Optics: Design and Applications, I. Cindrich, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.883, 171–176 (1988).

J. Upatnieks, “Method and apparatus for recording and displaying edge-illuminated holograms,” U.S. Patent4,643,515 (17February, 1987).

Wood, R. B.

R. B. Wood, “Holographic and classical head up display technology for commercial and fighter aircraft,” in Holographic Optics: Design and Applications, I. Cindrich, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.883, 36–53 (1988).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. J. DeBitetto, “White-light viewing of surface holograms by simple dispersion compensation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 417–418 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

L. H. Lin, “Edge-illuminated hologram,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 714A (1970).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Upatnieks, “Compact holographic sight,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2(13), P86 (1985).

Other (6)

S. A. Benton, S. M. Birner, A. Shirakura, “Edge-lit rainbow holograms,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum Eng.1212, 149–157. (1990).

Q. Huang, H. J. Caulfield, “Waveguide holography and its applications,” in Practical Holography V, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1461, 303–312 (1991).

J. Upatnieks, “Compact holographic sight,” in Holograpic Optics: Design and Applications, I. Cindrich, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.883, 171–176 (1988).

J. Upatnieks, “Method and apparatus for recording and displaying edge-illuminated holograms,” U.S. Patent4,643,515 (17February, 1987).

H. M. Smith, Optical Holography, 2nd ed. (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1976), Chap. 3.

R. B. Wood, “Holographic and classical head up display technology for commercial and fighter aircraft,” in Holographic Optics: Design and Applications, I. Cindrich, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.883, 36–53 (1988).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Edge-illuminated hologram display: beam divergence is reduced in one direction while allowed to expand in the other.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reticle pattern formed by an edge-illuminated hologram against a natural background.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Edge-illuminated hologram display with the light coupled through a fiber-optics light guide. The base of the 10.16 × 12.7 cm hologram contains optical components for beam expansion and folding.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Edge-illumination arrangement for reducing the reference beam angle of incidence and for recycling the undiffracted light. Half of the beam is shaded for better visibility of its path.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Monolithic hologram display system.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Recording system for monolithic hologram displays.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Achromatic edge-illuminated hologram display system.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Geometry for calculating the grating angle of the achromatic hologram display.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Error Calculations for θ1 = 78.7°

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Table II Error Calculations for θ1 = 84.3°

Equations (4)

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λ f 1 = sin θ 1 + sin θ 2 ,
λ f 2 = sin θ 3 + sin θ 4 .
d θ 1 / d λ = d θ 4 / d λ .
θ 4 = arctan [ ( tan θ 1 cos θ 1 ) / ( 1 + sin θ 1 ) ] .

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