Abstract

Conventional clear-aperture pinholes in confocal microscopes can be replaced by single-mode optical fibers, thereby reducing alignment and dust accumulation problems and providing greater flexibility for optical and electronic hardware placement.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. Wilson, C. J. R. Sheppard, Theory and Practice of Scanning Optical Microscopy (Academic, London, 1984).
  2. D. K. Hamilton, T. Wilson, “Surface profile measurement using the confocal microscope,” J. Appl. Phys. 53, 5320–5322 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. Minsky, “Microscopy apparatus,” U.S. Patent3,013,467 (19December1961).
  4. T. P. Dabbs, “Confocal Microscope,” Australian Provisional Patent Application No. PI 9587/88 (1August1988).
  5. T. P. Dabbs, M. Glass, “The fiber-optic confocal microscope—Focon,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).
  6. T. Wilson, A. R. Carlini, “Three-dimensional imaging in confocal imaging systems with finite sized detectors,” J. Microsc. 149, 51–66 (1988).
    [Crossref]

1988 (1)

T. Wilson, A. R. Carlini, “Three-dimensional imaging in confocal imaging systems with finite sized detectors,” J. Microsc. 149, 51–66 (1988).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

D. K. Hamilton, T. Wilson, “Surface profile measurement using the confocal microscope,” J. Appl. Phys. 53, 5320–5322 (1982).
[Crossref]

Carlini, A. R.

T. Wilson, A. R. Carlini, “Three-dimensional imaging in confocal imaging systems with finite sized detectors,” J. Microsc. 149, 51–66 (1988).
[Crossref]

Dabbs, T. P.

T. P. Dabbs, “Confocal Microscope,” Australian Provisional Patent Application No. PI 9587/88 (1August1988).

T. P. Dabbs, M. Glass, “The fiber-optic confocal microscope—Focon,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Glass, M.

T. P. Dabbs, M. Glass, “The fiber-optic confocal microscope—Focon,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Hamilton, D. K.

D. K. Hamilton, T. Wilson, “Surface profile measurement using the confocal microscope,” J. Appl. Phys. 53, 5320–5322 (1982).
[Crossref]

Minsky, M.

M. Minsky, “Microscopy apparatus,” U.S. Patent3,013,467 (19December1961).

Sheppard, C. J. R.

T. Wilson, C. J. R. Sheppard, Theory and Practice of Scanning Optical Microscopy (Academic, London, 1984).

Wilson, T.

T. Wilson, A. R. Carlini, “Three-dimensional imaging in confocal imaging systems with finite sized detectors,” J. Microsc. 149, 51–66 (1988).
[Crossref]

D. K. Hamilton, T. Wilson, “Surface profile measurement using the confocal microscope,” J. Appl. Phys. 53, 5320–5322 (1982).
[Crossref]

T. Wilson, C. J. R. Sheppard, Theory and Practice of Scanning Optical Microscopy (Academic, London, 1984).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. K. Hamilton, T. Wilson, “Surface profile measurement using the confocal microscope,” J. Appl. Phys. 53, 5320–5322 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. Microsc. (1)

T. Wilson, A. R. Carlini, “Three-dimensional imaging in confocal imaging systems with finite sized detectors,” J. Microsc. 149, 51–66 (1988).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

T. Wilson, C. J. R. Sheppard, Theory and Practice of Scanning Optical Microscopy (Academic, London, 1984).

M. Minsky, “Microscopy apparatus,” U.S. Patent3,013,467 (19December1961).

T. P. Dabbs, “Confocal Microscope,” Australian Provisional Patent Application No. PI 9587/88 (1August1988).

T. P. Dabbs, M. Glass, “The fiber-optic confocal microscope—Focon,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of a confocal microscope with optical-fiber pinholes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Detector response for a mirror traversed axially through the diffraction-limited spot using confocal microscopes with conventional and fiber-optic pinholes.

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