Abstract

Multiple images were recorded in DuPont HRF-150 photopolymer as transmission holograms by using angle multiplexing. Agreement with Kogelnik’s two-wave diffraction theory for phase gratings, the time considerations and its effect on dynamic range, the necessity of a pre-illumination pulse, and good image quality at readout are reported.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. F. H. Mok, M. C. Tackitt, H. M. Stoll, “Storage of 500 high resolution holograms in a LiNbO3 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 16, 605–607 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. F. H. Mok, M. C. Tackitt, H. M. Stoll, “A massively parallel optical template matcher/correlator,” presented at the Optical Society of America Conference on Pattern Recognition, Boston, Mass., 4 November 1990.
  3. D. Psaltis, D. Brady, X. G. Gu, S. Lin, “Holography in artificial neural networks,” Nature (London) 343, 325–330 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, A. M. Weber, D. J. Mickish, “Hologram recording in DuPont’s new photopolymer material,” presented at the Second International Conference on Holographic Systems, Bath, UK, 13 November 1989.
  5. H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
  6. W. S. Colburn, K. A. Haines, “Volume hologram formation in photopolymer materials,” Appl. Opt. 10, 1636–1641 (1971).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Feinberg, D. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. W. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive effects and light-induced charge migration in barium titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297–1305 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. H. Garrett, J. Y. Chang, H. P. Jenssen, C. Warde, “High photorefractive sensitivity in an n-type 45°-cut BaTiO3 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 17, 103–105 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. A. Vazquez, F. R. Vachss, R. R. Neurgaonkar, M. D. Ewbank, “Large photorefractive coupling coefficient in a thin cerium-doped strontium barium niobate crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1932–1941 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Hong, P. Yeh, D. Psaltis, D. Brady, “Diffraction efficiency of strong volume holograms,” Opt. Lett. 15, 344–346 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

1991 (2)

1990 (2)

D. Psaltis, D. Brady, X. G. Gu, S. Lin, “Holography in artificial neural networks,” Nature (London) 343, 325–330 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Hong, P. Yeh, D. Psaltis, D. Brady, “Diffraction efficiency of strong volume holograms,” Opt. Lett. 15, 344–346 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980 (1)

J. Feinberg, D. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. W. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive effects and light-induced charge migration in barium titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297–1305 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).

Brady, D.

D. Psaltis, D. Brady, X. G. Gu, S. Lin, “Holography in artificial neural networks,” Nature (London) 343, 325–330 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Hong, P. Yeh, D. Psaltis, D. Brady, “Diffraction efficiency of strong volume holograms,” Opt. Lett. 15, 344–346 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, J. Y.

Colburn, W. S.

Ewbank, M. D.

Feinberg, J.

J. Feinberg, D. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. W. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive effects and light-induced charge migration in barium titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297–1305 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Garrett, M. H.

Gu, X. G.

D. Psaltis, D. Brady, X. G. Gu, S. Lin, “Holography in artificial neural networks,” Nature (London) 343, 325–330 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Haines, K. A.

Heiman, D.

J. Feinberg, D. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. W. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive effects and light-induced charge migration in barium titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297–1305 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hellwarth, R. W.

J. Feinberg, D. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. W. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive effects and light-induced charge migration in barium titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297–1305 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hong, J.

Jenssen, H. P.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).

Lin, S.

D. Psaltis, D. Brady, X. G. Gu, S. Lin, “Holography in artificial neural networks,” Nature (London) 343, 325–330 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mickish, D. J.

W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, A. M. Weber, D. J. Mickish, “Hologram recording in DuPont’s new photopolymer material,” presented at the Second International Conference on Holographic Systems, Bath, UK, 13 November 1989.

Mok, F. H.

F. H. Mok, M. C. Tackitt, H. M. Stoll, “Storage of 500 high resolution holograms in a LiNbO3 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 16, 605–607 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. H. Mok, M. C. Tackitt, H. M. Stoll, “A massively parallel optical template matcher/correlator,” presented at the Optical Society of America Conference on Pattern Recognition, Boston, Mass., 4 November 1990.

Neurgaonkar, R. R.

Psaltis, D.

D. Psaltis, D. Brady, X. G. Gu, S. Lin, “Holography in artificial neural networks,” Nature (London) 343, 325–330 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Hong, P. Yeh, D. Psaltis, D. Brady, “Diffraction efficiency of strong volume holograms,” Opt. Lett. 15, 344–346 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smothers, W. K.

W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, A. M. Weber, D. J. Mickish, “Hologram recording in DuPont’s new photopolymer material,” presented at the Second International Conference on Holographic Systems, Bath, UK, 13 November 1989.

Stoll, H. M.

F. H. Mok, M. C. Tackitt, H. M. Stoll, “Storage of 500 high resolution holograms in a LiNbO3 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 16, 605–607 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. H. Mok, M. C. Tackitt, H. M. Stoll, “A massively parallel optical template matcher/correlator,” presented at the Optical Society of America Conference on Pattern Recognition, Boston, Mass., 4 November 1990.

Tackitt, M. C.

F. H. Mok, M. C. Tackitt, H. M. Stoll, “Storage of 500 high resolution holograms in a LiNbO3 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 16, 605–607 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. H. Mok, M. C. Tackitt, H. M. Stoll, “A massively parallel optical template matcher/correlator,” presented at the Optical Society of America Conference on Pattern Recognition, Boston, Mass., 4 November 1990.

Tanguay, A. R.

J. Feinberg, D. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. W. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive effects and light-induced charge migration in barium titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297–1305 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Trout, T. J.

W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, A. M. Weber, D. J. Mickish, “Hologram recording in DuPont’s new photopolymer material,” presented at the Second International Conference on Holographic Systems, Bath, UK, 13 November 1989.

Vachss, F. R.

Vazquez, R. A.

Warde, C.

Weber, A. M.

W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, A. M. Weber, D. J. Mickish, “Hologram recording in DuPont’s new photopolymer material,” presented at the Second International Conference on Holographic Systems, Bath, UK, 13 November 1989.

Yeh, P.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Feinberg, D. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. W. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive effects and light-induced charge migration in barium titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297–1305 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (London) (1)

D. Psaltis, D. Brady, X. G. Gu, S. Lin, “Holography in artificial neural networks,” Nature (London) 343, 325–330 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

F. H. Mok, M. C. Tackitt, H. M. Stoll, “A massively parallel optical template matcher/correlator,” presented at the Optical Society of America Conference on Pattern Recognition, Boston, Mass., 4 November 1990.

W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, A. M. Weber, D. J. Mickish, “Hologram recording in DuPont’s new photopolymer material,” presented at the Second International Conference on Holographic Systems, Bath, UK, 13 November 1989.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup geometry: BE, beam expander; L1, lens; BS, beam splitter; L2, L3, imaging lenses; WP, half-wave plate; PBS, polarizing BS; I, image; C, camera.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Angular selectivity of plane-wave hologram.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Ten holograms, no pre-exposure.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Ten image-plane holograms.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Reconstructed image.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Index perturbation versus exposure.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Ten image plane holograms, 1 min. apart.

Equations (4)

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η = sin 2 ( ν 2 + ξ 2 ) 1 / 2 ( 1 + ξ 2 / ν 2 ) ,
ν = π Δ n d / λ cos θ ,
ξ = [ K cos ( π / 2 - θ ) ] - K 2 λ / 4 π n ] d / 2 cos θ .
T run = t setup * N + t e * N = t setup * N + t 0 .

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