Abstract

A stigmatic grazing-incidence flat-field grating spectrograph was developed. The spectrograph consisted of a variable line-spacing concave grating and a grazing-incidence collecting optics composed of a cylindrical mirror and a spherical mirror. Using this spectrograph, we have obtained soft x-ray spectra of line-focused laser plasmas with good spatial resolution along the normal of the target surface over the entire wavelength range covered by the spectrograph.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. A. Rense, T. Violett, “Method of increasing the speed of a grazing-incidence spectrograph,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 139–141 (1959).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Tondello, “The use of a toroidal mirror as a focusing element for a stigmatic grazing incidence spectrometer,” Opt. Acta 26, 357–371 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Z. Q. Zhang, P. Z. Fan, S. C. Zhao, J. Z. Zhou, R. S. Jin, “A stigmatic grazing incidence grating spectrograph and laser plasma XUV emission spectra,” Acta Opt. Sin. 8, 762–763 (1988).
  4. P. Z. Fan, Z. Q. Zhang, S. C. Zhao, J. Z. Zhou, R. S. Jin, X. Guo, “Spatially resolved XUV spectral technique for laser-produced plasmas,” Chin. J. Lasers 18, 26–29 (1991).
  5. M. E. Bruner, “Soft x-ray spectrographs for solar observations,” in X-Ray Instrumentation in Astronomy II, L. Golub, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.982, 299–310 (1988).
  6. T. Harada, T. Kita, “Mechanically ruled aberration-corrected concave gratings,” Appl. Opt. 19, 3987–3993 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. Kita, T. Harada, N. Nakano, H. Kuroda, “Mechanically ruled aberration-corrected concave gratings for a flat-field grazing-incidence spectrograph,” Appl. Opt. 22, 512–513 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. N. Nakano, H. Kuroda, T. Kita, T. Harada, “Development of a flat-field grazing-incidence XUV spectrometer and its application in picosecond XUV spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 23, 2386–2392 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. G. P. Kiehn, O. Willi, A. R. Damerell, M. H. Key, “Novel time-resolved VUV spectrograph for X-ray laser research,” Appl. Opt. 26, 425–426 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991

P. Z. Fan, Z. Q. Zhang, S. C. Zhao, J. Z. Zhou, R. S. Jin, X. Guo, “Spatially resolved XUV spectral technique for laser-produced plasmas,” Chin. J. Lasers 18, 26–29 (1991).

1988

Z. Q. Zhang, P. Z. Fan, S. C. Zhao, J. Z. Zhou, R. S. Jin, “A stigmatic grazing incidence grating spectrograph and laser plasma XUV emission spectra,” Acta Opt. Sin. 8, 762–763 (1988).

1987

1984

1983

1980

1979

G. Tondello, “The use of a toroidal mirror as a focusing element for a stigmatic grazing incidence spectrometer,” Opt. Acta 26, 357–371 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1959

Bruner, M. E.

M. E. Bruner, “Soft x-ray spectrographs for solar observations,” in X-Ray Instrumentation in Astronomy II, L. Golub, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.982, 299–310 (1988).

Damerell, A. R.

Fan, P. Z.

P. Z. Fan, Z. Q. Zhang, S. C. Zhao, J. Z. Zhou, R. S. Jin, X. Guo, “Spatially resolved XUV spectral technique for laser-produced plasmas,” Chin. J. Lasers 18, 26–29 (1991).

Z. Q. Zhang, P. Z. Fan, S. C. Zhao, J. Z. Zhou, R. S. Jin, “A stigmatic grazing incidence grating spectrograph and laser plasma XUV emission spectra,” Acta Opt. Sin. 8, 762–763 (1988).

Guo, X.

P. Z. Fan, Z. Q. Zhang, S. C. Zhao, J. Z. Zhou, R. S. Jin, X. Guo, “Spatially resolved XUV spectral technique for laser-produced plasmas,” Chin. J. Lasers 18, 26–29 (1991).

Harada, T.

Jin, R. S.

P. Z. Fan, Z. Q. Zhang, S. C. Zhao, J. Z. Zhou, R. S. Jin, X. Guo, “Spatially resolved XUV spectral technique for laser-produced plasmas,” Chin. J. Lasers 18, 26–29 (1991).

Z. Q. Zhang, P. Z. Fan, S. C. Zhao, J. Z. Zhou, R. S. Jin, “A stigmatic grazing incidence grating spectrograph and laser plasma XUV emission spectra,” Acta Opt. Sin. 8, 762–763 (1988).

Key, M. H.

Kiehn, G. P.

Kita, T.

Kuroda, H.

Nakano, N.

Rense, W. A.

Tondello, G.

G. Tondello, “The use of a toroidal mirror as a focusing element for a stigmatic grazing incidence spectrometer,” Opt. Acta 26, 357–371 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Violett, T.

Willi, O.

Zhang, Z. Q.

P. Z. Fan, Z. Q. Zhang, S. C. Zhao, J. Z. Zhou, R. S. Jin, X. Guo, “Spatially resolved XUV spectral technique for laser-produced plasmas,” Chin. J. Lasers 18, 26–29 (1991).

Z. Q. Zhang, P. Z. Fan, S. C. Zhao, J. Z. Zhou, R. S. Jin, “A stigmatic grazing incidence grating spectrograph and laser plasma XUV emission spectra,” Acta Opt. Sin. 8, 762–763 (1988).

Zhao, S. C.

P. Z. Fan, Z. Q. Zhang, S. C. Zhao, J. Z. Zhou, R. S. Jin, X. Guo, “Spatially resolved XUV spectral technique for laser-produced plasmas,” Chin. J. Lasers 18, 26–29 (1991).

Z. Q. Zhang, P. Z. Fan, S. C. Zhao, J. Z. Zhou, R. S. Jin, “A stigmatic grazing incidence grating spectrograph and laser plasma XUV emission spectra,” Acta Opt. Sin. 8, 762–763 (1988).

Zhou, J. Z.

P. Z. Fan, Z. Q. Zhang, S. C. Zhao, J. Z. Zhou, R. S. Jin, X. Guo, “Spatially resolved XUV spectral technique for laser-produced plasmas,” Chin. J. Lasers 18, 26–29 (1991).

Z. Q. Zhang, P. Z. Fan, S. C. Zhao, J. Z. Zhou, R. S. Jin, “A stigmatic grazing incidence grating spectrograph and laser plasma XUV emission spectra,” Acta Opt. Sin. 8, 762–763 (1988).

Acta Opt. Sin.

Z. Q. Zhang, P. Z. Fan, S. C. Zhao, J. Z. Zhou, R. S. Jin, “A stigmatic grazing incidence grating spectrograph and laser plasma XUV emission spectra,” Acta Opt. Sin. 8, 762–763 (1988).

Appl. Opt.

Chin. J. Lasers

P. Z. Fan, Z. Q. Zhang, S. C. Zhao, J. Z. Zhou, R. S. Jin, X. Guo, “Spatially resolved XUV spectral technique for laser-produced plasmas,” Chin. J. Lasers 18, 26–29 (1991).

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Opt. Acta

G. Tondello, “The use of a toroidal mirror as a focusing element for a stigmatic grazing incidence spectrometer,” Opt. Acta 26, 357–371 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. E. Bruner, “Soft x-ray spectrographs for solar observations,” in X-Ray Instrumentation in Astronomy II, L. Golub, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.982, 299–310 (1988).

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