Abstract

Several important digital processing techniques for optical-fiber sensor systems that use electronically scanned white-light interferometry are presented. These include fringe restoration, fringe-order identification, and resolution enhancement techniques. A pure low-coherence interference fringe pattern is restored by dividing, pixel by pixel, the beam intensity profile from the signal. The central (zero-order) fringe of the pattern is identified by using a centroid algorithm. A linear interpolation or a localized centroid algorithm is used to enhance further the phase resolution. Theoretical analyses, computer simulations, and experimental verifications have shown that these techniques are able to increase greatly the dynamic range of the measurement under a low signal-to-noise ratio environment.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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