Abstract

A configuration for sequential holographic recording based on a new system for obtaining a train of spatially separated light pulses at frequencies ranging from 6 to 35 MHz has been developed. The multipulse system uses a high-energy Q-switched Nd:YAG laser as a light source and incorporates a phase-front-preserving optical delay line and a specially graded beam splitter to produce as many as ten spatially separated light pulses of nearly equal energy. The temporal spacing between successive output pulses may be varied discretely in increments of 28.3 ns from 28.3 to 169.8 ns. The system is currently used for high-speed time-resolved holography of dynamic events with lifetimes between 100 ns and 1.5 μs. Other applications include using the system either as a single point or sequential-array source for laser generation of ultrasound.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. G. N. Hall, J. W. C. Gates, I. N. Ross, “Recording rapid sequences of holograms,” J. Phys. E 3, 789–791 (1970).
    [Crossref]
  2. R. F. Stevens, “Three-dimensional time resolved measurements from holographic records,” Opt. Laser Technol. 8(4), 167–173 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  3. K. J. Ebeling, W. Lauterborn, “High speed holocinematography using spatial multiplexing for image separation,” Opt. Commun. 21, 67–71 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  4. V. M. Boiko, T. P. Gavrilenko, V. V. Grigor’ev, A. A. Karnaukhov, Y. A. Nikolaev, A. N. Papyrin, “High speed laser visualization of particles thrown by detonation waves,” Combust. Explos. Shock Waves (USSR) 19, 363–369 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  5. R. G. Racca, J. M. Dewey, “Time-resolved holography for the study of shock waves,” in 18th International Congress on High Speed Photography and Photonics, W. Daheng, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1032, 578–586 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. E. Carlsson, B. Nilsson, J. Gustafsson, N. Abramson, “Practical system for time-resolved holographic interferometry,” Opt. Eng. 30, 1017–1022 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  7. R. B. Chesler, M. A. Karr, J. E. Geusic, “An experimental and theoretical study of high repetition rate Q-switched Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. IEEE 58, 1899–1914 (1970).
    [Crossref]
  8. Y. Yamamoto, “Multi-frame pulse holography system,” in 18th International Congress on High Speed Photography and Photonics, W. Daheng, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1032, 587–594 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  9. M. Landry, “A pulsed ruby laser with individually Q-switched multiple cavities,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 604–606 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  10. K. D. Merboldt, W. Lauterborn, “High-speed holocinematography with acousto-optic light deflection,” Opt. Commun. 41, 233–238 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  11. W. Hentschel, W. Lauterborn, “New speed record in long series holographic cinematography,” Appl. Opt. 23, 3263–3265 (1984).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. B. A. Barikhin, A. Y. Ivanov, V. I. Nedolugov, “Fast holographic cinematography of a laser plasma,” Sov. J. Quantum. Electron. 20, 1386–1388 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  13. T. Tschudi, C. Yamanaka, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, K. Tanaka, “A study of high-power laser effects in dielectrics using multiframe picosecond holography,” J. Phys. D 11, 177–180 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  14. E. J. Beiting, “A compact optical pulse train generator,” Appl. Opt. 31, 2642–2643 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. U. White, “Long optical paths of large aperture,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 32, 285–288 (1942).
    [Crossref]
  16. M. J. Ehrlich, J. W. Wagner, “Nanosecond scale optical pulse separations in double-exposure holographic interferometry for investigation of transient events,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2883–2885 (1991).
    [Crossref]

1992 (1)

1991 (2)

M. J. Ehrlich, J. W. Wagner, “Nanosecond scale optical pulse separations in double-exposure holographic interferometry for investigation of transient events,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2883–2885 (1991).
[Crossref]

T. E. Carlsson, B. Nilsson, J. Gustafsson, N. Abramson, “Practical system for time-resolved holographic interferometry,” Opt. Eng. 30, 1017–1022 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

B. A. Barikhin, A. Y. Ivanov, V. I. Nedolugov, “Fast holographic cinematography of a laser plasma,” Sov. J. Quantum. Electron. 20, 1386–1388 (1990).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

V. M. Boiko, T. P. Gavrilenko, V. V. Grigor’ev, A. A. Karnaukhov, Y. A. Nikolaev, A. N. Papyrin, “High speed laser visualization of particles thrown by detonation waves,” Combust. Explos. Shock Waves (USSR) 19, 363–369 (1983).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

K. D. Merboldt, W. Lauterborn, “High-speed holocinematography with acousto-optic light deflection,” Opt. Commun. 41, 233–238 (1982).
[Crossref]

1977 (2)

K. J. Ebeling, W. Lauterborn, “High speed holocinematography using spatial multiplexing for image separation,” Opt. Commun. 21, 67–71 (1977).
[Crossref]

T. Tschudi, C. Yamanaka, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, K. Tanaka, “A study of high-power laser effects in dielectrics using multiframe picosecond holography,” J. Phys. D 11, 177–180 (1977).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

R. F. Stevens, “Three-dimensional time resolved measurements from holographic records,” Opt. Laser Technol. 8(4), 167–173 (1976).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

M. Landry, “A pulsed ruby laser with individually Q-switched multiple cavities,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 604–606 (1973).
[Crossref]

1970 (2)

R. B. Chesler, M. A. Karr, J. E. Geusic, “An experimental and theoretical study of high repetition rate Q-switched Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. IEEE 58, 1899–1914 (1970).
[Crossref]

R. G. N. Hall, J. W. C. Gates, I. N. Ross, “Recording rapid sequences of holograms,” J. Phys. E 3, 789–791 (1970).
[Crossref]

1942 (1)

Abramson, N.

T. E. Carlsson, B. Nilsson, J. Gustafsson, N. Abramson, “Practical system for time-resolved holographic interferometry,” Opt. Eng. 30, 1017–1022 (1991).
[Crossref]

Barikhin, B. A.

B. A. Barikhin, A. Y. Ivanov, V. I. Nedolugov, “Fast holographic cinematography of a laser plasma,” Sov. J. Quantum. Electron. 20, 1386–1388 (1990).
[Crossref]

Beiting, E. J.

Boiko, V. M.

V. M. Boiko, T. P. Gavrilenko, V. V. Grigor’ev, A. A. Karnaukhov, Y. A. Nikolaev, A. N. Papyrin, “High speed laser visualization of particles thrown by detonation waves,” Combust. Explos. Shock Waves (USSR) 19, 363–369 (1983).
[Crossref]

Carlsson, T. E.

T. E. Carlsson, B. Nilsson, J. Gustafsson, N. Abramson, “Practical system for time-resolved holographic interferometry,” Opt. Eng. 30, 1017–1022 (1991).
[Crossref]

Chesler, R. B.

R. B. Chesler, M. A. Karr, J. E. Geusic, “An experimental and theoretical study of high repetition rate Q-switched Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. IEEE 58, 1899–1914 (1970).
[Crossref]

Dewey, J. M.

R. G. Racca, J. M. Dewey, “Time-resolved holography for the study of shock waves,” in 18th International Congress on High Speed Photography and Photonics, W. Daheng, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1032, 578–586 (1988).
[Crossref]

Ebeling, K. J.

K. J. Ebeling, W. Lauterborn, “High speed holocinematography using spatial multiplexing for image separation,” Opt. Commun. 21, 67–71 (1977).
[Crossref]

Ehrlich, M. J.

M. J. Ehrlich, J. W. Wagner, “Nanosecond scale optical pulse separations in double-exposure holographic interferometry for investigation of transient events,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2883–2885 (1991).
[Crossref]

Gates, J. W. C.

R. G. N. Hall, J. W. C. Gates, I. N. Ross, “Recording rapid sequences of holograms,” J. Phys. E 3, 789–791 (1970).
[Crossref]

Gavrilenko, T. P.

V. M. Boiko, T. P. Gavrilenko, V. V. Grigor’ev, A. A. Karnaukhov, Y. A. Nikolaev, A. N. Papyrin, “High speed laser visualization of particles thrown by detonation waves,” Combust. Explos. Shock Waves (USSR) 19, 363–369 (1983).
[Crossref]

Geusic, J. E.

R. B. Chesler, M. A. Karr, J. E. Geusic, “An experimental and theoretical study of high repetition rate Q-switched Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. IEEE 58, 1899–1914 (1970).
[Crossref]

Grigor’ev, V. V.

V. M. Boiko, T. P. Gavrilenko, V. V. Grigor’ev, A. A. Karnaukhov, Y. A. Nikolaev, A. N. Papyrin, “High speed laser visualization of particles thrown by detonation waves,” Combust. Explos. Shock Waves (USSR) 19, 363–369 (1983).
[Crossref]

Gustafsson, J.

T. E. Carlsson, B. Nilsson, J. Gustafsson, N. Abramson, “Practical system for time-resolved holographic interferometry,” Opt. Eng. 30, 1017–1022 (1991).
[Crossref]

Hall, R. G. N.

R. G. N. Hall, J. W. C. Gates, I. N. Ross, “Recording rapid sequences of holograms,” J. Phys. E 3, 789–791 (1970).
[Crossref]

Hentschel, W.

Ivanov, A. Y.

B. A. Barikhin, A. Y. Ivanov, V. I. Nedolugov, “Fast holographic cinematography of a laser plasma,” Sov. J. Quantum. Electron. 20, 1386–1388 (1990).
[Crossref]

Karnaukhov, A. A.

V. M. Boiko, T. P. Gavrilenko, V. V. Grigor’ev, A. A. Karnaukhov, Y. A. Nikolaev, A. N. Papyrin, “High speed laser visualization of particles thrown by detonation waves,” Combust. Explos. Shock Waves (USSR) 19, 363–369 (1983).
[Crossref]

Karr, M. A.

R. B. Chesler, M. A. Karr, J. E. Geusic, “An experimental and theoretical study of high repetition rate Q-switched Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. IEEE 58, 1899–1914 (1970).
[Crossref]

Landry, M.

M. Landry, “A pulsed ruby laser with individually Q-switched multiple cavities,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 604–606 (1973).
[Crossref]

Lauterborn, W.

W. Hentschel, W. Lauterborn, “New speed record in long series holographic cinematography,” Appl. Opt. 23, 3263–3265 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. D. Merboldt, W. Lauterborn, “High-speed holocinematography with acousto-optic light deflection,” Opt. Commun. 41, 233–238 (1982).
[Crossref]

K. J. Ebeling, W. Lauterborn, “High speed holocinematography using spatial multiplexing for image separation,” Opt. Commun. 21, 67–71 (1977).
[Crossref]

Merboldt, K. D.

K. D. Merboldt, W. Lauterborn, “High-speed holocinematography with acousto-optic light deflection,” Opt. Commun. 41, 233–238 (1982).
[Crossref]

Nedolugov, V. I.

B. A. Barikhin, A. Y. Ivanov, V. I. Nedolugov, “Fast holographic cinematography of a laser plasma,” Sov. J. Quantum. Electron. 20, 1386–1388 (1990).
[Crossref]

Nikolaev, Y. A.

V. M. Boiko, T. P. Gavrilenko, V. V. Grigor’ev, A. A. Karnaukhov, Y. A. Nikolaev, A. N. Papyrin, “High speed laser visualization of particles thrown by detonation waves,” Combust. Explos. Shock Waves (USSR) 19, 363–369 (1983).
[Crossref]

Nilsson, B.

T. E. Carlsson, B. Nilsson, J. Gustafsson, N. Abramson, “Practical system for time-resolved holographic interferometry,” Opt. Eng. 30, 1017–1022 (1991).
[Crossref]

Papyrin, A. N.

V. M. Boiko, T. P. Gavrilenko, V. V. Grigor’ev, A. A. Karnaukhov, Y. A. Nikolaev, A. N. Papyrin, “High speed laser visualization of particles thrown by detonation waves,” Combust. Explos. Shock Waves (USSR) 19, 363–369 (1983).
[Crossref]

Racca, R. G.

R. G. Racca, J. M. Dewey, “Time-resolved holography for the study of shock waves,” in 18th International Congress on High Speed Photography and Photonics, W. Daheng, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1032, 578–586 (1988).
[Crossref]

Ross, I. N.

R. G. N. Hall, J. W. C. Gates, I. N. Ross, “Recording rapid sequences of holograms,” J. Phys. E 3, 789–791 (1970).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, T.

T. Tschudi, C. Yamanaka, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, K. Tanaka, “A study of high-power laser effects in dielectrics using multiframe picosecond holography,” J. Phys. D 11, 177–180 (1977).
[Crossref]

Stevens, R. F.

R. F. Stevens, “Three-dimensional time resolved measurements from holographic records,” Opt. Laser Technol. 8(4), 167–173 (1976).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, K.

T. Tschudi, C. Yamanaka, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, K. Tanaka, “A study of high-power laser effects in dielectrics using multiframe picosecond holography,” J. Phys. D 11, 177–180 (1977).
[Crossref]

Tschudi, T.

T. Tschudi, C. Yamanaka, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, K. Tanaka, “A study of high-power laser effects in dielectrics using multiframe picosecond holography,” J. Phys. D 11, 177–180 (1977).
[Crossref]

Wagner, J. W.

M. J. Ehrlich, J. W. Wagner, “Nanosecond scale optical pulse separations in double-exposure holographic interferometry for investigation of transient events,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2883–2885 (1991).
[Crossref]

White, J. U.

Yamamoto, Y.

Y. Yamamoto, “Multi-frame pulse holography system,” in 18th International Congress on High Speed Photography and Photonics, W. Daheng, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1032, 587–594 (1988).
[Crossref]

Yamanaka, C.

T. Tschudi, C. Yamanaka, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, K. Tanaka, “A study of high-power laser effects in dielectrics using multiframe picosecond holography,” J. Phys. D 11, 177–180 (1977).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, K.

T. Tschudi, C. Yamanaka, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, K. Tanaka, “A study of high-power laser effects in dielectrics using multiframe picosecond holography,” J. Phys. D 11, 177–180 (1977).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. J. Ehrlich, J. W. Wagner, “Nanosecond scale optical pulse separations in double-exposure holographic interferometry for investigation of transient events,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2883–2885 (1991).
[Crossref]

Combust. Explos. Shock Waves (USSR) (1)

V. M. Boiko, T. P. Gavrilenko, V. V. Grigor’ev, A. A. Karnaukhov, Y. A. Nikolaev, A. N. Papyrin, “High speed laser visualization of particles thrown by detonation waves,” Combust. Explos. Shock Waves (USSR) 19, 363–369 (1983).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Landry, “A pulsed ruby laser with individually Q-switched multiple cavities,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 604–606 (1973).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. D (1)

T. Tschudi, C. Yamanaka, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, K. Tanaka, “A study of high-power laser effects in dielectrics using multiframe picosecond holography,” J. Phys. D 11, 177–180 (1977).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. E (1)

R. G. N. Hall, J. W. C. Gates, I. N. Ross, “Recording rapid sequences of holograms,” J. Phys. E 3, 789–791 (1970).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

K. D. Merboldt, W. Lauterborn, “High-speed holocinematography with acousto-optic light deflection,” Opt. Commun. 41, 233–238 (1982).
[Crossref]

K. J. Ebeling, W. Lauterborn, “High speed holocinematography using spatial multiplexing for image separation,” Opt. Commun. 21, 67–71 (1977).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

T. E. Carlsson, B. Nilsson, J. Gustafsson, N. Abramson, “Practical system for time-resolved holographic interferometry,” Opt. Eng. 30, 1017–1022 (1991).
[Crossref]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

R. F. Stevens, “Three-dimensional time resolved measurements from holographic records,” Opt. Laser Technol. 8(4), 167–173 (1976).
[Crossref]

Proc. IEEE (1)

R. B. Chesler, M. A. Karr, J. E. Geusic, “An experimental and theoretical study of high repetition rate Q-switched Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. IEEE 58, 1899–1914 (1970).
[Crossref]

Sov. J. Quantum. Electron. (1)

B. A. Barikhin, A. Y. Ivanov, V. I. Nedolugov, “Fast holographic cinematography of a laser plasma,” Sov. J. Quantum. Electron. 20, 1386–1388 (1990).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

Y. Yamamoto, “Multi-frame pulse holography system,” in 18th International Congress on High Speed Photography and Photonics, W. Daheng, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1032, 587–594 (1988).
[Crossref]

R. G. Racca, J. M. Dewey, “Time-resolved holography for the study of shock waves,” in 18th International Congress on High Speed Photography and Photonics, W. Daheng, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1032, 578–586 (1988).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of a White cell showing the arrangement of the three spherical concave mirrors. The dashed lines trace the optical path for the case of three spots on the field mirror, and the diamonds indicate the centers of curvature of the mirrors.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the White cell–graded beam splitter assembly that was used for generating spatially and temporally separated multiple optical pulses. The configuration illustrated uses three spots on the field mirror and produces five output pulses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of the step-graded beam splitter showing optimal reflectivities for producing output pulses of equal energy and the actual reflectivities of the individual sections.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Time-resolved holographic setup incorporating five optical pulses.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Oscilloscope traces of the optical output from the White cell–beam splitter assembly. The time interval between pulses (T) is given for each case.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Reconstructed images of single particle detonation and the subsequent detonation of a second energetic particle. The time interval between exposure is 113.2 ns.

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