Abstract

Recently there has been considerable interest in the field of rare-earth-doped integrated optics because of their potential use in compact and efficient monolithic devices combining the rare-earth laser gain and the large range of integrated optical functions already demonstrated. Recent developments in Nd3+-doped and Er3+-doped glass and LiNbO3 waveguide lasers and optical amplifiers, their application, and future prospects are reviewed briefly.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 24, 895–912 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Neodymium-doped silica single-mode fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 21, 738–740 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Diode-laser-pumped operation of an Er3+ doped single-mode fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 23, 1076–1078 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Desurvire, J. R. Simpson, P. C. Becker, “High-gain erbium-doped traveling-wave fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 12, 888–890 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Urqhart, “Review of rare earth doped lasers and amplifiers,” Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. 135, 385–407 (1988).
  6. R. V. Ramaswamy, R. Srivasta, “Ion-exchanged glass waveguides: a review,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984–1002 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Monerie, D. Ronarch, F. Auzel, “Rare-earth doped fluoride glass fibre amplifiers,” in Proceedings of the IOOC’91 International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, 9–12 September 1991, Paris (Société des Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1991), paper Mo.A2.1, pp. 9–14.
  8. Y. Miyajima, T. Sugawa, Y. Fukasaku, “38.2 dB Amplification at 1.31 μm and possibility of 0.98 μm pumping in Pr3+ doped fluoride fiber,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1706–1707 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, H. Poignant, “Room temperature cw tunable green upconversion holmium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 261–263 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. V. Babukova, V. A. Verenberg, L. B. Glebov, N. V. Nikonorov, G. T. Petrovskii, V. S. Terpugov, “Investigation of neodymium silicate glass diffused waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1304–1305 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. I. Najafi, W. Wang, J. F. Currie, R. Leonelli, J. L. Brebner, “Fabrication and characterization of neodymium-doped glass waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 109–110 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Hibino, T. Kitagawa, M. Shimizu, F. Hanawa, A. Sugita, “Neodymium-doped silica optical waveguide laser on silicon substrate,” IEEE Photon. Lett. 1, 349–350 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Kawachi, “Silica-based planar lightwave technologies,” in Proceedings of IOOC’91 International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, 9–12 September 1991, Paris (Société des Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1991), paper Tu.Bs.1, pp. 51–58.
  14. R. Tumminelli, F. Hakimi, J. Haavisto, “Integrated-optic Nd:glass laser fabricated by flame hydrolysis deposition using chelates,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1098–1100 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. N. A. Sanford, K. J. Malone, D. R. Larson, “Integrated-optic laser fabricated by field-assisted ion exchange in neodymium-doped soda-lime-silicate glass,” Opt. Lett. 15, 366–368 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. N. A. Sanford, K. J. Malone, D. R. Larson, “Extended cavity operation of rare-earth-doped glass waveguide lasers,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1095–1097 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. N. A. Sanford, K. J. Malone, D. R. Larson, R. K. Hickernell, “Y-branch waveguide glass laser and amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1168–1170 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. H. Aoki, O. Maruyama, Y. Asahara, “Glass waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 459–460 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  19. H. Aoki, O. Maruyama, Y. Asahara, “Nd3+-doped glass waveguide laser operated around 1.3 μm,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.1991), paper MF4, pp. 101–103.
  20. E. K. Mwarania, L. Reekie, J. Wang, J. S. Wilkinson, “Low threshold monomode ion-exchanged waveguide lasers in neodymium doped BK-7 glass,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1317–1318 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  21. E. K. Mwariana, J. Wang, C. Piraud, Y. T. Chow, L. Reekie, J. S. Wilkinson, “Monomode glass waveguide lasers pumped by a single-stripe laser diode,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.1991), paper WA5, pp. 194–196.
  22. T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, M. Kobayashi, “Guided wave laser based on erbium-doped silica planar lightwave circuit,” Electron. Lett. 27, 334–335 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  23. N. F. Evlanova, A. S. Kovalev, V. A. Koptsik, L. S. Kornienko, L. N. Rashkovich, “Stimulated emission of LiNbO3 crysals with neodymium impurity,” JETP Lett. 5, 291–293 (1967).
  24. T. Y. Fan, A. Cordova-Plaza, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Nd:Mgo:LiNbO3 spectroscopy and laser devices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B 3, 140–147 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. Cordova-Plaza, T. Y. Fan, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 continuous wave laser pumped by a laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 13, 209–211 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. R. R. A. Syms, “Advances in channel waveguide lithium niobate integrated optics,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 20, 189–213 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  27. W. Sohler, “Integrated optics in LiNbO3,” Thin Solid Films, 175, 191–200 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  28. E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. J. Koslovsky, “Blue light generation by frequency doubling in periodically poled lithium niobate channel waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 25, 731–732 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  29. I. P. Kaminow, I. P. Stulz, “Nd:LiNbO3 laser,” IEEE J. IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-11, 306–308 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  30. M. J. Li, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. M. Breteau, M. Papuchon, J. P. Pocholle, “Optical waveguide fabrication in neodymium-doped lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 24, 914–915 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  31. E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Laser oscillation of single-mode channel waveguide in Nd:MgO:LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1491–1492 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  32. E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser and amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 15, 682–684 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Efficient Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 927–928 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  34. E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 channel waveguide laser devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618–625 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  35. E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Integrated Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 FM mode-locked waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27, 936–937 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  36. R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, C. Wersig, “Single-mode Ti-diffused optical strip guides and lasers in Nd:MgO:LiNbO3,” in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper TuJ4, pp. 116–117.
  37. R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, Ch. Wersig, “Fluorescence and laser operation in single-mode Ti-diffused Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide structures,” to be published in IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28, 466–470 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  38. S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, “Ion-implanted Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 481–483 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. P. J. Chandler, S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, L. Zhang, “Ion-implanted Nd:YAG planar waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 25, 985–986 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  40. S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, P. D. Townsend, L. Zhang, “Ion-implanted Nd:YAP planar waveguidelaser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1826–1827 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  41. R. Brinkman, Ch. Buchal, St. Mohr, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Annealed erbium-implanted single mode LiNbO3 waveguides,” in Integrated Photonics Research Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), postdeadline paper PD1.
  42. R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Absorption, fluorescence and stimulated emission in Ti-diffused Er:LiNbO3 waveguides,” in Physical Concepts of Materials for Novel Optoelectronic Device Applications II. Device Physics and Applications, M. Razeghi, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1362, 377–382 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  43. R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Continuous-wave erbium-diffused LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27, 415–417 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  44. S. Helmfrid, G. Arvidsson, J. Webjorn, M. Linnarson, T. Pihl, “Stimulated emission in Er:Ti:LiNbO3 channel waveguides close to 1.53 μm transition,” Electron. Lett. 27, 913–914 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  45. R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Broadband gain in single-mode erbium diffused Ti-LiNbO3 strip waveguides,” in Proceedings of the IOOC’91 International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, 9–12 September, 1991, Paris (Société Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1991), pp. 157–160.

1991 (10)

Y. Miyajima, T. Sugawa, Y. Fukasaku, “38.2 dB Amplification at 1.31 μm and possibility of 0.98 μm pumping in Pr3+ doped fluoride fiber,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1706–1707 (1991).
[CrossRef]

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, M. Kobayashi, “Guided wave laser based on erbium-doped silica planar lightwave circuit,” Electron. Lett. 27, 334–335 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 channel waveguide laser devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618–625 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Integrated Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 FM mode-locked waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27, 936–937 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Continuous-wave erbium-diffused LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27, 415–417 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Helmfrid, G. Arvidsson, J. Webjorn, M. Linnarson, T. Pihl, “Stimulated emission in Er:Ti:LiNbO3 channel waveguides close to 1.53 μm transition,” Electron. Lett. 27, 913–914 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, “Ion-implanted Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 481–483 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. A. Sanford, K. J. Malone, D. R. Larson, “Extended cavity operation of rare-earth-doped glass waveguide lasers,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1095–1097 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Tumminelli, F. Hakimi, J. Haavisto, “Integrated-optic Nd:glass laser fabricated by flame hydrolysis deposition using chelates,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1098–1100 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. A. Sanford, K. J. Malone, D. R. Larson, R. K. Hickernell, “Y-branch waveguide glass laser and amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1168–1170 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (7)

S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, P. D. Townsend, L. Zhang, “Ion-implanted Nd:YAP planar waveguidelaser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1826–1827 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Sanford, K. J. Malone, D. R. Larson, “Integrated-optic laser fabricated by field-assisted ion exchange in neodymium-doped soda-lime-silicate glass,” Opt. Lett. 15, 366–368 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser and amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 15, 682–684 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Efficient Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 927–928 (1990).
[CrossRef]

H. Aoki, O. Maruyama, Y. Asahara, “Glass waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 459–460 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. K. Mwarania, L. Reekie, J. Wang, J. S. Wilkinson, “Low threshold monomode ion-exchanged waveguide lasers in neodymium doped BK-7 glass,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1317–1318 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, H. Poignant, “Room temperature cw tunable green upconversion holmium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 261–263 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (6)

S. I. Najafi, W. Wang, J. F. Currie, R. Leonelli, J. L. Brebner, “Fabrication and characterization of neodymium-doped glass waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 109–110 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hibino, T. Kitagawa, M. Shimizu, F. Hanawa, A. Sugita, “Neodymium-doped silica optical waveguide laser on silicon substrate,” IEEE Photon. Lett. 1, 349–350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. Sohler, “Integrated optics in LiNbO3,” Thin Solid Films, 175, 191–200 (1989).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. J. Koslovsky, “Blue light generation by frequency doubling in periodically poled lithium niobate channel waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 25, 731–732 (1989).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Laser oscillation of single-mode channel waveguide in Nd:MgO:LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1491–1492 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Chandler, S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, L. Zhang, “Ion-implanted Nd:YAG planar waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 25, 985–986 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (6)

R. R. A. Syms, “Advances in channel waveguide lithium niobate integrated optics,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 20, 189–213 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Li, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. M. Breteau, M. Papuchon, J. P. Pocholle, “Optical waveguide fabrication in neodymium-doped lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 24, 914–915 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. Cordova-Plaza, T. Y. Fan, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 continuous wave laser pumped by a laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 13, 209–211 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 24, 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. Urqhart, “Review of rare earth doped lasers and amplifiers,” Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. 135, 385–407 (1988).

R. V. Ramaswamy, R. Srivasta, “Ion-exchanged glass waveguides: a review,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984–1002 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Diode-laser-pumped operation of an Er3+ doped single-mode fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 23, 1076–1078 (1987).
[CrossRef]

E. Desurvire, J. R. Simpson, P. C. Becker, “High-gain erbium-doped traveling-wave fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 12, 888–890 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

T. Y. Fan, A. Cordova-Plaza, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Nd:Mgo:LiNbO3 spectroscopy and laser devices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B 3, 140–147 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (2)

M. V. Babukova, V. A. Verenberg, L. B. Glebov, N. V. Nikonorov, G. T. Petrovskii, V. S. Terpugov, “Investigation of neodymium silicate glass diffused waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1304–1305 (1985).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Neodymium-doped silica single-mode fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 21, 738–740 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

I. P. Kaminow, I. P. Stulz, “Nd:LiNbO3 laser,” IEEE J. IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-11, 306–308 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

N. F. Evlanova, A. S. Kovalev, V. A. Koptsik, L. S. Kornienko, L. N. Rashkovich, “Stimulated emission of LiNbO3 crysals with neodymium impurity,” JETP Lett. 5, 291–293 (1967).

Allain, J. Y.

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, H. Poignant, “Room temperature cw tunable green upconversion holmium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 261–263 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Aoki, H.

H. Aoki, O. Maruyama, Y. Asahara, “Glass waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 459–460 (1990).
[CrossRef]

H. Aoki, O. Maruyama, Y. Asahara, “Nd3+-doped glass waveguide laser operated around 1.3 μm,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.1991), paper MF4, pp. 101–103.

Arvidsson, G.

S. Helmfrid, G. Arvidsson, J. Webjorn, M. Linnarson, T. Pihl, “Stimulated emission in Er:Ti:LiNbO3 channel waveguides close to 1.53 μm transition,” Electron. Lett. 27, 913–914 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Asahara, Y.

H. Aoki, O. Maruyama, Y. Asahara, “Glass waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 459–460 (1990).
[CrossRef]

H. Aoki, O. Maruyama, Y. Asahara, “Nd3+-doped glass waveguide laser operated around 1.3 μm,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.1991), paper MF4, pp. 101–103.

Auzel, F.

M. Monerie, D. Ronarch, F. Auzel, “Rare-earth doped fluoride glass fibre amplifiers,” in Proceedings of the IOOC’91 International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, 9–12 September 1991, Paris (Société des Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1991), paper Mo.A2.1, pp. 9–14.

Babukova, M. V.

M. V. Babukova, V. A. Verenberg, L. B. Glebov, N. V. Nikonorov, G. T. Petrovskii, V. S. Terpugov, “Investigation of neodymium silicate glass diffused waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1304–1305 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Becker, P. C.

Brebner, J. L.

S. I. Najafi, W. Wang, J. F. Currie, R. Leonelli, J. L. Brebner, “Fabrication and characterization of neodymium-doped glass waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 109–110 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Breteau, J. M.

M. J. Li, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. M. Breteau, M. Papuchon, J. P. Pocholle, “Optical waveguide fabrication in neodymium-doped lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 24, 914–915 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Brinkman, R.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Continuous-wave erbium-diffused LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27, 415–417 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. Brinkman, Ch. Buchal, St. Mohr, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Annealed erbium-implanted single mode LiNbO3 waveguides,” in Integrated Photonics Research Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), postdeadline paper PD1.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Broadband gain in single-mode erbium diffused Ti-LiNbO3 strip waveguides,” in Proceedings of the IOOC’91 International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, 9–12 September, 1991, Paris (Société Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1991), pp. 157–160.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, Ch. Wersig, “Fluorescence and laser operation in single-mode Ti-diffused Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide structures,” to be published in IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28, 466–470 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, C. Wersig, “Single-mode Ti-diffused optical strip guides and lasers in Nd:MgO:LiNbO3,” in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper TuJ4, pp. 116–117.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Absorption, fluorescence and stimulated emission in Ti-diffused Er:LiNbO3 waveguides,” in Physical Concepts of Materials for Novel Optoelectronic Device Applications II. Device Physics and Applications, M. Razeghi, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1362, 377–382 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Buchal, Ch.

R. Brinkman, Ch. Buchal, St. Mohr, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Annealed erbium-implanted single mode LiNbO3 waveguides,” in Integrated Photonics Research Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), postdeadline paper PD1.

Byer, R. L.

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. J. Koslovsky, “Blue light generation by frequency doubling in periodically poled lithium niobate channel waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 25, 731–732 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Cordova-Plaza, T. Y. Fan, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 continuous wave laser pumped by a laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 13, 209–211 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 24, 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, A. Cordova-Plaza, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Nd:Mgo:LiNbO3 spectroscopy and laser devices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B 3, 140–147 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Chandler, P. J.

P. J. Chandler, S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, L. Zhang, “Ion-implanted Nd:YAG planar waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 25, 985–986 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chow, Y. T.

E. K. Mwariana, J. Wang, C. Piraud, Y. T. Chow, L. Reekie, J. S. Wilkinson, “Monomode glass waveguide lasers pumped by a single-stripe laser diode,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.1991), paper WA5, pp. 194–196.

Cordova-Plaza, A.

A. Cordova-Plaza, T. Y. Fan, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 continuous wave laser pumped by a laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 13, 209–211 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Y. Fan, A. Cordova-Plaza, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Nd:Mgo:LiNbO3 spectroscopy and laser devices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B 3, 140–147 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Currie, J. F.

S. I. Najafi, W. Wang, J. F. Currie, R. Leonelli, J. L. Brebner, “Fabrication and characterization of neodymium-doped glass waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 109–110 (1989).
[CrossRef]

De Micheli, M.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Integrated Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 FM mode-locked waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27, 936–937 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 channel waveguide laser devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618–625 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Efficient Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 927–928 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser and amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 15, 682–684 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Laser oscillation of single-mode channel waveguide in Nd:MgO:LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1491–1492 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Li, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. M. Breteau, M. Papuchon, J. P. Pocholle, “Optical waveguide fabrication in neodymium-doped lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 24, 914–915 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Desurvire, E.

Digonnet, M. J. F.

A. Cordova-Plaza, T. Y. Fan, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 continuous wave laser pumped by a laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 13, 209–211 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Y. Fan, A. Cordova-Plaza, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Nd:Mgo:LiNbO3 spectroscopy and laser devices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B 3, 140–147 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Evlanova, N. F.

N. F. Evlanova, A. S. Kovalev, V. A. Koptsik, L. S. Kornienko, L. N. Rashkovich, “Stimulated emission of LiNbO3 crysals with neodymium impurity,” JETP Lett. 5, 291–293 (1967).

Fan, T. Y.

A. Cordova-Plaza, T. Y. Fan, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 continuous wave laser pumped by a laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 13, 209–211 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 24, 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, A. Cordova-Plaza, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Nd:Mgo:LiNbO3 spectroscopy and laser devices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B 3, 140–147 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. J. Koslovsky, “Blue light generation by frequency doubling in periodically poled lithium niobate channel waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 25, 731–732 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Field, S. J.

S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, “Ion-implanted Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 481–483 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, P. D. Townsend, L. Zhang, “Ion-implanted Nd:YAP planar waveguidelaser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1826–1827 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Chandler, S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, L. Zhang, “Ion-implanted Nd:YAG planar waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 25, 985–986 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fukasaku, Y.

Y. Miyajima, T. Sugawa, Y. Fukasaku, “38.2 dB Amplification at 1.31 μm and possibility of 0.98 μm pumping in Pr3+ doped fluoride fiber,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1706–1707 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Glebov, L. B.

M. V. Babukova, V. A. Verenberg, L. B. Glebov, N. V. Nikonorov, G. T. Petrovskii, V. S. Terpugov, “Investigation of neodymium silicate glass diffused waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1304–1305 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Grezes-Besset, C.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 channel waveguide laser devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618–625 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Integrated Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 FM mode-locked waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27, 936–937 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser and amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 15, 682–684 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Efficient Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 927–928 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Laser oscillation of single-mode channel waveguide in Nd:MgO:LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1491–1492 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Haavisto, J.

Hakimi, F.

Hanawa, F.

Y. Hibino, T. Kitagawa, M. Shimizu, F. Hanawa, A. Sugita, “Neodymium-doped silica optical waveguide laser on silicon substrate,” IEEE Photon. Lett. 1, 349–350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, “Ion-implanted Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 481–483 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, P. D. Townsend, L. Zhang, “Ion-implanted Nd:YAP planar waveguidelaser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1826–1827 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Chandler, S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, L. Zhang, “Ion-implanted Nd:YAG planar waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 25, 985–986 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hattori, K.

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, M. Kobayashi, “Guided wave laser based on erbium-doped silica planar lightwave circuit,” Electron. Lett. 27, 334–335 (1991).
[CrossRef]

He, Q.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Integrated Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 FM mode-locked waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27, 936–937 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 channel waveguide laser devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618–625 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Efficient Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 927–928 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser and amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 15, 682–684 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Laser oscillation of single-mode channel waveguide in Nd:MgO:LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1491–1492 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Helmfrid, S.

S. Helmfrid, G. Arvidsson, J. Webjorn, M. Linnarson, T. Pihl, “Stimulated emission in Er:Ti:LiNbO3 channel waveguides close to 1.53 μm transition,” Electron. Lett. 27, 913–914 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hibino, Y.

Y. Hibino, T. Kitagawa, M. Shimizu, F. Hanawa, A. Sugita, “Neodymium-doped silica optical waveguide laser on silicon substrate,” IEEE Photon. Lett. 1, 349–350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hickernell, R. K.

Jauncey, I. M.

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Diode-laser-pumped operation of an Er3+ doped single-mode fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 23, 1076–1078 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kaminow, I. P.

I. P. Kaminow, I. P. Stulz, “Nd:LiNbO3 laser,” IEEE J. IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-11, 306–308 (1975).
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Kawachi, M.

M. Kawachi, “Silica-based planar lightwave technologies,” in Proceedings of IOOC’91 International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, 9–12 September 1991, Paris (Société des Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1991), paper Tu.Bs.1, pp. 51–58.

Kitagawa, T.

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, M. Kobayashi, “Guided wave laser based on erbium-doped silica planar lightwave circuit,” Electron. Lett. 27, 334–335 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hibino, T. Kitagawa, M. Shimizu, F. Hanawa, A. Sugita, “Neodymium-doped silica optical waveguide laser on silicon substrate,” IEEE Photon. Lett. 1, 349–350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, M.

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, M. Kobayashi, “Guided wave laser based on erbium-doped silica planar lightwave circuit,” Electron. Lett. 27, 334–335 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Koptsik, V. A.

N. F. Evlanova, A. S. Kovalev, V. A. Koptsik, L. S. Kornienko, L. N. Rashkovich, “Stimulated emission of LiNbO3 crysals with neodymium impurity,” JETP Lett. 5, 291–293 (1967).

Kornienko, L. S.

N. F. Evlanova, A. S. Kovalev, V. A. Koptsik, L. S. Kornienko, L. N. Rashkovich, “Stimulated emission of LiNbO3 crysals with neodymium impurity,” JETP Lett. 5, 291–293 (1967).

Koslovsky, W. J.

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. J. Koslovsky, “Blue light generation by frequency doubling in periodically poled lithium niobate channel waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 25, 731–732 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kovalev, A. S.

N. F. Evlanova, A. S. Kovalev, V. A. Koptsik, L. S. Kornienko, L. N. Rashkovich, “Stimulated emission of LiNbO3 crysals with neodymium impurity,” JETP Lett. 5, 291–293 (1967).

Lallier, E.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 channel waveguide laser devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618–625 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Integrated Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 FM mode-locked waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27, 936–937 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser and amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 15, 682–684 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Efficient Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 927–928 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Laser oscillation of single-mode channel waveguide in Nd:MgO:LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1491–1492 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Li, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. M. Breteau, M. Papuchon, J. P. Pocholle, “Optical waveguide fabrication in neodymium-doped lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 24, 914–915 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Larson, D. R.

Leonelli, R.

S. I. Najafi, W. Wang, J. F. Currie, R. Leonelli, J. L. Brebner, “Fabrication and characterization of neodymium-doped glass waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 109–110 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Li, M. J.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 channel waveguide laser devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618–625 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Efficient Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 927–928 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser and amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 15, 682–684 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Laser oscillation of single-mode channel waveguide in Nd:MgO:LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1491–1492 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Li, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. M. Breteau, M. Papuchon, J. P. Pocholle, “Optical waveguide fabrication in neodymium-doped lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 24, 914–915 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lim, E. J.

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. J. Koslovsky, “Blue light generation by frequency doubling in periodically poled lithium niobate channel waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 25, 731–732 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Linnarson, M.

S. Helmfrid, G. Arvidsson, J. Webjorn, M. Linnarson, T. Pihl, “Stimulated emission in Er:Ti:LiNbO3 channel waveguides close to 1.53 μm transition,” Electron. Lett. 27, 913–914 (1991).
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Malone, K. J.

Maruyama, O.

H. Aoki, O. Maruyama, Y. Asahara, “Glass waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 459–460 (1990).
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H. Aoki, O. Maruyama, Y. Asahara, “Nd3+-doped glass waveguide laser operated around 1.3 μm,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.1991), paper MF4, pp. 101–103.

Mears, R. J.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Neodymium-doped silica single-mode fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 21, 738–740 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Miyajima, Y.

Y. Miyajima, T. Sugawa, Y. Fukasaku, “38.2 dB Amplification at 1.31 μm and possibility of 0.98 μm pumping in Pr3+ doped fluoride fiber,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1706–1707 (1991).
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Mohr, St.

R. Brinkman, Ch. Buchal, St. Mohr, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Annealed erbium-implanted single mode LiNbO3 waveguides,” in Integrated Photonics Research Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), postdeadline paper PD1.

Monerie, M.

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, H. Poignant, “Room temperature cw tunable green upconversion holmium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 261–263 (1990).
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M. Monerie, D. Ronarch, F. Auzel, “Rare-earth doped fluoride glass fibre amplifiers,” in Proceedings of the IOOC’91 International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, 9–12 September 1991, Paris (Société des Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1991), paper Mo.A2.1, pp. 9–14.

Mwarania, E. K.

E. K. Mwarania, L. Reekie, J. Wang, J. S. Wilkinson, “Low threshold monomode ion-exchanged waveguide lasers in neodymium doped BK-7 glass,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1317–1318 (1990).
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Mwariana, E. K.

E. K. Mwariana, J. Wang, C. Piraud, Y. T. Chow, L. Reekie, J. S. Wilkinson, “Monomode glass waveguide lasers pumped by a single-stripe laser diode,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.1991), paper WA5, pp. 194–196.

Najafi, S. I.

S. I. Najafi, W. Wang, J. F. Currie, R. Leonelli, J. L. Brebner, “Fabrication and characterization of neodymium-doped glass waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 109–110 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nikonorov, N. V.

M. V. Babukova, V. A. Verenberg, L. B. Glebov, N. V. Nikonorov, G. T. Petrovskii, V. S. Terpugov, “Investigation of neodymium silicate glass diffused waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1304–1305 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Ohmori, Y.

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, M. Kobayashi, “Guided wave laser based on erbium-doped silica planar lightwave circuit,” Electron. Lett. 27, 334–335 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ostrowsky, D. B.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Integrated Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 FM mode-locked waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27, 936–937 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 channel waveguide laser devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618–625 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Efficient Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 927–928 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser and amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 15, 682–684 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Laser oscillation of single-mode channel waveguide in Nd:MgO:LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1491–1492 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Li, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. M. Breteau, M. Papuchon, J. P. Pocholle, “Optical waveguide fabrication in neodymium-doped lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 24, 914–915 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Papuchon, M.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 channel waveguide laser devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618–625 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Integrated Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 FM mode-locked waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27, 936–937 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser and amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 15, 682–684 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Efficient Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 927–928 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Laser oscillation of single-mode channel waveguide in Nd:MgO:LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1491–1492 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Li, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. M. Breteau, M. Papuchon, J. P. Pocholle, “Optical waveguide fabrication in neodymium-doped lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 24, 914–915 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Diode-laser-pumped operation of an Er3+ doped single-mode fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 23, 1076–1078 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Neodymium-doped silica single-mode fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 21, 738–740 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Pelletier, E.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 channel waveguide laser devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618–625 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Integrated Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 FM mode-locked waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27, 936–937 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser and amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 15, 682–684 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Efficient Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 927–928 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Laser oscillation of single-mode channel waveguide in Nd:MgO:LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1491–1492 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Petrovskii, G. T.

M. V. Babukova, V. A. Verenberg, L. B. Glebov, N. V. Nikonorov, G. T. Petrovskii, V. S. Terpugov, “Investigation of neodymium silicate glass diffused waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1304–1305 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Pihl, T.

S. Helmfrid, G. Arvidsson, J. Webjorn, M. Linnarson, T. Pihl, “Stimulated emission in Er:Ti:LiNbO3 channel waveguides close to 1.53 μm transition,” Electron. Lett. 27, 913–914 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Piraud, C.

E. K. Mwariana, J. Wang, C. Piraud, Y. T. Chow, L. Reekie, J. S. Wilkinson, “Monomode glass waveguide lasers pumped by a single-stripe laser diode,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.1991), paper WA5, pp. 194–196.

Pocholle, J. P.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Integrated Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 FM mode-locked waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27, 936–937 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 channel waveguide laser devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618–625 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Efficient Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 927–928 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser and amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 15, 682–684 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Laser oscillation of single-mode channel waveguide in Nd:MgO:LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1491–1492 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Li, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. M. Breteau, M. Papuchon, J. P. Pocholle, “Optical waveguide fabrication in neodymium-doped lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 24, 914–915 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Poignant, H.

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, H. Poignant, “Room temperature cw tunable green upconversion holmium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 261–263 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Poole, S. B.

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Diode-laser-pumped operation of an Er3+ doped single-mode fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 23, 1076–1078 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Neodymium-doped silica single-mode fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 21, 738–740 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswamy, R. V.

R. V. Ramaswamy, R. Srivasta, “Ion-exchanged glass waveguides: a review,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984–1002 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Rashkovich, L. N.

N. F. Evlanova, A. S. Kovalev, V. A. Koptsik, L. S. Kornienko, L. N. Rashkovich, “Stimulated emission of LiNbO3 crysals with neodymium impurity,” JETP Lett. 5, 291–293 (1967).

Reekie, L.

E. K. Mwarania, L. Reekie, J. Wang, J. S. Wilkinson, “Low threshold monomode ion-exchanged waveguide lasers in neodymium doped BK-7 glass,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1317–1318 (1990).
[CrossRef]

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Diode-laser-pumped operation of an Er3+ doped single-mode fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 23, 1076–1078 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Neodymium-doped silica single-mode fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 21, 738–740 (1985).
[CrossRef]

E. K. Mwariana, J. Wang, C. Piraud, Y. T. Chow, L. Reekie, J. S. Wilkinson, “Monomode glass waveguide lasers pumped by a single-stripe laser diode,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.1991), paper WA5, pp. 194–196.

Ronarch, D.

M. Monerie, D. Ronarch, F. Auzel, “Rare-earth doped fluoride glass fibre amplifiers,” in Proceedings of the IOOC’91 International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, 9–12 September 1991, Paris (Société des Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1991), paper Mo.A2.1, pp. 9–14.

Sanford, N. A.

Scheperd, D. P.

S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, “Ion-implanted Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 481–483 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, P. D. Townsend, L. Zhang, “Ion-implanted Nd:YAP planar waveguidelaser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1826–1827 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Chandler, S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, L. Zhang, “Ion-implanted Nd:YAG planar waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 25, 985–986 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, H. J.

A. Cordova-Plaza, T. Y. Fan, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 continuous wave laser pumped by a laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 13, 209–211 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Y. Fan, A. Cordova-Plaza, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Nd:Mgo:LiNbO3 spectroscopy and laser devices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B 3, 140–147 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, M.

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, M. Kobayashi, “Guided wave laser based on erbium-doped silica planar lightwave circuit,” Electron. Lett. 27, 334–335 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hibino, T. Kitagawa, M. Shimizu, F. Hanawa, A. Sugita, “Neodymium-doped silica optical waveguide laser on silicon substrate,” IEEE Photon. Lett. 1, 349–350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, J. R.

Sohler, W.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Continuous-wave erbium-diffused LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27, 415–417 (1991).
[CrossRef]

W. Sohler, “Integrated optics in LiNbO3,” Thin Solid Films, 175, 191–200 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, C. Wersig, “Single-mode Ti-diffused optical strip guides and lasers in Nd:MgO:LiNbO3,” in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper TuJ4, pp. 116–117.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Absorption, fluorescence and stimulated emission in Ti-diffused Er:LiNbO3 waveguides,” in Physical Concepts of Materials for Novel Optoelectronic Device Applications II. Device Physics and Applications, M. Razeghi, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1362, 377–382 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, Ch. Wersig, “Fluorescence and laser operation in single-mode Ti-diffused Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide structures,” to be published in IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28, 466–470 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. Brinkman, Ch. Buchal, St. Mohr, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Annealed erbium-implanted single mode LiNbO3 waveguides,” in Integrated Photonics Research Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), postdeadline paper PD1.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Broadband gain in single-mode erbium diffused Ti-LiNbO3 strip waveguides,” in Proceedings of the IOOC’91 International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, 9–12 September, 1991, Paris (Société Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1991), pp. 157–160.

Srivasta, R.

R. V. Ramaswamy, R. Srivasta, “Ion-exchanged glass waveguides: a review,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984–1002 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, I. P.

I. P. Kaminow, I. P. Stulz, “Nd:LiNbO3 laser,” IEEE J. IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-11, 306–308 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Suche, H.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Continuous-wave erbium-diffused LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27, 415–417 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. Brinkman, Ch. Buchal, St. Mohr, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Annealed erbium-implanted single mode LiNbO3 waveguides,” in Integrated Photonics Research Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), postdeadline paper PD1.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Broadband gain in single-mode erbium diffused Ti-LiNbO3 strip waveguides,” in Proceedings of the IOOC’91 International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, 9–12 September, 1991, Paris (Société Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1991), pp. 157–160.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, C. Wersig, “Single-mode Ti-diffused optical strip guides and lasers in Nd:MgO:LiNbO3,” in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper TuJ4, pp. 116–117.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Absorption, fluorescence and stimulated emission in Ti-diffused Er:LiNbO3 waveguides,” in Physical Concepts of Materials for Novel Optoelectronic Device Applications II. Device Physics and Applications, M. Razeghi, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1362, 377–382 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, Ch. Wersig, “Fluorescence and laser operation in single-mode Ti-diffused Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide structures,” to be published in IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28, 466–470 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sugawa, T.

Y. Miyajima, T. Sugawa, Y. Fukasaku, “38.2 dB Amplification at 1.31 μm and possibility of 0.98 μm pumping in Pr3+ doped fluoride fiber,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1706–1707 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sugita, A.

Y. Hibino, T. Kitagawa, M. Shimizu, F. Hanawa, A. Sugita, “Neodymium-doped silica optical waveguide laser on silicon substrate,” IEEE Photon. Lett. 1, 349–350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Syms, R. R. A.

R. R. A. Syms, “Advances in channel waveguide lithium niobate integrated optics,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 20, 189–213 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Terpugov, V. S.

M. V. Babukova, V. A. Verenberg, L. B. Glebov, N. V. Nikonorov, G. T. Petrovskii, V. S. Terpugov, “Investigation of neodymium silicate glass diffused waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1304–1305 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P. D.

S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, P. D. Townsend, L. Zhang, “Ion-implanted Nd:YAP planar waveguidelaser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1826–1827 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tropper, A. C.

S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, “Ion-implanted Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 481–483 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, P. D. Townsend, L. Zhang, “Ion-implanted Nd:YAP planar waveguidelaser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1826–1827 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Chandler, S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, L. Zhang, “Ion-implanted Nd:YAG planar waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 25, 985–986 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tumminelli, R.

Urqhart, P.

P. Urqhart, “Review of rare earth doped lasers and amplifiers,” Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. 135, 385–407 (1988).

Verenberg, V. A.

M. V. Babukova, V. A. Verenberg, L. B. Glebov, N. V. Nikonorov, G. T. Petrovskii, V. S. Terpugov, “Investigation of neodymium silicate glass diffused waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1304–1305 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

E. K. Mwarania, L. Reekie, J. Wang, J. S. Wilkinson, “Low threshold monomode ion-exchanged waveguide lasers in neodymium doped BK-7 glass,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1317–1318 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. K. Mwariana, J. Wang, C. Piraud, Y. T. Chow, L. Reekie, J. S. Wilkinson, “Monomode glass waveguide lasers pumped by a single-stripe laser diode,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.1991), paper WA5, pp. 194–196.

Wang, W.

S. I. Najafi, W. Wang, J. F. Currie, R. Leonelli, J. L. Brebner, “Fabrication and characterization of neodymium-doped glass waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 109–110 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Webjorn, J.

S. Helmfrid, G. Arvidsson, J. Webjorn, M. Linnarson, T. Pihl, “Stimulated emission in Er:Ti:LiNbO3 channel waveguides close to 1.53 μm transition,” Electron. Lett. 27, 913–914 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wersig, C.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, C. Wersig, “Single-mode Ti-diffused optical strip guides and lasers in Nd:MgO:LiNbO3,” in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper TuJ4, pp. 116–117.

Wersig, Ch.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, Ch. Wersig, “Fluorescence and laser operation in single-mode Ti-diffused Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide structures,” to be published in IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28, 466–470 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, J. S.

E. K. Mwarania, L. Reekie, J. Wang, J. S. Wilkinson, “Low threshold monomode ion-exchanged waveguide lasers in neodymium doped BK-7 glass,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1317–1318 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. K. Mwariana, J. Wang, C. Piraud, Y. T. Chow, L. Reekie, J. S. Wilkinson, “Monomode glass waveguide lasers pumped by a single-stripe laser diode,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.1991), paper WA5, pp. 194–196.

Zhang, L.

S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, P. D. Townsend, L. Zhang, “Ion-implanted Nd:YAP planar waveguidelaser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1826–1827 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Chandler, S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, L. Zhang, “Ion-implanted Nd:YAG planar waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 25, 985–986 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (15)

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Neodymium-doped silica single-mode fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 21, 738–740 (1985).
[CrossRef]

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Diode-laser-pumped operation of an Er3+ doped single-mode fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 23, 1076–1078 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Y. Miyajima, T. Sugawa, Y. Fukasaku, “38.2 dB Amplification at 1.31 μm and possibility of 0.98 μm pumping in Pr3+ doped fluoride fiber,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1706–1707 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, H. Poignant, “Room temperature cw tunable green upconversion holmium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 261–263 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. K. Mwarania, L. Reekie, J. Wang, J. S. Wilkinson, “Low threshold monomode ion-exchanged waveguide lasers in neodymium doped BK-7 glass,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1317–1318 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, M. Kobayashi, “Guided wave laser based on erbium-doped silica planar lightwave circuit,” Electron. Lett. 27, 334–335 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. J. Koslovsky, “Blue light generation by frequency doubling in periodically poled lithium niobate channel waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 25, 731–732 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Li, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. M. Breteau, M. Papuchon, J. P. Pocholle, “Optical waveguide fabrication in neodymium-doped lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 24, 914–915 (1988).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Laser oscillation of single-mode channel waveguide in Nd:MgO:LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1491–1492 (1989).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Efficient Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 927–928 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Chandler, S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, L. Zhang, “Ion-implanted Nd:YAG planar waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 25, 985–986 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, D. P. Scheperd, A. C. Tropper, P. D. Townsend, L. Zhang, “Ion-implanted Nd:YAP planar waveguidelaser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1826–1827 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Integrated Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 FM mode-locked waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27, 936–937 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Continuous-wave erbium-diffused LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27, 415–417 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Helmfrid, G. Arvidsson, J. Webjorn, M. Linnarson, T. Pihl, “Stimulated emission in Er:Ti:LiNbO3 channel waveguides close to 1.53 μm transition,” Electron. Lett. 27, 913–914 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (1)

I. P. Kaminow, I. P. Stulz, “Nd:LiNbO3 laser,” IEEE J. IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-11, 306–308 (1975).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

R. V. Ramaswamy, R. Srivasta, “Ion-exchanged glass waveguides: a review,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984–1002 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, M. De Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 channel waveguide laser devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618–625 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (1)

T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 24, 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Lett. (1)

Y. Hibino, T. Kitagawa, M. Shimizu, F. Hanawa, A. Sugita, “Neodymium-doped silica optical waveguide laser on silicon substrate,” IEEE Photon. Lett. 1, 349–350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

S. I. Najafi, W. Wang, J. F. Currie, R. Leonelli, J. L. Brebner, “Fabrication and characterization of neodymium-doped glass waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 109–110 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. Aoki, O. Maruyama, Y. Asahara, “Glass waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 459–460 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am B (1)

T. Y. Fan, A. Cordova-Plaza, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Nd:Mgo:LiNbO3 spectroscopy and laser devices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B 3, 140–147 (1986).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett. (1)

N. F. Evlanova, A. S. Kovalev, V. A. Koptsik, L. S. Kornienko, L. N. Rashkovich, “Stimulated emission of LiNbO3 crysals with neodymium impurity,” JETP Lett. 5, 291–293 (1967).

Opt. Lett. (8)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. R. A. Syms, “Advances in channel waveguide lithium niobate integrated optics,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 20, 189–213 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. (1)

P. Urqhart, “Review of rare earth doped lasers and amplifiers,” Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. 135, 385–407 (1988).

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. V. Babukova, V. A. Verenberg, L. B. Glebov, N. V. Nikonorov, G. T. Petrovskii, V. S. Terpugov, “Investigation of neodymium silicate glass diffused waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1304–1305 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (1)

W. Sohler, “Integrated optics in LiNbO3,” Thin Solid Films, 175, 191–200 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Other (9)

H. Aoki, O. Maruyama, Y. Asahara, “Nd3+-doped glass waveguide laser operated around 1.3 μm,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.1991), paper MF4, pp. 101–103.

E. K. Mwariana, J. Wang, C. Piraud, Y. T. Chow, L. Reekie, J. S. Wilkinson, “Monomode glass waveguide lasers pumped by a single-stripe laser diode,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.1991), paper WA5, pp. 194–196.

M. Monerie, D. Ronarch, F. Auzel, “Rare-earth doped fluoride glass fibre amplifiers,” in Proceedings of the IOOC’91 International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, 9–12 September 1991, Paris (Société des Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1991), paper Mo.A2.1, pp. 9–14.

M. Kawachi, “Silica-based planar lightwave technologies,” in Proceedings of IOOC’91 International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, 9–12 September 1991, Paris (Société des Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1991), paper Tu.Bs.1, pp. 51–58.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Broadband gain in single-mode erbium diffused Ti-LiNbO3 strip waveguides,” in Proceedings of the IOOC’91 International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, 9–12 September, 1991, Paris (Société Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1991), pp. 157–160.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, C. Wersig, “Single-mode Ti-diffused optical strip guides and lasers in Nd:MgO:LiNbO3,” in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper TuJ4, pp. 116–117.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, Ch. Wersig, “Fluorescence and laser operation in single-mode Ti-diffused Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide structures,” to be published in IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28, 466–470 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. Brinkman, Ch. Buchal, St. Mohr, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Annealed erbium-implanted single mode LiNbO3 waveguides,” in Integrated Photonics Research Vol. 5 of 1990 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), postdeadline paper PD1.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Absorption, fluorescence and stimulated emission in Ti-diffused Er:LiNbO3 waveguides,” in Physical Concepts of Materials for Novel Optoelectronic Device Applications II. Device Physics and Applications, M. Razeghi, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1362, 377–382 (1990).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

A 1.05-μm Nd-doped soda-lime-silicate glass waveguide laser output power versus absorbed pump power (after Ref. 12).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Small-signal single-pass gain at 1.05 μm versus the absorbed pump under 807-nm pumping for the Y-branch waveguide amplifier (after Ref. 14).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

A 1.3-μm Nd-doped phosphate glass waveguide laser output power versus incident 802-nm pump power (after Ref. 16). SI-80, multimode coupling fiber (80-μm core).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Diode-pumped Nd-BK7 glass 1.05-μm waveguide laser output power versus laser diode output power (after Ref. 18).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

A 1.6 μm Er-doped silica waveguide laser on a silicon substrate: output power versus incident pump power (after Ref. 19).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

A 1.08-μm Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser output power versus absorbed pump power (after Ref. 28).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

A 1.08-μm Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide amplifier unsaturated single-pass gain versus coupled pump power (after Ref. 27).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Schematic diagram of the integrated FM mode-locked Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser (after Ref. 30). R, minor reflectivity; RF, radio-frequency electrical signal; PE, proton exchange; TW, traveling wave; R1, 50-Ω load resistor.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

A 1.53-μm Er-diffused LiNbO3 waveguide laser output power versus absorbed pump power (after Ref. 38).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Amplification of the transmitted signal beam at a 1532-nm wavelength versus coupled pump power (after Ref. 40).

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