Abstract

We demonstrate temporal shaping of 0.35-μm-wavelength pulses produced by a third-harmonic conversion of the output from the Nova Nd:phosphate glass-laser amplifier system for use in inertial confinement fusion experiments. We describe the computer models used to calculate the pulse shape that is required as the input to the amplifier system, the experimental apparatus used to produce these pulses, and the high-power 0.35-μm shaped pulses produced in recent experiments.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).
  2. D. J. Dudziak, D. B. Harris, J. H. Pendergrass, “Goals, requirements and desirable characteristics of an LF inertial fusion driver,” in Proceedings of the 12th Symposium on Fusion Engineering (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1987), Vol. 2, pp. 997–1000.
  3. J. Nuckolls, L. Wood, A. Thiessen, G. Zimmerman, “Laser compression of matter to super-high densities: thermonuclear (CTR) applications,” Nature 239, 139–142 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. P. Drake, “Laser experiments using multikilojoule lasers,” Lasers Part. Beams 6, 235–244 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Bodner, M. Emery, J. Gardner, J. Grun, M. Herbst, S. Kacenjar, R. Lehmberg, C. Manka, E. McClean, S. Obenschain, B. Ripin, A. Schmitt, J. Stamper, F. Young, “Symmetry, stability and efficiency in direct-drive laser fusion,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1988), Vol. 3, p. 155.
  6. E. M. Campbell, J. T. Hunt, E. S. Bliss, D. R. Speck, R. P. Drake, “Nova experimental facility,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 2101–2106 (1986); J. T. Hunt, D. R. Speck, “Present and future performance of the Nova laser system,” Opt. Eng.28, 461–468 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. A. Summers, R. D. Boyd, D. Eimerl, E. M. Booth, “A two color frequency conversion system for high power lasers,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), pp. 30–31.
  8. P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118 (1961); J. A. Giordmaine, “Mixing of light beams in crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 19 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. S. Craxton, “Theory of high efficiency third harmonic generation of high power Nd:glass laser radiation,” Opt. Commun. 34, 474–478 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. J. Wegner, M. A. Henesian, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, T. L. Weiland, “Harmonic conversion of large aperture 1.05-μm laser beams for inertial confinement fusion research,” Appl. Opt. 31, (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. B. Trenholme, K. R. Manes, “A simple approach to laser amplifiers,” Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-51413 (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1972).
  13. S. M. Yarema, D. Milam, “Gain saturation in phosphate laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1941–1946 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. A. Caird, F. P. Milanovich, N. D. Nielsen, H. T. Powell, J. E. Marion, A. J. Pertica, J. N. Roe, “Passive losses in laser glass,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1989), pp. 112–113.
  15. D. J. Kuizenga, “Short-pulse oscillator development for Nd:glass laser-fusion systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 1694–1708 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. D. Perry, F. Patterson, E. M. Campbell, “Ultrahigh brightness laser program,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1989), p. 148.
  17. R. B. Wilcox, “Photoconductive switch pulse shaping device for the Nova master oscillator,” Lasers Part. Beams 4, 141–143 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. C. Burkhart, R. B. Wilcox, “Arbitrary pulseshape synthesis via non-uniform transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 38, 1514–1518 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  19. D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  20. B. A. Jones, “A lens coupled streak camera readout system utilizing a thermoelectrically cooled CCD,” in High Speed Photography, Videography and Photonics III, H. C. Johnson, B. G. Ponseggi, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.569, 189–193.
  21. D. S. Montgomery, R. P. Drake, B. A. Jones, J. D. Wiedwald, “Flat field measurements and geometric distortion measurements of optical streak cameras, in High Speed Photography, Videography, and Photonics V, H. C. Johnson, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.832, 283–288 (1987).

1992 (1)

P. J. Wegner, M. A. Henesian, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, T. L. Weiland, “Harmonic conversion of large aperture 1.05-μm laser beams for inertial confinement fusion research,” Appl. Opt. 31, (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

S. C. Burkhart, R. B. Wilcox, “Arbitrary pulseshape synthesis via non-uniform transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 38, 1514–1518 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

R. P. Drake, “Laser experiments using multikilojoule lasers,” Lasers Part. Beams 6, 235–244 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

E. M. Campbell, J. T. Hunt, E. S. Bliss, D. R. Speck, R. P. Drake, “Nova experimental facility,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 2101–2106 (1986); J. T. Hunt, D. R. Speck, “Present and future performance of the Nova laser system,” Opt. Eng.28, 461–468 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Wilcox, “Photoconductive switch pulse shaping device for the Nova master oscillator,” Lasers Part. Beams 4, 141–143 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

S. M. Yarema, D. Milam, “Gain saturation in phosphate laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1941–1946 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

D. J. Kuizenga, “Short-pulse oscillator development for Nd:glass laser-fusion systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 1694–1708 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

R. S. Craxton, “Theory of high efficiency third harmonic generation of high power Nd:glass laser radiation,” Opt. Commun. 34, 474–478 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

J. Nuckolls, L. Wood, A. Thiessen, G. Zimmerman, “Laser compression of matter to super-high densities: thermonuclear (CTR) applications,” Nature 239, 139–142 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

1961 (1)

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118 (1961); J. A. Giordmaine, “Mixing of light beams in crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 19 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bibeau, C.

P. J. Wegner, M. A. Henesian, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, T. L. Weiland, “Harmonic conversion of large aperture 1.05-μm laser beams for inertial confinement fusion research,” Appl. Opt. 31, (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bliss, E. S.

E. M. Campbell, J. T. Hunt, E. S. Bliss, D. R. Speck, R. P. Drake, “Nova experimental facility,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 2101–2106 (1986); J. T. Hunt, D. R. Speck, “Present and future performance of the Nova laser system,” Opt. Eng.28, 461–468 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bodner, S.

S. Bodner, M. Emery, J. Gardner, J. Grun, M. Herbst, S. Kacenjar, R. Lehmberg, C. Manka, E. McClean, S. Obenschain, B. Ripin, A. Schmitt, J. Stamper, F. Young, “Symmetry, stability and efficiency in direct-drive laser fusion,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1988), Vol. 3, p. 155.

Booth, E. M.

M. A. Summers, R. D. Boyd, D. Eimerl, E. M. Booth, “A two color frequency conversion system for high power lasers,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), pp. 30–31.

Boyd, R. D.

M. A. Summers, R. D. Boyd, D. Eimerl, E. M. Booth, “A two color frequency conversion system for high power lasers,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), pp. 30–31.

Burkhart, S. C.

S. C. Burkhart, R. B. Wilcox, “Arbitrary pulseshape synthesis via non-uniform transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 38, 1514–1518 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cable, M. D.

J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

Caird, J. A.

J. A. Caird, F. P. Milanovich, N. D. Nielsen, H. T. Powell, J. E. Marion, A. J. Pertica, J. N. Roe, “Passive losses in laser glass,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1989), pp. 112–113.

Campbell, E. M.

E. M. Campbell, J. T. Hunt, E. S. Bliss, D. R. Speck, R. P. Drake, “Nova experimental facility,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 2101–2106 (1986); J. T. Hunt, D. R. Speck, “Present and future performance of the Nova laser system,” Opt. Eng.28, 461–468 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

M. D. Perry, F. Patterson, E. M. Campbell, “Ultrahigh brightness laser program,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1989), p. 148.

Coleman, L. W.

J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

Correll, D. L.

J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

Craxton, R. S.

R. S. Craxton, “Theory of high efficiency third harmonic generation of high power Nd:glass laser radiation,” Opt. Commun. 34, 474–478 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Drake, R. P.

R. P. Drake, “Laser experiments using multikilojoule lasers,” Lasers Part. Beams 6, 235–244 (1988).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Campbell, J. T. Hunt, E. S. Bliss, D. R. Speck, R. P. Drake, “Nova experimental facility,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 2101–2106 (1986); J. T. Hunt, D. R. Speck, “Present and future performance of the Nova laser system,” Opt. Eng.28, 461–468 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Montgomery, R. P. Drake, B. A. Jones, J. D. Wiedwald, “Flat field measurements and geometric distortion measurements of optical streak cameras, in High Speed Photography, Videography, and Photonics V, H. C. Johnson, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.832, 283–288 (1987).

J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

Dudziak, D. J.

D. J. Dudziak, D. B. Harris, J. H. Pendergrass, “Goals, requirements and desirable characteristics of an LF inertial fusion driver,” in Proceedings of the 12th Symposium on Fusion Engineering (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1987), Vol. 2, pp. 997–1000.

Ehrlich, R. B.

P. J. Wegner, M. A. Henesian, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, T. L. Weiland, “Harmonic conversion of large aperture 1.05-μm laser beams for inertial confinement fusion research,” Appl. Opt. 31, (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eimerl, D.

M. A. Summers, R. D. Boyd, D. Eimerl, E. M. Booth, “A two color frequency conversion system for high power lasers,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), pp. 30–31.

Ellis, R. J.

J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

Emery, M.

S. Bodner, M. Emery, J. Gardner, J. Grun, M. Herbst, S. Kacenjar, R. Lehmberg, C. Manka, E. McClean, S. Obenschain, B. Ripin, A. Schmitt, J. Stamper, F. Young, “Symmetry, stability and efficiency in direct-drive laser fusion,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1988), Vol. 3, p. 155.

Franken, P. A.

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118 (1961); J. A. Giordmaine, “Mixing of light beams in crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 19 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Frantz, L. M.

L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Gardner, J.

S. Bodner, M. Emery, J. Gardner, J. Grun, M. Herbst, S. Kacenjar, R. Lehmberg, C. Manka, E. McClean, S. Obenschain, B. Ripin, A. Schmitt, J. Stamper, F. Young, “Symmetry, stability and efficiency in direct-drive laser fusion,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1988), Vol. 3, p. 155.

Glendinning, S. G.

J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

Grun, J.

S. Bodner, M. Emery, J. Gardner, J. Grun, M. Herbst, S. Kacenjar, R. Lehmberg, C. Manka, E. McClean, S. Obenschain, B. Ripin, A. Schmitt, J. Stamper, F. Young, “Symmetry, stability and efficiency in direct-drive laser fusion,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1988), Vol. 3, p. 155.

Harris, D. B.

D. J. Dudziak, D. B. Harris, J. H. Pendergrass, “Goals, requirements and desirable characteristics of an LF inertial fusion driver,” in Proceedings of the 12th Symposium on Fusion Engineering (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1987), Vol. 2, pp. 997–1000.

Hatcher, C. W.

J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

Hatchett, S. P.

J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

Henesian, M. A.

P. J. Wegner, M. A. Henesian, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, T. L. Weiland, “Harmonic conversion of large aperture 1.05-μm laser beams for inertial confinement fusion research,” Appl. Opt. 31, (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herbst, M.

S. Bodner, M. Emery, J. Gardner, J. Grun, M. Herbst, S. Kacenjar, R. Lehmberg, C. Manka, E. McClean, S. Obenschain, B. Ripin, A. Schmitt, J. Stamper, F. Young, “Symmetry, stability and efficiency in direct-drive laser fusion,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1988), Vol. 3, p. 155.

Hill, A. E.

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118 (1961); J. A. Giordmaine, “Mixing of light beams in crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 19 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Hunt, J. P.

J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

Hunt, J. T.

E. M. Campbell, J. T. Hunt, E. S. Bliss, D. R. Speck, R. P. Drake, “Nova experimental facility,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 2101–2106 (1986); J. T. Hunt, D. R. Speck, “Present and future performance of the Nova laser system,” Opt. Eng.28, 461–468 (1989).
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S. Bodner, M. Emery, J. Gardner, J. Grun, M. Herbst, S. Kacenjar, R. Lehmberg, C. Manka, E. McClean, S. Obenschain, B. Ripin, A. Schmitt, J. Stamper, F. Young, “Symmetry, stability and efficiency in direct-drive laser fusion,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1988), Vol. 3, p. 155.

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J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

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J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

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J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

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J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

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J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

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J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

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P. J. Wegner, M. A. Henesian, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, T. L. Weiland, “Harmonic conversion of large aperture 1.05-μm laser beams for inertial confinement fusion research,” Appl. Opt. 31, (1992).
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P. J. Wegner, M. A. Henesian, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, T. L. Weiland, “Harmonic conversion of large aperture 1.05-μm laser beams for inertial confinement fusion research,” Appl. Opt. 31, (1992).
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J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

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J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

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J. A. Caird, F. P. Milanovich, N. D. Nielsen, H. T. Powell, J. E. Marion, A. J. Pertica, J. N. Roe, “Passive losses in laser glass,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1989), pp. 112–113.

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J. A. Caird, F. P. Milanovich, N. D. Nielsen, H. T. Powell, J. E. Marion, A. J. Pertica, J. N. Roe, “Passive losses in laser glass,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1989), pp. 112–113.

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J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

Powell, H. T.

J. A. Caird, F. P. Milanovich, N. D. Nielsen, H. T. Powell, J. E. Marion, A. J. Pertica, J. N. Roe, “Passive losses in laser glass,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1989), pp. 112–113.

Ress, D. B.

J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

Ripin, B.

S. Bodner, M. Emery, J. Gardner, J. Grun, M. Herbst, S. Kacenjar, R. Lehmberg, C. Manka, E. McClean, S. Obenschain, B. Ripin, A. Schmitt, J. Stamper, F. Young, “Symmetry, stability and efficiency in direct-drive laser fusion,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1988), Vol. 3, p. 155.

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J. A. Caird, F. P. Milanovich, N. D. Nielsen, H. T. Powell, J. E. Marion, A. J. Pertica, J. N. Roe, “Passive losses in laser glass,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1989), pp. 112–113.

Schmitt, A.

S. Bodner, M. Emery, J. Gardner, J. Grun, M. Herbst, S. Kacenjar, R. Lehmberg, C. Manka, E. McClean, S. Obenschain, B. Ripin, A. Schmitt, J. Stamper, F. Young, “Symmetry, stability and efficiency in direct-drive laser fusion,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1988), Vol. 3, p. 155.

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P. J. Wegner, M. A. Henesian, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, T. L. Weiland, “Harmonic conversion of large aperture 1.05-μm laser beams for inertial confinement fusion research,” Appl. Opt. 31, (1992).
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E. M. Campbell, J. T. Hunt, E. S. Bliss, D. R. Speck, R. P. Drake, “Nova experimental facility,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 2101–2106 (1986); J. T. Hunt, D. R. Speck, “Present and future performance of the Nova laser system,” Opt. Eng.28, 461–468 (1989).
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J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

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S. Bodner, M. Emery, J. Gardner, J. Grun, M. Herbst, S. Kacenjar, R. Lehmberg, C. Manka, E. McClean, S. Obenschain, B. Ripin, A. Schmitt, J. Stamper, F. Young, “Symmetry, stability and efficiency in direct-drive laser fusion,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1988), Vol. 3, p. 155.

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J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

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M. A. Summers, R. D. Boyd, D. Eimerl, E. M. Booth, “A two color frequency conversion system for high power lasers,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), pp. 30–31.

Suter, L. J.

J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

Thiessen, A.

J. Nuckolls, L. Wood, A. Thiessen, G. Zimmerman, “Laser compression of matter to super-high densities: thermonuclear (CTR) applications,” Nature 239, 139–142 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Thiessen, D. A. R.

J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

Thoe, R. S.

J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

Tietbohl, G. L.

J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

Trenholme, J. B.

J. B. Trenholme, K. R. Manes, “A simple approach to laser amplifiers,” Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-51413 (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1972).

Turner, R. E.

J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

Wegner, P. J.

P. J. Wegner, M. A. Henesian, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, T. L. Weiland, “Harmonic conversion of large aperture 1.05-μm laser beams for inertial confinement fusion research,” Appl. Opt. 31, (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weiland, T. L.

P. J. Wegner, M. A. Henesian, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, T. L. Weiland, “Harmonic conversion of large aperture 1.05-μm laser beams for inertial confinement fusion research,” Appl. Opt. 31, (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weinreich, G.

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118 (1961); J. A. Giordmaine, “Mixing of light beams in crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 19 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Wiedwald, J. D.

J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

D. S. Montgomery, R. P. Drake, B. A. Jones, J. D. Wiedwald, “Flat field measurements and geometric distortion measurements of optical streak cameras, in High Speed Photography, Videography, and Photonics V, H. C. Johnson, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.832, 283–288 (1987).

Wilcox, R. B.

S. C. Burkhart, R. B. Wilcox, “Arbitrary pulseshape synthesis via non-uniform transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 38, 1514–1518 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Wilcox, “Photoconductive switch pulse shaping device for the Nova master oscillator,” Lasers Part. Beams 4, 141–143 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Wood, L.

J. Nuckolls, L. Wood, A. Thiessen, G. Zimmerman, “Laser compression of matter to super-high densities: thermonuclear (CTR) applications,” Nature 239, 139–142 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Yarema, S. M.

S. M. Yarema, D. Milam, “Gain saturation in phosphate laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1941–1946 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Young, F.

S. Bodner, M. Emery, J. Gardner, J. Grun, M. Herbst, S. Kacenjar, R. Lehmberg, C. Manka, E. McClean, S. Obenschain, B. Ripin, A. Schmitt, J. Stamper, F. Young, “Symmetry, stability and efficiency in direct-drive laser fusion,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1988), Vol. 3, p. 155.

Ze, F.

J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

Zimmerman, G.

J. Nuckolls, L. Wood, A. Thiessen, G. Zimmerman, “Laser compression of matter to super-high densities: thermonuclear (CTR) applications,” Nature 239, 139–142 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

P. J. Wegner, M. A. Henesian, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, T. L. Weiland, “Harmonic conversion of large aperture 1.05-μm laser beams for inertial confinement fusion research,” Appl. Opt. 31, (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. M. Yarema, D. Milam, “Gain saturation in phosphate laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1941–1946 (1982).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Kuizenga, “Short-pulse oscillator development for Nd:glass laser-fusion systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 1694–1708 (1981).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

S. C. Burkhart, R. B. Wilcox, “Arbitrary pulseshape synthesis via non-uniform transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 38, 1514–1518 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Lasers Part. Beams (2)

R. B. Wilcox, “Photoconductive switch pulse shaping device for the Nova master oscillator,” Lasers Part. Beams 4, 141–143 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Drake, “Laser experiments using multikilojoule lasers,” Lasers Part. Beams 6, 235–244 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

J. Nuckolls, L. Wood, A. Thiessen, G. Zimmerman, “Laser compression of matter to super-high densities: thermonuclear (CTR) applications,” Nature 239, 139–142 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

R. S. Craxton, “Theory of high efficiency third harmonic generation of high power Nd:glass laser radiation,” Opt. Commun. 34, 474–478 (1980).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118 (1961); J. A. Giordmaine, “Mixing of light beams in crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 19 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

E. M. Campbell, J. T. Hunt, E. S. Bliss, D. R. Speck, R. P. Drake, “Nova experimental facility,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 2101–2106 (1986); J. T. Hunt, D. R. Speck, “Present and future performance of the Nova laser system,” Opt. Eng.28, 461–468 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Other (9)

M. A. Summers, R. D. Boyd, D. Eimerl, E. M. Booth, “A two color frequency conversion system for high power lasers,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), pp. 30–31.

S. Bodner, M. Emery, J. Gardner, J. Grun, M. Herbst, S. Kacenjar, R. Lehmberg, C. Manka, E. McClean, S. Obenschain, B. Ripin, A. Schmitt, J. Stamper, F. Young, “Symmetry, stability and efficiency in direct-drive laser fusion,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1988), Vol. 3, p. 155.

J. D. Kilkenny, M. D. Cable, E. M. Campbell, L. W. Coleman, D. L. Correll, R. P. Drake, R. J. Ellis, S. G. Glendinning, C. W. Hatcher, S. P. Hatchett, J. P. Hunt, D. R. Kania, R. L. Kauffman, H. N. Kornblum, D. T. Kyrazis, S. M. Lane, R. A. Lerche, J. D. Lindl, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. H. Munro, D. W. Phillion, D. B. Ress, D. R. Speck, E. Storm, L. J. Suter, G. L. Tietbohl, D. A. R. Thiessen, R. S. Thoe, R. E. Turner, J. D. Wiedwald, F. Ze, “Inertial fusion results from Nova and implications for the future of ICF,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA-CN-50/B-1-3, and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-98540 (Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1988).

D. J. Dudziak, D. B. Harris, J. H. Pendergrass, “Goals, requirements and desirable characteristics of an LF inertial fusion driver,” in Proceedings of the 12th Symposium on Fusion Engineering (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1987), Vol. 2, pp. 997–1000.

M. D. Perry, F. Patterson, E. M. Campbell, “Ultrahigh brightness laser program,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1989), p. 148.

J. B. Trenholme, K. R. Manes, “A simple approach to laser amplifiers,” Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Rep. UCRL-51413 (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1972).

J. A. Caird, F. P. Milanovich, N. D. Nielsen, H. T. Powell, J. E. Marion, A. J. Pertica, J. N. Roe, “Passive losses in laser glass,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1989), pp. 112–113.

B. A. Jones, “A lens coupled streak camera readout system utilizing a thermoelectrically cooled CCD,” in High Speed Photography, Videography and Photonics III, H. C. Johnson, B. G. Ponseggi, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.569, 189–193.

D. S. Montgomery, R. P. Drake, B. A. Jones, J. D. Wiedwald, “Flat field measurements and geometric distortion measurements of optical streak cameras, in High Speed Photography, Videography, and Photonics V, H. C. Johnson, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.832, 283–288 (1987).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Third-harmonic conversion efficiency measured at target chamber center for a single Nova beam line (beam line 5 of the 10 available beam lines, indicated by +’s), and the corresponding results of our model calculation (solid curve) scaled to account for transmission and obscuration losses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Nova laser amplifier beam line. Gray boxes, amplifier stages; the numbers in them denote the amplifier clear aperture in centimeters. Inverted triangles, spatial filters.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SPD caused by gain saturation in the laser amplifier media versus output energy calculated by the Franz–Nodvik model for the 10 Nova beam lines.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic of the system for producing various pulse forms in the MOR. The Gaussian output pulses from the AMQ oscillator can be directed to a series of optical delays to create picket-fence pulses, temporally compressed to create 10- to 20-ps pulses, or used to illuminate optical switches in the pulse-shaping system. The output of the single-longitudinal-mode (SLM) oscillator is shaped by an electro-optic modulator to produce 0.5- to 5-ns pulses of arbitary shape.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

In the pulse-shaping system the delayed output of the AMQ oscillator triggers optical switches. Switch SW1 sends a square high-voltage pulse to a nonuniform transmission line; SW2 passes the reflected shaped voltage pulse to a Pockels cell pair. Switches SW3 and SW4 apply a square voltage pulse to a second Pockels cell pair, which determines the rise and fall of the optical pulse.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Typical shaped output pulses at the third harmonic (0.35 μm) generated for ICF experiments on the Nova laser system include (a) a picket fence, (b) a complex temporal shape.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Four-level continuous pulse at 0.35 μm produced on one beam line of Nova. The energy in the pulse was 3.1 kJ.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Predictive capability of the calculational model of pulse distortion illustrated by this series of measurements (solid curves) and calculations (dashed curves): (a) the calculated input pulse shape predicted to create a square temporal output pulse superimposed upon the shaped pulse measured in the MOR; (b) the output 12.0-kJ 1.05-μm pulse shape calculated from the measured input pulse superimposed upon the 1.05-μm pulse measured at the output of the amplifier chain; (c) the calculated third-harmonic pulse superimposed upon the 7.9-kJ, measured, third-harmonic pulse. a.u., Arbitrary units.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Third-harmonic pulse designed for an ICF experiment and produced on Nova is typical of pulses of interest. Front-to-back contrast ratio is ~ 1:8.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Our ability to model and produce pulse shapes of interest to ICF is illustrated by this series of calculations (dashed curves) and measurements (solid curves): (a) the calculated input pulse shape predicted to create a desired third-harmonic output pulse superimposed upon the shaped pulse measured in the MOR; (b) the output 1.05-μm pulse calculated from the measured input pulse superimposed upon the 6.9-kJ, 1.05-μm pulse measured at the output of the amplifier chain; (c) the calculated third-harmonic pulse superimposed upon the measured 2.3-kJ, third-harmonic pulse.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Characteristics of an Average Nova Beam Linea

Equations (2)

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F out = F sat ln { G 0 [ exp ( F in / F sat ) - 1 ] + 1 } ,
F ( t ) = 0 t I ( t ) d t .

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