Abstract

By using a supersonic beam of metastable Ne* atoms and a single-mode dye laser we determine the 2p53s–3p specific mass shift of the 20,22Ne isotopes by means of optical spectroscopy. The resulting value, on the basis of a systematic measurement of transition isotope shifts at different transition energies between 15,300 and 17,000 cm−1, is 473 ± 2.5 MHz. This is ~ 50 MHz larger than the best-known theoretical value.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. Accad, C. L. Pekeris, B. Schiff, “S and P states of the helium isoelectronic sequence up to z = 10,” Phys. Rev. A 4, 516–536 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Veseth, “Many-body calculations of atomic isotope shifts,” J. Phys. B 18, 3463–3480 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. I. Odintsov, “Isotopic shift in the spectrum of neon,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 18, 205–206 (1965).
  4. T. Wik, W. R. Bennet, W. Lichten, “Doppler-free, linear, single-photon spectroscopy of metastable atoms and molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 1080–1083 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Julien, M. Pinard, F. Laloë, “Hyperfine structure and isotope shift of the 640.2 and 626.6 nm line of neon,” J. Phys. (Paris) 41, L479–L482 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Ch. Belfrage, P. Grafström, S. Krö, S. Svanberg, “Doppler-free laser spectroscopy measurements on a Ne discharge for determination of 22Ne–20Ne isotope shifts,” Phys. Scr. 27, 367–370 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. L. Heath, “Table of the isotopes,” in CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, R. C. Weast, ed. (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., 1978), p. B-273.
  8. H. Hotop, J. Lorenzen, A. Zastrow, “Penning ionization electron spectrometry with state-selected, thermal energy neon metastable atoms: Ne(3P2), Ne(3P0) + Ar, Kr, Xe, Hg,” Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 23, 347–365 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Konz, “Populationstransfer und Ausrichtung aelektronischer Drehimpulse mit der STIRAP-Methode,” Diplom thesis (University of Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, Germany, 1991).
  10. N. E. Small-Warren, L.-Y. Chow Chiu, “Life time of the metastable 3P2 and 3P0 states of rare-gas atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 11, 1777–1783 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  11. U. Hefter, K. Bergmann, “Spectroscopic detection methods,” in Atomic and Molecular Beam Methods, G. Scoles, ed. (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, 1988), pp. 193–253.
  12. K. Harth, M. Raab, H. Hotop, “Odd Rydberg spectrum of 20Ne I: High resolution laser spectroscopy and multichannel quantum defect theory analysis,” Z. Phys. D 7, 213–225 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Heilig, A. Steudel, “Changes in mean-square nuclear charge radii from optical isotope shifts,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 14, 613–638 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. M. Wapstra, K. Bos, “The 1977 atomic mass evaluation I. Atomic mass table,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 17, 177–214 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  15. E. R. Cohen, B. N. Taylor, “The 1986 CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 17, 1795–1803 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Ahmad, “A many-body perturbational approach to calculating the specific mass shift in neon,” J. Phys. B 18, 3457–3462 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  17. E. de Clercq, F. Biraben, B. Giacobino, G. Grynberg, J. Bauche, “Isotope shift in helium,” J. Phys. B 14, L183–L186 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. P. Stone, “Nuclear and relativistic effects in atomic spectra,” Proc. Phys. Soc. London 81, 868–876 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Bauche, J.-C. Keller, “J-dependent contributions to the mass isotope shifts in Ne i,” Phys. Lett. 36A, 211–212 (1971).
  20. J.-C. Keller, “Parametric study of isotope shift in Ne i,” J. Phys. B 6, 1771–1778 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  21. E. Giacobino, F. Biraben, E. de Clercq, K. Wohrer-Beroff, G. Grynberg, “Doppler-free two-photon spectroscopy of neon. III. Isotopic shift and fine structure for the 2p54d and 2p55s configurations,” J. Phys. (Paris) 40, 1139–1144 (1979).
    [CrossRef]

1988 (1)

E. R. Cohen, B. N. Taylor, “The 1986 CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 17, 1795–1803 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

K. Harth, M. Raab, H. Hotop, “Odd Rydberg spectrum of 20Ne I: High resolution laser spectroscopy and multichannel quantum defect theory analysis,” Z. Phys. D 7, 213–225 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985 (2)

L. Veseth, “Many-body calculations of atomic isotope shifts,” J. Phys. B 18, 3463–3480 (1985).
[CrossRef]

S. Ahmad, “A many-body perturbational approach to calculating the specific mass shift in neon,” J. Phys. B 18, 3457–3462 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

Ch. Belfrage, P. Grafström, S. Krö, S. Svanberg, “Doppler-free laser spectroscopy measurements on a Ne discharge for determination of 22Ne–20Ne isotope shifts,” Phys. Scr. 27, 367–370 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (2)

H. Hotop, J. Lorenzen, A. Zastrow, “Penning ionization electron spectrometry with state-selected, thermal energy neon metastable atoms: Ne(3P2), Ne(3P0) + Ar, Kr, Xe, Hg,” Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 23, 347–365 (1981).
[CrossRef]

E. de Clercq, F. Biraben, B. Giacobino, G. Grynberg, J. Bauche, “Isotope shift in helium,” J. Phys. B 14, L183–L186 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

L. Julien, M. Pinard, F. Laloë, “Hyperfine structure and isotope shift of the 640.2 and 626.6 nm line of neon,” J. Phys. (Paris) 41, L479–L482 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

E. Giacobino, F. Biraben, E. de Clercq, K. Wohrer-Beroff, G. Grynberg, “Doppler-free two-photon spectroscopy of neon. III. Isotopic shift and fine structure for the 2p54d and 2p55s configurations,” J. Phys. (Paris) 40, 1139–1144 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

T. Wik, W. R. Bennet, W. Lichten, “Doppler-free, linear, single-photon spectroscopy of metastable atoms and molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 1080–1083 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

A. M. Wapstra, K. Bos, “The 1977 atomic mass evaluation I. Atomic mass table,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 17, 177–214 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

N. E. Small-Warren, L.-Y. Chow Chiu, “Life time of the metastable 3P2 and 3P0 states of rare-gas atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 11, 1777–1783 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

K. Heilig, A. Steudel, “Changes in mean-square nuclear charge radii from optical isotope shifts,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 14, 613–638 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

J.-C. Keller, “Parametric study of isotope shift in Ne i,” J. Phys. B 6, 1771–1778 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1971 (2)

J. Bauche, J.-C. Keller, “J-dependent contributions to the mass isotope shifts in Ne i,” Phys. Lett. 36A, 211–212 (1971).

Y. Accad, C. L. Pekeris, B. Schiff, “S and P states of the helium isoelectronic sequence up to z = 10,” Phys. Rev. A 4, 516–536 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

V. I. Odintsov, “Isotopic shift in the spectrum of neon,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 18, 205–206 (1965).

1963 (1)

A. P. Stone, “Nuclear and relativistic effects in atomic spectra,” Proc. Phys. Soc. London 81, 868–876 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Accad, Y.

Y. Accad, C. L. Pekeris, B. Schiff, “S and P states of the helium isoelectronic sequence up to z = 10,” Phys. Rev. A 4, 516–536 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, S.

S. Ahmad, “A many-body perturbational approach to calculating the specific mass shift in neon,” J. Phys. B 18, 3457–3462 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Bauche, J.

E. de Clercq, F. Biraben, B. Giacobino, G. Grynberg, J. Bauche, “Isotope shift in helium,” J. Phys. B 14, L183–L186 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Bauche, J.-C. Keller, “J-dependent contributions to the mass isotope shifts in Ne i,” Phys. Lett. 36A, 211–212 (1971).

Belfrage, Ch.

Ch. Belfrage, P. Grafström, S. Krö, S. Svanberg, “Doppler-free laser spectroscopy measurements on a Ne discharge for determination of 22Ne–20Ne isotope shifts,” Phys. Scr. 27, 367–370 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Bennet, W. R.

T. Wik, W. R. Bennet, W. Lichten, “Doppler-free, linear, single-photon spectroscopy of metastable atoms and molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 1080–1083 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bergmann, K.

U. Hefter, K. Bergmann, “Spectroscopic detection methods,” in Atomic and Molecular Beam Methods, G. Scoles, ed. (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, 1988), pp. 193–253.

Biraben, F.

E. de Clercq, F. Biraben, B. Giacobino, G. Grynberg, J. Bauche, “Isotope shift in helium,” J. Phys. B 14, L183–L186 (1981).
[CrossRef]

E. Giacobino, F. Biraben, E. de Clercq, K. Wohrer-Beroff, G. Grynberg, “Doppler-free two-photon spectroscopy of neon. III. Isotopic shift and fine structure for the 2p54d and 2p55s configurations,” J. Phys. (Paris) 40, 1139–1144 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Bos, K.

A. M. Wapstra, K. Bos, “The 1977 atomic mass evaluation I. Atomic mass table,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 17, 177–214 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Chow Chiu, L.-Y.

N. E. Small-Warren, L.-Y. Chow Chiu, “Life time of the metastable 3P2 and 3P0 states of rare-gas atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 11, 1777–1783 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, E. R.

E. R. Cohen, B. N. Taylor, “The 1986 CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 17, 1795–1803 (1988).
[CrossRef]

de Clercq, E.

E. de Clercq, F. Biraben, B. Giacobino, G. Grynberg, J. Bauche, “Isotope shift in helium,” J. Phys. B 14, L183–L186 (1981).
[CrossRef]

E. Giacobino, F. Biraben, E. de Clercq, K. Wohrer-Beroff, G. Grynberg, “Doppler-free two-photon spectroscopy of neon. III. Isotopic shift and fine structure for the 2p54d and 2p55s configurations,” J. Phys. (Paris) 40, 1139–1144 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Giacobino, B.

E. de Clercq, F. Biraben, B. Giacobino, G. Grynberg, J. Bauche, “Isotope shift in helium,” J. Phys. B 14, L183–L186 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Giacobino, E.

E. Giacobino, F. Biraben, E. de Clercq, K. Wohrer-Beroff, G. Grynberg, “Doppler-free two-photon spectroscopy of neon. III. Isotopic shift and fine structure for the 2p54d and 2p55s configurations,” J. Phys. (Paris) 40, 1139–1144 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Grafström, P.

Ch. Belfrage, P. Grafström, S. Krö, S. Svanberg, “Doppler-free laser spectroscopy measurements on a Ne discharge for determination of 22Ne–20Ne isotope shifts,” Phys. Scr. 27, 367–370 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Grynberg, G.

E. de Clercq, F. Biraben, B. Giacobino, G. Grynberg, J. Bauche, “Isotope shift in helium,” J. Phys. B 14, L183–L186 (1981).
[CrossRef]

E. Giacobino, F. Biraben, E. de Clercq, K. Wohrer-Beroff, G. Grynberg, “Doppler-free two-photon spectroscopy of neon. III. Isotopic shift and fine structure for the 2p54d and 2p55s configurations,” J. Phys. (Paris) 40, 1139–1144 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Harth, K.

K. Harth, M. Raab, H. Hotop, “Odd Rydberg spectrum of 20Ne I: High resolution laser spectroscopy and multichannel quantum defect theory analysis,” Z. Phys. D 7, 213–225 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Heath, R. L.

R. L. Heath, “Table of the isotopes,” in CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, R. C. Weast, ed. (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., 1978), p. B-273.

Hefter, U.

U. Hefter, K. Bergmann, “Spectroscopic detection methods,” in Atomic and Molecular Beam Methods, G. Scoles, ed. (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, 1988), pp. 193–253.

Heilig, K.

K. Heilig, A. Steudel, “Changes in mean-square nuclear charge radii from optical isotope shifts,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 14, 613–638 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Hotop, H.

K. Harth, M. Raab, H. Hotop, “Odd Rydberg spectrum of 20Ne I: High resolution laser spectroscopy and multichannel quantum defect theory analysis,” Z. Phys. D 7, 213–225 (1987).
[CrossRef]

H. Hotop, J. Lorenzen, A. Zastrow, “Penning ionization electron spectrometry with state-selected, thermal energy neon metastable atoms: Ne(3P2), Ne(3P0) + Ar, Kr, Xe, Hg,” Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 23, 347–365 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Julien, L.

L. Julien, M. Pinard, F. Laloë, “Hyperfine structure and isotope shift of the 640.2 and 626.6 nm line of neon,” J. Phys. (Paris) 41, L479–L482 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Keller, J.-C.

J.-C. Keller, “Parametric study of isotope shift in Ne i,” J. Phys. B 6, 1771–1778 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. Bauche, J.-C. Keller, “J-dependent contributions to the mass isotope shifts in Ne i,” Phys. Lett. 36A, 211–212 (1971).

Konz, E.

E. Konz, “Populationstransfer und Ausrichtung aelektronischer Drehimpulse mit der STIRAP-Methode,” Diplom thesis (University of Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, Germany, 1991).

Krö, S.

Ch. Belfrage, P. Grafström, S. Krö, S. Svanberg, “Doppler-free laser spectroscopy measurements on a Ne discharge for determination of 22Ne–20Ne isotope shifts,” Phys. Scr. 27, 367–370 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Laloë, F.

L. Julien, M. Pinard, F. Laloë, “Hyperfine structure and isotope shift of the 640.2 and 626.6 nm line of neon,” J. Phys. (Paris) 41, L479–L482 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Lichten, W.

T. Wik, W. R. Bennet, W. Lichten, “Doppler-free, linear, single-photon spectroscopy of metastable atoms and molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 1080–1083 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Lorenzen, J.

H. Hotop, J. Lorenzen, A. Zastrow, “Penning ionization electron spectrometry with state-selected, thermal energy neon metastable atoms: Ne(3P2), Ne(3P0) + Ar, Kr, Xe, Hg,” Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 23, 347–365 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Odintsov, V. I.

V. I. Odintsov, “Isotopic shift in the spectrum of neon,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 18, 205–206 (1965).

Pekeris, C. L.

Y. Accad, C. L. Pekeris, B. Schiff, “S and P states of the helium isoelectronic sequence up to z = 10,” Phys. Rev. A 4, 516–536 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Pinard, M.

L. Julien, M. Pinard, F. Laloë, “Hyperfine structure and isotope shift of the 640.2 and 626.6 nm line of neon,” J. Phys. (Paris) 41, L479–L482 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Raab, M.

K. Harth, M. Raab, H. Hotop, “Odd Rydberg spectrum of 20Ne I: High resolution laser spectroscopy and multichannel quantum defect theory analysis,” Z. Phys. D 7, 213–225 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Schiff, B.

Y. Accad, C. L. Pekeris, B. Schiff, “S and P states of the helium isoelectronic sequence up to z = 10,” Phys. Rev. A 4, 516–536 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Small-Warren, N. E.

N. E. Small-Warren, L.-Y. Chow Chiu, “Life time of the metastable 3P2 and 3P0 states of rare-gas atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 11, 1777–1783 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Steudel, A.

K. Heilig, A. Steudel, “Changes in mean-square nuclear charge radii from optical isotope shifts,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 14, 613–638 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Stone, A. P.

A. P. Stone, “Nuclear and relativistic effects in atomic spectra,” Proc. Phys. Soc. London 81, 868–876 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Svanberg, S.

Ch. Belfrage, P. Grafström, S. Krö, S. Svanberg, “Doppler-free laser spectroscopy measurements on a Ne discharge for determination of 22Ne–20Ne isotope shifts,” Phys. Scr. 27, 367–370 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, B. N.

E. R. Cohen, B. N. Taylor, “The 1986 CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 17, 1795–1803 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Veseth, L.

L. Veseth, “Many-body calculations of atomic isotope shifts,” J. Phys. B 18, 3463–3480 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Wapstra, A. M.

A. M. Wapstra, K. Bos, “The 1977 atomic mass evaluation I. Atomic mass table,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 17, 177–214 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Wik, T.

T. Wik, W. R. Bennet, W. Lichten, “Doppler-free, linear, single-photon spectroscopy of metastable atoms and molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 1080–1083 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Wohrer-Beroff, K.

E. Giacobino, F. Biraben, E. de Clercq, K. Wohrer-Beroff, G. Grynberg, “Doppler-free two-photon spectroscopy of neon. III. Isotopic shift and fine structure for the 2p54d and 2p55s configurations,” J. Phys. (Paris) 40, 1139–1144 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Zastrow, A.

H. Hotop, J. Lorenzen, A. Zastrow, “Penning ionization electron spectrometry with state-selected, thermal energy neon metastable atoms: Ne(3P2), Ne(3P0) + Ar, Kr, Xe, Hg,” Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 23, 347–365 (1981).
[CrossRef]

At. Data Nucl. Data Tables (2)

K. Heilig, A. Steudel, “Changes in mean-square nuclear charge radii from optical isotope shifts,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 14, 613–638 (1974).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Wapstra, K. Bos, “The 1977 atomic mass evaluation I. Atomic mass table,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 17, 177–214 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. (1)

H. Hotop, J. Lorenzen, A. Zastrow, “Penning ionization electron spectrometry with state-selected, thermal energy neon metastable atoms: Ne(3P2), Ne(3P0) + Ar, Kr, Xe, Hg,” Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 23, 347–365 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. (Paris) (2)

L. Julien, M. Pinard, F. Laloë, “Hyperfine structure and isotope shift of the 640.2 and 626.6 nm line of neon,” J. Phys. (Paris) 41, L479–L482 (1980).
[CrossRef]

E. Giacobino, F. Biraben, E. de Clercq, K. Wohrer-Beroff, G. Grynberg, “Doppler-free two-photon spectroscopy of neon. III. Isotopic shift and fine structure for the 2p54d and 2p55s configurations,” J. Phys. (Paris) 40, 1139–1144 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B (4)

L. Veseth, “Many-body calculations of atomic isotope shifts,” J. Phys. B 18, 3463–3480 (1985).
[CrossRef]

S. Ahmad, “A many-body perturbational approach to calculating the specific mass shift in neon,” J. Phys. B 18, 3457–3462 (1985).
[CrossRef]

E. de Clercq, F. Biraben, B. Giacobino, G. Grynberg, J. Bauche, “Isotope shift in helium,” J. Phys. B 14, L183–L186 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Keller, “Parametric study of isotope shift in Ne i,” J. Phys. B 6, 1771–1778 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data (1)

E. R. Cohen, B. N. Taylor, “The 1986 CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 17, 1795–1803 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) (1)

V. I. Odintsov, “Isotopic shift in the spectrum of neon,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 18, 205–206 (1965).

Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Bauche, J.-C. Keller, “J-dependent contributions to the mass isotope shifts in Ne i,” Phys. Lett. 36A, 211–212 (1971).

Phys. Rev. A (2)

Y. Accad, C. L. Pekeris, B. Schiff, “S and P states of the helium isoelectronic sequence up to z = 10,” Phys. Rev. A 4, 516–536 (1971).
[CrossRef]

N. E. Small-Warren, L.-Y. Chow Chiu, “Life time of the metastable 3P2 and 3P0 states of rare-gas atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 11, 1777–1783 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

T. Wik, W. R. Bennet, W. Lichten, “Doppler-free, linear, single-photon spectroscopy of metastable atoms and molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 1080–1083 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Scr. (1)

Ch. Belfrage, P. Grafström, S. Krö, S. Svanberg, “Doppler-free laser spectroscopy measurements on a Ne discharge for determination of 22Ne–20Ne isotope shifts,” Phys. Scr. 27, 367–370 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Phys. Soc. London (1)

A. P. Stone, “Nuclear and relativistic effects in atomic spectra,” Proc. Phys. Soc. London 81, 868–876 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Z. Phys. D (1)

K. Harth, M. Raab, H. Hotop, “Odd Rydberg spectrum of 20Ne I: High resolution laser spectroscopy and multichannel quantum defect theory analysis,” Z. Phys. D 7, 213–225 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

R. L. Heath, “Table of the isotopes,” in CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, R. C. Weast, ed. (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., 1978), p. B-273.

U. Hefter, K. Bergmann, “Spectroscopic detection methods,” in Atomic and Molecular Beam Methods, G. Scoles, ed. (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, 1988), pp. 193–253.

E. Konz, “Populationstransfer und Ausrichtung aelektronischer Drehimpulse mit der STIRAP-Methode,” Diplom thesis (University of Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, Germany, 1991).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

2-GHz laser scan showing transmission peaks of the 63.10-MHz reference étalon (top) and laser-induced fluorescence peaks from the two isotopes (bottom).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured transition isotope shift (TIS; MHz) versus transition energy (cm−1). The error bars given are single standard deviations. The straight line is the best-fit curve to the experimental values, excluding the value at 16 274.02 cm−1 (see text). Note that the straight line is parallel to the line for the normal mass shift (NMS), which leads to a constant value of the specific mass shift.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Comparison of Measured isotope Shifts (MHz) for 2p53s → 2p53p Transition Manifolda

Equations (1)

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Δ ν NMS = ν t ( A - A ) m A A ,

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