Abstract

We use an acousto-optic modulator ring setup to impose an asymmetric frequency comb on a dye laser. Applications include laser cooling of stored heavy ions.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. F. V. Kowalski, P. D. Hale, S. J. Shattil, “Broadband continuous-wave laser,” Opt. Lett. 13, 622–624 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Zhu, C. W. Oates, J. L. Hall, “Continuous high-flux monovelocity atomic beam based on a broadband laser-cooling technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 46 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. See, for instance, A. I. Ferguson, S. R. Bramwell, D. M. Kane, “Spectroscopic applications of frequency modulated dye lasers,” in Lasers, Spectroscopy and New Ideas, Vol. 54 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1987).
  4. P. Coppin, T. G. Hodkinson, “Novel optical comb synthesis using optical feedback,” Electron. Lett. 26, 28–30 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

M. Zhu, C. W. Oates, J. L. Hall, “Continuous high-flux monovelocity atomic beam based on a broadband laser-cooling technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 46 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (2)

P. Coppin, T. G. Hodkinson, “Novel optical comb synthesis using optical feedback,” Electron. Lett. 26, 28–30 (1990).
[CrossRef]

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

Balykin, V.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boos, N.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bramwell, S. R.

See, for instance, A. I. Ferguson, S. R. Bramwell, D. M. Kane, “Spectroscopic applications of frequency modulated dye lasers,” in Lasers, Spectroscopy and New Ideas, Vol. 54 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1987).

Coppin, P.

P. Coppin, T. G. Hodkinson, “Novel optical comb synthesis using optical feedback,” Electron. Lett. 26, 28–30 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

See, for instance, A. I. Ferguson, S. R. Bramwell, D. M. Kane, “Spectroscopic applications of frequency modulated dye lasers,” in Lasers, Spectroscopy and New Ideas, Vol. 54 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1987).

Gerhard, M.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grieser, M.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grieser, R.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Habs, D.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hale, P. D.

Hall, J. L.

M. Zhu, C. W. Oates, J. L. Hall, “Continuous high-flux monovelocity atomic beam based on a broadband laser-cooling technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 46 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hodkinson, T. G.

P. Coppin, T. G. Hodkinson, “Novel optical comb synthesis using optical feedback,” Electron. Lett. 26, 28–30 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jaeschke, E.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kane, D. M.

See, for instance, A. I. Ferguson, S. R. Bramwell, D. M. Kane, “Spectroscopic applications of frequency modulated dye lasers,” in Lasers, Spectroscopy and New Ideas, Vol. 54 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1987).

Karafillidis, A.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klein, R.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kowalski, F. V.

Krämer, D.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krieg, M.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kristensen, M.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kühl, T.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Music, M.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neumann, R.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oates, C. W.

M. Zhu, C. W. Oates, J. L. Hall, “Continuous high-flux monovelocity atomic beam based on a broadband laser-cooling technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 46 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petrich, W.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, N.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schröder, S.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schwalm, D.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shattil, S. J.

Sigray, P.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steck, M.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wanner, B.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, A.

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, M.

M. Zhu, C. W. Oates, J. L. Hall, “Continuous high-flux monovelocity atomic beam based on a broadband laser-cooling technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 46 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. Coppin, T. G. Hodkinson, “Novel optical comb synthesis using optical feedback,” Electron. Lett. 26, 28–30 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. Schröder, R. Klein, N. Boos, M. Gerhard, R. Grieser, G. Huber, A. Karafillidis, M. Krieg, N. Schmidt, T. Kühl, R. Neumann, V. Balykin, M. Grieser, D. Habs, E. Jaeschke, D. Krämer, M. Kristensen, M. Music, W. Petrich, D. Schwalm, P. Sigray, M. Steck, B. Wanner, A. Wolf, “First laser cooling of relativistic ions in a storage ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2901–2904 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Zhu, C. W. Oates, J. L. Hall, “Continuous high-flux monovelocity atomic beam based on a broadband laser-cooling technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 46 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

See, for instance, A. I. Ferguson, S. R. Bramwell, D. M. Kane, “Spectroscopic applications of frequency modulated dye lasers,” in Lasers, Spectroscopy and New Ideas, Vol. 54 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1987).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

a, Beam path through the AOM ring. b, Periodic lens sequence of the AOM ring.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated frequency comb generated by a loss-free AOM ring.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated self-heterodyne spectrum from a loss-free AOM ring.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

a, Measured self-heterodyne spectrum from an AOM ring. b, Measured self-heterodyne spectrum from an AOM ring, with additional on–off modulation of the AOM’s.

Equations (2)

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I n , m = T n + m + 2 α n ( 1 - α ) m β m ( 1 - β ) n × { φ ( n + 1 ) φ ( m + 1 ) ( n + m m ) × [ α 2 β 2 + ( 1 - α ) 2 ( 1 - β ) 2 ] + φ ( m + n - n ) φ ( m + 1 ) × ( n + m m - 1 ) α 2 ( 1 - β ) 2 + φ ( n + 1 ) φ ( n + m - m ) × ( n + m m + 1 ) ( 1 - α ) 2 β 2 } , n , m - 1 , φ ( n ) = { 0 for n = 0 1 otherwise .
P i j + = [ n = - 1 m = - 1 ( I n + i , m + j I n , m ) 1 / 2 ] 2 ,             ( i , j ) ( 0 , 0 ) , P i j - = [ n = - 1 m = - 1 ( I n + i , m I n , m + j ) 1 / 2 ] 2 ,             ( i , j ) > ( 0 , 0 ) ,

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