Abstract

A compact camera for holography and holographic interferometry is presented. Owing to its simple and rigid construction, vibration insulation is not necessary. The use of a semiconductor laser with a wavelength of 670 nm permits the use of common holographic recording materials. The only optical components of this camera are a beam splitter and a deflection mirror. As an example of the application of this camera, holographic surface contouring is demonstrated.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. F. Besenbacher, E. Laegsgaard, K. Mortensen, U. Nielsen, I. Stensgaard, “Compact, high stability, thimble-size scanning tunneling microscope,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 1035–1038 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Yonemura, “Wavelength-change characteristics of semiconductor lasers and their application to holographic contouring,” Opt. Lett. 10, 1–3 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. Tatsuno, A. Arimoto, “Hologram recording by visible diode lasers,” Appl. Opt. 19, 2096–2097 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. A. Davis, M. F. Brownell, “Laser-diode holographic recording,” Opt. Lett. 11, 196–197 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Hart, G. Mendes, K. Bazargan, S. Xu, “Deep-red holography using ajunction laser and silver-halide holographic emulsion,” Opt. Lett. 13, 955–957 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. C. Gilbreath, A. E. Clement, “Absorption holograms made with mode-stabilized laser diodes for use in a satellite communications link,” Opt. Lett. 12, 648–650 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. P. Tatam, J. C. Davies, C. H. Buckberry, J. D. C. Jones, “Holographic surface contouring using wavelength modulation of laser diodes,” Opt. Laser Technol. 22, 317–321 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Joenathan, R. Torroba, “Simple electronic speckle-shearing interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1159–1161 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. Joenathan, B. M. Khorana, “A simple and modified ESPI system,” Optik 88, 169–171 (1991).
  10. C. Joenathan, B. Pfister, H. J. Tiziani, “Contouring by electronic speckle pattern interferometry employing dual beam illumination,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1905–1911 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. Joenathan, “Vibration fringes by phase stepping on an electronic speckle pattern interferometer: an analysis,” Appl. Opt. 30, 4658–4665 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. Bayer, “Holographische Interferometrie von thermischen Spannungen mit einer Halbleiterlaser” (“Holographic interferometry of thermal stress with a semiconductor laser”), Ph.D. dissertation (Fachhochschule Ulm, Ulm, Germany, 1989).
  13. E. Mattes, “Holographisch-interferometrische Taschenkamera mit Halbleiterlaser” (“Pocket camera for holographic interferometry with a semiconductor laser”), Ph.D. dissertation (Fachhochschule Ulm, Ulm, Germany, 1990).

1991 (2)

1990 (3)

1988 (2)

F. Besenbacher, E. Laegsgaard, K. Mortensen, U. Nielsen, I. Stensgaard, “Compact, high stability, thimble-size scanning tunneling microscope,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 1035–1038 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. Hart, G. Mendes, K. Bazargan, S. Xu, “Deep-red holography using ajunction laser and silver-halide holographic emulsion,” Opt. Lett. 13, 955–957 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

1985 (1)

1980 (1)

Arimoto, A.

Bayer, H.

H. Bayer, “Holographische Interferometrie von thermischen Spannungen mit einer Halbleiterlaser” (“Holographic interferometry of thermal stress with a semiconductor laser”), Ph.D. dissertation (Fachhochschule Ulm, Ulm, Germany, 1989).

Bazargan, K.

Besenbacher, F.

F. Besenbacher, E. Laegsgaard, K. Mortensen, U. Nielsen, I. Stensgaard, “Compact, high stability, thimble-size scanning tunneling microscope,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 1035–1038 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Brownell, M. F.

Buckberry, C. H.

R. P. Tatam, J. C. Davies, C. H. Buckberry, J. D. C. Jones, “Holographic surface contouring using wavelength modulation of laser diodes,” Opt. Laser Technol. 22, 317–321 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Clement, A. E.

Davies, J. C.

R. P. Tatam, J. C. Davies, C. H. Buckberry, J. D. C. Jones, “Holographic surface contouring using wavelength modulation of laser diodes,” Opt. Laser Technol. 22, 317–321 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Davis, J. A.

Gilbreath, G. C.

Hart, S.

Joenathan, C.

Jones, J. D. C.

R. P. Tatam, J. C. Davies, C. H. Buckberry, J. D. C. Jones, “Holographic surface contouring using wavelength modulation of laser diodes,” Opt. Laser Technol. 22, 317–321 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Khorana, B. M.

C. Joenathan, B. M. Khorana, “A simple and modified ESPI system,” Optik 88, 169–171 (1991).

Laegsgaard, E.

F. Besenbacher, E. Laegsgaard, K. Mortensen, U. Nielsen, I. Stensgaard, “Compact, high stability, thimble-size scanning tunneling microscope,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 1035–1038 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mattes, E.

E. Mattes, “Holographisch-interferometrische Taschenkamera mit Halbleiterlaser” (“Pocket camera for holographic interferometry with a semiconductor laser”), Ph.D. dissertation (Fachhochschule Ulm, Ulm, Germany, 1990).

Mendes, G.

Mortensen, K.

F. Besenbacher, E. Laegsgaard, K. Mortensen, U. Nielsen, I. Stensgaard, “Compact, high stability, thimble-size scanning tunneling microscope,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 1035–1038 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, U.

F. Besenbacher, E. Laegsgaard, K. Mortensen, U. Nielsen, I. Stensgaard, “Compact, high stability, thimble-size scanning tunneling microscope,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 1035–1038 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Pfister, B.

Stensgaard, I.

F. Besenbacher, E. Laegsgaard, K. Mortensen, U. Nielsen, I. Stensgaard, “Compact, high stability, thimble-size scanning tunneling microscope,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 1035–1038 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Tatam, R. P.

R. P. Tatam, J. C. Davies, C. H. Buckberry, J. D. C. Jones, “Holographic surface contouring using wavelength modulation of laser diodes,” Opt. Laser Technol. 22, 317–321 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tatsuno, K.

Tiziani, H. J.

Torroba, R.

Xu, S.

Yonemura, M.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

R. P. Tatam, J. C. Davies, C. H. Buckberry, J. D. C. Jones, “Holographic surface contouring using wavelength modulation of laser diodes,” Opt. Laser Technol. 22, 317–321 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Optik (1)

C. Joenathan, B. M. Khorana, “A simple and modified ESPI system,” Optik 88, 169–171 (1991).

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

F. Besenbacher, E. Laegsgaard, K. Mortensen, U. Nielsen, I. Stensgaard, “Compact, high stability, thimble-size scanning tunneling microscope,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 1035–1038 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

H. Bayer, “Holographische Interferometrie von thermischen Spannungen mit einer Halbleiterlaser” (“Holographic interferometry of thermal stress with a semiconductor laser”), Ph.D. dissertation (Fachhochschule Ulm, Ulm, Germany, 1989).

E. Mattes, “Holographisch-interferometrische Taschenkamera mit Halbleiterlaser” (“Pocket camera for holographic interferometry with a semiconductor laser”), Ph.D. dissertation (Fachhochschule Ulm, Ulm, Germany, 1990).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic setup of the compact camera for holography with ray paths.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photograph of the compact camera for holography.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic ray path for reconstruction.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Cone and oblique plane with surface contour fringes. The fringe distance corresponds to a height increase of 2.6 mm and the diameter of the cone base is 13 mm. The photographic negative of the reconstruction was video processed to decrease speckle noise.

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