Abstract

For the fabrication of large-area, spatially coherent gratings with periods of 100 nm or less, a grating interferometer is preferred over a conventional holographic configuration because of the limited coherence of available sources. Using a configuration that employs two matched fused silica phase gratings and an ArF excimer laser, we obtain high-quality 100-nm gratings in polymethyl methacrylate. We analyze the conditions for achieving high-contrast fringes with such an achromatic holographic configuration and show that the depth of focus depends only on the spatial coherence of the source. We also describe a highly accurate method for calculating the diffraction efficiency of the phase gratings as a function of polarization, incidence angle, and grating structure.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (5)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (27)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription