Abstract

We propose a holographic three-dimensional (3-D) printer that produces 3-D hard copies of computer data. A new technique for synthesizing a holographic stereogram (HS) has been invented for the purpose of making accurate hard copies of 3-D objects. The flat-format, Lippmann-type HS is printed by one optical step and is ideally suitable for 3-D printer application. This type of HS has both horizontal and vertical parallaxes so that the reconstructed image is free from distortion. The principle and the image quality of this type of HS are described, and a reconstructed image from this type of HS with 160 × 128 elements is experimentally demonstrated. The systematic constitution of a holographic 3-D printer is also discussed.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. Ohyama, S. Inoue, H. Haneishi, J. Tsujiuchi, T. Honda, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of a bone image from cone beam projections,” Appl. Opt. 28, 5338–5341 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. G. T. Herman, “Dynamic stereo display and interaction with surfaces of medical objects,” in Physics and Engineering of Computerized Multidimensional Imaging and Processing, T. F. Budinger, Z. Cho, O. Nalcioglu, eds., Proc. Soc Photo-Opt. Instrum.671, 124–131 (1986).
  3. J. S. Kollin, “Collimated view multiplexing: a new approach to 3-D,” in Three-Dimensional Imaging and Remote Sensing Imaging, W. E. Robbins, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.902, 24–30 (1988).
  4. H. Kodama, “Automatic method for fabricating a three-dimensional plastic model with photo-hardening polymer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1770–1773 (1981).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. L. Huff, R. L. Fusek, “Color holographic stereograms,” Opt. Eng. 19, 691–695 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  7. T. Tsujiuchi, T. Honda, M. Suzuki, T. Saito, F. Iwata, “Synthesis of multiplex holograms and their application to medical objects,” in Applications of Holography, L. Huff, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.523, 33–37 (1985).
  8. N. Ohyama, Y. Minami, A. Watanabe, J. Tsujiuchi, T. Honda, “Multiplex holograms of a skull made of CT images,” Opt. Commun. 61, 96–99 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  9. S. A. Benton, “Alcove holograms for computer-aided design,” in True Three-Dimensional Imaging Techniques and Display Technologies, D. F. McAllister, W. E. Robbins, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.761, 53–61 (1987).
  10. T. Kubota, T. Ose, “New technique for recording a Lippmann hologram,” Opt. Commun. 28, 159–162 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  11. Q. Zhimin, L. Jingsheng, “New methods of making flat holographic stereograms,” in International Conference on Holography Applications, J. K. Zhengzhou, R. J. Pryputniewicz, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.673, 28–33 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. Yamaguchi, N. Ohyama, T. Honda, “Holographic 3-D printer,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 84–92 (1990).
  13. J. L. Coatrieux, C. Barillot, “A survey of 3D display techniques to render medical data,” in 3D Imaging in Medicine, K. H. Hohne, H. Fuchs, S. M. Pizer, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), pp. 175–195.
    [Crossref]
  14. L. H. Lin, C. V. LoBianco, “Experimental techniques in making multicolor white light reconstructed holograms,” Appl. Opt. 6, 1255–1258 (1967).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. H. M. Smith, Principles of Holography (Wiley, New York, 1969), Chap. 4.
  16. D. J. Cooke, A. A. Ward, “Reflection-hologram processing for high efficiency in silver-halide emulsions,” Appl. Opt. 23, 934–941 (1984).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. T. Honda, M. Yamaguchi, D. K. Kang, K. Shimura, J. Tsujiuchi, N. Ohyama, “Printing of holographic stereograms using liquid-crystal TV,” in Practical Holography III, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1051, 186–191 (1989).
  18. W. K. Smothers, A. M. Weber, D. J. Mickish, B. M. Monroe, D. E. Keys, “Photopolymers for holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 20–29 (1990).

1989 (1)

1987 (1)

N. Ohyama, Y. Minami, A. Watanabe, J. Tsujiuchi, T. Honda, “Multiplex holograms of a skull made of CT images,” Opt. Commun. 61, 96–99 (1987).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

1981 (1)

H. Kodama, “Automatic method for fabricating a three-dimensional plastic model with photo-hardening polymer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1770–1773 (1981).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

L. Huff, R. L. Fusek, “Color holographic stereograms,” Opt. Eng. 19, 691–695 (1980).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

T. Kubota, T. Ose, “New technique for recording a Lippmann hologram,” Opt. Commun. 28, 159–162 (1979).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

1967 (1)

Barillot, C.

J. L. Coatrieux, C. Barillot, “A survey of 3D display techniques to render medical data,” in 3D Imaging in Medicine, K. H. Hohne, H. Fuchs, S. M. Pizer, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), pp. 175–195.
[Crossref]

Benton, S. A.

S. A. Benton, “Alcove holograms for computer-aided design,” in True Three-Dimensional Imaging Techniques and Display Technologies, D. F. McAllister, W. E. Robbins, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.761, 53–61 (1987).

Berry, D. H.

Coatrieux, J. L.

J. L. Coatrieux, C. Barillot, “A survey of 3D display techniques to render medical data,” in 3D Imaging in Medicine, K. H. Hohne, H. Fuchs, S. M. Pizer, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), pp. 175–195.
[Crossref]

Cooke, D. J.

Fusek, R. L.

L. Huff, R. L. Fusek, “Color holographic stereograms,” Opt. Eng. 19, 691–695 (1980).
[Crossref]

Haneishi, H.

Herman, G. T.

G. T. Herman, “Dynamic stereo display and interaction with surfaces of medical objects,” in Physics and Engineering of Computerized Multidimensional Imaging and Processing, T. F. Budinger, Z. Cho, O. Nalcioglu, eds., Proc. Soc Photo-Opt. Instrum.671, 124–131 (1986).

Honda, T.

N. Ohyama, S. Inoue, H. Haneishi, J. Tsujiuchi, T. Honda, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of a bone image from cone beam projections,” Appl. Opt. 28, 5338–5341 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Ohyama, Y. Minami, A. Watanabe, J. Tsujiuchi, T. Honda, “Multiplex holograms of a skull made of CT images,” Opt. Commun. 61, 96–99 (1987).
[Crossref]

T. Tsujiuchi, T. Honda, M. Suzuki, T. Saito, F. Iwata, “Synthesis of multiplex holograms and their application to medical objects,” in Applications of Holography, L. Huff, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.523, 33–37 (1985).

M. Yamaguchi, N. Ohyama, T. Honda, “Holographic 3-D printer,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 84–92 (1990).

T. Honda, M. Yamaguchi, D. K. Kang, K. Shimura, J. Tsujiuchi, N. Ohyama, “Printing of holographic stereograms using liquid-crystal TV,” in Practical Holography III, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1051, 186–191 (1989).

Huff, L.

L. Huff, R. L. Fusek, “Color holographic stereograms,” Opt. Eng. 19, 691–695 (1980).
[Crossref]

Inoue, S.

Iwata, F.

T. Tsujiuchi, T. Honda, M. Suzuki, T. Saito, F. Iwata, “Synthesis of multiplex holograms and their application to medical objects,” in Applications of Holography, L. Huff, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.523, 33–37 (1985).

Jingsheng, L.

Q. Zhimin, L. Jingsheng, “New methods of making flat holographic stereograms,” in International Conference on Holography Applications, J. K. Zhengzhou, R. J. Pryputniewicz, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.673, 28–33 (1987).
[Crossref]

Kang, D. K.

T. Honda, M. Yamaguchi, D. K. Kang, K. Shimura, J. Tsujiuchi, N. Ohyama, “Printing of holographic stereograms using liquid-crystal TV,” in Practical Holography III, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1051, 186–191 (1989).

Keys, D. E.

W. K. Smothers, A. M. Weber, D. J. Mickish, B. M. Monroe, D. E. Keys, “Photopolymers for holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 20–29 (1990).

King, M. C.

Kodama, H.

H. Kodama, “Automatic method for fabricating a three-dimensional plastic model with photo-hardening polymer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1770–1773 (1981).
[Crossref]

Kollin, J. S.

J. S. Kollin, “Collimated view multiplexing: a new approach to 3-D,” in Three-Dimensional Imaging and Remote Sensing Imaging, W. E. Robbins, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.902, 24–30 (1988).

Kubota, T.

T. Kubota, T. Ose, “New technique for recording a Lippmann hologram,” Opt. Commun. 28, 159–162 (1979).
[Crossref]

Lin, L. H.

LoBianco, C. V.

Mickish, D. J.

W. K. Smothers, A. M. Weber, D. J. Mickish, B. M. Monroe, D. E. Keys, “Photopolymers for holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 20–29 (1990).

Minami, Y.

N. Ohyama, Y. Minami, A. Watanabe, J. Tsujiuchi, T. Honda, “Multiplex holograms of a skull made of CT images,” Opt. Commun. 61, 96–99 (1987).
[Crossref]

Monroe, B. M.

W. K. Smothers, A. M. Weber, D. J. Mickish, B. M. Monroe, D. E. Keys, “Photopolymers for holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 20–29 (1990).

Noll, A. M.

Ohyama, N.

N. Ohyama, S. Inoue, H. Haneishi, J. Tsujiuchi, T. Honda, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of a bone image from cone beam projections,” Appl. Opt. 28, 5338–5341 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Ohyama, Y. Minami, A. Watanabe, J. Tsujiuchi, T. Honda, “Multiplex holograms of a skull made of CT images,” Opt. Commun. 61, 96–99 (1987).
[Crossref]

T. Honda, M. Yamaguchi, D. K. Kang, K. Shimura, J. Tsujiuchi, N. Ohyama, “Printing of holographic stereograms using liquid-crystal TV,” in Practical Holography III, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1051, 186–191 (1989).

M. Yamaguchi, N. Ohyama, T. Honda, “Holographic 3-D printer,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 84–92 (1990).

Ose, T.

T. Kubota, T. Ose, “New technique for recording a Lippmann hologram,” Opt. Commun. 28, 159–162 (1979).
[Crossref]

Saito, T.

T. Tsujiuchi, T. Honda, M. Suzuki, T. Saito, F. Iwata, “Synthesis of multiplex holograms and their application to medical objects,” in Applications of Holography, L. Huff, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.523, 33–37 (1985).

Shimura, K.

T. Honda, M. Yamaguchi, D. K. Kang, K. Shimura, J. Tsujiuchi, N. Ohyama, “Printing of holographic stereograms using liquid-crystal TV,” in Practical Holography III, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1051, 186–191 (1989).

Smith, H. M.

H. M. Smith, Principles of Holography (Wiley, New York, 1969), Chap. 4.

Smothers, W. K.

W. K. Smothers, A. M. Weber, D. J. Mickish, B. M. Monroe, D. E. Keys, “Photopolymers for holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 20–29 (1990).

Suzuki, M.

T. Tsujiuchi, T. Honda, M. Suzuki, T. Saito, F. Iwata, “Synthesis of multiplex holograms and their application to medical objects,” in Applications of Holography, L. Huff, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.523, 33–37 (1985).

Tsujiuchi, J.

N. Ohyama, S. Inoue, H. Haneishi, J. Tsujiuchi, T. Honda, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of a bone image from cone beam projections,” Appl. Opt. 28, 5338–5341 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Ohyama, Y. Minami, A. Watanabe, J. Tsujiuchi, T. Honda, “Multiplex holograms of a skull made of CT images,” Opt. Commun. 61, 96–99 (1987).
[Crossref]

T. Honda, M. Yamaguchi, D. K. Kang, K. Shimura, J. Tsujiuchi, N. Ohyama, “Printing of holographic stereograms using liquid-crystal TV,” in Practical Holography III, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1051, 186–191 (1989).

Tsujiuchi, T.

T. Tsujiuchi, T. Honda, M. Suzuki, T. Saito, F. Iwata, “Synthesis of multiplex holograms and their application to medical objects,” in Applications of Holography, L. Huff, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.523, 33–37 (1985).

Ward, A. A.

Watanabe, A.

N. Ohyama, Y. Minami, A. Watanabe, J. Tsujiuchi, T. Honda, “Multiplex holograms of a skull made of CT images,” Opt. Commun. 61, 96–99 (1987).
[Crossref]

Weber, A. M.

W. K. Smothers, A. M. Weber, D. J. Mickish, B. M. Monroe, D. E. Keys, “Photopolymers for holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 20–29 (1990).

Yamaguchi, M.

T. Honda, M. Yamaguchi, D. K. Kang, K. Shimura, J. Tsujiuchi, N. Ohyama, “Printing of holographic stereograms using liquid-crystal TV,” in Practical Holography III, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1051, 186–191 (1989).

M. Yamaguchi, N. Ohyama, T. Honda, “Holographic 3-D printer,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 84–92 (1990).

Zhimin, Q.

Q. Zhimin, L. Jingsheng, “New methods of making flat holographic stereograms,” in International Conference on Holography Applications, J. K. Zhengzhou, R. J. Pryputniewicz, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.673, 28–33 (1987).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Opt. Commun. (2)

N. Ohyama, Y. Minami, A. Watanabe, J. Tsujiuchi, T. Honda, “Multiplex holograms of a skull made of CT images,” Opt. Commun. 61, 96–99 (1987).
[Crossref]

T. Kubota, T. Ose, “New technique for recording a Lippmann hologram,” Opt. Commun. 28, 159–162 (1979).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

L. Huff, R. L. Fusek, “Color holographic stereograms,” Opt. Eng. 19, 691–695 (1980).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

H. Kodama, “Automatic method for fabricating a three-dimensional plastic model with photo-hardening polymer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1770–1773 (1981).
[Crossref]

Other (10)

T. Honda, M. Yamaguchi, D. K. Kang, K. Shimura, J. Tsujiuchi, N. Ohyama, “Printing of holographic stereograms using liquid-crystal TV,” in Practical Holography III, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1051, 186–191 (1989).

W. K. Smothers, A. M. Weber, D. J. Mickish, B. M. Monroe, D. E. Keys, “Photopolymers for holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 20–29 (1990).

S. A. Benton, “Alcove holograms for computer-aided design,” in True Three-Dimensional Imaging Techniques and Display Technologies, D. F. McAllister, W. E. Robbins, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.761, 53–61 (1987).

H. M. Smith, Principles of Holography (Wiley, New York, 1969), Chap. 4.

T. Tsujiuchi, T. Honda, M. Suzuki, T. Saito, F. Iwata, “Synthesis of multiplex holograms and their application to medical objects,” in Applications of Holography, L. Huff, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.523, 33–37 (1985).

G. T. Herman, “Dynamic stereo display and interaction with surfaces of medical objects,” in Physics and Engineering of Computerized Multidimensional Imaging and Processing, T. F. Budinger, Z. Cho, O. Nalcioglu, eds., Proc. Soc Photo-Opt. Instrum.671, 124–131 (1986).

J. S. Kollin, “Collimated view multiplexing: a new approach to 3-D,” in Three-Dimensional Imaging and Remote Sensing Imaging, W. E. Robbins, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.902, 24–30 (1988).

Q. Zhimin, L. Jingsheng, “New methods of making flat holographic stereograms,” in International Conference on Holography Applications, J. K. Zhengzhou, R. J. Pryputniewicz, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.673, 28–33 (1987).
[Crossref]

M. Yamaguchi, N. Ohyama, T. Honda, “Holographic 3-D printer,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 84–92 (1990).

J. L. Coatrieux, C. Barillot, “A survey of 3D display techniques to render medical data,” in 3D Imaging in Medicine, K. H. Hohne, H. Fuchs, S. M. Pizer, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), pp. 175–195.
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Recording geometries of (a) 1-D and (b) 2-D parallaxes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic diagram of the optical system, (b) calculation and recording of an exposing image, and (c) reconstruction geometry for a one-step Lippmann HS.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Width of the viewing field decided by the f/number of the converging lens.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Holographic 3-D printer system diagram.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental optical setup.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Four different views of the original object recorded in the HS. (b) Four examples of the images for exposures. Each image shows the light distribution from a point on the HS in every direction.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Photographs of the reconstructed images from the HS synthesized in this experiment as viewed from (a) upper right, (b) upper front, (c) lower left. The image is red and satisfactorily bright.

Equations (5)

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x i = f z 0 ( x 0 x h ) , y i = f z 0 ( y 0 y h ) ,
ϕ = 2 × tan 1 ( 1 2 × F ) .
p = l f p ,
p = D N ,
N > l e × F ,

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