Abstract

Reduction of image speckle noise with the use of an integrative synthetic aperture imaging technique is studied. It is found that the Fourier inversion of the mutual intensity estimate [ Appl. Opt. 30, 206– 213 ( 1991)] yields an image intensity that corresponds exactly to the illumination of the object with partially coherent light from source optics imaging a delta-function incoherent source. An expression for the signal-to-noise ratio at an image point is derived for a large rough object with delta-function correlated amplitude reflection. A synthetic aperture system receiver of sufficiently small diameter yields image speckle with a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) equal to 1. When the receiver and the transmitter diameters are equal, the SNR is 2 for linearly polarized speckle. The SNR continues to increase with receiver size and is linear in the diameter for large receiver-to-transmitter diameter ratios.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Effects of nonredundance on a synthetic-aperture imaging system

Louis Sica
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10(4) 567-572 (1993)

Resolution limits for coherent optical imaging: signal-to-noise analysis in the spatial-frequency domain

Paul S. Idell and Arthur Webster
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9(1) 43-56 (1992)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (4)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (32)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription