Abstract

We present a simple technique for obserυing and studying the onset of microstructure in silυer halide gratings, which can also be used to improυe processing chemistry.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. N. J. Phillips, “Color Reflection Holography,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 402, 19–24 (1983).
  2. R. L. van Renesse, “Scattering Properties of Fine-Grained Bleached Emulsions,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 114–119 (1980).
  3. N. J. Phillips, P. G. Gwynn, A. A. Ward, “Modulation Mechanism in Holographic Display,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 212, 10–16 (1979).
  4. N. J. Phillips, H. Heyworth, T. Hare, “On Lippmann’s Photography,” J. Photogr. Sci. 32, 158–169 (1984).
  5. L. Joly, “Grain Growth During Rehalogenating Bleaching,” J. Photogr. Sci. 31, 143–147 (1983).
  6. P. Hariharan, C. M. Chidley, “Rehalogenating Bleaches for Photographic Phase Holograms: the Influence of Halide Type and Concentration on Diffraction Efficiency and Scattering,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3895–3898 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. Hariharan, C. M. Chidley, “Rehalogenating Bleaches for Photographic Phase Holograms 2: Spatial Frequency Effects,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3852–3854 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. N. J. Phillips, A. A. Ward, R. Cullen, D. Porter, “Advances in Holographic Bleaches,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 120 (1980).
  9. A. A. Ward, L. Solymar, “Diffraction Efficiency Limitations of Holograms Recorded in Silver-Halide Emulsions,” Appl. Opt. 28, 1850–1855 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Kubota, “Cross-Sectional View of Lippmann Hologram Gratings,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4358–4360 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. J. Cooke, A. A. Ward, “Reflection-Hologram Processing for High Efficiency in Silver-Halide Emulsions,” Appl. Opt. 23, 934–941 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. L. van Renesse, F. A. J. Bouts, “Efficiency of Bleaching Agents for Holography,” Optik 38, 156–168 (1973).

1989 (1)

1988 (2)

1987 (1)

1984 (2)

D. J. Cooke, A. A. Ward, “Reflection-Hologram Processing for High Efficiency in Silver-Halide Emulsions,” Appl. Opt. 23, 934–941 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. J. Phillips, H. Heyworth, T. Hare, “On Lippmann’s Photography,” J. Photogr. Sci. 32, 158–169 (1984).

1983 (2)

L. Joly, “Grain Growth During Rehalogenating Bleaching,” J. Photogr. Sci. 31, 143–147 (1983).

N. J. Phillips, “Color Reflection Holography,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 402, 19–24 (1983).

1980 (2)

R. L. van Renesse, “Scattering Properties of Fine-Grained Bleached Emulsions,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 114–119 (1980).

N. J. Phillips, A. A. Ward, R. Cullen, D. Porter, “Advances in Holographic Bleaches,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 120 (1980).

1979 (1)

N. J. Phillips, P. G. Gwynn, A. A. Ward, “Modulation Mechanism in Holographic Display,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 212, 10–16 (1979).

1973 (1)

R. L. van Renesse, F. A. J. Bouts, “Efficiency of Bleaching Agents for Holography,” Optik 38, 156–168 (1973).

Bouts, F. A. J.

R. L. van Renesse, F. A. J. Bouts, “Efficiency of Bleaching Agents for Holography,” Optik 38, 156–168 (1973).

Chidley, C. M.

Cooke, D. J.

Cullen, R.

N. J. Phillips, A. A. Ward, R. Cullen, D. Porter, “Advances in Holographic Bleaches,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 120 (1980).

Gwynn, P. G.

N. J. Phillips, P. G. Gwynn, A. A. Ward, “Modulation Mechanism in Holographic Display,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 212, 10–16 (1979).

Hare, T.

N. J. Phillips, H. Heyworth, T. Hare, “On Lippmann’s Photography,” J. Photogr. Sci. 32, 158–169 (1984).

Hariharan, P.

Heyworth, H.

N. J. Phillips, H. Heyworth, T. Hare, “On Lippmann’s Photography,” J. Photogr. Sci. 32, 158–169 (1984).

Joly, L.

L. Joly, “Grain Growth During Rehalogenating Bleaching,” J. Photogr. Sci. 31, 143–147 (1983).

Kubota, T.

Phillips, N. J.

N. J. Phillips, H. Heyworth, T. Hare, “On Lippmann’s Photography,” J. Photogr. Sci. 32, 158–169 (1984).

N. J. Phillips, “Color Reflection Holography,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 402, 19–24 (1983).

N. J. Phillips, A. A. Ward, R. Cullen, D. Porter, “Advances in Holographic Bleaches,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 120 (1980).

N. J. Phillips, P. G. Gwynn, A. A. Ward, “Modulation Mechanism in Holographic Display,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 212, 10–16 (1979).

Porter, D.

N. J. Phillips, A. A. Ward, R. Cullen, D. Porter, “Advances in Holographic Bleaches,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 120 (1980).

Solymar, L.

van Renesse, R. L.

R. L. van Renesse, “Scattering Properties of Fine-Grained Bleached Emulsions,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 114–119 (1980).

R. L. van Renesse, F. A. J. Bouts, “Efficiency of Bleaching Agents for Holography,” Optik 38, 156–168 (1973).

Ward, A. A.

A. A. Ward, L. Solymar, “Diffraction Efficiency Limitations of Holograms Recorded in Silver-Halide Emulsions,” Appl. Opt. 28, 1850–1855 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Cooke, A. A. Ward, “Reflection-Hologram Processing for High Efficiency in Silver-Halide Emulsions,” Appl. Opt. 23, 934–941 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. J. Phillips, A. A. Ward, R. Cullen, D. Porter, “Advances in Holographic Bleaches,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 120 (1980).

N. J. Phillips, P. G. Gwynn, A. A. Ward, “Modulation Mechanism in Holographic Display,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 212, 10–16 (1979).

Appl. Opt. (5)

J. Photogr. Sci. (2)

N. J. Phillips, H. Heyworth, T. Hare, “On Lippmann’s Photography,” J. Photogr. Sci. 32, 158–169 (1984).

L. Joly, “Grain Growth During Rehalogenating Bleaching,” J. Photogr. Sci. 31, 143–147 (1983).

Optik (1)

R. L. van Renesse, F. A. J. Bouts, “Efficiency of Bleaching Agents for Holography,” Optik 38, 156–168 (1973).

Photogr. Sci. Eng. (2)

N. J. Phillips, A. A. Ward, R. Cullen, D. Porter, “Advances in Holographic Bleaches,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 120 (1980).

R. L. van Renesse, “Scattering Properties of Fine-Grained Bleached Emulsions,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 114–119 (1980).

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (2)

N. J. Phillips, P. G. Gwynn, A. A. Ward, “Modulation Mechanism in Holographic Display,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 212, 10–16 (1979).

N. J. Phillips, “Color Reflection Holography,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 402, 19–24 (1983).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Plot of prebleached neutral density vs exposure for the Agfa-Gevaert 8E75HD photographic emulsion processed with a CW-C1 catechol developer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Images of (a) unprocessed 8E75HD, (b) fixed emulsion, (c) processed emulsion after exposure to incoherent illumination (800 μJ/cm2). Images obtained with a phase contrast microscope.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Phase contrast images of different areas of a zone plate recorded in 8E75HD photographic emulsion with (a) 1 cycle/70 μm, (b) 1 cycle/35 μm, (c) 1 cycle/15 μm, and (d) 1 cycle/10 μm;

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